Rates of Any and Exclusive Breastfeeding by Socio-demographics among Children Born in 2013 (Percentage +/- half 95% Confidence Interval)1,2
Any Breastfeeding Exclusive Breastfeeding
Ever Breastfed Breastfed at 6 Months Breastfed at 12 Months Exclusive Breastfeeding through 3 Months Exclusive Breastfeeding through 6 Months
Socio-demographic Factors n % ± half 95% CI % ± half 95% CI % ± half 95% CI n % ± half 95% CI % ± half 95% CI
US National 16441 81.1±1.1 51.8±1.4 30.7±1.3 15961 44.4±1.4 22.3±1.1
Gender
Male 8490 81.4±1.5 51.6±2.0 29.7±1.7 8240 43.0±2.0 21.5±1.5
Female 7951 80.7±1.5 52.0±2.0 31.8±1.8 7721 45.9±2.0 23.1±1.7
Race/Ethnicity
Hispanic 3425 83.0±2.4 45.6±3.5 25.7±2.9 3355 40.4±3.5 19.1±2.7
Non-Hispanic White 9135 84.3±1.2 57.9±1.7 36.1±1.6 8815 51.6±1.7 26.8±1.5
Non-Hispanic Black 1662 66.3±3.6 39.1±3.7 19.3±2.8 1630 28.9±3.3 14.6±2.7
Non-Hispanic Asian 727 83.8±4.8 64.4±5.9 38.7±5.8 706 41.6±6.0 20.9±4.6
Non-Hispanic Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 92 75.0±12.4 50.2±13.8 32.6±13.3 87 36.3±13.3 20.0±10.1
Non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native 242 68.3±9.9 41.3±9.5 21.6±7.4 233 33.1±9.2 17.9±7.0
2 or more races 1158 79.0±4.5 51.0±5.6 30.2±5.5 1135 44.2±5.8 19.8±3.8
Maternal Education
Less than high school 1630 69.3±3.7 37.9±4.0 22.1±3.3 1594 30.4±4.0 14.9±3.1
High school graduate 3021 71.2±2.6 38.9±3.1 21.2±2.5 2959 35.8±3.1 17.0±2.3
Some college or technical school 4227 83.6±1.7 48.7±2.8 27.2±2.6 4113 44.3±2.9 20.6±2.2
College graduate 7563 92.2±1.0 70.1±1.8 44.2±1.9 7295 57.7±1.9 31.0±1.8
Maternal Age
Under 20 26 NA NA NA 25 NA NA
20 - 29 6067 76.5±1.9 41.4±2.3 22.1±1.8 5933 39.5±2.3 18.2±1.7
30 or older 10348 84.5±1.2 59.7±1.7 37.2±1.7 10003 48.1±1.8 25.4±1.6
Poverty Income Ratio3
Less than 100 4186 72.8±2.3 38.2±2.6 21.1±2.2 4111 35.8±2.7 15.5±1.9
100 - 199 3188 78.0±2.5 47.0±3.1 27.5±2.6 3101 36.9±2.9 20.7±2.4
200 - 399 4114 86.5±1.7 60.4±2.7 36.5±2.6 3977 52.6±2.8 27.1±2.5
400 - 599 2523 90.0±2.1 65.9±3.5 42.6±3.7 2420 57.4±3.7 31.1±3.5
600 or greater 2430 91.7±1.7 70.1±3.1 41.8±3.7 2352 55.0±3.6 27.6±3.1
Marital Status4
Married 11597 88.4±1.0 63.1±1.6 39.3±1.6 11216 53.0±1.7 28.0±1.5
Unmarried 4844 69.5±2.2 34.1±2.4 17.2±1.9 4745 31.1±2.5 13.4±1.7
Geographic Location5
Metropolitan 2462 80.6±2.8 57.8±3.4 33.1±3.4 2387 44.8±3.6 23.3±3.2
Non-metropolitan 759 74.0±6.1 46.1±6.5 29.0±5.3 736 45.2±6.7 20.5±4.9
Birth Order
First born 9806 79.4±1.4 51.8±1.8 30.6±1.6 9516 44.3±1.8 22.2±1.5
Not first born 6635 83.6±1.6 52.0±2.3 30.9±2.1 6445 44.6±2.3 22.4±1.8
Receiving WIC6
Yes 7249 74.1±1.7 39.1±2.1 21.0±1.7 7108 34.3±2.1 15.7±1.6
No, but eligible 1164 82.0±3.8 60.9±4.7 42.1±4.6 1123 50.7±4.8 29.1±4.1
Ineligible 7925 91.1±1.1 68.6±1.8 42.5±1.9 7631 58.2±2.0 30.6±1.8

1Breastfeeding rates presented in this table are based on dual-frame (landline and cellular telephone) samples from 2014 and 2015 National Immunization Surveys. Data from the U.S. territories are excluded from the national estimates to be consistent with the analytical methods for the establishment of Healthy People 2020 targets on breastfeeding. See survey methods for details on study design.

2Exclusive breastfeeding is defined as ONLY breast milk - NO solids, no water, and no other liquids.

3Poverty Income Ratio = Ratio of self-reported family income to the federal poverty threshold value depending on the number of people in the household. 4Unmarried includes never married, widowed, separated, divorced and living with partners.

5Metropolitan area is defined by the Census Bureau. Individuals who did not provide information on geographic location were excluded from analysis of this variable.

6WIC = Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children. Individuals who did not provide information on WIC status were excluded from analysis of this variable. NA: Data not available because sample size is insufficient.

Source: National Immunization Survey, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Health and Human Services