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Areas with Risk of Yellow Fever Virus Transmission in Africa

Map: Africa showing areas at risk for Yellow Fever Transmision in Angola, Tanzania, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, Kenya, Somalia, Ethiopia, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Nigeria, Benin, Ghana, Cote d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea, Buinea-Bissau, The Gambia, Senegai, Burkina Faso, Togo, and parts of Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Chad, and Sudan.

Map is from the following publication: Jentes ES. Poumerol G, Gershman MD, et al. The revised global yellow fever risk map and recommendations for vaccination, 2010: consensus of the Informal WHO Working Group on Geographic Risk for Yellow Fever. Lancet Infect Dis. 2011;11:622-32.

See the traveler's health website for any recent updates on risk areas.

Download Africa map pdf version {PDF - 1 page]

 

Data Table: Countries with risk of yellow fever virus (YFV) transmission1

  • Angola
  • Benin
  • Burundi
  • Cameroon
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad2
  • Congo, Republic of the
  • Côte d’Ivoire
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Congo2
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Ethiopia2
  • Gabon
  • The Gambia
  • Ghana
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Kenya2
  • Liberia
  • Mali2
  • Mauritania2
  • Niger2
  • Nigeria
  • Rwanda
  • Senegal
  • Sierra Leone
  • Sudan2
  • Togo
  • Uganda
  •  

1Countries/areas where “a risk of yellow fever transmission is present,” as defined by the World Health Organization, are countries or areas where “yellow fever has been reported currently or in the past, plus vectors and animal reservoirs currently exist”.

2These countries are not holoendemic (only a portion of the country has risk of yellow fever transmission).

Countries with low potential for exposure to yellow fever virus (YFV)1

  • Eritrea2
  • São Tomé2
  • Somalia2
  • Tanzania
  • Zambia2
  •  

1Countries listed in this table are not contained on the official WHO list of countries with risk of YFV transmission. Therefore, proof of yellow fever vaccination should not be required if traveling from one of these countries to another country with a vaccination entry requirement (unless that country requires proof of yellow fever vaccination from all arriving travelers).

2 These countries are classified as “low potential for exposure to YFV” in only some areas; the remaining areas of these countries are classified as having no risk of exposure to YFV.

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