- Most smokers are dependent on nicotine.
- Smokeless tobacco use can also lead to nicotine dependence.
- Nicotine dependence is the most common form of chemical dependence in the United States.
- Research suggests that nicotine is as addictive as heroin, cocaine, or alcohol.
- Examples of nicotine withdrawal symptoms include irritability, anxiety, difficulty concentrating, insomnia, restlessness, and increased appetite.
- Quitting tobacco use is difficult and may require multiple attempts.
- FDA-approved medications that can reduce the withdrawal symptoms that may occur with a quit attempt are available; for more information, call 1-800-QUIT-NOW or speak with your health care provider.
For more information:
Get email updates
To receive email updates about Smoking & Tobacco Use, enter your email address:
- CDC/Office on Smoking and Health
4770 Buford Highway
Atlanta, Georgia 30341-3717
TTY: (888) 232-6348