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Nicotine Addiction

  • Most smokers are dependent on nicotine.
  • Smokeless tobacco use can also lead to nicotine dependence.
  • Nicotine dependence is the most common form of chemical dependence in the United States.
  • Research suggests that nicotine is as addictive as heroin, cocaine, or alcohol.
  • Examples of nicotine withdrawal symptoms include irritability, anxiety, difficulty concentrating, insomnia, restlessness, and increased appetite.
  • Quitting tobacco use is difficult and may require multiple attempts.
  • FDA-approved medications that can reduce the withdrawal symptoms that may occur with a quit attempt are available; for more information, call 1-800-QUIT-NOW or speak with your health care provider.

For more information:

  • Smoking Cessation Fact Sheet

You Can Quit. Learn more.
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