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  • Blanton, L, Keith, B, Brzezinski, W. Southern tick-associated rash illness: Erythema migrans is not always Lyme disease South Med J. 2008;101(7):759-760.
  • Feder HM, Hoss DM, Zemel L, Telford SR, Dias F, Wormser GP. Southern tick-associated rash illness (STARI) in the north: STARI following a tick bite in Long Island, New York. Clinical Infectious Diseases 2011; 53: 1420146. Advance Access published September 21, 2011, doi:10.1093/cid/cir553.
  • Felz MW, Chandler FW Jr, Oliver JH Jr, Rahn DW, Schriefer ME. Solitary erythema migrans in Georgia and South Carolina. Archives of Dermatology 1999;135:1317-1326.
  • Georgia Department of Human Resources, Division of Public Health, Epidemiology Branch. Tick Bites and Erythema Migrans in Georgia: It Might NOT be Lyme Disease! Georgia Epidemiology Report 2001 Aug;17:1-3.
  • James AM, Liveris D, Wormser GP, Schwartz I, Montecalvo MA, Johnson BJB. Borrelia lonestari infection after a bite by an Amblyomma americanum tick. Journal of Infectious Diseases 2001;183:1810-4.
  • Kirkland KB, Klimko TB, Meriwether RA, Schriefer M, Levin M, Levine J, MacKenzie WR, Dennis DT. Erythema migrans-like rash illness at a camp in North Carolina: a new tick-borne disease? Archives of Internal Medicine 1997;157:2635-2641.
  • Ledin KE, Zeidner NS, Ribeiro JM, Biggerstaff BJ, Dolan MC, Dietrich G, Vredevoe L, Piesman J. Borreliacidal activity of saliva of the tick Amblyomma americanum. Med Vet Entomol. 2005;19(1):90-5.
  • Masters E, Granter S, Duray P, Cordes P. Physician-diagnosed erythema migrans and erythema migrans-like rashes following Lone Star tick bites. Archives of Dermatology 1998;134:955-960.
  • Piesman J, Happ CM. Ability of the Lyme disease spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi to infect rodents and three species of human-biting ticks (blacklegged tick, American dog tick, lone star tick) Acari:Ixodidae). Journal of Medical Entomology 1997;34:451-456.
  • Piesman J, Sinsky RJ. Ability of Ixodes scapularis, Dermacentor variabilis, and Amblyomma americanum (Acari: Ixodidae) to acquire, maintain, and transmit Lyme disease spirochetes (Borrelia burgdorferi). Journal of Medical Entomology 1988;25:336-339.
  • Ryder JW, Pinger RR, Glancy T. Inability of Ixodes cookei and Amblyomma americanum nymphs (Acari: Ixodidae) to transmit Borrelia burgdorferi. Journal of Medical Entomology 1992;29:525-530.
  • Stromdahl EY, Evans SR, O'Brien JJ, Gutierrez AG. Prevalence of infection in ticks submitted to the human tick test kit program of the U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine. Journal of Medical Entomology 2001;38:67-74.
  • Wormser GP, Masters E, Liveris D, Nowakowski J, Nadelman RB, Holgren D, Bittker A, Cooper D, Wang G, Schwartz I. Microbiologic evaluation of patients from Missouri with erythema migrans. Clinical Infectious Diseases 2005;40:423-8.
  • Wormser GP, Masters E, Nowakowski J, McKenna D, Holgren D, Ma K, Ihde L, Cavaliere LF, Nadelman RB. Prospective clinical evaluation of patients from Missouri and New York with erythema migrans-like skin lesions. Clinical Infectious Diseases 2005;41:958-65.
  • Zeidner N, Ullmann A, Sackal C, Dolan M, Dietrich G, Piesman J, Champagne D. A borreliacidal factor in Amblyomma americanum saliva is associated with phospholipase A2 activity. Exp Parasitol. 2009;121(4):370-5.
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