Conditions in the places where people live, learn, work, and play affect a wide range of health risks and outcomes.1 These conditions are known as social determinants of health (SDOH).
We know that poverty limits access to healthy foods and safe neighborhoods and that more education is a predictor of better health.2,3,4 We also know that differences in health are striking in communities with poor SDOH such as unstable housing, low income, unsafe neighborhoods, or substandard education.5,6 By applying what we know about SDOH, we can not only improve individual and population health but also advance health equity.7,8 Healthy People 2020 highlights the importance of addressing SDOH by including “create social and physical environments that promote good health for all” as one of the four overarching goals for the decade. (See FAQs for reference materials .)
This website provides CDC resources for SDOH data, tools for action, programs, and policy. They may be used by people in public health, community organizations, and health care systems to assess SDOH and improve community well-being.
Sources for Data on SDOHTools that provide access to SDOH data, maps, tables, and graphics. Sources include CDC, Healthy People 2020, and the U.S. Census Bureau.
CDC Programs Addressing SDOHCDC-funded public health programs that address social determinants related to health outcomes.
Frequently Asked QuestionsLearn more about the SDOH, the purpose of this web portal, and the resources it highlights.
Tools for Putting SDOH into ActionGuidance documents that help move from SDOH data into action.
Policy Resources to Support SDOHResources that identify opportunities to explore policy, leverage health system transformation, and engage other sectors in promoting SDOH.
Additional ResourcesFind additional primary sources of SDOH data, including housing, education, and crime, on CDC’s National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention resources page.
Spotlight: Strategies for Reducing Health Disparities — Selected CDC-Sponsored Interventions, United States, 2016
The 2016 supplement, Strategies for Reducing Health Disparities — Selected CDC-Sponsored Interventions, United States, 2016 , includes interventions to address disparities by race and ethnicity, socioeconomic status, geographic location, disability, and/or sexual orientation across a range of conditions, some of which address social and structural determinants of health. For example, three interventions are highlighted in an article describing evidenced-based approaches that address policies and structural factors in high risk communities and have the potential to reduce violence . This supplement builds on earlier works including the 2011 CDC Health Disparities and Inequalities Report (CHDIR) 2011 , the first CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) to assess disparities across a wide range of diseases, behavioral risk factors, environmental exposures, social determinants, and health-care access and a subsequent release in 2013, providing updated data and 10 new topics.