The prevention researchers collaborate with communities to develop and conduct research that benefits the research participants and often broad communities as well. Differences in administrative and funding mechanisms create different project types:
Each center conducts at least one core project that reflects the center's chief research focus with a community.
Special Interest Projects
Many centers work on special interest projects (SIPs) funded by CDC and other federal agencies. The funder outlines broad goals for each SIP, which is offered only to the PRCs, and the grantee is selected through competitive peer-review. Each project is funded for at least one year, but many are multiyear projects that receive several million dollars.
Some SIPs comprise several centers that collaborate on a specific health issue. Past networks have addressed oral health, obesity, tobacco, school health, and women's health. Five networks are currently active.
Additional research projects conducted by PRCs or program partners may be defined by, administered through, or fully or partially funded by the PRC Program office. These research activities are described as associated projects.
Comparative Effectiveness Research Projects
Four PRCs are funded through the 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to conduct comparative effectiveness research (CER). These two-year projects compare the benefits and harms of different public health strategies to prevent, diagnose, and monitor health conditions in community settings.
The PRCs' research of the five types described above are included in the program's database of project descriptions. For additional research the PRCs are conducting with funding from different sources, see the website of each PRC, which can be accessed through Center Descriptions.