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Vinyl acetate

Synonyms & Trade Names
1-Acetoxyethylene, Ethenyl acetate, Ethenyl ethanoate, VAC, Vinyl acetate monomer, Vinyl ethanoate
CAS No.
108-05-4
RTECS No.
AK0875000
DOT ID & Guide
1301 129P
Formula
CH2=CHOOCCH3
Conversion
1 ppm = 3.52 mg/m3
IDLH
N.D.
See: IDLH INDEX
Exposure Limits
NIOSH REL
: C 4 ppm (15 mg/m3) [15-minute]
OSHA PEL
: none
Measurement Methods

NIOSH 1453;
OSHA 51
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a pleasant, fruity odor. [Note: Raw material for many polyvinyl resins.]
MW:
86.1
BP:
162°F
FRZ:
-136°F
Sol:
2%
VP:
83 mmHg
IP:
9.19 eV
Sp.Gr:
0.93
Fl.P:
18°F
UEL:
13.4%
LEL:
2.6%
Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73°F and BP at or above 100°F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Acids, bases, silica gel, alumina, oxidizers, azo compounds, ozone [Note: Usually contains a stabilizer (e.g., hydroquinone or diphenylamine) to prevent polymerization.]
Exposure Routes
inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms
irritation eyes, skin, nose, throat; hoarseness, cough; loss of smell; eye burns, skin blisters
Target Organs
Eyes, skin, respiratory system
Personal Protection/Sanitation
(See protection codes)
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench
First Aid
(See procedures)
Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately
Respirator Recommendations

NIOSH

Up to 40 ppm:
(APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*
(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator*

Up to 100 ppm:
(APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*
(APF = 25) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*

Up to 200 ppm:
(APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister
(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)*
(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece
(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece

Up to 4000 ppm:
(APF = 1000) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode*

Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus

Escape:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister
Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus

Important additional information about respirator selection

See also: INTRODUCTION   See ICSC CARD: 0347
 
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