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Picric acid

Synonyms & Trade Names
Phenol trinitrate, 2,4,6-Trinitrophenol [Note: An OSHA Class A Explosive (1910.109).]
CAS No.
88-89-1
RTECS No.
TJ7875000
DOT ID & Guide
1344 113(wet, > or =10% water)
3364 113(wetted, > or =10% water)
Formula
(NO2)3C6H2OH
Conversion
1 ppm = 9.37 mg/m3
IDLH
75 mg/m3
See: 88891
Exposure Limits
NIOSH REL
TWA 0.1 mg/m3 ST 0.3 mg/m3 [skin]
OSHA PEL
TWA 0.1 mg/m3 [skin]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH S228 (II-4)
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Physical Description
Yellow, odorless solid. [Note: Usually used as an aqueous solution.]
Molecular Weight
229.1
Boiling Point
Explodes above 572°F
Melting Point
252°F
Solubility
1%
Vapor Pressure
(383°F): 1 mmHg
Ionization Potential
?
Specific Gravity
1.76
Flash Point
302°F
Upper Exposive Limit
?
Lower Explosive Limit
?
Combustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Copper, lead, zinc & other metals; salts; plaster; concrete; ammonia [Note: Corrosive to metals. An explosive mixture results when the aqueous solution crystallizes.]
Exposure Routes
inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms
irritation eyes, skin; sensitization dermatitis; yellow-stained hair, skin; lassitude (weakness, exhaustion), myalgia, anuria, polyuria; bitter taste, gastrointestinal disturbance; hepatitis, hematuria (blood in the urine), albuminuria, nephritis
Target Organs
Eyes, skin, kidneys, liver, blood
Personal Protection/Sanitation
(See protection codes)
Skin:Prevent skin contact
Eyes:Prevent eye contact
Wash skin:When contaminated/Daily
Remove:When wet or contaminated
Change:Daily
First Aid
(See procedures)
Eye:Irrigate immediately
Skin:Soap wash promptly
Breathing:Respiratory support
Swallow:Medical attention immediately
Respirator Recommendations

NIOSH/OSHA

Up to 0.5 mg/m3:
(APF = 5) Any quarter-mask respirator.
Click here for information on selection of N, R, or P filters.

Up to 1 mg/m3:
(APF = 10) Any particulate respirator equipped with an N95, R95, or P95 filter (including N95, R95, and P95 filtering facepieces) except quarter-mask respirators. The following filters may also be used: N99, R99, P99, N100, R100, P100.
Click here for information on selection of N, R, or P filters.
(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator

Up to 2.5 mg/m3:
(APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode
(APF = 25) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter.

Up to 5 mg/m3:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with an N100, R100, or P100 filter.
Click here for information on selection of N, R, or P filters.
(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator that has a tight-fitting facepiece and is operated in a continuous-flow mode
(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and a high-efficiency particulate filter
(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece
(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece

Up to 75 mg/m3:
(APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode

Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus

Escape:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with an N100, R100, or P100 filter.
Click here for information on selection of N, R, or P filters.
Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus

Important additional information about respirator selection

See also
INTRODUCTION   ICSC CARD: 0316   MEDICAL TESTS: 0193
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