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Octane

Synonyms & Trade Names
n-Octane, normal-Octane
CAS No.
111-65-9
RTECS No.
RG8400000
DOT ID & Guide
1262 128
Formula
CH3[CH2]6CH3
Conversion
1 ppm = 4.67 mg/m3
IDLH
1000 ppm [10%LEL]
See: 111659
Exposure Limits
NIOSH REL
: TWA 75 ppm (350 mg/m3) C 385 ppm (1800 mg/m3) [15-minute]
OSHA PEL
: TWA 500 ppm (2350 mg/m3)
Measurement Methods

NIOSH 1500;
OSHA 7
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a gasoline-like odor.
MW:
114.2
BP:
258°F
FRZ:
-70°F
Sol(77°F): 0.00007%
VP:
10 mmHg
IP:
9.82 eV
Sp.Gr:
0.70
Fl.P:
56°F
UEL:
6.5%
LEL:
1.0%
Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73°F and BP at or above 100°F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers
Exposure Routes
inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms
irritation eyes, nose; drowsiness; dermatitis; chemical pneumonitis (aspiration liquid); in animals: narcosis
Target Organs
Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system
Personal Protection/Sanitation
(See protection codes)
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
First Aid
(See procedures)
Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately
Respirator Recommendations

NIOSH

Up to 750 ppm:
(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator*

Up to 1000 ppm:
(APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*
(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece
(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece

Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus

Escape:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister
Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus

Important additional information about respirator selection

See also: INTRODUCTION   See ICSC CARD: 0933
 
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