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Nitroglycerine

Synonyms & Trade Names
Glyceryl trinitrate; NG; 1,2,3-Propanetriol trinitrate; Trinitroglycerine
CAS No.
55-63-0
RTECS No.
QX2100000
DOT ID & Guide
1204 127 (< or = 1% solution in alcohol)
3064 127 (1-5% solution in alcohol)
Formula
CH2NO3CHNO3CH2NO3
Conversion
1 ppm = 9.29 mg/m3
IDLH
75 mg/m3
See: 55630
Exposure Limits
NIOSH REL
: ST 0.1 mg/m3 [skin]
OSHA PEL
: C 0.2 ppm (2 mg/m3) [skin]
Measurement Methods

NIOSH 2507;
OSHA 43
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Physical Description
Colorless to pale-yellow, viscous liquid or solid (below 56°F). [Note: An explosive ingredient in dynamite (20-40%) with ethylene glycol dinitrate (80-60%).]
MW:
227.1
BP:
Begins to decompose at 122-140°F
FRZ:
56°F
Sol:
0.1%
VP:
0.0003 mmHg
IP:
?
Sp.Gr:
1.60
Fl.P:
Explodes
UEL:
?
LEL:
?
Explosive Liquid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Heat, ozone, shock, acids [Note: An OSHA Class A Explosive (1910.109).]
Exposure Routes
inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms
throbbing headache; dizziness; nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain; hypotension; flush; palpitations; methemoglobinemia; delirium, central nervous system depression; angina; skin irritation
Target Organs
cardiovascular system, blood, skin, central nervous system
Personal Protection/Sanitation
(See protection codes)
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: Daily
Provide: Quick drench
First Aid
(See procedures)
Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately
Respirator Recommendations

NIOSH

Up to 1 mg/m3:
(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator*

Up to 2.5 mg/m3:
(APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*

Up to 5 mg/m3:
(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator that has a tight-fitting facepiece and is operated in a continuous-flow mode*
(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece
(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece

Up to 75 mg/m3:
(APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode

Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus

Escape:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister having an N100, R100, or P100 filter.
Click here for information on selection of N, R, or P filters.
Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus

Important additional information about respirator selection

See also: INTRODUCTION   See ICSC CARD: 0186   See MEDICAL TESTS: 0100
 
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