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Nitroethane

Synonyms & Trade Names
Nitroetan
CAS No.
79-24-3
RTECS No.
KI5600000
DOT ID & Guide
2842 129
Formula
CH3CH2NO2
Conversion
1 ppm = 3.07 mg/m3
IDLH
1000 ppm
See: 79243
Exposure Limits
NIOSH REL
TWA 100 ppm (310 mg/m3)
OSHA PEL
TWA 100 ppm (310 mg/m3)
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2526
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Physical Description
Colorless, oily liquid with a mild, fruity odor.
Molecular Weight
75.1
Boiling Point
237°F
Freezing Point
-130°F
Solubility
5%
Vapor Pressure
(77°F): 21 mmHg
Ionization Potential
10.88 eV
Specific Gravity
1.05
Flash Point
82°F
Upper Exposive Limit
?
Lower Explosive Limit
3.4%
Class IC Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 73°F and below 100°F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Amines; strong acids, alkalis & oxidizers; hydrocarbons; combustibles; metal oxides
Exposure Routes
inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms
dermatitis; In Animals: lacrimation (discharge of tears); dyspnea (breathing difficulty), pulmonary rales, edema; liver, kidney injury; narcosis
Target Organs
Skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, kidneys, liver
Personal Protection/Sanitation
(See protection codes)
Skin:Prevent skin contact
Eyes:Prevent eye contact
Wash skin:When contaminated
Remove:When wet (flammable)
Change:No recommendation
First Aid
(See procedures)
Eye:Irrigate immediately
Skin:Soap wash promptly
Breathing:Respiratory support
Swallow:Medical attention immediately
Respirator Recommendations

NIOSH/OSHA

Up to 1000 ppm:
(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece
(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece

Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus

Escape:
Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus

Important additional information about respirator selection

See also
INTRODUCTION   ICSC CARD: 0817
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