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p-Nitrochlorobenzene

Synonyms & Trade Names
p-Chloronitrobenzene, 4-Chloronitrobenzene, 1-Chloro-4-nitrobenzene, 4-Nitrochlorobenzene, PCNB, PNCB
CAS No.
100-00-5
RTECS No.
CZ1050000
DOT ID & Guide
1578 152
Formula
ClC6H4NO2
Conversion
IDLH
Ca [100 mg/m3]
See: 100005
Exposure Limits
NIOSH REL
: Ca See Appendix A [skin]
OSHA PEL
: TWA 1 mg/m3 [skin]
Measurement Methods

NIOSH 2005
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Physical Description
Yellow, crystalline solid with a sweet odor.
MW:
157.6
BP:
468°F
MLT: 182°F
Sol:
Slight
VP(86°F): 0.2 mmHg
IP:
9.96 eV
Sp.Gr:
1.52
Fl.P:
261°F
UEL:
?
LEL:
?
Solid that does not burn, or burns with difficulty.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, alkalis
Exposure Routes
inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms
Anoxia; unpleasant taste; anemia; methemoglobinemia; in animals: hematuria (blood in the urine); spleen, kidney, bone marrow changes; reproductive effects; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs
Blood, liver, kidneys, cardiovascular system, spleen, bone marrow, reproductive system
Cancer Site
[in animals: vascular & liver tumors]
Personal Protection/Sanitation
(See protection codes)
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated/Daily
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: Daily
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench
First Aid
(See procedures)
Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately
Respirator Recommendations

NIOSH

At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus

Escape:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with an N100, R100, or P100 filter.
Click here for information on selection of N, R, or P filters.
Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus

Important additional information about respirator selection

See also: INTRODUCTION   See ICSC CARD: 0846   See MEDICAL TESTS: 0163
 
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