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p-Nitrochlorobenzene

Synonyms & Trade Names
4-Chloronitrobenzene, p-Chloronitrobenzene, 1-Chloro-4-nitrobenzene, 4-Nitrochlorobenzene, PCNB, PNCB
CAS No.
100-00-5
RTECS No.
CZ1050000
DOT ID & Guide
1578 152
Formula
ClC6H4NO2
Conversion
IDLH
Ca [100 mg/m3]
See: 100005
Exposure Limits
NIOSH REL
Ca See Appendix A [skin]
OSHA PEL
TWA 1 mg/m3 [skin]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2005
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Physical Description
Yellow, crystalline solid with a sweet odor.
Molecular Weight
157.6
Boiling Point
468°F
Melting Point
182°F
Solubility
Slight
Vapor Pressure
(86°F): 0.2 mmHg
Ionization Potential
9.96 eV
Specific Gravity
1.52
Flash Point
261°F
Upper Exposive Limit
?
Lower Explosive Limit
?
Solid that does not burn, or burns with difficulty.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, alkalis
Exposure Routes
inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms
Anoxia; unpleasant taste; anemia; methemoglobinemia; In Animals: hematuria (blood in the urine); spleen, kidney, bone marrow changes; reproductive effects; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs
Blood, liver, kidneys, cardiovascular system, spleen, bone marrow, reproductive system
Cancer Site
[in animals: vascular & liver tumors]
Personal Protection/Sanitation
(See protection codes)
Skin:Prevent skin contact
Eyes:Prevent eye contact
Wash skin:When contaminated/Daily
Remove:When wet or contaminated
Change:Daily
Provide:Eyewash, Quick drench
First Aid
(See procedures)
Eye:Irrigate immediately
Skin:Soap wash immediately
Breathing:Respiratory support
Swallow:Medical attention immediately
Respirator Recommendations

NIOSH

At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus

Escape:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with an N100, R100, or P100 filter.
Click here for information on selection of N, R, or P filters.
Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus

Important additional information about respirator selection

See also
INTRODUCTION   ICSC CARD: 0846   MEDICAL TESTS: 0163
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