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Ketene

Synonyms & Trade Names
Carbomethene, Ethenone, Keto-ethylene
CAS No.
463-51-4
RTECS No.
OA7700000
DOT ID & Guide
Formula
CH2=CO
Conversion
1 ppm = 1.72 mg/m3
IDLH
5 ppm
See: 463514
Exposure Limits
NIOSH REL
: TWA 0.5 ppm (0.9 mg/m3) ST 1.5 ppm (3 mg/m3)
OSHA PEL
: TWA 0.5 ppm (0.9 mg/m3)
Measurement Methods

NIOSH S92 (II-2)
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Physical Description
Colorless gas with a penetrating odor.
MW:
42.0
BP:
-69°F
FRZ:
-238°F
Sol:
Reacts
VP:
>1 atm
IP:
9.61 eV
Fl.P:
NA (Gas)
UEL:
?
LEL:
?
RGasD:
1.45
Flammable Gas
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Water, alcohols, ammonia [Note: Readily polymerizes. Reacts with water to form acetic acid.]
Exposure Routes
inhalation, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms
irritation eyes, skin, nose, throat, respiratory system; pulmonary edema
Target Organs
Eyes, skin, respiratory system
Personal Protection/Sanitation
(See protection codes)
Skin: No recommendation
Eyes: No recommendation
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: No recommendation
Change: No recommendation
First Aid
(See procedures)


Breathing: Respiratory support
Respirator Recommendations

NIOSH/OSHA

Up to 5 ppm:
(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator*
(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece

Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus

Escape:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister
Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus

Important additional information about respirator selection

See also: INTRODUCTION   See ICSC CARD: 0812   See MEDICAL TESTS: 0126
 
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