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Glycolonitrile

Synonyms & Trade Names
Cyanomethanol, Formaldehyde cyanohydrin, Glycolic nitrile, Glyconitrile, Hydroxyacetonitrile
CAS No.
107-16-4
RTECS No.
AM0350000
DOT ID & Guide
Formula
HOCH2CN
Conversion
1 ppm = 2.34 mg/m3
IDLH
N.D.
See: IDLH INDEX
Exposure Limits
NIOSH REL
C 2 ppm (5 mg/m3) [15-minute]
OSHA PEL
none
Measurement Methods
None available
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Physical Description
Colorless, odorless, oily liquid. [Note: Forms cyanide in the body.]
Molecular Weight
57.1
Boiling Point
361°F (Decomposes)
Freezing Point
<-98°F
Solubility
Soluble
Vapor Pressure
(145°F): 1 mmHg
Ionization Potential
?
Specific Gravity
(66°F): 1.10
Flash Point
?
Upper Exposive Limit
?
Lower Explosive Limit
?
Combustible Liquid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Traces of alkalis (promote violent polymerization)
Exposure Routes
inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms
irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; headache, dizziness, lassitude (weakness, exhaustion), confusion, convulsions; dyspnea (breathing difficulty); abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting
Target Organs
Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, cardiovascular system
Personal Protection/Sanitation
(See protection codes)
Skin:Prevent skin contact
Eyes:Prevent eye contact
Wash skin:When contaminated
Remove:When wet or contaminated
Change:Daily
Provide:Eyewash, Quick drench
First Aid
(See procedures)
Eye:Irrigate immediately
Skin:Water wash immediately
Breathing:Respiratory support
Swallow:Medical attention immediately
Respirator Recommendations

NIOSH

Up to 20 ppm:
(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator

Up to 50 ppm:
(APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode

Up to 100 ppm:
(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece
(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece

Up to 250 ppm:
(APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode

Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus

Escape:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister
Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus

Important additional information about respirator selection

See also
INTRODUCTION   ICSC CARD: 1427
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