Skip directly to local search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options
CDC Home

Enter search terms separated by spaces.

Ethyl silicate

Synonyms & Trade Names
Ethyl orthosilicate, Ethyl silicate (condensed), Tetraethoxysilane, Tetraethyl orthosilicate, Tetraethyl silicate
CAS No.
78-10-4
RTECS No.
VV9450000
DOT ID & Guide
1292 129
Formula
(C2H5)4SiO4
Conversion
1 ppm = 8.52 mg/m3
IDLH
700 ppm
See: 78104
Exposure Limits
NIOSH REL
: TWA 10 ppm (85 mg/m3)
OSHA PEL
: TWA 100 ppm (850 mg/m3)
Measurement Methods

NIOSH S264 (II-3)
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a sharp, alcohol-like odor.
MW:
208.3
BP:
336°F
FRZ:
-117°F
Sol:
Reacts
VP:
1 mmHg
IP:
9.77 eV
Sp.Gr:
0.93
Fl.P:
99°F
UEL:
?
LEL:
?
Class IC Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 73°F and below 100°F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, water [Note: Reacts with water to form a silicone adhesive (a milky-white mass).]
Exposure Routes
inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms
irritation eyes, nose; in animals: lacrimation (discharge of tears); dyspnea (breathing difficulty), pulmonary edema; tremor, narcosis; liver, kidney damage; anemia
Target Organs
Eyes, respiratory system, liver, kidneys, blood, skin
Personal Protection/Sanitation
(See protection codes)
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
First Aid
(See procedures)
Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately
Respirator Recommendations

NIOSH

Up to 100 ppm:
(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator*

Up to 250 ppm:
(APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*

Up to 500 ppm:
(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece
(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece

Up to 700 ppm:
(APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode

Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus

Escape:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister
Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus

Important additional information about respirator selection

See also: INTRODUCTION   See ICSC CARD: 0333
 
Contact Us:
USA.gov: The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Road Atlanta, GA 30329-4027, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC–INFO