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Ethylene glycol dinitrate

Synonyms & Trade Names
EGDN, 1,2-Ethanediol dinitrate, Ethylene dinitrate, Ethylene nitrate, Glycol dinitrate, Nitroglycol
CAS No.
628-96-6
RTECS No.
KW5600000
DOT ID & Guide
Formula
O2NOCH2CH2ONO2
Conversion
1 ppm = 6.22 mg/m3
IDLH
75 mg/m3
See: 628966
Exposure Limits
NIOSH REL
ST 0.1 mg/m3 [skin]
OSHA PEL
C 0.2 ppm (1 mg/m3) [skin] See Appendix G
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2507;
OSHA 43
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Physical Description
Colorless to yellow, oily, odorless liquid. [Note: An explosive ingredient (60-80%) in dynamite along with nitroglycerine (40-20%).]
Molecular Weight
152.1
Boiling Point
387°F
Freezing Point
-8°F
Solubility
Insoluble
Vapor Pressure
0.05 mmHg
Ionization Potential
?
Specific Gravity
1.49
Flash Point
419°F
Upper Exposive Limit
?
Lower Explosive Limit
?
Explosive Liquid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Acids, alkalis
Exposure Routes
inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms
throbbing headache; dizziness; nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain; hypotension, flush, palpitations, angina; methemoglobinemia; delirium, central nervous system depression; irritation skin; In Animals: anemia; liver, kidney damage
Target Organs
Skin, cardiovascular system, blood, liver, kidneys
Personal Protection/Sanitation
(See protection codes)
Skin:Prevent skin contact
Eyes:Prevent eye contact
Wash skin:When contaminated
Remove:When wet (flammable)
Change:Daily
Provide:Quick drench
First Aid
(See procedures)
Eye:Irrigate immediately
Skin:Soap wash immediately
Breathing:Respiratory support
Swallow:Medical attention immediately
Respirator Recommendations

NIOSH

Up to 1 mg/m3:
(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator*

Up to 2.5 mg/m3:
(APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*

Up to 5 mg/m3:
(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator that has a tight-fitting facepiece and is operated in a continuous-flow mode*
(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece
(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece

Up to 75 mg/m3:
(APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode

Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus

Escape:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister having an N100, R100, or P100 filter.
Click here for information on selection of N, R, or P filters.
Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus

Important additional information about respirator selection

See also
INTRODUCTION   ICSC CARD: 1056   MEDICAL TESTS: 0105
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