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Dimethylaminopropionitrile

Synonyms & Trade Names
3-(Dimethylamino)propionitrile; N,N-Dimethylamino-3-propionitrile [Note: A component (95%) of NIAX® Catalyst ESN, along with bis(2-(dimethylamino)ethyl) ether (5%).]
CAS No.
1738-25-6
RTECS No.
UG1575000
DOT ID & Guide
Formula
(CH3)2NCH2CH2CN
Conversion
IDLH
N.D.
See: IDLH INDEX
Exposure Limits
NIOSH REL
: See Appendix C (NIAX® Catalyst ESN)
OSHA PEL
: See Appendix C (NIAX® Catalyst ESN)
Measurement Methods

None available
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Physical Description
Colorless liquid.
MW:
98.2
BP:
342°F
FRZ:
-48°F
Sol:
Miscible
VP(135°F): 10 mmHg
IP:
?
Sp.Gr(86°F): 0.86
Fl.P:
147°F
UEL:
?
LEL:
?
Class IIIA Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 140°F and below 200°F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Oxidizers [Note: Emits toxic oxides of nitrogen and cyanide fumes when heated to decomposition.]
Exposure Routes
inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms
irritation eyes, skin; urinary disturbance; neurological disorders; pins & needles in hands & feet; muscle weak, lassitude (weakness, exhaustion), nausea, vomiting; decreased nerve conduction in lower legs
Target Organs
Eyes, skin, central nervous system, urinary tract
Personal Protection/Sanitation
(See protection codes)
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench
First Aid
(See procedures)
Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately
Respirator Recommendations

NIOSH

At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus

Escape:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister
Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus

Important additional information about respirator selection

See also: INTRODUCTION
 
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