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3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine (and its salts)

Synonyms & Trade Names
4,4'-Diamino-3,3'-dichlorobiphenyl, Dichlorobenzidine base, o,o'-Dichlorobenzidine, 3,3'-Dichlorobiphenyl-4,4'-diamine, 3,3'-Dichloro-4,4'-biphenyldiamine, 3,3'-Dichloro-4,4'-diaminobiphenyl
CAS No.
91-94-1
RTECS No.
DD0525000
DOT ID & Guide
Formula
NH2ClC6H3C6H3ClNH2
Conversion
IDLH
Ca [N.D.]
See: IDLH INDEX
Exposure Limits
NIOSH REL
Ca See Appendix A
OSHA PEL
[1910.1007] See Appendix B
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 5509;
OSHA 65
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Physical Description
Gray to purple, crystalline solid.
Molecular Weight
253.1
Boiling Point
788°F
Melting Point
271°F
Solubility
(59°F): 0.07%
Vapor Pressure
?
Ionization Potential
?
Specific Gravity
?
Flash Point
?
Upper Exposive Limit
?
Lower Explosive Limit
?
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
None reported
Exposure Routes
inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms
Skin sensitization, dermatitis; headache, dizziness; caustic burns; frequent urination, dysuria; hematuria (blood in the urine); gastrointestinal upset; upper resp infection; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs
Bladder, liver, lung, skin, gastrointestinal tract
Cancer Site
[in animals: liver & bladder cancer]
Personal Protection/Sanitation
(See protection codes)
Skin:Prevent skin contact
Eyes:Prevent eye contact
Wash skin:When contaminated/Daily
Remove:When wet or contaminated
Change:Daily
Provide:Eyewash, Quick drench
First Aid
(See procedures)
Eye:Irrigate immediately
Skin:Soap wash immediately
Breathing:Respiratory support
Swallow:Medical attention immediately
Respirator Recommendations

(See Appendix E)

NIOSH

At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus

Escape:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with an N100, R100, or P100 filter.
Click here for information on selection of N, R, or P filters.
Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus

Important additional information about respirator selection

See also
INTRODUCTION   ICSC CARD: 0481   MEDICAL TESTS: 0074
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