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Cyanogen

Synonyms & Trade Names
Carbon nitride, Dicyan, Dicyanogen, Ethanedinitrile, Oxalonitrile
CAS No.
460-19-5
RTECS No.
GT1925000
DOT ID & Guide
1026 119
Formula
NCCN
Conversion
1 ppm = 2.13 mg/m3
IDLH
N.D.
See: IDLH INDEX
Exposure Limits
NIOSH REL
: TWA 10 ppm (20 mg/m3)
OSHA PEL
: none
Measurement Methods

OSHA PV2104
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Physical Description
Colorless gas with a pungent, almond-like odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas. Forms cyanide in the body.]
MW:
52.0
BP:
-6°F
FRZ:
-18°F
Sol:
1%
VP(70°F): 5.1 atm
IP:
13.57 eV
Sp.Gr:
0.95 (Liquid at -6°F)
Fl.P:
NA (Gas)
UEL:
32%
LEL:
6.6%
RGasD:
1.82
Flammable Gas
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Acids, water, strong oxidizers (e.g., dichlorine oxide, fluorine) [Note: Slowly hydrolyzed in water to form hydrogen cyanide, oxalic acid, or ammonia.]
Exposure Routes
inhalation, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms
irritation eyes, nose, upper respiratory system; lacrimation (discharge of tears); cherry red lips, tachypnea, hypernea, bradycardia; headache, convulsions; dizziness, loss of appetite, weight loss; liquid: frostbite
Target Organs
Eyes, respiratory system, central nervous system, cardiovascular system
Personal Protection/Sanitation
(See protection codes)
Skin: Frostbite
Eyes: Prevent eye contact/Frostbite
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Frostbite wash
First Aid
(See procedures)
Eye: Frostbite
Skin: Frostbite
Breathing: Respiratory support
Respirator Recommendations

Not available.

Important additional information about respirator selection

See also: INTRODUCTION   See ICSC CARD: 1390
 
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