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Benzoyl peroxide

Synonyms & Trade Names
Benzoperoxide, Dibenzoyl peroxide
CAS No.
94-36-0
RTECS No.
DM8575000
DOT ID & Guide
Formula
(C6H5CO)2O2
Conversion
IDLH
1500 mg/m3
See: 94360
Exposure Limits
NIOSH REL
TWA 5 mg/m3
OSHA PEL
TWA 5 mg/m3
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 5009
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Physical Description
Colorless to white crystals or a granular powder with a faint, benzaldehyde-like odor.
Molecular Weight
242.2
Boiling Point
Decomposes explosively
Melting Point
217°F
Solubility
<1%
Vapor Pressure
<1 mmHg
Ionization Potential
?
Specific Gravity
1.33
Flash Point
176°F
Upper Exposive Limit
?
Lower Explosive Limit
?
Combustible Solid (easily ignited and burns very rapidly).
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Combustible substances (wood, paper, etc.), acids, alkalis, alcohols, amines, ethers [Note: Containers may explode when heated. Extremely explosion-sensitive to shock, heat & friction.]
Exposure Routes
inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms
irritation eyes, skin, mucous membrane; sensitization dermatitis
Target Organs
Eyes, skin, respiratory system
Personal Protection/Sanitation
(See protection codes)
Skin:Prevent skin contact
Eyes:Prevent eye contact
Wash skin:When contaminated
Remove:When wet or contaminated
Change:Daily
First Aid
(See procedures)
Eye:Irrigate immediately
Skin:Soap wash promptly
Breathing:Respiratory support
Swallow:Medical attention immediately
Respirator Recommendations

NIOSH/OSHA

Up to 50 mg/m3:
(APF = 10) Any particulate respirator equipped with an N95, R95, or P95 filter (including N95, R95, and P95 filtering facepieces) except quarter-mask respirators. The following filters may also be used: N99, R99, P99, N100, R100, P100.
Click here for information on selection of N, R, or P filters.*
(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator*

Up to 125 mg/m3:
(APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*
(APF = 25) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter.*

Up to 250 mg/m3:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with an N100, R100, or P100 filter.
Click here for information on selection of N, R, or P filters.
(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and a high-efficiency particulate filter*
(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece
(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece

Up to 1500 mg/m3:
(APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode

Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus

Escape:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with an N100, R100, or P100 filter.
Click here for information on selection of N, R, or P filters.
Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus

Important additional information about respirator selection

See also
INTRODUCTION   ICSC CARD: 0225
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