Mining Project: Particulate Measurement and Characterization in Mining
To develop innovative instruments and methodologies for real-time measurement of respirable mineral aerosols and diesel particulate matter aerosols in order to reduce work-related illnesses.
Measurement and monitoring of coal mine dust, silica dust, and diesel particulate matter in underground coal and noncoal mines continues to be problematic. Surveillance data on black lung disease among coal miners has shown an increase over the last 10 years from about 6%-11% of workers with 25 years of mine experience. NIOSH has proposed that silicosis may be a significant contributor to this lung disease trend. The United Mine Workers of America, Bituminous Coal Operators Association, and National Mining Association need this research to help reverse this new trend. This area may be particularly relevant given the proposed reductions to the permissible exposure limits for both coal mine dust and silica dust.
Because of the potential health hazards associated with airborne respirable dust and diesel engine emissions, the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA), labor, and the mining industry are proponents of accurate real-time or near-real-time measurements. Feedback on worker exposures in real time will allow for adjustments during the shift in order to prevent overexposures. The research in this project focused on the development of instruments to better monitor respirable coal, silica dust, and diesel particulate matter (DPM).
This project developed innovative instruments and methodologies for real-time measurement of respirable mineral aerosols and diesel particulate matter aerosols. This proposed research supports the NIOSH strategic goal to reduce work-related illnesses through the generation of new technical and scientific knowledge on aerosol measurement. Measurement of silica from filters used in personal dust monitors was evaluated and licensed. Research to explore the feasibility for an end-of-shift monitor that is specific for the silica component of a respirable dust sample was also initiated and was continued under the project, "Monitoring and Control of Airborne Toxic Substances in Mining." Use of personal dust monitors (PDM) by MSHA under 30 CFR 74 was an outcome for this project. A near-real-time personal monitor for DPM was also developed by NIOSH and was commercialized. This method may also be useful for determining tailpipe particulate for maintenance issues.
- Analysis of the Silica Percent in Airborne Respirable Mine Dust Samples from U.S. Operations
- Best Practices for Controlling Respirable Dust in Coal Mines
- Coal Dust Exposure and Mortality From Ischemic Heart Disease Among a Cohort of U.S. Coal Miners
- Control of Respirable Dust
- Development of Dust Control Units for Underground Coal Mines
- Impact on Respirable Dust Levels When Operating a Flooded-bed Scrubber in 20-foot Cuts
- Investigation into Dust Exposures and Mining Practices in Mines in the Southern Appalachian Region
- Laboratory and Field Performance of a Continuously Measuring Personal Respirable Dust Monitor
- Respirable Dust Control for Surface Mines
- Respirable Dust Control Methods on Continuous Mining Operations
- Page last reviewed: 5/13/2015
- Page last updated: 5/13/2015
- Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Mining Program