Health Disparities in HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STDs, and TB
In 2011, Asian Americans made up 5% of the American population and accounted for 2% of HIV infection diagnoses. Asian American rates of HIV infection are very low compared to other racial ethnic groups.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD)
In 2010, the gonorrhea rate among Asians/Pacific Islanders was 15.5 cases per 100,000 population, which was lower than the rate among whites. This difference is larger for Asian/Pacific Islander women than for Asian/Pacific Islander men. In 2010, rates among Asians/Pacific Islanders were again lower than rates among whites in all four regions of the United States.
In 2010, the chlamydia rate among Asians/Pacific Islanders was 115.3 cases per 100,000 population, an increase of 5.1% from the 2009 rate of 109.7 cases per 100,000. The overall rate among Asians/Pacific Islanders was lower than the rate among whites.
During 2009–2010, the rate of primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis among Asians/Pacific Islanders decreased 13.3% (from 1.5 to 1.3 cases per 100,000 population). In 2010, 1.5% of all cases reported to CDC were among Asians/Pacific Islanders. The 2010 rate of P&S syphilis for Asians/Pacific Islanders was 0.6 times the rate for whites.
Acute Hepatitis A
Although rates of acute hepatitis A among Asian/Pacific Islanders have continued to decline, this group has had the highest rate for the past 4 years and a rate of 0.84 per 100,000 population in 2011.
Acute Hepatitis B
In 2011, the rate of acute hepatitis B was lowest for Asian/Pacific Islanders and Hispanics (0.4 cases per 100,000 population for each group).
Chronic Hepatitis B
In 2011, among the 5,155 cases for whom race/ethnicity was known, Asian/Pacific Islanders accounted for the highest number of chronic HBV cases (n=3,031, 59%) reported from all sites.
Acute Hepatitis C
During 2002–2010, the incidence rate of acute hepatitis C remained below 0.5 cases per 100,000. In 2011 Asian/Pacific Islanders had the lowest rate for hepatitis C at 0.05 case per 100,000 population.
Overall, 11,182 TB cases were reported to CDC from the 50 states and the District of Columbia in 2010. In 2010, Asians accounted for 28% of the total number of reported TB cases in the United States. Asians born outside the United States represented 44% of the TB cases among foreign-born persons in 2010.