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Health Disparities in HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STDs, and TB

Asians

HIV/AIDS


In 2011, Asian Americans made up 5% of the American population and accounted for 2% of HIV infection diagnoses. Asian American rates of HIV infection are very low compared to other racial ethnic groups.

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD)

photo of an asian family

Gonorrhea

In 2010, the gonorrhea rate among Asians/Pacific Islanders was 15.5 cases per 100,000 population, which was lower than the rate among whites. This difference is larger for Asian/Pacific Islander women than for Asian/Pacific Islander men. In 2010, rates among Asians/Pacific Islanders were again lower than rates among whites in all four regions of the United States.

Chlamyda

In 2010, the chlamydia rate among Asians/Pacific Islanders was 115.3 cases per 100,000 population, an increase of 5.1% from the 2009 rate of 109.7 cases per 100,000. The overall rate among Asians/Pacific Islanders was lower than the rate among whites.

Syphilis

During 2009–2010, the rate of primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis among Asians/Pacific Islanders decreased 13.3% (from 1.5 to 1.3 cases per 100,000 population). In 2010, 1.5% of all cases reported to CDC were among Asians/Pacific Islanders. The 2010 rate of P&S syphilis for Asians/Pacific Islanders was 0.6 times the rate for whites.

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Viral Hepatitis


Acute Hepatitis A

Although rates of acute hepatitis A among Asian/Pacific Islanders have continued to decline, this group has had the highest rate for the past 4 years and a rate of 0.84 per 100,000 population in 2011.

Acute Hepatitis B

In 2011, the rate of acute hepatitis B was lowest for Asian/Pacific Islanders and Hispanics (0.4 cases per 100,000 population for each group).

Chronic Hepatitis B

In 2011, among the 5,155 cases for whom race/ethnicity was known, Asian/Pacific Islanders accounted for the highest number of chronic HBV cases (n=3,031, 59%) reported from all sites.

Acute Hepatitis C

During 2002–2010, the incidence rate of acute hepatitis C remained below 0.5 cases per 100,000. In 2011 Asian/Pacific Islanders had the lowest rate for hepatitis C at 0.05 case per 100,000 population.

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Photo of Southeast Asian couple

Tuberculosis (TB)


Overall, 11,182 TB cases were reported to CDC from the 50 states and the District of Columbia in 2010. In 2010, Asians accounted for 28% of the total number of reported TB cases in the United States. Asians born outside the United States represented 44% of the TB cases among foreign-born persons in 2010.

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