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Defining Health Disparities

Photo of healthcare provider with patien Despite prevention efforts, some groups of people are affected by HIV/AIDS, viral hepatitis, STDs, and TB more than other groups of people. The occurrence of these diseases at greater levels among certain population groups more than among others is often referred to as a health disparity. Differences may occur by gender, race or ethnicity, education, income, disability, geographic location and sexual orientation among others. Social determinants of health like poverty, unequal access to health care, lack of education, stigma, and racism are linked to health disparities.

Social Determinants of Health

Photo of a homeless person CDC is developing future priorities and identifying best practices for addressing societal factors that increase risk for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STDs and TB. The goal of these efforts is to help reduce health disparities and promote health equity. For more information, visit NCHHSTP's Social Determinants of Health website.

Popular Links

Photo of African American male African Americans
Overview of health disparities found in black communities

Photo of hispanic femaleHispanics
Summary of health disparities among Hispanics/Latinos

photo of asian personAsians
Information on health disparities among Asians in the United States

Photo of someone writing in a ledger MMWR Publications
Health Disparities-related HIV, Hepatitis, STD and TB MMWRs