Mumps can be prevented with MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine. MMR vaccine prevents most, but not all, cases of mumps and complications caused by the disease. Two doses of the vaccine are 88% (range: 66-95%) effective at preventing mumps; one dose is 78% (range: 49%−92%) effective.
The first vaccine against mumps was licensed in the United States in 1967. By 2005, mumps rates declined by more than 99% thanks to high two-dose vaccination coverage among children.
CDC recommends that children routinely receive get two doses of MMR vaccine:
- the first dose at 12 through 15 months of age, and
- the second dose at 4 through 6 years of age.
Children can receive the second dose earlier as long as it is at least 28 days after the first dose.
Students at post-high school educational institutions
Students at post-high school educational institutions, such as college, trade schools, and training programs, who do not have evidence of immunity (protection) against mumps need two doses of MMR vaccine, separated by at least 28 days.
People who are born during or after 1957 who do not have evidence of immunity against mumps should get at least one dose of MMR vaccine.
- Children 12 months of age or older should have two doses of MMR vaccine, separated by at least 28 days.
- Teenagers and adults without evidence of immunity (protection) to mumps should have two doses of MMR vaccine, separated by at least 28 days.
Healthcare personnel should have documented evidence of immunity against mumps, according to the recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices [48 pages].
*Acceptable presumptive evidence of immunity to mumps includes: documented administration of two doses of live mumps virus vaccine at least 28 days apart, on or after the first birthday; laboratory evidence of immunity; birth before 1957; or documentation of physician-diagnosed mumps.
Recommendations and other useful information about mumps vaccination.
- Mumps Vaccine Basics
- Mumps Vaccination: Who Needs It?
- Who Should Not be Vaccinated?
- Beliefs and Concerns
- Vaccine Safety
Mumps references and resources, provider education tools, and materials for patients.
- Clinical Vaccine Information on Mumps
- Vaccine Recommendations
- Healthcare Worker Vaccination
- References & Resources
- Provider Education
- Materials for Patients
- Vaccine Questions
Mumps: Questions and Answers [4 pages]
Ready-to-print version of one of the CDC-reviewed Q&A materials located on Immunization Action Coalition's website (www.vaccineinformation.org).
- Page last reviewed: May 29, 2015
- Page last updated: May 29, 2015
- Content source: