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Abortion Surveillance — United States, 2009

Karen Pazol, PhD

Andreea A. Creanga, MD, PhD

Suzanne B. Zane, DVM

Kim D. Burley

Denise J. Jamieson, MD

Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC


Corresponding address: CDC, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Reproductive Health, 1600 Clifton Rd., NE, MS K-21, Atlanta, GA 30333. E-mail: cdcinfo@cdc.gov.


Abstract

Problem/Condition: Since 1969, CDC has conducted abortion surveillance to document the number and characteristics of women obtaining legal induced abortions in the United States.

Reporting Period Covered: 2009.

Description of System: Each year, CDC requests abortion data from the central health agencies of 52 reporting areas (the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City). The reporting areas provide this information voluntarily. For 2009, data were received from 48 reporting areas. For the purpose of trend analysis, abortion data were evaluated from the 45 areas that reported data every year during 2000–2009. Census and natality data, respectively, were used to calculated abortion rates (number of abortions per 1,000 women) and ratios (number of abortions per 1,000 live births).

Results: A total of 784,507 abortions were reported to CDC for 2009. Of these abortions, 772,630 (98.5%) were from the 45 reporting areas that provided data every year during 2000–2009. Among these same 45 reporting areas, the abortion rate for 2009 was 15.1 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15–44 years, and the abortion ratio was 227 abortions per 1,000 live births. Compared with 2008, the total number and rate of reported abortions for 2009 decreased 5%, representing the largest single year decrease for the entire period of analysis. The abortion ratio decreased 2%. From 2000 to 2009, the total number, rate, and ratio of reported abortions decreased 6%, 7%, and 8%, respectively, to the lowest levels for 2000–2009.

In 2009 and throughout the period of analysis, women in their 20s accounted for the majority of abortions and had the highest abortion rates, whereas women aged ≥30 years accounted for a much smaller percentage of abortions and had lower abortion rates. In 2009, women aged 20–24 and 25–29 years accounted for 32.7% and 24.4% of all abortions, respectively, and had an abortion rate of 27.4 abortions per 1,000 women aged 20–24 years and 20.4 abortions per 1,000 women aged 25–29 years. In contrast, women aged 30–34, 35–39, and ≥40 years accounted for 14.7%, 8.8%, and 3.3% of all abortions, respectively, and had an abortion rate of 13.3 abortions per 1,000 women aged 30–34 years, 7.6 abortions per 1,000 women aged 35–39 years, and 2.7 abortions per 1,000 women aged ≥40 years. Throughout the period of analysis, abortion rates decreased among women aged 20–24 and 25–29 years, whereas they increased among women aged ≥40 years.

In 2009, adolescents aged 15–19 years accounted for 15.5% of all abortions and had an abortion rate of 13.0 abortions per 1,000 adolescents aged 15–19 years. Throughout the period of analysis, the percentage of all abortions accounted for by adolescents and the adolescent abortion rate decreased.

In contrast to the percentage distribution of abortions and abortion rates by age, abortion ratios in 2009 and throughout the entire period of analysis were highest among adolescents and lowest among women aged 30–39 years. Abortion ratios decreased from 2000 to 2009 for women in all age groups except for those aged <15 years, for whom they increased.

In 2009, most (64.0%) abortions were performed at ≤8 weeks' gestation, and 91.7% were performed at ≤13 weeks' gestation. Few abortions (7.0%) were performed at 14–20 weeks' gestation, and even fewer (1.3%) were performed at ≥21 weeks' gestation. From 2000 to 2009, the percentage of all abortions performed at ≤8 weeks' gestation increased 12%, whereas the percentage performed at >13 weeks' decreased 12%. Moreover, among abortions performed at ≤13 weeks' gestation, the distribution shifted toward earlier gestational ages, with the percentage of these abortions performed at ≤6 weeks' gestation increasing 47%.

In 2009, 74.2% of abortions were performed by curettage at ≤13 weeks' gestation, 16.5% were performed by early medical abortion (a nonsurgical abortion at ≤8 weeks' gestation), and 8.1% were performed by curettage at >13 weeks' gestation. Among abortions that were performed at ≤8 weeks' gestation and thus were eligible for early medical abortion, 25.2% were completed by this method. The use of early medical abortion increased 10% from 2008 to 2009.

Deaths of women associated with complications from abortions for 2009 are being investigated under CDC's Pregnancy Mortality Surveillance System. In 2008, the most recent year for which data were available, 12 women were reported to have died as a result of complications from known legal induced abortions. No reported deaths were associated with known illegal induced abortions.

Interpretation: Among the 45 areas that reported data every year during 2000–2009, the gradual decrease that had occurred during previous decades in the total number and rate of reported abortions continued through 2005, whereas year-to-year variation from 2006 to 2008 resulted in no net change during this later period. However, the change from 2008 to 2009 for both the total number of abortions and the abortion rate was the largest single year decrease during 2000–2009, and all three measures of abortion (total numbers, rates, and ratios) decreased to the lowest level observed during this period.

Public Health Actions: Unintended pregnancy is the major contributor to abortion. Because unintended pregnancies are rare among women who use the most effective methods of reversible contraception, increasing access to and use of these methods can help further reduce the number of abortions performed in the United States. The data in this report can help program planners and policy makers identify groups of women at greatest risk for unintended pregnancy and help guide and evaluate prevention efforts.

Introduction

This report is based on abortion data for 2000–2009 that were provided voluntarily to CDC by the central health agencies of 48 reporting areas (the District of Columbia; New York City; and 46 states, excluding California, Delaware, Maryland, and New Hampshire). Since 1969, CDC has conducted abortion surveillance to document the number and characteristics of women obtaining legal induced abortions in the United States (1). Following nationwide legalization of abortion in 1973, the total number, rate (number of abortions per 1,000 women aged 15–44 years), and ratio (number of abortions per 1,000 live births) of reported abortions increased rapidly, reaching the highest levels in the 1980s before decreasing at a slow yet steady pace (2–6). However, the incidence of abortion has varied considerably across demographic subpopulations (7–11), and recent reports through 2008 have suggested that the sustained pattern of decrease has leveled off (12–15). Continued surveillance is needed to monitor long-term changes in the incidence of abortion in the United States.

Methods

Description of the Surveillance System

Each year, CDC requests tabulated data from the central health agencies of 52 reporting areas (the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City) to document the number and characteristics of women obtaining abortions in the United States. For the purpose of surveillance, a legal induced abortion* is defined as an intervention performed by a licensed clinician (e.g., a physician, nurse-midwife, nurse practitioner, or physician assistant) that is intended to terminate a suspected or known ongoing intrauterine pregnancy and produce a nonviable fetus at any gestational age.

In most states, collection of abortion data is facilitated by the legal requirement for hospitals, facilities, and physicians to report abortions to a central health agency (16). These central health agencies voluntarily provide CDC aggregate numbers for the abortion data they have collected (17).

Although reporting to CDC is voluntary, most reporting areas do provide aggregate abortion numbers: during 2000–2009, a total of 45 reporting areas provided CDC a continuous annual record of abortion numbers, and in 2009, CDC obtained aggregate abortion numbers from 48 reporting areas (excludes California, Delaware, Maryland, and New Hampshire). However, the level of detail that CDC receives on the characteristics of women obtaining abortions varies considerably from year to year and among reporting areas. To encourage more uniform collection of these details, CDC has developed a model reporting form to serve as a technical guide (18). However, because the collection of abortion data is not federally mandated, many reporting areas have developed their own forms and do not collect all the information that CDC compiles.

Variables and Categorization of Data

Each year, CDC sends suggested templates to the central health agencies for compilation of abortion data in aggregate. Aggregate abortion numbers, but no individual-level records, are requested for the following variables:

  • Age in years of the woman (<15, 15–19 by individual year, 20–24, 25–29, 30–34, 35–39, or ≥40)
  • Gestational age in weeks at the time of abortion (≤6, 7–20 by individual week, or ≥21)
  • Race (black, white, Asian, Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, or American Indian/Alaska Native)
  • Ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic)
  • Method type (curettage,§ intrauterine instillation, medical [nonsurgical] abortion, or other)
  • Marital status (married [including currently married or separated] or unmarried [including never married, widowed, or divorced])
  • Number of previous live births (0, 1, 2, 3, or ≥4)
  • Number of previous abortions (0, 1, 2, or ≥3)
  • Maternal residence (the state, reporting area, or foreign country in which the woman obtaining the abortion lived, or, if additional details are unavailable, in-reporting area versus out-of-reporting area)

In addition to sending templates for compiling information on race and ethnicity as separate variables, CDC has provided alternative templates since 2001 for the tabulation of aggregate cross-classified race/ethnicity data. Before 2007, few reporting areas returned these alternative templates. Therefore, 2009 is only the third year for which CDC has had sufficient data to report results by these cross-classified race/ethnicity categories (non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, non-Hispanic other, and Hispanic).

Finally, both the original and alternative templates provided by CDC request that aggregate numbers for certain individual variables be cross-tabulated by a second variable. These cross-tabulations include gestational age (by age, method type, race, ethnicity, and race/ethnicity) and age and marital status (by race, ethnicity, and race/ethnicity).

In this report, medical abortions and abortions performed by curettage are further categorized by gestational age. For medical abortion, early medical abortion is defined as the administration of medication or medications (typically mifepristone followed by misoprostol) to induce an abortion at ≤8 weeks' gestation**; medical abortion at >8 weeks' gestation is defined as the administration of medication or medications (typically vaginal prostaglandins) to induce an abortion at >8 weeks' gestation. For curettage, abortions are categorized as having been performed at ≤13 weeks' gestation or at >13 weeks' gestation because of differences in technique used before and after 13 weeks (20). Finally, because intrauterine instillations cannot be performed early in gestation, abortions reported to have been performed by intrauterine installation at ≤12 weeks' gestation are excluded from calculation of the percentage of abortions by known method type.††

Measures of Abortion

Four measures of abortion are presented in this report: 1) the total number of abortions in a given population, 2) the percentage of abortions obtained by a given subpopulation, 3) the abortion rate (number of abortions per 1,000 women aged 15–44 years or other specific group within a given population), and 4) the abortion ratio (number of abortions per 1,000 live births within a given population). Although total numbers and percentages are useful measures for determining how many women have obtained an abortion, abortion rates adjust for differences in subpopulation size and reflect how likely abortion is among women in particular groups. Abortion ratios measure the relative number of pregnancies in a population that end in abortion compared with live birth. Abortion ratios are influenced both by the proportion of pregnancies in a population that are unintended and the proportion of unintended pregnancies that end in abortion. Abortion ratios also are influenced by the proportion of intended pregnancies that end in abortion; however, intended pregnancies account for a very small percentage of abortions (<5%) (23).

U.S. Census Bureau estimates of the resident female population of the United States, compiled by CDC, were used as the denominator for calculating abortion rates (24–32). Overall abortion rates were calculated from the population of women aged 15–44 years. For adolescents aged <15 years, abortion rates were based on the number of adolescents aged 13–14 years; similarly, for women aged ≥40 years, abortion rates were based on the number of women aged 40–44 years. For the calculation of abortion ratios, live birth data were obtained from CDC natality files (33).

Data Presentation and Analysis

This report provides state-specific and overall abortion numbers, rates, and ratios for the 48 areas that reported to CDC for 2009 (excludes California, Delaware, Maryland, and New Hampshire). In addition, this report describes the characteristics of women who obtained abortions in 2009. Because the completeness of reporting on the characteristics of women varies by year and by variable, this report only describes the characteristics of women from areas that met reporting standards (i.e., reported at least 20 abortions, provided data categorized in accordance with surveillance variables, and had <15% unknown values for a given characteristic). Cells with a value in the range of 1 to 4 have been suppressed to maintain confidentiality. In addition, abortion rates and ratios have been omitted for groups with <20 abortions because results are considered unstable.

Although most of the data in this report are presented by the reporting area in which the abortions were performed, 47 reporting areas§§ also provided the number of abortions by maternal residence. However, three of these reporting areas (Illinois, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin) reported certain characteristics for in-state residents but not for out-of-state residents. Four other reporting areas (Arizona, Iowa, Louisiana, and Massachusetts) provided only the total number of abortions for out-of-state residents without specifying individual states or areas of residence from which these women came. As a result, abortion statistics in this report by area of residence are minimum estimates and might be disproportionately low for reporting areas from which many women travel to other states to obtain abortion services.

For the purpose of evaluating overall trends in the number, rate, and ratio of reported abortions, annual data are presented for the 45 areas that reported every year during 2000–2009. Linear regression analysis was used to assess the overall rate of change among these areas during 2000–2009 and during the first and second half of the period of analysis (2000–2004 and 2005–2009). Percentage change calculations (for 2008 to 2009 and for 2000 to 2009) were also calculated with the same 45 areas that provided data for every year included in this report. For the analysis of certain additional variables (abortions by maternal age, gestational age, race, and ethnicity), annual data are presented for areas that met reporting standards every year during 2000–2009, and the percentage change was calculated for 2000 to 2009, 2000 to 2004, 2005 to 2009, and 2008 to 2009. For other variables (marital status, number of previous abortions, and number of previous live births), annual data are not presented, and areas were included as long as they provided data that met reporting standards for the years needed for percentage change calculations. To evaluate trends in the use of different methods for performing an abortion, reporting areas were included only if they met reporting standards and if they specifically included medical abortion as a method on their reporting form. Because approval of mifepristone for medical abortion was granted by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in September 2000 (34), comparisons have been made between 2001 (the first complete year after FDA approval of mifepristone) and 2009 and between 2008 and 2009.

Because some of the 48 areas that reported for 2009 were not included in certain trend analyses, summary measures for comparisons over time might differ slightly from the point estimates presented for all areas that reported for 2009.

Abortion Mortality

CDC has reported data on abortion-related deaths periodically since information on abortion mortality first was included in the 1972 abortion surveillance report (14,35). An abortion-related death is defined as a death resulting from a direct complication of an abortion (legal or illegal), an indirect complication caused by a chain of events initiated by an abortion, or an aggravation of a preexisting condition by the physiologic or psychologic effects of abortion (36). All deaths determined to be related causally to induced abortion are classified as abortion related regardless of the time between the abortion and death. In addition, any pregnancy-related death in which the pregnancy outcome was induced abortion regardless of the causal relation between the abortion and the death is considered an abortion-related death. An abortion is defined as legal if it is performed by a licensed clinician; an abortion is defined as illegal if it is performed by any other person.

Since 1987, CDC has monitored abortion-related deaths through its Pregnancy Mortality Surveillance System (37). Sources of data for abortion-related deaths have included state vital records, public health agencies, maternal mortality review committees, health-care providers and provider organizations, private citizens and citizen groups, and media reports, including computerized searches of full-text newspaper and other print media databases. For each death that possibly is related to abortion, CDC requests clinical records and autopsy reports. Two medical epidemiologists review these reports to determine the cause of death and whether the death was abortion related. Each death is categorized by abortion type as legal induced, illegal induced, spontaneous, or unknown type. This report provides data on induced abortion-related deaths that occurred in 2008, the most recent year for which data are available. Data on induced abortion-related deaths that occurred during 1972–2007 already have been published (14), and possible abortion-related deaths that occurred during 2009–2012 are under investigation. For 1998–2008, surveillance data reported to CDC cannot be used alone to calculate national case-fatality rates (number of legal induced abortion-related deaths per 100,000 reported legal induced abortions in the United States) because some states (four during 1998–1999, three during 2000–2005 and 2007–2008, and two during 2006), including California, did not report abortion surveillance data. Thus, national legal induced abortion case-fatality rates were calculated with denominator data from a more complete source available for 1973–2008 (12). Because rates based on <20 deaths are highly variable (38), national legal induced abortion case-fatality rates were calculated for one 6-year period (1973–1978) and for consecutive 5-year periods thereafter.

Results

U.S. Totals

Among the 48 reporting areas that provided data for 2009, a total of 784,507 abortions were reported. Of these abortions, 772,630 (98.5%) were from the 45 reporting areas that provided data every year during 2000–2009.¶¶ These same 45 areas had an abortion rate of 15.1 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15–44 years and an abortion ratio of 227 abortions per 1,000 live births (Table 1). Compared with 2008, the total number of abortions reported for the same 45 areas decreased 5% (from 810,403); the abortion rate for these areas also decreased 5% (from 15.9 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15–44 years), and the abortion ratio decreased 2% (from 232 abortions per 1,000 live births). From 2000 to 2009, the total number of reported abortions decreased 6% (from 826,123), the abortion rate decreased 7% (from 16.2 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15–44 years), and the abortion ratio decreased 8% (from 248 abortions per 1,000 live births) (Figure 1). For both the total number and rate of abortions, the change from 2008 to 2009 was the largest single year decrease during the entire period of analysis. Moreover, for all three measures of abortion, the annual rate of decrease fitted from the regression analysis was greater during 2005–2009 than during 2000–2004. During 2005–2009, the number of reported abortions decreased by 7,538 abortions per year, the abortion rate decreased by 0.12 abortions per 1,000 women per year, and the abortion ratio decreased by 2.2 abortions per 1,000 live births per year. In contrast, during 2000–2004, the number of reported abortions decreased by 3,128 abortions per year, the abortion rate decreased by 0.06 abortions per 1,000 women per year, and the abortion ratio decreased by 1.8 abortions per 1,000 live births per year.

Occurrence and Residence

Abortion numbers, rates, and ratios have been calculated by individual state or reporting area of occurrence and the residence of the women who obtained the abortions (Table 2). By occurrence, a considerable range existed in the total number of reported abortions (ranging from 769 in South Dakota to 119,996 in New York, including New York City and New York State combined),*** the abortion rate (ranging from 4.0 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15–44 years in Mississippi to 29.8 in New York [city and state combined]), and the abortion ratio (ranging from 57 abortions per 1,000 live births in Mississippi to 484 in New York [city and state combined]). Similarly, a considerable range existed by residence††† in the total number of reported abortions (ranging from 782 in Wyoming to 115,629 in New York [city and state combined]), the abortion rate (ranging from 5.7 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15–44 years in Utah to 28.7 in New York§§§ [city and state combined]), and the abortion ratio (ranging from 64 abortions per 1,000 live births in Utah to 466 in New York [city and state combined]). Because of the substantial variation that also occurred among reporting areas in the percentage of abortions obtained by out-of-state residents (ranging from none in Wyoming to 51.8% in the District of Columbia), abortion rates and ratios calculated by maternal residence might provide a more accurate reflection of population trends. However, these measures must be viewed with caution because states vary in the level of detail they collect on maternal residence and as a result, 11.4% of abortions were reported without a state, territory, reporting area, or country of maternal residence.

Age

Among the 45 areas that reported by maternal age for 2009, women aged 20–29 years accounted for the majority (57.1%) of abortions and had the highest abortion rates (27.4 and 20.4 abortions per 1,000 women aged 20–24 and 25–29 years, respectively) (Figure 2, Table 3). Women in the youngest and oldest age groups (aged <15 or ≥40 years) accounted for the smallest percentage of abortions (0.5% and 3.3%, respectively) and had the lowest abortion rates (1.1 and 2.7 abortions per 1,000 women aged <15 and ≥40 years, respectively). Among the 42 reporting areas that provided data every year during 2000–2009, this pattern across age groups was stable, with the majority of abortions and the highest abortion rates occurring among women aged 20–29 years and the lowest percentages of abortions and abortion rates occurring among women in the youngest and oldest age groups (Table 4). However, from 2000 to 2009 the abortion rate and percentage of abortions accounted for by younger women decreased, whereas the abortion rate and percentage of abortions accounted for by older women increased. Among women aged <30 years, abortion rates decreased both from 2000 to 2004 and from 2005 to 2009; decreases from 2008 to 2009 were greater than in any other year during the period of analysis (6%–8%). In contrast, among women aged ≥40 years, abortion rates increased both from 2001 to 2004 and from 2005 to 2009. Among women aged 30–39 years, abortion rates varied more from year to year, resulting in little overall change: although abortion rates increased among women aged 35–39 years from 2000 to 2004 this increase did not continue from 2005 to 2009.

In contrast to the percentage distribution of abortion numbers and abortion rates, abortion ratios in 2009 were highest among adolescents aged ≤19 years and lowest among women aged 30–39 years (Figure 2, Table 3). Among the 42 reporting areas that provided data for every year during 2000–2009, abortion ratios decreased among all women aged ≥15 years. For most age groups ≥15 years, abortion ratios decreased both from 2000 to 2004 and from 2005 to 2009. However for women aged 15–19 years, abortion ratios increased from 2000 to 2004 before they decreased from 2005 to 2009; among women aged 35–39 years abortion ratios decreased from 2000 to 2004 but not from 2005 to 2009 (Table 4).

Adolescents

Among the 42 areas that reported age by individual year among adolescents for 2009, the adolescent abortion rate was 9.7 abortions per 1,000 adolescents aged ≤19 years (Table 5). Adolescents aged 18–19 years accounted for the majority (63.9%) of adolescent abortions and had the highest adolescent abortion rates (18.4 and 22.9 abortions per 1,000 adolescents aged 18 and 19 years, respectively); adolescents aged <15 years accounted for the smallest percentage of adolescent abortions (3.0%) and had the lowest adolescent abortion rate (1.0 abortions per 1,000 adolescents aged <15 years). Among the 39 reporting areas that provided data for adolescents by individual year of age every year during 2000–2009, this pattern across age groups was stable, with older adolescents consistently accounting for the largest percentage of adolescent abortions and having the highest abortion rates (Table 6). Although the percentage of abortions accounted for by adolescents aged 19 years increased from 2000 to 2009, abortion rates decreased among adolescents of all ages, and these decreases occurred both from 2000 to 2004 and from 2005 to 2009. For adolescents in all age groups, the decrease in the abortion rate from 2008 to 2009 was the largest single year change during the entire period of analysis.

The adolescent abortion ratio for 2009 was 326 abortions per 1,000 live births. Adolescent abortion ratios decreased with increasing age and were lowest among adolescents aged 19 years (Table 5). Among the 39 reporting areas that provided data for adolescents by individual year of age for every year during 2000–2009, abortion ratios among all adolescents aged >15 years were lower in 2009 than they had been in 2000, with the greatest decreases occurring among adolescents aged 18–19 years (Table 6). For all adolescents aged 15–19 years this decrease occurred almost exclusively from 2005 to 2009 and not from 2000 to 2004.

Gestational Age

Among the 39 areas that reported gestational age at the time of abortion for 2009 (Table 7), the majority (64.0%) of abortions were performed at ≤8 weeks' gestation, and 91.7% were performed at ≤13 weeks' gestation. Few abortions (7.0%) were performed at 14–20 weeks' gestation, and even fewer (1.3%) were performed at ≥21 weeks' gestation. Among the 30 reporting areas that provided data on gestational age every year during 2000–2009 (Table 8), the percentage of abortions performed at ≤13 weeks' gestation increased only slightly. However, within this gestational age range, a shift occurred toward earlier gestational ages, with abortions performed at ≤8 weeks' gestation increasing 12%. The percentage increase in abortions performed at ≤8 weeks' was greatest from 2000 to 2004 but continued from 2005 to 2009. Throughout the period of analysis, the percentage of abortions performed at >13 weeks' gestation remained low (<10%), and abortions performed at ≥16 weeks' gestation decreased 13%–22% from 2000 to 2009.

Among the subset of abortions performed at ≤13 weeks' gestation in 2009, 35.2% were performed at ≤6 weeks' gestation, and 34.6% were performed at 7–8 weeks' gestation (Table 9). Among the remaining abortions at ≤13 weeks' gestation, the percentage contribution was progressively lower for each additional week of gestation: 10.2% were performed at 9 weeks' gestation, whereas 3.0% were performed at 13 weeks' gestation. Among the 30 areas that reported by the exact week of gestational age for every year during 2000–2009, the percentage of abortions shifted over time toward earlier gestational ages: among abortions performed at ≤13 weeks' gestation, those that were performed at ≤6 weeks' gestation increased 47%, whereas the percentage performed at 7–13 weeks' gestation decreased up to 26% (Table 10); the percentage increase in abortions performed at ≤6 weeks' was greatest from 2000 to 2004, but this increase continued from 2005 to 2009.

Method Type

Among the 38 areas that reported by method type for 2009 and included medical abortion on their reporting form for medical providers, 74.2% of abortions were performed by curettage at ≤13 weeks' gestation; 16.5% were performed by early medical (nonsurgical) abortion, 8.1% were performed by curettage at >13 weeks' gestation, and all other methods were uncommon (Table 11). Among the 27 reporting areas that included medical abortion on their reporting form and provided this data for all 3 years of comparison (2001, the first full year following FDA approval of mifepristone for use in early medical abortion, as well as 2008 and 2009),¶¶¶ the use of early medical abortion increased 10% from 2008 to 2009 and approximately 350% from 2001 to 2009 (from 3.4% of abortions in 2001 to 13.8% in 2008 and 15.2% in 2009). In contrast, use of curettage at ≤13 weeks' gestation decreased 2% from 2008 to 2009 and 14% from 2001 to 2009 (from 87.3% of abortions in 2001 to 76.7% in 2008 and 75.5% in 2009). Use of curettage at >13 weeks' gestation was stable from 2001 to 2008 but decreased 5% from 2008 to 2009 (from 8.6% of abortions in 2001 and in 2008 to 8.2% in 2009). All other methods consistently accounted for a small percentage of abortions (0.04%–0.9%).

Race/Ethnicity

Among the 29 areas that reported cross-classified race/ethnicity data for 2009 (Table 12), non-Hispanic white women and non-Hispanic black women accounted for the largest percentages of abortions (37.7% and 35.4%, respectively), whereas Hispanic women and non-Hispanic women in the other races category accounted for smaller percentages (20.6% and 6.3%, respectively). Non-Hispanic white women had the lowest abortion rates (8.5 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15–44 years) and ratios (140 abortions per 1,000 live births), whereas non-Hispanic black women had the highest abortion rates (32.5 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15–44 years) and ratios (477 abortions per 1,000 live births). Among the 24 areas**** that reported by race/ethnicity every year during 2007–2009, abortion rates decreased for all racial/ethnic groups. The abortion rate decreased 7% for non-Hispanic white women (from 9.1 abortions per 1,000 women in 2007 to 8.5 in 2009) and 6% for Hispanic women (from 20.5 abortions per 1,000 women in 2007 to 19.3 in 2009) but only 1% for non-Hispanic black women (from 34.6 abortions per 1,000 women in 2007 to 34.2 in 2009). In contrast, abortion ratios decreased among non-Hispanic white women but not among women in any other racial/ethnic group. For non-Hispanic white women, the abortion ratio decreased 3% (from 143 abortions per 1,000 live births in 2007 to 138 in 2009), whereas the abortion ratio increased 4% for non-Hispanic black women (from 481 abortions per 1,000 live births in 2007 to 501 in 2009) and 2% for Hispanic women (from 192 abortions per 1,000 live births in 2007 to 195 in 2009). Data also are reported separately by race and by ethnicity for 2009 (Tables 13 and 15) and for 2000–2009 (Tables 14 and 16).

Marital Status

Among the 37 areas that reported marital status for 2009, 15.0% of all women who obtained abortions were married, and 85.0% were unmarried (Table 17). For the 28 reporting areas†††† that provided these data for the relevant years of comparison, the percentage of abortions accounted for by unmarried women increased 4% from 2000 to 2009 (from 81.6% in 2000 to 85.0% in 2009); an increase occurred both from 2000 to 2004 and from 2005 to 2009.

Previous Live Births and Abortions

Data from the 36 areas that reported the number of previous live births for women who obtained abortions in 2009 show that 40.2%, 46.3%, and 13.6% of these women previously had zero, one to two, or three or more live births, respectively (Table 18). Among the 29 reporting areas§§§§ that provided these data for the relevant years of comparison, little change occurred in the distribution of abortions by the number of previous live births: the percentage of women who had zero previous live births was 39.7% in 2000 and 40.1% in 2009; the percentage of women who had one to two previous live births was 48.0% in 2000 and 46.4% in 2009; and the percentage of women who had three or more previous live births was 12.4% in 2000 and 13.5% in 2009.

Data from the 37 areas that reported the number of previous abortions for women obtaining abortions in 2009 show that the majority of women (55.3%) had not previously had an abortion; 36.6% had previously had either one to two abortions, and 8.1% had three or more abortions (Table 19). Among the 30 reporting areas¶¶¶¶ that provided data for the relevant years of comparison, the distribution of abortions by the number of previous abortions changed little: the percentage of women who had zero previous abortions was 55.0% in 2000 and 55.4% in 2009; the percentage of women who had one or two previous abortions was 37.3% in 2000 and 36.5% in 2009; and the percentage of women who had three or more previous abortions was 7.7% in 2000 and 8.2% in 2009.

Age and Marital Status by Race and Race/Ethnicity

In some reporting areas, abortions that were categorized by maternal race and race/ethnicity were further categorized by maternal age and marital status (Tables 20 and 21). A consistent pattern existed for abortion by age across all racial and racial/ethnic groups, with the smallest percentage of abortions occurring among adolescents aged <15 years (0.3%–0.7%) and the largest percentage occurring among women aged 20–24 years (26.9%–33.8%). A consistent pattern also existed for abortion by marital status across all racial and racial/ethnic groups, with a higher percentage of abortions occurring among women who were unmarried (66.0%–91.3%) than among those who were married (8.7%–34.0%). However, although most abortions occurred among unmarried women in all racial/ethnic groups, this percentage was higher for non-Hispanic black women (90.6%) than it was for non-Hispanic white (83.3%) or Hispanic women (83.8%).

Weeks of Gestation by Age, Race, Race/Ethnicity, and Method Type

In some reporting areas, abortions that were categorized by weeks of gestation were further categorized by maternal age, race, and race/ethnicity (Tables 22 and 23). In every subgroup for these three variables, the largest percentage of abortions was obtained at ≤8 weeks' gestation. However, whereas 46.5% of adolescents aged <15 years and 54.3% of adolescents aged 15–19 years obtained an abortion by ≤8 weeks' gestation, 62.1%–71.2% of women aged ≥20 years obtained an abortion by this point in gestation (Figure 3; Table 22). Conversely, 19.0% of adolescents aged <15 years and 11.8% of adolescents 15–19 years obtained an abortion after 13 weeks' gestation, whereas this percentage ranged from 6.5%–8.7% for adult women. By race/ethnicity, 58.4% of non-Hispanic black women obtained an abortion at ≤8 weeks' gestation, whereas 66.5%–70.8% of women from other racial/ethnic groups obtained an abortion by this point in gestation. Non-Hispanic black women also obtained the highest percentage of abortions after 13 weeks' gestation; however, differences across racial/ethnic groups were less apparent than differences across age groups (Table 22).

Among abortions categorized by method type and gestational age, curettage accounted for the largest percentage of abortions within every gestational age category (Table 24). At ≤8 weeks' gestation, curettage accounted for a smaller percentage of abortions (74.5%) than at any other stage of gestation, and early medical abortion accounted for a comparatively high percentage of abortions (25.2%). At 9–17 weeks' gestation, curettage accounted for 96.4%–98.3% of all abortions and then decreased to 94.7% of abortions at 18–20 weeks' gestation and 91.4% of abortions at ≥21 weeks' gestation. After the gestational age limit of ≤8 weeks' gestation for early medical abortion, the use of medications to induce abortions through nonsurgical methods accounted for only 0.8%–2.9% of reported abortions at 9–20 weeks' gestation and then increased to 6.9% of abortions at ≥21 weeks' gestation. Throughout gestation, intrauterine instillations and abortions reported in the other methods category accounted for a small percentage (<0.01%–1.9%) of abortions.

Abortion Mortality

Using national data from the Pregnancy Mortality Surveillance System (37), CDC identified 12 abortion-related deaths for 2008 (Table 25). These deaths were identified either by some indication of abortion on the death certificate, by reports from a health-care provider or public health agency, or from a media report. Investigation of these cases indicated that all 12 deaths were related to legal abortion and none to illegal abortion. The national legal induced abortion case-fatality rate for 2004–2008 was 0.64 legal induced abortion-related deaths per 100,000 reported legal abortions. Possible abortion-related deaths that occurred during 2009–2012 are under investigation.

Discussion

For 2009, a total of 784,507 abortions were reported. Of these abortions, 772,630 (98.5%) were from the 45 reporting areas that submitted data every year during 2000–2009, thus providing the information necessary for evaluating trends. These 45 areas had an abortion rate of 15.1 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15–44 years and an abortion ratio of 227 abortions per 1,000 live births. Comparing 2008 with 2009, this represents the largest single-year decrease in the total number (a decrease of 5% from 810,403) and rate (a decrease of 5% from 15.9 abortions per 1,000 women) of reported abortions. Because of the size of the decreases that occurred from 2008 to 2009 for all three measures of abortion, the overall decrease in the total number, rate and ratio was greater during 2005–2009 than during 2000–2004. Hence, although recent variations had resulted in a leveling off from sustained decreases observed in the past, with no net decrease in the total number or rate of abortions occurring from 2005 to 2008 (12–15), all three measures of abortion decreased in 2009 to the lowest level observed during the entire period of analysis.

In addition to highlighting changes that occurred among all women of reproductive age, this report highlights important age differences in abortion trends. Throughout the period of analysis (2000–2009), women in their 20s consistently accounted for the majority of abortions (56%–57%) and therefore strongly influenced overall changes in abortion rates, including the observed decrease from 2008 to 2009. Conversely, women aged ≥35 years consistently have accounted for a small percentage of abortions (≤12% during 2000–2009) and have had a much smaller impact on overall abortion trends. Nonetheless, the persistent increase in abortion rates and high abortion ratios among women aged ≥40 years suggest that unintended pregnancy is a problem that women continue to face throughout their reproductive years.

The adolescent abortion trends described in this report are important for monitoring progress that has been made toward reducing pregnancies among adolescents in the United States. During 1990–2008, the pregnancy rate for adolescents aged 15–19 years decreased 40% (5). Although this decrease was associated with significant decreases in rates of live births and abortions, decreases during this period were even greater for abortions than live births (5); even during a brief 2-year increase from 2005 to 2007 in the adolescent birth rate (39), the adolescent abortion rate decreased by 1% (15). Data from this report indicate that the decrease in pregnancies among adolescents is continuing; the abortion rate for adolescents aged 15–19 years decreased 8% from 2008 to 2009, thus exceeding the 6% decrease in adolescent births for this year (40).

The findings in this report on race and ethnicity reflect differences in patterns of obtaining abortions that have been well-documented and observed for many years (2–11). Comparatively high abortion rates and ratios among non-Hispanic black women can be attributed to higher unintended pregnancy rates and a higher percentage of unintended pregnancies ending in abortion (41,42). Data from recent reports suggest that differences in measures of abortion between black women and women of other races have narrowed (10,11), although this pattern has not been observed in the data reported to CDC for 2009 or in previous years (14). High abortion rates among Hispanic compared with non-Hispanic white women have been attributed to high pregnancy rates among Hispanic women (41,42). However, abortion ratios in these two groups have been more comparable: Hispanic women have tended to have a slightly higher percentage of pregnancies that are unintended but are no more likely than non-Hispanic white women to end unintended pregnancies in abortion (41). Differences between non-Hispanic white and Hispanic women in abortion rates and ratios changed little from 2007 to 2009.

The findings in this report indicate that more women are obtaining abortions earlier in gestation, when the risks for complications are lowest (43–46). Among the areas that reported data every year during 2000–2009, the percentage of abortions performed at ≤8 weeks' gestation increased 12%. Moreover, among the areas that reported abortions at ≤13 weeks' gestation by individual week, a clear shift in the distribution toward earlier weeks of gestation was observed: from 2000 to 2009, abortions performed at ≤6 weeks' gestation increased 47%, whereas those performed at ≥8 weeks' gestation decreased. However, these changes were greater from 2000 to 2004 than from 2005 to 2009, suggesting that the increase in the percentage of abortions performed during the earliest stages of gestation might have slowed in recent years. Moreover, the overall percentage of abortions performed at ≤13 weeks' gestation changed little during 2000–2009, and findings from this report and other research suggest that delays in obtaining an abortion are more common among certain groups of women (47,48). Given the small but persistent percentage of women who obtain abortions at >13 weeks' gestation, a greater understanding is needed of the factors that cause delays in pregnancy termination (48–51).

The trend of obtaining abortions earlier in pregnancy, although not observed equally among all subgroups of women, has been facilitated by changes in abortion practices. Curettage has remained the most common method for performing abortions. Although for many years this type of abortion was performed only after the initial weeks of gestation, the development of highly sensitive pregnancy tests and transvaginal ultrasonography increasingly have allowed clinicians to diagnose pregnancy and confirm its termination at ≤6 weeks' gestation (52–57). In addition, the use of medical abortion might have contributed to the increasing percentage of abortions performed early in gestation. In September 2000, FDA approved mifepristone for use in early medical abortion (34), and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has endorsed an evidence-based protocol that can be used up to 63 days of gestation (19). In 2009, 64.0% of abortions were performed at ≤8 weeks' gestation and thus were eligible for early medical abortion; 25.2% of these eligible abortions and 16.5% of all abortions were reported as early medical abortions. Moreover, the use of early medical abortion has increased substantially since FDA approval of mifepristone: from 2001 to 2009, the percentage of all reported abortions accounted for by this method increased approximately 350%. Furthermore, whereas the rate of increase leveled off after the initial years of approval (58), the proportional use of this method has continued to increase, with the percentage of all abortions reported as early medical abortion increasing 10% from 2008 to 2009.

In 2008, 12 legal induced abortion-related deaths occurred; no women died as a result of a known illegal abortion. The annual number of legal induced abortions has fluctuated from year to year over the past 36 years (Table 25). For example, 12 abortion-related deaths occurred in 1994, four deaths in 1995, and nine deaths in 1996. Because of this variability and the relatively small number of abortion-related deaths every year, national case-fatality rates were calculated for 5-year periods. The national legal induced abortion case-fatality rate was 0.64 legal induced abortion-related deaths per 100,000 reported legal induced abortions for both the most recent period (2004–2008) and the preceding 5-year period (1999–2003).

Limitations

The findings in this report are subject to at least four limitations. First, because reporting requirements are established by the individual reporting areas (17), the collection of data varies, and CDC is unable to obtain the total number of abortions performed in the United States. During the period covered by this report, the total annual number of abortions recorded by CDC was 65%–69% of the number recorded by the Guttmacher Institute (12,59), which uses numerous active follow-up techniques to increase the completeness of the data obtained through its periodic national census of abortion providers (12). Although most reporting areas collect and send abortion data to CDC, this information is given to CDC voluntarily. Consequently, during 2000–2009, seven of the 52 reporting areas did not provide CDC data on a consistent annual basis, and for 2009, CDC did not obtain any information from California, Delaware, Maryland, or New Hampshire.***** In addition, whereas most of the reporting areas that send abortion data to CDC have laws requiring medical providers to submit a report for every abortion they perform to a central health agency, in New Jersey and the District of Columbia, medical providers submit this information voluntarily (16). As a result, the abortion numbers these areas report to CDC are incomplete.††††† Moreover, even in states that legally require medical providers to submit a report for all the abortions they perform, enforcement of this requirement varies (60). Consequently, several other reporting areas tend to provide CDC with incomplete numbers.§§§§§

Second, because reporting requirements are established by the individual reporting areas, many states have developed reporting forms that do not resemble the template CDC created for technical guidance (18). Consequently, many reporting areas do not collect all the information CDC compiles on the characteristics of women obtaining abortions (e.g., age, race, and ethnicity) (60). Although missing demographic information can reduce the extent to which the statistics in this report represent all women in the United States, four nationally representative surveys of women obtaining abortions in 1987, 1994–1995, 2001–2002, and 2008 (7–10) have produced distributions, for most characteristics, that are nearly identical to the distributions reported by CDC. The one exception is the distribution of abortions by race/ethnicity. In particular, the percentage of abortions accounted for by non-Hispanic black women is higher in this report than the percentage in reports based on a recent nationally representative survey of abortion patients (10). Similarly, the greater decrease in abortion rates for non-Hispanic black women compared with women of other racial/ethnic groups based on nationally representative survey data (11) is not supported by the data reported to CDC. These differences likely are attributable both to the comparatively high degree of measurement error for this variable that reduces the reliability of national survey results (10,11) and to the fact that the number of states that report to CDC by race/ethnicity continues to be somewhat lower than for other demographic variables. Importantly, some of the reporting areas that have not reported to CDC, or have not reported cross-classified race/ethnicity data (e.g., California, Florida, and Illinois), have large enough populations of minority women that the absence of data from these areas reduces the representativeness of CDC data.

Third, abortion data are compiled and reported to CDC by the central health agency of the reporting area in which the abortion was performed rather than the reporting area in which the woman lived. This inflates abortion statistics for reporting areas in which a high percentage of abortions are obtained by out-of-state residents and undercounts abortions for states with limited abortion services, more stringent legal requirements for obtaining an abortion, or geographic proximity to services in another state. To adjust for these biases, CDC attempts to categorize abortions by residence in addition to occurrence. However, in 2009, CDC was unable to identify the reporting area, territory, or country of residence for 11.4% of reported abortions.

Finally, adjustments for socioeconomic status cannot be made because CDC does not collect abortion data by education or income, and joint analysis of many variables of interest (e.g., age, race, and ethnicity) is precluded because reporting areas provide CDC with aggregate numbers rather than individual-level records.

Public Health Implications

Ongoing abortion surveillance is important for several reasons. First, abortion surveillance is needed to guide and evaluate programs aimed at preventing unintended pregnancies. Pregnancy intentions are complex and difficult to assess (61–68); abortion surveillance provides an important measure of pregnancies that are unwanted. Second, routine abortion surveillance is needed to assess changes in clinical practice patterns over time. Information in this report on the prevalence of abortions performed through different methods (e.g., medical or curettage) and at different gestational ages provides the denominator data that are necessary for analyses of the relative safety of abortion practices. Finally, statistics on the number of pregnancies ending in abortion are needed in conjunction with data on births and fetal losses to more accurately estimate the number of pregnancies in the United States and determine rates for various outcomes (e.g., adolescent pregnancy rates) (69).

According to the most recent national estimates, 18% of all pregnancies in the United States end in abortion (5). Multiple factors are known to influence the incidence of abortion, including the availability of abortion providers (12,70–72); state regulations, such as mandatory waiting periods (73), parental involvement laws (74), and legal restrictions on abortion providers (75); increasing acceptance of nonmarital childbearing (76,77); shifts in the racial/ethnic composition of the U.S. population (78,79); and changes in the economy and the resulting impact on fertility preferences and access to health-care services, including contraception (80,81). However, despite these multiple influences, given that unintended pregnancy precedes nearly all abortions (23),¶¶¶¶¶ efforts to reduce the incidence of abortion need to focus on helping women avoid pregnancies that they do not desire.

Providing women and men with the knowledge and resources necessary to make decisions about their sexual behavior and use of contraception can help them avoid unintended pregnancies. However, efforts to improve contraceptive use and reduce the number of unintended pregnancies in the United States have been challenging. Findings from the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG), the primary national source of data on unintended pregnancy in the United States, suggest that unintended pregnancy decreased during 1982–1995 in conjunction with an increase in contraceptive use among women at risk for unintended pregnancy (82–84).****** However, data from the 2002 and 2006–2010 NSFGs show that contraceptive use among women at risk for unintended pregnancy has decreased (84,85). Moreover, although use of the most effective forms of reversible contraception (i.e., intrauterine devices and hormonal implants, which are as effective as sterilization at preventing unintended pregnancy [86]) has increased (85,87), use of these methods in the United States remains among the lowest of any developed country (87), and no additional progress has been made toward reducing unintended pregnancy (41,42). Research has shown that providing no-cost contraception increases use of the most effective methods and can reduce abortion rates (88,89). Removing cost as one barrier to the use of the most effective contraceptive methods might therefore be an important way to reduce the number of unintended pregnancies and consequently the number of abortions that are performed in the United States.

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* Hereafter, all abortions in this report are considered to be legally induced unless stated to be illegally induced.

Data were not reported for ≥1 year by Alaska (2000–2002), California (2000–2009), Delaware (2009), Louisiana (2005), Maryland (2007–2009), New Hampshire (2000–2009), and West Virginia (2003–2004).

§ Curettage includes vacuum aspiration, suction curettage, sharp curettage, and dilation and evacuation procedures.

Includes hysterectomy and hysterotomy, as well as other methods that do not belong to a defined category.

** The cutoff of ≤8 weeks acknowledges the conventional use of completed weeks of gestation and thus includes up to 8 weeks and 6 days, thereby closely matching the gestational age limit of 63 days for the early medical abortion protocol endorsed by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (19).

†† The cutoff of ≤12 weeks has been selected on the basis of the implausibility of this procedure being performed at earlier gestational ages, and on the basis of early research assessing the safety of intrauterine instillations starting at 13 weeks' gestation (21,22).

§§ Excludes five states that did not report or did not report by maternal residence status (California, Delaware, Florida, Maryland, and New Hampshire).

¶¶ Excludes Alaska, California, Delaware, Louisiana, Maryland, New Hampshire, and West Virginia.

*** Does not consider Wyoming, which reported <20 abortions.

††† Comparisons by residence status do not consider California, Delaware, Florida, Maryland, or New Hampshire. Because these states either did not report or did not report abortions by maternal residence, numbers are available only from other states where their residents obtained abortions and as a consequence are minimum estimates.

§§§ Does not consider the abortion rate or ratio for Wyoming, which was based on <20 abortions and was judged to be unstable.

¶¶¶ Excludes Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Nevada, New Hampshire, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Vermont, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.

**** Excludes California, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York State, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.

†††† Excludes Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New York State, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, Washington, West Virginia, and Wyoming.

§§§§ Excludes Alaska, Arizona, California, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York State, North Carolina, Rhode Island, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.

¶¶¶¶ Excludes Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Illinois, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York State, Ohio, Vermont, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.

***** In 2008, the most recent year for which the Guttmacher Institute has published data, abortions performed in California, Delaware, Maryland, and New Hampshire accounted for 21% of all abortions counted through the Guttmacher Institute's national census of abortion providers (12).

††††† In 2008, the abortion counts that CDC obtained from New Jersey and the District of Columbia were 53% and 57%, respectively, of the abortion counts that the Guttmacher Institute obtained for these areas through their national census of abortion providers (12).

§§§§§ In 2008, the abortion counts CDC obtained for Wyoming were <5% of the counts obtained for this state by the Guttmacher Institute through their national census of abortion providers. CDC counts for Arizona, Hawaii, and Louisiana were 45% to 60% of the Guttmacher Institute counts. CDC counts for Colorado, Connecticut, Idaho, Illinois, Michigan, Nevada, New Mexico, New York (New York City and New York State combined), Ohio, Oregon, and West Virginia were 70% to <90% of the Guttmacher Institute counts. All other areas with legal reporting requirements that provided data to CDC obtained counts that were at least 90% of the Guttmacher Institute counts (12).

¶¶¶¶¶ Recent estimates suggests that intended pregnancies account for <5% of all abortions (23), including those which presumably are performed for maternal medical indications and fetal abnormalities.

****** Women are not considered at risk for unintended pregnancy if they are pregnant, seeking pregnancy, or postpartum; if they are either nonsurgically sterile or surgically sterile for noncontraceptive reasons; or if they have not had sexual intercourse since menarche or in the past 3 months (85).


FIGURE 1. Number, rate, and ratio of abortions performed, by year — selected states,* United States, 2000–2009

This figure is a line graph that displays the data from 45 reporting areas (excluding Alaska, California, Delaware, Louisiana, Maryland, New Hampshire, and West Virginia) for 2000-2009 showing the number of abortions, the abortion rate (i.e., the number of abortions per 1,000 women aged 15-44 years), and the abortion ratio (i.e., the number of abortions per 1,000 live births) per year. From 2000 to 2009, the total number of reported abortions decreased 6% (from 826,123), the abortion rate decreased 7% (from 16.2 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15-44 years), and the abortion ratio decreased 8% (from 248 abortions per 1,000 live births).

* Data are for 45 reporting areas; excludes Alaska, California, Delaware, Louisiana, Maryland, New Hampshire, and West Virginia.

Number of abortions per 1,000 women aged 15–44 years.

§ Number of abortions per 1,000 live births.

Alternate Text: This figure is a line graph that displays the data from 45 reporting areas (excluding Alaska, California, Delaware, Louisiana, Maryland, New Hampshire, and West Virginia) for 2000-2009 showing the number of abortions, the abortion rate (i.e., the number of abortions per 1,000 women aged 15-44 years), and the abortion ratio (i.e., the number of abortions per 1,000 live births) per year. From 2000 to 2009, the total number of reported abortions decreased 6% (from 826,123), the abortion rate decreased 7% (from 16.2 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15-44 years), and the abortion ratio decreased 8% (from 248 abortions per 1,000 live births).


FIGURE 2. Percentage distribution of total abortions, abortion rate, and abortion ratio, by age group of women who obtained a legal abortion — selected states,* United States, 2009

This figure is a bar graph that displays data from 45 reporting areas (excluding California, Delaware, Florida, Maryland, New Hampshire, Vermont, and Wyoming) for 2009 showing the abortion rate (i.e., the number of abortions per 1,000 women aged 15-44 years, the abortion ratio (i.e., the number of abortions per 1,000 live births), and the percentage of total abortions by the age group of women who obtained a legal abortion in the United States in 2009. Women aged 20-29 years accounted for the majority (57.1%) of abortions and had the highest abortion rates (27.4 and 20.4 abortions per 1,000 women aged 20-24 and 25-29 years, respectively). Women in the youngest and oldest age groups (aged <15 or ≥40 years) accounted for the smallest percentage of abortions (0.5% and 3.3%, respectively) and had the lowest abortion rates (1.1 and 2.7 abortions per 1,000 women aged <15 and ≥40 years, respectively).

* Data are for 45 areas; excludes California, Delaware, Florida, Maryland, New Hampshire, Vermont, and Wyoming.

Number of abortions per 1,000 women aged 15–44 years.

§ Number of abortions per 1,000 live births.

Alternate Text: This figure is a bar graph that displays data from 45 reporting areas (excluding California, Delaware, Florida, Maryland, New Hampshire, Vermont, and Wyoming) for 2009 showing the abortion rate (i.e., the number of abortions per 1,000 women aged 15-44 years, the abortion ratio (i.e., the number of abortions per 1,000 live births), and the percentage of total abortions by the age group of women who obtained a legal abortion in the United States in 2009. Women aged 20-29 years accounted for the majority (57.1%) of abortions and had the highest abortion rates (27.4 and 20.4 abortions per 1,000 women aged 20-24 and 25-29 years, respectively). Women in the youngest and oldest age groups (aged <15 or ≥40 years) accounted for the smallest percentage of abortions (0.5% and 3.3%, respectively) and had the lowest abortion rates (1.1 and 2.7 abortions per 1,000 women aged <15 and ≥40 years, respectively).


FIGURE 3. Percentage* distribution of gestational ages at time of abortion, by age group of women — selected states, United States, 2009

This figure is a bar graph that displays data from 45 reporting areas (excluding California, Delaware, Florida, Maryland, New Hampshire, Vermont, and Wyoming) for 2009 showing the abortion rate (i.e., the number of abortions per 1,000 women aged 15-44 years, the abortion ratio (i.e., the number of abortions per 1,000 live births), and the percentage of total abortions by the age group of women who obtained a legal abortion in the United States in 2009. Women aged 20-29 years accounted for the majority (57.1%) of abortions and had the highest abortion rates (27.4 and 20.4 abortions per 1,000 women aged 20-24 and 25-29 years, respectively). Women in the youngest and oldest age groups (aged <15 or ≥40 years) accounted for the smallest percentage of abortions (0.5% and 3.3%, respectively) and had the lowest abortion rates (1.1 and 2.7 abortions per 1,000 women aged <15 and ≥40 years, respectively).

* Based on the total number of abortions reported with known weeks of gestation.

Data from 38 reporting areas; excludes California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Illinois, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts, Nebraska, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.

Alternate Text: This figure is a bar graph that displays data from 45 reporting areas (excluding California, Delaware, Florida, Maryland, New Hampshire, Vermont, and Wyoming) for 2009 showing the abortion rate (i.e., the number of abortions per 1,000 women aged 15-44 years, the abortion ratio (i.e., the number of abortions per 1,000 live births), and the percentage of total abortions by the age group of women who obtained a legal abortion in the United States in 2009. Women aged 20-29 years accounted for the majority (57.1%) of abortions and had the highest abortion rates (27.4 and 20.4 abortions per 1,000 women aged 20-24 and 25-29 years, respectively). Women in the youngest and oldest age groups (aged <15 or ≥40 years) accounted for the smallest percentage of abortions (0.5% and 3.3%, respectively) and had the lowest abortion rates (1.1 and 2.7 abortions per 1,000 women aged <15 and ≥40 years, respectively).


TABLE 1. Number, rate,* and ratio of reported abortions — selected states, United States, 2000–2009

Year

All reporting areas§

Continuously reporting areas

No.

No.

%**

Rate

Ratio

2000

857,475

826,123

96.3

16.2

248

2001

853,485

821,850

96.3

16.1

249

2002

854,122

823,534

96.4

16.1

250

2003

848,163

820,052

96.7

16.1

245

2004

839,226

811,381

96.7

15.9

241

2005

820,151

801,577

97.7

15.6

236

2006

852,385††

827,888

97.1

16.1

236

2007

827,609

812,273

98.1

15.8

229

2008

825,564

810,403

98.2

15.9

232

2009

784,507

772,630

98.5

15.1

227

* Number of abortions per 1,000 women aged 15–44 years.

Number of abortions per 1,000 live births.

§ Excludes states that did not report abortion numbers to CDC: Alaska (2000–2002), California (2000–2009), Delaware (2009), Louisiana (2005), Maryland (20072009), New Hampshire (2000–2009), and West Virginia (2003–2004).

Only includes areas that reported abortion counts every year during the period of analysis (2000–2009).

** Number of abortions from areas that reported every year during 2000–2009 as a percentage of all reported abortions.

†† This number is greater than reported in the 2006 report because of numbers subsequently provided by Louisiana.


TABLE 2. Number, rate,* and ratio of reported abortions, by reporting area of residence and occurrence and by percentage of abortions obtained by out-of-state residents — United States, 2009

State/Area

Residence

Occurrence

% obtained by out-of-state residents§

No.

Rate

Ratio

No.

Rate

Ratio

Alabama

9,749

10.3

156

10,882

11.5

174

18.2

Alaska

2,079

14.4

184

1,938

13.4

171

1.4

Arizona

10,298

7.9

111

10,271

7.9

111

2.4

Arkansas

4,820

8.5

121

4,580

8.1

115

13.5

California**

Colorado

10,735

10.4

156

11,598

11.3

169

8.0

Connecticut

13,651

19.8

351

13,732

20.0

353

3.4

Delaware**

District of Columbia††

1,554

10.3

172

2,596

17.2

287

51.8

Florida§§

81,918

23.5

370

Georgia

30,264

14.5

214

32,925

15.8

233

9.4

Hawaii

3,342

13.4

177

3,342

13.4

177

0.4

Idaho

2,381

7.8

100

1,650

5.4

70

4.1

Illinois

42,226

16.0

247

46,077

17.4

269

8.1

Indiana

11,687

9.1

135

10,557

8.2

122

4.5

Iowa

5,132

8.9

129

5,821

10.1

147

16.3

Kansas

4,987

9.0

120

9,410

17.0

227

49.9

Kentucky

5,799

6.7

101

4,120

4.8

72

11.0

Louisiana

7,578

8.1

117

8,167

8.8

126

2.1

Maine

2,355

9.6

175

2,413

9.8

179

2.3

Maryland**

Massachusetts

23,252

17.1

310

22,945

16.9

306

3.4

Michigan

22,175

11.3

189

22,357

11.4

191

2.4

Minnesota

11,908

11.4

169

12,388

11.8

175

8.0

Mississippi

6,193

10.2

144

2,438

4.0

57

2.6

Missouri

13,534

11.4

172

6,881

5.8

87

8.1

Montana

1,977

10.8

161

2,223

12.2

181

12.4

Nebraska

2,400

6.8

89

2,551

7.2

95

10.5

Nevada

8,892

16.8

236

9,540

18.1

254

5.8

New Hampshire**

New Jersey¶¶

29,231

17.1

265

28,519

16.7

258

5.3

New Mexico

5,414

13.7

187

5,022

12.7

173

5.0

New York

115,629

28.7

466

119,996

29.8

484

4.1

New York City

87,273

45.9

713

3.4

New York State

32,723

15.4

260

6.1

North Carolina

26,300

13.8

207

30,596

16.0

241

16.4

North Dakota

926

7.3

103

1,290

10.1

143

35.6

Ohio

27,604

12.2

191

28,721

12.6

198

6.1

Oklahoma

6,615

9.1

121

6,430

8.8

118

6.0

Oregon

9,893

13.1

210

10,801

14.3

229

11.0

Pennsylvania

37,901

15.5

259

37,284

15.3

255

4.3

Rhode Island

3,512

16.5

307

4,326

20.3

378

22.3

South Carolina

11,762

12.9

194

6,911

7.6

114

4.3

South Dakota

883

5.8

74

769

5.0

64

15.2

Tennessee

14,350

11.3

175

17,474

13.8

213

23.1

Texas

74,962

14.5

186

77,630

15.0

193

3.3

Utah

3,448

5.7

64

3,665

6.0

68

10.8

Vermont

1,246

10.4

204

1,319

11.0

216

7.0

Virginia

27,084

16.6

258

27,442

16.8

261

7.0

Washington

22,675

16.9

254

22,672

16.9

254

4.7

West Virginia

2,169

6.3

102

1,772

5.1

83

11.4

Wisconsin

9,600

8.6

136

8,542

7.7

121

2.8

Wyoming

782

7.4

99

—***

†††

†††

0.0

Canada

111

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

Mexico

666

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

Other country or territory

179

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA


TABLE 2. (Continued) Number, rate,* and ratio of reported abortions, by reporting area of residence and occurrence and by percentage of abortions obtained by out-of-state residents — United States, 2009

State/Area

Residence

Occurrence

% obtained by out-of-state residents§

No.

Rate

Ratio

No.

Rate

Ratio

Total known residence

694,882

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

8.0

Percentage reported by known residence

88.6

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

Total unknown residence

89,625

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

Out of state, exact residence not stated

3,744

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

No information provided on residence

85,881

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

Percentage reported by unknown residence

11.4

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

Total

784,507

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

NA

Abbreviation: NA = not applicable.

* Number of abortions per 1,000 women aged 15–44 years.

Number of abortions per 1,000 live births.

§ Additional details on the state in which abortions were provided, cross-tabulated by the state of maternal residence, are available at http://www.cdc.gov/reproductivehealth/data_stats/Abortion.htm.

State reported abortion numbers for both in-state and out-of-state residents; for out-of-state residents, the state or area of residence was not provided.

** State did not report; because numbers for this state are available only from other states where residents obtained abortions, meaningful figures cannot be reported.

†† Because reporting is not mandatory, a complete count of abortions performed in the District of Columbia could not be obtained.

§§ State reported by occurrence only; because abortions by residence for this state are available only from other states where residents obtained abortions, meaningful figures cannot be reported.

¶¶ Data from hospitals and licensed ambulatory care facilities only; because reporting is not mandatory for private physicians and women's centers, a complete count of abortions performed in New Jersey could not be obtained.

*** Total abortion count ≤20.

††† Abortion rates and ratios were not calculated for Wyoming because results based on a small number of abortions are unstable.


TABLE 3. Reported abortions, by known age group and reporting area of occurrence — selected states,* United States, 2009

State/Area

Age group (yrs)

Total abortions reported by known age

<15

15–19

20–24

25–29

30–34

35–39

≥40

No.

% of all reported abortions§

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

Alabama

84

(0.8)

1,790

(16.4)

3,766

(34.6)

2,661

(24.5)

1,481

(13.6)

864

(7.9)

236

(2.2)

10,882

(100.0)

Alaska

7

(0.4)

340

(17.6)

637

(33.0)

486

(25.2)

233

(12.1)

173

(9.0)

52

(2.7)

1,928

(99.5)

Arizona

24

(0.2)

1,518

(15.2)

3,447

(34.4)

2,427

(24.2)

1,409

(14.1)

897

(9.0)

294

(2.9)

10,016

(97.5)

Arkansas

35

(0.8)

739

(16.2)

1,495

(32.7)

1,148

(25.1)

642

(14.0)

395

(8.6)

119

(2.6)

4,573

(99.8)

Colorado

50

(0.4)

1,885

(16.3)

3,870

(33.4)

2,743

(23.7)

1,616

(14.0)

996

(8.6)

414

(3.6)

11,574

(99.8)

Connecticut

60

(0.4)

2,328

(17.4)

4,495

(33.5)

3,131

(23.3)

1,841

(13.7)

1,132

(8.4)

424

(3.2)

13,411

(97.7)

District of Columbia

15

(0.6)

426

(16.4)

824

(31.8)

666

(25.7)

381

(14.7)

202

(7.8)

81

(3.1)

2,595

(100.0)

Georgia

213

(0.6)

4,599

(14.0)

10,020

(30.4)

8,449

(25.7)

5,332

(16.2)

3,283

(10.0)

1,029

(3.1)

32,925

(100.0)

Hawaii

22

(0.7)

593

(17.8)

1,059

(31.8)

800

(24.0)

435

(13.0)

298

(8.9)

127

(3.8)

3,334

(99.8)

Idaho

6

(0.4)

283

(17.2)

562

(34.1)

353

(21.4)

229

(13.9)

143

(8.7)

74

(4.5)

1,650

(100.0)

Illinois**

257

(0.6)

6,955

(16.9)

12,664

(30.7)

9,901

(24.0)

6,293

(15.3)

3,781

(9.2)

1,333

(3.2)

41,184

(99.7)

Indiana

61

(0.6)

1,671

(15.8)

3,575

(33.9)

2,509

(23.8)

1,527

(14.5)

918

(8.7)

287

(2.7)

10,548

(99.9)

Iowa

35

(0.6)

1,036

(17.8)

1,935

(33.2)

1,358

(23.3)

801

(13.8)

475

(8.2)

181

(3.1)

5,821

(100.0)

Kansas

43

(0.5)

1,427

(15.2)

3,127

(33.2)

2,381

(25.3)

1,364

(14.5)

802

(8.5)

266

(2.8)

9,410

(100.0)

Kentucky

28

(0.7)

691

(16.8)

1,296

(31.5)

973

(23.6)

612

(14.9)

377

(9.2)

143

(3.5)

4,120

(100.0)

Louisiana

62

(0.8)

1,270

(16.4)

2,739

(35.4)

1,919

(24.8)

1,023

(13.2)

562

(7.3)

171

(2.2)

7,746

(94.8)

Maine

7

(0.3)

397

(16.5)

853

(35.4)

603

(25.0)

280

(11.6)

193

(8.0)

80

(3.3)

2,413

(100.0)

Massachusetts

72

(0.3)

3,338

(14.5)

7,673

(33.4)

5,434

(23.7)

3,260

(14.2)

2,187

(9.5)

981

(4.3)

22,945

(100.0)

Michigan

107

(0.5)

4,094

(18.3)

7,447

(33.3)

5,067

(22.7)

3,094

(13.8)

1,883

(8.4)

648

(2.9)

22,340

(99.9)

Minnesota

46

(0.4)

1,740

(14.0)

4,187

(33.8)

3,131

(25.3)

1,781

(14.4)

1,082

(8.7)

420

(3.4)

12,387

(100.0)

Mississippi

19

(0.8)

365

(15.0)

883

(36.2)

652

(26.7)

326

(13.4)

151

(6.2)

42

(1.7)

2,438

(100.0)

Missouri

22

(0.3)

1,089

(15.8)

2,429

(35.3)

1,631

(23.7)

978

(14.2)

525

(7.6)

207

(3.0)

6,881

(100.0)

Montana

8

(0.4)

395

(17.8)

736

(33.1)

540

(24.3)

285

(12.8)

188

(8.5)

70

(3.2)

2,222

(100.0)

Nebraska

10

(0.4)

407

(16.0)

880

(34.5)

578

(22.7)

376

(14.7)

207

(8.1)

93

(3.6)

2,551

(100.0)

Nevada

45

(0.5)

1,392

(15.1)

2,763

(30.0)

2,255

(24.5)

1,480

(16.1)

965

(10.5)

321

(3.5)

9,221

(96.7)

New Jersey††

86

(0.3)

3,994

(14.0)

8,981

(31.5)

7,174

(25.2)

4,444

(15.6)

2,674

(9.4)

1,162

(4.1)

28,515

(100.0)

New Mexico

39

(0.8)

935

(18.6)

1,663

(33.1)

1,163

(23.2)

626

(12.5)

361

(7.2)

235

(4.7)

5,022

(100.0)

New York

621

(0.5)

19,768

(16.6)

36,617

(30.7)

29,085

(24.4)

18,434

(15.4)

10,710

(9.0)

4,203

(3.5)

119,438

(99.5)

New York City

461

(0.5)

13,577

(15.6)

25,365

(29.2)

21,702

(25.0)

14,330

(16.5)

8,324

(9.6)

3,176

(3.7)

86,935

(99.6)

New York State

160

(0.5)

6,191

(19.0)

11,252

(34.6)

7,383

(22.7)

4,104

(12.6)

2,386

(7.3)

1,027

(3.2)

32,503

(99.3)

North Carolina

159

(0.5)

4,635

(15.7)

10,045

(34.0)

7,136

(24.2)

4,322

(14.6)

2,459

(8.3)

755

(2.6)

29,511

(96.5)

North Dakota

7

(0.5)

212

(16.4)

473

(36.7)

334

(25.9)

153

(11.9)

85

(6.6)

26

(2.0)

1,290

(100.0)

Ohio

190

(0.7)

4,743

(16.7)

9,739

(34.3)

6,547

(23.1)

4,021

(14.2)

2,389

(8.4)

766

(2.7)

28,395

(98.9)

Oklahoma

62

(1.0)

1,059

(16.7)

2,123

(33.5)

1,467

(23.1)

928

(14.6)

508

(8.0)

192

(3.0)

6,339

(98.6)

Oregon

37

(0.3)

1,737

(16.1)

3,373

(31.4)

2,619

(24.3)

1,595

(14.8)

1,022

(9.5)

374

(3.5)

10,757

(99.6)

Pennsylvania**

201

(0.6)

5,869

(16.5)

12,438

(34.9)

8,276

(23.2)

4,876

(13.7)

2,877

(8.1)

1,135

(3.2)

35,672

(100.0)

Rhode Island

27

(0.6)

705

(16.3)

1,516

(35.0)

973

(22.5)

611

(14.1)

388

(9.0)

106

(2.5)

4,326

(100.0)

South Carolina

37

(0.5)

1,202

(17.4)

2,255

(32.7)

1,647

(23.9)

1,003

(14.5)

562

(8.1)

199

(2.9)

6,905

(99.9)

South Dakota

§§

131

(17.0)

266

(34.6)

185

(24.1)

106

(13.8)

59

(7.7)

769

(100.0)

Tennessee

83

(0.5)

2,622

(15.1)

5,921

(34.1)

4,408

(25.4)

2,448

(14.1)

1,460

(8.4)

440

(2.5)

17,382

(99.5)

Texas

210

(0.3)

9,446

(12.2)

25,948

(33.5)

20,232

(26.1)

11,834

(15.3)

7,093

(9.2)

2,707

(3.5)

77,470

(99.8)

Utah

21

(0.6)

519

(14.3)

1,152

(31.8)

868

(24.0)

570

(15.7)

366

(10.1)

128

(3.5)

3,624

(98.9)

Virginia

116

(0.4)

3,519

(13.0)

8,843

(32.5)

6,908

(25.4)

4,289

(15.8)

2,585

(9.5)

909

(3.3)

27,169

(99.0)

Washington

82

(0.4)

3,841

(17.0)

7,430

(32.8)

5,388

(23.8)

3,131

(13.8)

1,957

(8.6)

821

(3.6)

22,650

(99.9)

West Virginia

10

(0.6)

302

(17.1)

589

(33.3)

433

(24.4)

270

(15.2)

129

(7.3)

38

(2.1)

1,771

(99.9)

Wisconsin**

51

(0.6)

1,318

(15.9)

2,851

(34.4)

2,119

(25.5)

1,078

(13.0)

630

(7.6)

252

(3.0)

8,299

(100.0)

Total

3,377¶¶

(0.5)

107,325

(15.5)

225,585

(32.7)

168,758

(24.4)

101,818

(14.7)

60,993

(8.8)

22,541¶¶

(3.3)

690,419

(99.4)

Abortion rate***

1.1

13.0

27.4

20.4

13.3

7.6

2.7

14.2

Abortion ratio†††

827

327

280

182

137

171

272

213

* Data from 45 reporting areas; excludes seven states (California, Delaware, Florida, Maryland, New Hampshire, Vermont, and Wyoming) that did not report, did not report by age, or did not meet reporting standards.

Percentages for the individual component categories might not add to 100 because of rounding.

§ Calculated as the number of abortions reported by known age divided by the sum of abortions reported by known and unknown age.

Because reporting is not mandatory, information could not be obtained for all abortions performed in the District of Columbia.

** Includes residents only.

†† Data from hospitals and licensed ambulatory care facilities only; because reporting is not mandatory for private physicians and women's centers, information could not be obtained for all abortions performed in New Jersey.

§§ Cell details not displayed because of small numbers (N = 1–4).

¶¶ Small numbers removed from individual cells have been subtracted from the column total so that the missing numbers cannot be back-calculated from the total.

*** Number of abortions obtained by women in a given age group per 1,000 women in that same age group. Women aged 13–14 years were used as the denominator for the group of women aged <15 years, and women aged 40–44 years were used as the denominator for the group of women aged ≥40 years. Women aged 15–44 years were used as the denominator for the overall rate. For each state, abortions for women of unknown age were distributed according to the distribution of abortions among women of known age for that state.

††† Number of abortions obtained by women in a given age group per 1,000 live births to women in that same age group. For each state, abortions for women of unknown age were distributed according to the distribution of abortions among women of known age for that state.


TABLE 4. Reported abortions, by known age group and year — selected states,* United States, 2000–2009

Age (yrs)

Year

% change

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2000 to 2004

2005 to 2009

2008 to 2009

2000 to 2009

% of abortions

<15

0.6

0.6

0.6

0.6

0.6

0.6

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.0

-16.7

0.0

-16.7

15–19

18.2

17.6

16.9

16.8

16.7

16.6

16.6

16.6

16.2

15.6

-8.2

-6.0

-3.7

-14.3

20–24

33.0

33.5

33.5

33.7

33.3

33.0

32.9

32.8

32.9

32.8

0.9

-0.6

-0.3

-0.6

25–29

23.1

22.7

22.8

22.8

23.2

23.7

24.2

24.3

24.5

24.6

0.4

3.8

0.4

6.5

30–34

14.3

14.8

15.0

15.0

14.9

14.7

14.3

14.2

14.4

14.8

4.2

0.7

2.8

3.5

35–39

8.5

8.5

8.5

8.5

8.6

8.8

8.9

8.9

8.9

8.9

1.2

1.1

0.0

4.7

≥40

2.9

3.0

3.2

3.2

3.2

3.3

3.2

3.2

3.1

3.3

10.3

0.0

6.5

13.8

Abortion rate

<15

1.6

1.5

1.4

1.4

1.3

1.3

1.2

1.2

1.2

1.1

-18.8

-15.4

-8.3

-31.3

15–19

17.4

16.8

16.1

15.9

15.4

14.8

15.0

14.7

14.4

13.2

-11.5

-10.8

-8.3

-24.1

20–24

33.3

32.5

31.8

31.2

30.2

29.4

30.3

29.8

30.0

27.7

-9.3

-5.8

-7.7

-16.8

25–29

22.7

22.9

23.2

22.9

22.4

21.8

22.5

21.8

21.9

20.6

-1.3

-5.5

-5.9

-9.3

30–34

13.4

13.6

13.7

13.8

13.7

13.5

13.9

13.7

13.9

13.5

2.2

0.0

-2.9

0.7

35–39

7.1

7.2

7.4

7.5

7.6

7.7

8.0

7.9

7.9

7.7

7.0

0.0

-2.5

8.5

≥40

2.4

2.5

2.6

2.6

2.6

2.6

2.6

2.7

2.7

2.8

8.3

7.7

3.7

16.7

Abortion ratio§

<15

714

751

769

846

790

774

764

781

810

838

10.6

8.3

3.5

17.4

15–19

365

370

374

380

372

363

357

343

344

333

1.9

-8.3

-3.2

-8.8

20–24

303

307

307

304

297

287

284

279

288

286

-2.0

-0.3

-0.7

-5.6

25–29

199

201

202

197

194

189

191

185

189

185

-2.5

-2.1

-2.1

-7.0

30–34

147

148

150

146

144

142

143

138

142

138

-2.0

-2.8

-2.8

-6.1

35–39

183

183

183

177

173

172

174

171

175

172

-5.5

0.0

-1.7

-6.0

≥40

307

310

317

299

293

285

284

280

273

274

-4.6

-3.9

0.4

-10.7

Total (no.)

724,575

724,167

722,786

722,071

710,085

698,263

718,048

708,350

712,061

678,974

* Data from 42 reporting areas; by year, these reporting areas represent 96%–98% of all abortions reported to CDC by age during 2000–2009. Excludes 10 reporting areas (Alaska, California, Delaware, Florida, Louisiana, Maryland, New Hampshire, West Virginia, Vermont, and Wyoming), which did not report, did not report by age, or did not meet reporting standards for ≥1 year.

Number of abortions obtained by women in a given age group per 1,000 women in that same age group. Adolescents aged 13–14 years were used as the denominator for the group of adolescents aged <15 years, and women aged 40–44 years were used as the denominator for the group of women aged ≥40 years. For each state, abortions for women of unknown age were distributed according to the distribution of abortions among women of known age for that state.

§ Number of abortions obtained by women in a given age group per 1,000 live births to women in that same age group. For each state, abortions for women of unknown age were distributed according to the distribution of abortions among women of known age for that state.


TABLE 5. Reported abortions among adolescents, by known age and reporting area of occurrence — selected states,* United States, 2009

State/Area

Age (yrs)

Total no.

<15

15

16

17

18

19

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

Alabama

84

(4.5)

134

(7.2)

218

(11.6)

293

(15.6)

489

(26.1)

656

(35.0)

1,874

Alaska

7

(2.0)

17

(4.9)

37

(10.7)

64

(18.4)

106

(30.5)

116

(33.4)

347

Arizona

24

(1.6)

75

(4.9)

130

(8.4)

214

(13.9)

512

(33.2)

587

(38.1)

1,542

Arkansas

35

(4.5)

49

(6.3)

95

(12.3)

131

(16.9)

229

(29.6)

235

(30.4)

774

Colorado

50

(2.6)

88

(4.5)

202

(10.4)

303

(15.7)

591

(30.5)

701

(36.2)

1,935

Connecticut

60

(2.5)

123

(5.2)

251

(10.5)

480

(20.1)

631

(26.4)

843

(35.3)

2,388

District of Columbia§

15

(3.4)

36

(8.2)

45

(10.2)

95

(21.5)

100

(22.7)

150

(34.0)

441

Georgia

213

(4.4)

302

(6.3)

536

(11.1)

742

(15.4)

1,316

(27.3)

1,703

(35.4)

4,812

Hawaii

22

(3.6)

37

(6.0)

73

(11.9)

97

(15.8)

179

(29.1)

207

(33.7)

615

Idaho

6

(2.1)

11

(3.8)

34

(11.8)

40

(13.8)

85

(29.4)

113

(39.1)

289

Indiana

61

(3.5)

122

(7.0)

180

(10.4)

265

(15.3)

515

(29.7)

589

(34.0)

1,732

Iowa

35

(3.3)

46

(4.3)

123

(11.5)

174

(16.2)

313

(29.2)

380

(35.5)

1,071

Kansas

43

(2.9)

87

(5.9)

166

(11.3)

234

(15.9)

387

(26.3)

553

(37.6)

1,470

Kentucky

28

(3.9)

34

(4.7)

93

(12.9)

137

(19.1)

201

(28.0)

225

(31.3)

718

Maine

7

(1.7)

18

(4.5)

50

(12.4)

64

(15.8)

127

(31.4)

138

(34.2)

404

Massachusetts

72

(2.1)

180

(5.3)

297

(8.7)

534

(15.7)

968

(28.4)

1,359

(39.9)

3,410

Michigan

107

(2.5)

247

(5.9)

433

(10.3)

682

(16.2)

1,226

(29.2)

1,506

(35.8)

4,201

Minnesota

46

(2.6)

82

(4.6)

173

(9.7)

278

(15.6)

504

(28.2)

703

(39.4)

1,786

Mississippi

19

(4.9)

19

(4.9)

24

(6.3)

53

(13.8)

116

(30.2)

153

(39.8)

384

Missouri

22

(2.0)

75

(6.8)

112

(10.1)

144

(13.0)

338

(30.4)

420

(37.8)

1,111

Montana

8

(2.0)

21

(5.2)

44

(10.9)

78

(19.4)

113

(28.0)

139

(34.5)

403

Nebraska

10

(2.4)

30

(7.2)

53

(12.7)

57

(13.7)

105

(25.2)

162

(38.8)

417

Nevada

45

(3.1)

82

(5.7)

141

(9.8)

284

(19.8)

421

(29.3)

464

(32.3)

1,437

New Jersey

86

(2.1)

203

(5.0)

472

(11.6)

751

(18.4)

1,130

(27.7)

1,438

(35.2)

4,080

New Mexico

39

(4.0)

59

(6.1)

120

(12.3)

193

(19.8)

265

(27.2)

298

(30.6)

974

New York

621

(3.0)

1,167

(5.7)

2,349

(11.5)

3,930

(19.3)

5,528

(27.1)

6,794

(33.3)

20,389

New York City

461

(3.3)

829

(5.9)

1,663

(11.8)

2,693

(19.2)

3,777

(26.9)

4,615

(32.9)

14,038

New York State

160

(2.5)

338

(5.3)

686

(10.8)

1,237

(19.5)

1,751

(27.6)

2,179

(34.3)

6,351

North Carolina

159

(3.3)

298

(6.2)

450

(9.4)

729

(15.2)

1,376

(28.7)

1,782

(37.2)

4,794

North Dakota

7

(3.2)

15

(6.8)

18

(8.2)

41

(18.7)

56

(25.6)

82

(37.4)

219

Ohio

190

(3.9)

327

(6.6)

522

(10.6)

780

(15.8)

1,395

(28.3)

1,719

(34.8)

4,933

Oklahoma

62

(5.5)

73

(6.5)

127

(11.3)

172

(15.3)

301

(26.9)

386

(34.4)

1,121

Oregon

37

(2.1)

93

(5.2)

181

(10.2)

313

(17.6)

511

(28.8)

639

(36.0)

1,774

Rhode Island

27

(3.7)

33

(4.5)

58

(7.9)

108

(14.8)

227

(31.0)

279

(38.1)

732

South Carolina

37

(3.0)

72

(5.8)

118

(9.5)

269

(21.7)

333

(26.9)

410

(33.1)

1,239

South Dakota

—**

11

(8.3)

27

(20.3)

40

(30.1)

50

(37.6)

133

Tennessee

83

(3.1)

164

(6.1)

298

(11.0)

433

(16.0)

717

(26.5)

1,010

(37.3)

2,705

Texas

210

(2.2)

443

(4.6)

914

(9.5)

1,513

(15.7)

2,598

(26.9)

3,978

(41.2)

9,656

Utah

21

(3.9)

30

(5.6)

45

(8.3)

77

(14.3)

161

(29.8)

206

(38.1)

540

Virginia

116

(3.2)

188

(5.2)

353

(9.7)

519

(14.3)

1,080

(29.7)

1,379

(37.9)

3,635

Washington

82

(2.1)

211

(5.4)

413

(10.5)

753

(19.2)

1,118

(28.5)

1,346

(34.3)

3,923

West Virginia

10

(3.2)

20

(6.4)

30

(9.6)

50

(16.0)

105

(33.7)

97

(31.1)

312

Wisconsin††

51

(3.7)

84

(6.1)

149

(10.9)

211

(15.4)

384

(28.0)

490

(35.8)

1,369

Total

2,857§§

(3.0)

5,395§§

(5.6)

10,138

(10.6)

16,312

(17.0)

26,897

(28.0)

34,485

(35.9)

96,089

Abortion rate¶¶

1.0

3.9

7.2

11.3

18.4

22.9

9.7

Abortion ratio***

785

491

380

324

321

288

326

* Data from 42 reporting areas; excludes 10 states (California, Delaware, Florida, Illinois, Louisiana, Maryland, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania, Vermont, and Wyoming) that did not report, did not report age among adolescents by individual year, or did not meet reporting standards.

Percentages for the individual component categories might not add to 100 because of rounding.

§ Because reporting is not mandatory, information could not be obtained for all abortions performed in the District of Columbia.

Data from hospitals and licensed ambulatory care facilities only; because reporting is not mandatory for private physicians and women's centers, information could not be obtained for all abortions performed in New Jersey.

** Cell details not displayed because of small numbers (N = 1–4).

†† Includes residents only.

§§ Small numbers removed from individual cells have been subtracted from the column total so that the missing number cannot be back-calculated from the total.

¶¶ Number of abortions obtained by adolescents in a given age group per 1,000 adolescents in that same age group. Adolescents aged 13–14 years were used as the denominator for adolescents aged <15 years.

*** Number of abortions obtained by adolescents in a given age group per 1,000 live births to adolescents in that same age group.


TABLE 6. Reported abortions among adolescents, by known age and year — selected states,* United States, 2000–2009

Age (yrs)

Year

% change

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2000 to 2004

2005 to 2009

2008 to 2009

2000 to 2009

% of abortions

<15

3.4

3.3

3.4

3.4

3.3

3.3

3.0

3.1

3.0

3.0

-2.9

-9.1

0.0

-11.8

15

6.3

6.0

6.2

6.2

6.1

6.4

6.1

5.9

5.8

5.6

-3.2

-12.5

-3.4

-11.1

16

11.4

11.4

11.6

11.7

11.5

11.5

11.7

11.3

10.8

10.6

0.9

-7.8

-1.9

-7.0

17

17.4

17.4

17.5

17.5

17.2

17.4

17.4

17.5

17.3

17.0

-1.1

-2.3

-1.7

-2.3

18

28.1

27.8

27.6

28.0

28.0

27.6

27.8

28.0

28.2

27.9

-0.4

1.1

-1.1

-0.7

19

33.5

34.1

33.8

33.2

33.9

33.8

33.9

34.2

34.9

35.9

1.2

6.2

2.9

7.2

Abortion rate

<15

1.5

1.4

1.4

1.3

1.3

1.3

1.2

1.2

1.1

1.0

-13.3

-23.1

-9.1

-33.3

15

5.7

5.2

5.1

5.1

4.8

4.8

4.6

4.5

4.3

3.9

-15.8

-18.8

-9.3

-31.6

16

10.5

9.9

9.6

9.6

9.1

8.8

8.7

8.4

7.9

7.2

-13.3

-18.2

-8.9

-31.4

17

15.7

15.2

14.5

14.5

13.7

13.4

13.5

12.8

12.5

11.3

-12.7

-15.7

-9.6

-28.0

18

25.2

24.2

23.1

23.2

22.2

21.5

22.2

21.5

20.4

18.4

-11.9

-14.4

-9.8

-27.0

19

29.2

29.3

28.2

27.6

26.8

26.1

27.0

26.4

25.9

23.0

-8.2

-11.9

-11.2

-21.2

Abortion ratio§

<15

693

731

744

825

754

766

735

750

759

781

8.8

2.0

2.9

12.7

15

503

511

545

553

523

538

522

493

507

495

4.0

-8.0

-2.4

-1.6

16

412

424

440

460

432

432

428

406

389

381

4.9

-11.8

-2.1

-7.5

17

348

367

367

378

362

360

353

342

334

326

4.0

-9.4

-2.4

-6.3

18

368

370

377

385

373

362

353

337

336

321

1.4

-11.3

-4.5

-12.8

19

324

329

325

329

321

312

306

294

297

289

-0.9

-7.4

-2.7

-10.8

Total (no.)

119,846

115,308

111,271

110,554

107,451

105,516

107,711

105,883

103,056

94,699

* Data from 39 reporting areas; by year, these areas represent 85%–90% of all abortions reported to CDC for adolescents during 2000–2009. Excludes 13 states (Alaska, California, Delaware, Florida, Illinois, Louisiana, Maryland, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, West Virginia, Vermont, and Wyoming) that did not report, did not report age among adolescents by individual year, or did not meet reporting standards.

Number of abortions obtained by adolescents in a given age group per 1,000 adolescents in that same age group. Adolescents aged 13–14 years were used as the denominator for adolescents aged <15 years.

§ Number of abortions obtained by adolescents in a given age group per 1,000 live births to adolescents in that same age group.


TABLE 7. Reported abortions, by known weeks of gestation* and reporting area of occurrence — selected states, United States, 2009

State/Area

Weeks of gestation

Total abortions reported by known gestational age

≤8

9–13

14–15

16–17

18–20

≥21

No.

% of all reported abortions

No.

(%)§

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

Alabama

6,569

(60.4)

3,336

(30.7)

423

(3.9)

281

(2.6)

246

(2.3)

12

(0.1)

10,867

(99.9)

Alaska

1,184

(61.1)

732

(37.8)

—**

0

(0.0)

16

(0.8)

1,937

(99.9)

Arizona

7,472

(74.4)

2,159

(21.5)

204

(2.0)

120

(1.2)

66

(0.7)

27

(0.3)

10,048

(97.8)

Arkansas

2,792

(61.0)

1,236

(27.0)

204

(4.5)

156

(3.4)

192

(4.2)

0

(0.0)

4,580

(100.0)

Colorado

8,068

(69.9)

2,709

(23.5)

342

(3.0)

189

(1.6)

128

(1.1)

102

(0.9)

11,538

(99.5)

District of Columbia††

1,729

(67.2)

483

(18.8)

118

(4.6)

158

(6.1)

86

(3.3)

0

(0.0)

2,574

(99.2)

Georgia

18,793

(57.1)

10,150

(30.8)

1,360

(4.1)

776

(2.4)

851

(2.6)

995

(3.0)

32,925

(100.0)

Hawaii

1,745

(52.8)

1,208

(36.5)

115

(3.5)

79

(2.4)

134

(4.1)

27

(0.8)

3,308

(99.0)

Idaho

1,056

(64.0)

566

(34.3)

7

(0.4)

6

(0.4)

8

(0.5)

6

(0.4)

1,649

(99.9)

Indiana

6,573

(62.3)

3,784

(35.9)

87

(0.8)

69

(0.7)

41

(0.4)

0

(0.0)

10,554

(100.0)

Iowa

4,260

(73.3)

1,256

(21.6)

139

(2.4)

116

(2.0)

5,811

(99.8)

Kansas

5,839

(62.1)

2,578

(27.4)

335

(3.6)

243

(2.6)

244

(2.6)

171

(1.8)

9,410

(100.0)

Kentucky

2,589

(62.8)

1,098

(26.7)

175

(4.2)

99

(2.4)

111

(2.7)

48

(1.2)

4,120

(100.0)

Louisiana

4,417

(54.6)

2,734

(33.8)

421

(5.2)

211

(2.6)

180

(2.2)

127

(1.6)

8,090

(99.1)

Maine

1,613

(67.0)

761

(31.6)

20

(0.8)

7

(0.3)

2,407

(99.8)

Michigan

13,977

(62.7)

6,400

(28.7)

904

(4.1)

458

(2.1)

372

(1.7)

183

(0.8)

22,294

(99.7)

Minnesota

8,101

(65.4)

3,255

(26.3)

379

(3.1)

229

(1.8)

342

(2.8)

80

(0.6)

12,386

(100.0)

Mississippi

1,206

(57.3)

860

(40.8)

30

(1.4)

8

(0.4)

2,106

(86.4)

Missouri

3,697

(53.9)

2,518

(36.7)

266

(3.9)

184

(2.7)

148

(2.2)

43

(0.6)

6,856

(99.6)

Montana

1,506

(67.8)

546

(24.6)

75

(3.4)

46

(2.1)

39

(1.8)

10

(0.5)

2,222

(100.0)

Nevada

5,067

(61.2)

2,445

(29.6)

360

(4.4)

193

(2.3)

137

(1.7)

71

(0.9)

8,273

(86.7)

New Jersey§§

17,492

(61.4)

6,748

(23.7)

1,454

(5.1)

1,119

(3.9)

930

(3.3)

749

(2.6)

28,492

(99.9)

New Mexico

3,280

(65.3)

1,101

(21.9)

173

(3.4)

113

(2.3)

111

(2.2)

244

(4.9)

5,022

(100.0)

New York

68,024

(59.4)

34,232

(29.9)

3,914

(3.4)

2,718

(2.4)

2,988

(2.6)

2,615

(2.3)

114,491

(95.4)

New York City

56,384

(65.4)

20,732

(24.0)

2,633

(3.1)

2,105

(2.4)

2,402

(2.8)

1,979

(2.3)

86,235

(98.8)

New York State

11,640

(41.2)

13,500

(47.8)

1,281

(4.5)

613

(2.2)

586

(2.1)

636

(2.3)

28,256

(86.3)

North Carolina

18,381

(65.3)

7,530

(26.8)

1,147

(4.1)

696

(2.5)

28,128

(91.9)

North Dakota

851

(66.0)

403

(31.3)

33

(2.6)

0

(0.0)

1,289

(99.9)

Ohio

16,264

(57.2)

9,165

(32.2)

1,265

(4.4)

721

(2.5)

550

(1.9)

480

(1.7)

28,445

(99.0)

Oklahoma

4,256

(66.2)

1,693

(26.3)

303

(4.7)

124

(1.9)

37

(0.6)

17

(0.3)

6,430

(100.0)

Oregon

6,711

(64.1)

2,746

(26.2)

300

(2.9)

256

(2.4)

284

(2.7)

179

(1.7)

10,476

(97.0)

Rhode Island

2,963

(69.1)

1,042

(24.3)

126

(2.9)

92

(2.1)

4,285

(99.1)

South Carolina

5,060

(73.3)

1,790

(25.9)

25

(0.4)

17

(0.2)

6,907

(99.9)

South Dakota

444

(57.7)

310

(40.3)

0

(0.0)

10

(1.3)

769

(100.0)

Tennessee

11,272

(65.5)

5,435

(31.6)

445

(2.6)

24

(0.1)

17,200

(98.4)

Texas

57,072

(73.5)

16,647

(21.5)

2,649

(3.4)

259

(0.3)

541

(0.7)

435

(0.6)

77,603

(100.0)

Utah

2,435

(67.3)

875

(24.2)

132

(3.7)

82

(2.3)

82

(2.3)

10

(0.3)

3,616

(98.7)

Virginia

18,896

(69.2)

7,990

(29.2)

212

(0.8)

58

(0.2)

146

(0.5)

24

(0.1)

27,326

(99.6)

Washington

14,887

(65.9)

5,645

(25.0)

644

(2.9)

447

(2.0)

499

(2.2)

465

(2.1)

22,587

(99.6)

West Virginia

1,068

(60.3)

589

(33.3)

65

(3.7)

18

(1.0)

25

(1.4)

6

(0.3)

1,771

(99.9)

Total

357,609

(64.0)

154,755

(27.7)

18,855

(3.4)

10,355

(1.9)

10,012

(1.8)

7,206

(1.3)

558,792

(98.0)

* Gestational age based on the clinician's estimate (Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, New Jersey, New York City, Nevada, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, and West Virginia); gestational age calculated from the last normal menstrual period (District of Columbia, Mississippi, Missouri, New Mexico, and New York State); gestational age based on the clinician's estimate when the date of the last menstrual period unavailable (Arkansas and Georgia); and gestational age calculated from the last normal menstrual period when the clinician's estimate unavailable (Maine).

Data are from 39 reporting areas; excludes 13 areas (California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, Nebraska, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Wisconsin, and Wyoming) that did not report, did not report by gestational age, or did not meet reporting standards.

§ Percentages for the individual component categories might not add to 100 because of rounding.

Calculated as the number of abortions reported by known gestational age divided by the sum of abortions reported by known and unknown gestational age.

** Cell details not displayed because of small numbers (N = 1–4).

†† Because reporting is not mandatory, information could not be obtained for all abortions performed in the District of Columbia.

§§ Data from hospitals and licensed ambulatory care facilities only; because reporting is not mandatory for private physicians and women's centers, information could not be obtained for all abortions performed in New Jersey.


TABLE 8. Reported abortions, by known weeks of gestation and year — selected states,* United States, 2000–2009

Weeks of gestation

Year

% change

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2000 to 2004

2005 to 2009

2008 to 2009

2000 to 2009

≤13 weeks' gestation (%)

90.8

91.1

91.2

91.0

91.5

91.5

91.6

91.6

91.5

91.9

0.8

0.4

0.4

1.2

≤68

58.3

59.9

61.6

61.9

63.3

63.6

63.7

64.0

64.4

65.5

8.6

3.0

1.7

12.3

913

32.5

31.2

29.6

29.1

28.3

27.9

27.9

27.6

27.1

26.4

-12.9

-5.4

-2.6

-18.8

>13 weeks' gestation (%)

9.2

8.9

8.8

9.0

8.5

8.5

8.4

8.4

8.5

8.1

-7.6

-4.7

-4.7

-12.0

1415

3.2

3.2

3.1

3.2

3.2

3.2

3.2

3.3

3.3

3.2

0.0

0.0

-3.0

0.0

1617

2.2

2.1

2.1

2.1

1.8

1.9

1.8

1.8

1.9

1.8

-18.2

-5.3

-5.3

-18.2

1820

2.3

2.1

2.2

2.2

1.9

2.0

1.9

1.9

1.9

1.8

-17.4

-10.0

-5.3

-21.7

≥21

1.5

1.5

1.5

1.6

1.5

1.5

1.4

1.4

1.4

1.3

0.0

-13.3

-7.1

-13.3

Total (no.)

509,028

503,140

504,940

505,342

494,864

487,956

498,618

493,758

495,536

473,372

* Data from 30 reporting areas; by year, these reporting areas represent 76%–82% of the abortions reported to CDC by gestational age during 2000–2009. Excludes 22 areas (Alaska, California, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Illinois, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New York State, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming) that did not report, did not report by gestational age, or did not meet reporting standards for ≥1 year.


TABLE 9. Reported abortions obtained at ≤13 weeks' gestation,* distribution by week at ≤13 weeks' gestation and by reporting area of occurrence — selected states, United States, 2009

State/Area

Week of gestation

Total no. of abortions at ≤13 weeks

≤6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

No.

(%)§

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

Alabama

3,100

(31.3)

2,045

(20.6)

1,424

(14.4)

1,041

(10.5)

700

(7.1)

647

(6.5)

534

(5.4)

414

(4.2)

9,905

Alaska

586

(30.6)

306

(16.0)

292

(15.2)

236

(12.3)

160

(8.4)

131

(6.8)

95

(5.0)

110

(5.7)

1,916

Arizona

3,764

(39.1)

2,272

(23.6)

1,436

(14.9)

770

(8.0)

524

(5.4)

391

(4.1)

285

(3.0)

189

(2.0)

9,631

Arkansas

1,450

(36.0)

797

(19.8)

545

(13.5)

401

(10.0)

330

(8.2)

243

(6.0)

149

(3.7)

113

(2.8)

4,028

Colorado

4,461

(41.4)

1,998

(18.5)

1,609

(14.9)

1,040

(9.7)

539

(5.0)

475

(4.4)

353

(3.3)

302

(2.8)

10,777

District of Columbia

1,029

(46.5)

451

(20.4)

249

(11.3)

161

(7.3)

106

(4.8)

111

(5.0)

50

(2.3)

55

(2.5)

2,212

Georgia

7,974

(27.6)

6,411

(22.2)

4,408

(15.2)

3,259

(11.3)

2,552

(8.8)

2,063

(7.1)

1,334

(4.6)

942

(3.3)

28,943

Hawaii

688

(23.3)

511

(17.3)

546

(18.5)

350

(11.9)

287

(9.7)

195

(6.6)

217

(7.3)

159

(5.4)

2,953

Idaho

447

(27.6)

328

(20.2)

281

(17.3)

178

(11.0)

131

(8.1)

102

(6.3)

97

(6.0)

58

(3.6)

1,622

Indiana

2,358

(22.8)

2,190

(21.1)

2,025

(19.6)

1,348

(13.0)

904

(8.7)

724

(7.0)

563

(5.4)

245

(2.4)

10,357

Iowa

2,468

(44.7)

905

(16.4)

887

(16.1)

399

(7.2)

337

(6.1)

279

(5.1)

164

(3.0)

77

(1.4)

5,516

Kansas

2,849

(33.8)

1,762

(20.9)

1,228

(14.6)

933

(11.1)

569

(6.8)

514

(6.1)

333

(4.0)

229

(2.7)

8,417

Kentucky

1,080

(29.3)

873

(23.7)

636

(17.3)

319

(8.7)

296

(8.0)

238

(6.5)

162

(4.4)

80

(2.2)

3,684

Louisiana

2,111

(29.5)

1,156

(16.2)

1,150

(16.1)

840

(11.7)

772

(10.8)

458

(6.4)

363

(5.1)

301

(4.2)

7,151

Maine

751

(31.6)

485

(20.4)

377

(15.9)

259

(10.9)

166

(7.0)

135

(5.7)

105

(4.4)

96

(4.0)

2,374

Michigan

6,994

(34.3)

3,890

(19.1)

3,093

(15.2)

2,259

(11.1)

1,354

(6.6)

1,195

(5.9)

880

(4.3)

712

(3.5)

20,377

Minnesota

3,839

(33.8)

2,510

(22.1)

1,752

(15.4)

1,241

(10.9)

686

(6.0)

575

(5.1)

384

(3.4)

369

(3.2)

11,356

Mississippi

369

(17.9)

412

(19.9)

425

(20.6)

312

(15.1)

244

(11.8)

175

(8.5)

75

(3.6)

54

(2.6)

2,066

Missouri

1,029

(16.6)

1,453

(23.4)

1,215

(19.5)

864

(13.9)

592

(9.5)

500

(8.0)

344

(5.5)

218

(3.5)

6,215

Montana

873

(42.5)

358

(17.4)

275

(13.4)

155

(7.6)

133

(6.5)

89

(4.3)

101

(4.9)

68

(3.3)

2,052

Nevada

2,023

(26.9)

1,605

(21.4)

1,439

(19.2)

1,017

(13.5)

512

(6.8)

402

(5.4)

322

(4.3)

192

(2.6)

7,512

New Jersey**

8,009

(33.0)

5,376

(22.2)

4,107

(16.9)

2,121

(8.8)

1,570

(6.5)

941

(3.9)

996

(4.1)

1120

(4.6)

24,240

New Mexico

1,948

(44.5)

746

(17.0)

586

(13.4)

384

(8.8)

258

(5.9)

156

(3.6)

165

(3.8)

138

(3.1)

4,381

New York

32,493

(18.9)

19,318

(18.9)

16,213

(15.9)

12,014

(11.7)

8,328

(8.1)

6,323

(6.2)

4,693

(4.6)

2,874

(2.8)

102,256

New York City

30,249

(39.2)

14,989

(19.4)

11,146

(14.5)

7,556

(9.8)

4,965

(6.4)

3,723

(4.8)

2,870

(3.7)

1,618

(2.1)

77,116

New York State

2,244

(8.9)

4,329

(17.2)

5,067

(20.2)

4,458

(17.7)

3,363

(13.4)

2,600

(10.3)

1,823

(7.3)

1,256

(5.0)

25,140

North Carolina

9,006

(34.8)

5,387

(20.8)

3,988

(15.4)

2,440

(9.4)

1,805

(7.0)

1,448

(5.6)

1,079

(4.2)

758

(2.9)

25,911

North Dakota

412

(32.9)

277

(22.1)

162

(12.9)

121

(9.6)

72

(5.7)

84

(6.7)

72

(5.7)

54

(4.3)

1,254

Ohio

7,278

(28.6)

4,879

(19.2)

4,107

(16.2)

2,805

(11.0)

2,133

(8.4)

1,686

(6.6)

1,347

(5.3)

1194

(4.7)

25,429

Oklahoma

2,432

(40.9)

950

(16.0)

874

(14.7)

503

(8.5)

511

(8.6)

382

(6.4)

164

(2.8)

133

(2.2)

5,949

Oregon

3,647

(38.6)

1,687

(17.8)

1,377

(14.6)

909

(9.6)

585

(6.2)

545

(5.8)

393

(4.2)

314

(3.3)

9,457

Rhode Island

1,650

(41.2)

795

(19.9)

518

(12.9)

321

(8.0)

256

(6.4)

195

(4.9)

137

(3.4)

133

(3.3)

4,005

South Carolina

2,844

(41.5)

1,357

(19.8)

859

(12.5)

576

(8.4)

389

(5.7)

364

(5.3)

310

(4.5)

151

(2.2)

6,850

South Dakota

156

(20.7)

137

(18.2)

151

(20.0)

91

(12.1)

94

(12.5)

50

(6.6)

27

(3.6)

48

(6.4)

754

Tennessee

5,746

(34.4)

3,294

(19.7)

2,232

(13.4)

1,620

(9.7)

1,233

(7.4)

1,087

(6.5)

1,084

(6.5)

411

(2.5)

16,707

Texas

36,017

(48.9)

11,484

(15.6)

9,571

(13.0)

5,921

(8.0)

3,946

(5.4)

2,953

(4.0)

2,036

(2.8)

1791

(2.4)

73,719

Utah

1,195

(36.1)

753

(22.7)

487

(14.7)

283

(8.5)

197

(6.0)

142

(4.3)

129

(3.9)

124

(3.7)

3,310

Virginia

9,102

(33.9)

5,598

(20.8)

4,196

(15.6)

2,683

(10.0)

1,926

(7.2)

1,466

(5.5)

1,251

(4.7)

664

(2.5)

26,886

Washington

7,791

(37.9)

4,111

(20.0)

2,985

(14.5)

1,816

(8.8)

1,352

(6.6)

1,029

(5.0)

867

(4.2)

581

(2.8)

20,532

West Virginia

422

(25.5)

376

(22.7)

270

(16.3)

187

(11.3)

142

(8.6)

129

(7.8)

92

(5.6)

39

(2.4)

1,657

Total

180,391

(35.2)

99,243

(19.4)

77,975

(15.2)

52,177

(10.2)

36,691

(7.2)

28,622

(5.6)

21,752

(4.2)

15,510

(3.0)

512,361

* Gestational age based on the clinician's estimate (Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, New Jersey, New York City, Nevada, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia); gestational age calculated from the last normal menstrual period (District of Columbia, Mississippi, Missouri, New Mexico, and New York State); gestational age based on the clinician's estimate when the date of the last menstrual period unavailable (Arkansas, Georgia); and gestational age calculated from the last normal menstrual period when the clinician's estimate unavailable (Maine).

Data are from 39 reporting areas; excludes 13 areas (California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, Nebraska, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Wisconsin, and Wyoming) that did not report, did not report by gestational age, or did not meet reporting standards.

§ Percentages for the individual component categories might not add to 100 because of rounding.

Because reporting is not mandatory, information could not be obtained for all abortions performed in the District of Columbia.

** Data from hospitals and licensed ambulatory care facilities only; because reporting is not mandatory for private physicians and women's centers, information could not be obtained for all abortions performed in New Jersey.


TABLE 10. Reported abortions obtained at ≤13 weeks' gestation, distribution by week at ≤13 weeks' gestation and by year — selected states,* United States, 2000–2009

Weeks of gestation

Year

% change

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2000 to 2004

2005 to 2009

2008 to 2009

2000 to 2009

% among abortions reported at ≤13 weeks

≤6

25.1

28.0

30.5

31.3

33.1

34.3

34.4

35.4

35.8

37.0

31.6

7.8

3.3

47.2

7

20.1

20.0

20.1

20.1

19.8

19.7

20.0

19.9

19.8

19.4

-1.6

-1.2

-2.0

-3.5

8

18.9

17.8

17.0

16.7

16.2

15.5

15.2

14.6

14.7

14.9

-14.2

-3.9

0.8

-21.4

9

12.5

11.9

11.3

11.0

10.5

10.4

10.4

10.1

10.0

9.7

-15.8

-6.3

-2.5

-22.4

10

9.2

8.6

8.0

7.8

7.6

7.5

7.4

7.3

7.1

6.7

-17.1

-10.2

-4.8

-26.4

11

6.4

6.2

5.8

5.7

5.5

5.4

5.3

5.4

5.4

5.3

-13.7

-2.0

-2.8

-16.9

12

4.7

4.5

4.3

4.4

4.2

4.2

4.2

4.2

4.2

4.1

-8.9

-3.6

-2.9

-12.5

13

3.2

3.1

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.1

3.1

3.0

3.0

2.9

-3.9

-5.3

-2.4

-8.4

Total (no.)

578,661

576,735

578,442

578,863

572,072

554,656

578,388

569,432

574,074

512,367

* Data from 30 reporting areas; by year, these reporting areas represent 76%–82% of the abortions reported to CDC by gestational age during 2000–2002. Excludes 22 areas (Alaska, California, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Illinois, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New York State, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming) that did not report, did not report by gestational age, or did not meet reporting standards for ≥1 year.


TABLE 11. Reported abortions, by known method type and reporting area of occurrence — selected states,* United States, 2009

State/Area

Curettage

Medical

Intrauterine instillation§

Other

Total abortions reported by known method type

Curettage,
≤13 weeks' gestation

Curettage,
>13 weeks' gestation

Curettage,
unknown gestational age

Medical,
≤8 weeks' gestation

Medical,
>8 weeks' gestation

Medical,
unknown gestational age

No.

% of all reported abortions††

No.

(%)**

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

Alabama§§

8,191

(75.4)

927

(8.5)

12

(0.1)

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

5

(0.0)

1,730

(15.9)

10,865

(99.8)

Alaska

1,416

(74.0)

10

(0.5)

0

(0.0)

462

(24.1)

26

(1.4)

0

(0.0)

0

(0.0)

0

(0.0)

1,914

(98.8)

Arizona

4,494

(44.6)

404

(4.0)

170

(1.7)

4,780

(47.4)

190

(1.9)

44

(0.4)

0

(0.0)

0

(0.0)

10,082

(98.2)

Arkansas

3,508

(76.6)

551

(12.0)

0

(0.0)

510

(11.1)

11

(0.2)

0

(0.0)

0

(0.0)

0

(0.0)

4,580

(100.0)

Colorado

6,441

(55.5)

685

(5.9)

¶¶

3,938

(34.0)

204

(1.8)

37

(0.3)

267

(2.3)

11,598

(100.0)

Connecticut***

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

10,226

(74.5)

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

3,505

(25.5)

13,732

(100.0)

District of Columbia†††

1,494

(57.6)

362

(13.9)

0

(0.0)

714

(27.5)

0

(0.0)

22

(0.8)

2,596

(100.0)

Georgia

25,941

(80.4)

3,902

(12.1)

0

(0.0)

2,269

(7.0)

116

(0.4)

17

(0.1)

32,248

(97.9)

Hawaii§§

2,764

(84.6)

355

(10.9)

28

(0.9)

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

0

(0.0)

122

(3.7)

3,269

(97.8)

Idaho

1,067

(64.7)

0

(0.0)

540

(32.7)

16

(1.0)

0

(0.0)

25

(1.5)

1,650

(100.0)

Indiana

8,755

(83.4)

180

(1.7)

1,427

(13.6)

33

(0.3)

0

(0.0)

100

(1.0)

10,498

(99.4)

Iowa

2,654

(45.6)

275

(4.7)

2,757

(47.4)

125

(2.1)

7

(0.1)

0

(0.0)

5,820

(100.0)

Kansas

6,464

(68.7)

868

(9.2)

0

(0.0)

1,929

(20.5)

146

(1.6)

0

(0.0)

9,410

(100.0)

Kentucky

3,094

(75.2)

426

(10.3)

0

(0.0)

588

(14.3)

0

(0.0)

5

(0.1)

4,116

(99.9)

Louisiana§§

5,296

(65.8)

926

(11.5)

45

(0.6)

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

0

(0.0)

1,784

(22.2)

8,051

(98.6)

Maine

1,954

(81.0)

18

(0.7)

412

(17.1)

23

(1.0)

0

(0.0)

0

(0.0)

2,413

(100.0)

Massachusetts***

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

17,720

(77.2)

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

5,037

(22.0)

13

(0.1)

175

(0.8)

22,945

(100.0)

Michigan

17,636

(78.9)

1,881

(8.4)

59

(0.3)

2,626

(11.8)

117

(0.5)

20

(0.1)

22,348

(100.0)

Minnesota

9,040

(73.0)

1,013

(8.2)

2,176

(17.6)

138

(1.1)

7

(0.1)

12

(0.1)

12,388

(100.0)

Mississippi

2,066

(84.7)

40

(1.6)

331

(13.6)

0

(0.0)

0

(0.0)

0

(0.0)

2,438

(100.0)

Missouri

4,539

(66.0)

632

(9.2)

13

(0.2)

1,529

(22.2)

153

(2.2)

11

(0.2)

0

(0.0)

0

(0.0)

6,877

(99.9)

Montana

1,281

(57.8)

168

(7.6)

754

(34.0)

10

(0.5)

0

(0.0)

2,217

(99.7)

Nebraska***

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

2,320

(90.9)

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

231

(9.1)

0

(0.0)

0

(0.0)

2,551

(100.0)

Nevada§§

6,872

(75.8)

721

(8.0)

1,063

(11.7)

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

0

(0.0)

409

(4.5)

9,065

(95.0)

New Jersey§§§

23,020

(80.7)

3,999

(14.0)

16

(0.1)

1,179

(4.1)

41

(0.1)

11

(0.0)

11

(0.0)

237

(0.8)

28,514

(100.0)

New Mexico

3,725

(74.9)

554

(11.1)

0

(0.0)

531

(10.7)

157

(3.2)

0

(0.0)

4,970

(99.0)

New York

88,401

(74.5)

11,723

(9.9)

3,904

(3.3)

11,405

(9.6)

1,828

(1.5)

1,190

(1.0)

53

(0.0)

219

(0.2)

118,723

(98.9)

New York City

67,912

(78.2)

8,919

(10.3)

844

(1.0)

8,601

(9.9)

357

(0.4)

161

(0.2)

22

(0.0)

9

(0.0)

86,825

(99.5)

New York State

20,489

(64.2)

2,804

(8.8)

3,060

(9.6)

2,804

(8.8)

1,471

(4.6)

1,029

(3.2)

31

(0.1)

210

(0.7)

31,898

(97.5)

North Carolina

20,395

(69.3)

2,086

(7.1)

1,791

(6.1)

4,594

(15.6)

122

(0.4)

353

(1.2)

38

(0.1)

32

(0.1)

29,411

(96.1)

North Dakota

965

(75.0)

35

(2.7)

0

(0.0)

282

(21.9)

0

(0.0)

0

(0.0)

1,286

(99.7)

Ohio

19,297

(69.2)

2,946

(10.6)

145

(0.5)

5,169

(18.5)

547

(2.0)

96

(0.3)

36

(0.1)

760

(2.7)

27,903¶¶¶

(97.2)

Oklahoma

3,950

(61.4)

479

(7.4)

0

(0.0)

1,992

(31.0)

9

(0.1)

0

(0.0)

0

(0.0)

0

(0.0)

6,430

(100.0)

Oregon

7,789

(72.3)

992

(9.2)

270

(2.5)

1,588

(14.7)

62

(0.6)

49

(0.5)

0

(0.0)

28

(0.3)

10,778

(99.8)

Pennsylvania***,****

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

29,892

(83.8)

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

5,776

(16.2)

0

(0.0)

16

(0.0)

35,684

(100.0)

Rhode Island

3,578

(82.8)

274

(6.3)

35

(0.8)

418

(9.7)

11

(0.3)

6

(0.1)

4,323

(99.9)

South Carolina

4,208

(61.0)

40

(0.6)

2,610

(37.8)

38

(0.6)

6,904

(99.9)

South Dakota

531

(69.1)

0

(0.0)

216

(28.1)

20

(2.6)

0

(0.0)

0

(0.0)

769

(100.0)

Tennessee§§

12,431

(72.7)

447

(2.6)

158

(0.9)

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

0

(0.0)

4,054

(23.7)

17,090

(97.8)

Texas

57,817

(74.5)

3,751

(4.8)

23

(0.0)

15,710

(20.2)

278

(0.4)

43

(0.1)

77,630

(100.0)

Utah

2,024

(55.2)

284

(7.8)

24

(0.7)

1,246

(34.0)

58

(1.6)

0

(0.0)

3,664

(100.0)

Virginia

23,417

(85.8)

400

(1.5)

83

(0.3)

3,243

(11.9)

55

(0.2)

32

(0.1)

9

(0.0)

59

(0.2)

27,298

(99.5)

Washington

15,844

(70.0)

1,994

(8.8)

36

(0.2)

4,605

(20.3)

88

(0.4)

23

(0.1)

28

(0.1)

12

(0.1)

22,630

(99.8)

West Virginia

1,494

(84.6)

50

(2.8)

56

(3.2)

6

(0.3)

0

(0.0)

158

(8.9)

1,767

(99.7)


TABLE 11. (Continued) Reported abortions, by known method type and reporting area of occurrence — selected states,* United States, 2009

State/Area

Curettage

Medical

Intrauterine instillation§

Other

Total abortions reported by known method type

Curettage,
≤13 weeks' gestation

Curettage,
>13 weeks' gestation

Curettage,
unknown gestational age

Medical,
≤8 weeks' gestation

Medical,
>8 weeks' gestation

Medical,
unknown gestational age

No.

% of all reported abortions††

No.

(%)**

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

Total

475,627

(74.4)

51,025††††

(8.0)

§§§§

§§§§

97,825

(15.3)

5,516

(0.9)

¶¶¶¶

¶¶¶¶

225

(0.0)

10,318

(1.6)

639,445*****

(99.1)

Total among states with medical abortion on reporting form†††††

438,830

(74.2)

47,586††††

(8.1)

§§§§

§§§§

97,825

(16.5)

5,516

(0.9)

¶¶¶¶

¶¶¶¶

220

(0.0)

2,219

(0.4)

591,111*****

(99.2)

Abbreviation: NA = not available.

* Data from 43 reporting areas; excludes nine states (California, Delaware, Florida, Illinois, Maryland, New Hampshire, Vermont, Wisconsin, and Wyoming) that did not report, did not report by method type, or did not meet reporting standards.

Includes vacuum aspiration, suction curettage, sharp curettage, and dilation and evacuation procedures.

§ Intrauterine instillations reported at ≤12 weeks' gestation are not presented with abortions reported by known method type.

Includes hysterotomy/hysterectomy and procedures reported as "other."

** Percentages for the individual component categories might not add to 100 because of rounding and because some areas report more than one method for each abortion.

†† Calculated as the number of abortions reported by known method type divided by the sum of abortions reported by known and unknown method type.

§§ Numbers for medical abortion are not presented because medical abortion was not included as a separate category on the reporting form.

¶¶ Cells details not displayed because of small numbers (N = 1–4).

*** Numbers for curettage procedures at ≤13 weeks versus >13 weeks and for medical abortion at ≤8 weeks versus >8 weeks are not presented because gestational age data were not provided or were provided in incompatible categories.

††† Because reporting is not mandatory, information could not be obtained for all abortions performed in the District of Columbia.

§§§ Data from hospitals and licensed ambulatory care facilities only; because reporting is not mandatory for private physicians and women's centers, information could not be obtained for all abortions performed in New Jersey.

¶¶¶ Because more than one method was reported for some abortions, the sum of the individual methods exceeds the total number of abortions reported by known method type. "Other" methods might have been used concomitantly with specified method types to aid in the completion of the abortion.

**** Includes residents only.

†††† Small numbers removed from individual cells have been subtracted from the column total so that the missing number cannot be back-calculated from the total.

§§§§ Curettage abortions reported without a gestational age were distributed among the curettage categories according to the distribution of abortions performed by curettage at known gestational age.

¶¶¶¶ Medical abortions reported without a gestational age were distributed among the medical abortion categories according to the distribution of medical abortions at known gestational age.

***** Because some states reported more than one method for some abortions, the sum of the individual methods exceeds the total number of abortions reported by known method type.

††††† Excludes five states (Alabama, Hawaii, Louisiana, Nevada, and Tennessee) that have been included in the total for all areas reporting by method type. These states were excluded because medical abortion was not included as a separate category on their reporting form.


TABLE 12. Reported abortions, by known race/ethnicity of women who obtained an abortion and reporting area of occurrence — selected states,* United States, 2009

State/Area

Non-Hispanic

Hispanic

Total abortions reported by known race/ethnicity

White

Black

Other

No.

% of all reported abortions§

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

Alabama

3,918

(36.2)

6,254

(57.8)

215

(2.0)

428

(4.0)

10,815

(99.4)

Alaska

968

(57.9)

107

(6.4)

542

(32.4)

54

(3.2)

1,671

(86.2)

Arizona

4,677

(47.5)

696

(7.1)

885

(9.0)

3,593

(36.5)

9,851

(95.9)

Arkansas

2,500

(54.6)

1,608

(35.1)

195

(4.3)

274

(6.0)

4,577

(99.9)

Colorado

6,549

(57.9)

860

(7.6)

967

(8.5)

2,938

(26.0)

11,314

(97.6)

District of Columbia

599

(23.4)

1,375

(53.8)

258

(10.1)

323

(12.6)

2,555

(98.4)

Georgia

8,162

(26.5)

18,856

(61.2)

1,323

(4.3)

2,490

(8.1)

30,831

(93.6)

Idaho

1,301

(79.6)

21

(1.3)

81

(5.0)

231

(14.1)

1,634

(99.0)

Indiana

6,187

(61.5)

2,785

(27.7)

377

(3.7)

715

(7.1)

10,064

(95.3)

Kansas

5,698

(60.7)

2,125

(22.6)

678

(7.2)

887

(9.4)

9,388

(99.8)

Kentucky

2,783

(67.5)

981

(23.8)

255

(6.2)

101

(2.5)

4,120

(100.0)

Maine

1,856

(88.1)

59

(2.8)

123

(5.8)

69

(3.3)

2,107

(87.3)

Minnesota

7,010

(58.1)

2,799

(23.2)

1,542

(12.8)

711

(5.9)

12,062

(97.4)

Mississippi

499

(20.5)

1,871

(76.8)

35

(1.4)

31

(1.3)

2,436

(99.9)

Missouri

3,457

(50.6)

2,866

(41.9)

343

(5.0)

170

(2.5)

6,836

(99.3)

Montana

1,735

(85.4)

9

(0.4)

204

(10.0)

83

(4.1)

2,031

(91.4)

New Jersey**

7,011

(25.6)

9,517

(34.8)

4,571

(16.7)

6,261

(22.9)

27,360

(95.9)

New York††

25,810

(22.8)

48,391

(42.8)

6,146

(5.4)

32,657

(28.9)

113,004

(94.2)

New York City

9,853

(11.6)

40,798

(48.2)

5,561

(6.6)

28,364

(33.5)

84,576

(96.9)

New York State

15,957

(56.1)

7,593

(26.7)

585

(2.1)

4,293

(15.1)

28,428

(86.9)

North Dakota

790

(71.5)

50

(4.5)

213

(19.3)

52

(4.7)

1,105

(85.7)

Ohio

15,164

(55.4)

10,485

(38.3)

662

(2.4)

1,041

(3.8)

27,352

(95.2)

Oregon

7,827

(75.2)

556

(5.3)

777

(7.5)

1,248

(12.0)

10,408

(96.4)

South Carolina

3,330

(49.4)

2,767

(41.0)

254

(3.8)

394

(5.8)

6,745

(97.6)

South Dakota

555

(72.2)

61

(7.9)

116

(15.1)

37

(4.8)

769

(100.0)

Tennessee

7,548

(44.6)

8,291

(49.0)

437

(2.6)

656

(3.9)

16,932

(96.9)

Texas§§

24,457

(31.7)

19,152

(24.8)

3,967

(5.1)

29,576

(38.3)

77,152

(99.4)

Utah

2,122

(67.3)

68

(2.2)

164

(5.2)

797

(25.3)

3,151

(86.0)

Virginia

9,964

(36.3)

11,429

(41.6)

2,034

(7.4)

4,015

(14.6)

27,442

(100.0)

West Virginia

1,498

(84.7)

227

(12.8)

29

(1.6)

14

(0.8)

1,768

(99.8)

Total

163,975

(37.7)

154,266

(35.4)

27,393

(6.3)

89,846

(20.6)

435,480

(96.4)

Abortion rate¶¶

8.5

32.5

17.7

19.3

14.3

Abortion ratio***

140

477

243

195

210

* Data from 29 reporting areas; excludes 23 reporting areas (California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Iowa, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming) that did not report, did not report by race/ethnicity, or did not meet reporting standards.

Percentages for the individual component categories might not add to 100 because of rounding.

§ Calculated as the number of abortions reported by known race/ethnicity divided by the sum of abortions reported by known and unknown race/ethnicity.

Because reporting is not mandatory, information could not be obtained for all abortions performed in the District of Columbia.

** Data from hospitals and licensed ambulatory care facilities only; because reporting is not mandatory for private physicians and women's centers, information could not be obtained for all abortions performed in New Jersey.

†† Non-Hispanic categories include abortions for women whose ethnicity was reported as unknown; previous evaluation has shown that most reports without ethnicity are for non-Hispanic women.

§§ Reporting form contains only one question for race and ethnicity; therefore, abortions reported for women of white, black, and other races (Asian and Native American) are not explicitly identified as non-Hispanic.

¶¶ Number of abortions obtained by women in a given race/ethnicity group per 1,000 women in that same group. For each state, abortions for women of unknown race/ethnicity were distributed according to the distribution of abortions among women of known race/ethnicity for that state.

*** Number of abortions obtained by women in a given race/ethnicity group per 1,000 live births to women in that same race/ethnicity group. For each state, abortions for women of unknown race/ethnicity were distributed according to the distribution of abortions among women of known race/ethnicity for that state.


TABLE 13. Reported abortions, by known race of women who obtained an abortion and reporting area of occurrence — selected states,* United States, 2009

State/Area

White

Black

Other

Total abortions reported by known race

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

% all reported abortions§

Alabama

4,316

(39.8)

6,270

(57.8)

267

(2.5)

10,853

(99.7)

Alaska

1,076

(59.3)

128

(7.1)

609

(33.6)

1,813

(93.6)

Arizona

6,835

(74.3)

737

(8.0)

1,623

(17.7)

9,195

(89.5)

Arkansas

2,596

(56.7)

1,608

(35.1)

373

(8.1)

4,577

(99.9)

Colorado

8,543

(75.1)

877

(7.7)

1,954

(17.2)

11,374

(98.1)

District of Columbia

607

(23.8)

1,382

(54.1)

565

(22.1)

2,554

(98.4)

Georgia

8,367

(29.0)

19,116

(66.2)

1,391

(4.8)

28,874

(87.7)

Idaho

1,500

(92.0)

22

(1.3)

109

(6.7)

1,631

(98.8)

Indiana

6,657

(64.7)

3,155

(30.6)

484

(4.7)

10,296

(97.5)

Iowa

4,554

(78.2)

666

(11.4)

601

(10.3)

5,821

(100.0)

Kansas

6,183

(66.0)

2,155

(23.0)

1,035

(11.0)

9,373

(99.6)

Louisiana

2,696

(37.1)

4,419

(60.8)

159

(2.2)

7,274

(89.1)

Maine

2,201

(91.7)

71

(3.0)

129

(5.4)

2,401

(99.5)

Michigan

11,395

(52.3)

9,457

(43.4)

929

(4.3)

21,781

(97.4)

Minnesota

7,468

(61.2)

2,919

(23.9)

1,824

(14.9)

12,211

(98.6)

Mississippi

529

(21.7)

1,871

(76.8)

35

(1.4)

2,435

(99.9)

Missouri

3,619

(52.9)

2,876

(42.0)

351

(5.1)

6,846

(99.5)

Montana

1,904

(88.9)

9

(0.4)

228

(10.6)

2,141

(96.3)

New Jersey**

9,373

(33.8)

12,628

(45.6)

5,696

(20.6)

27,697

(97.1)

North Carolina

11,850

(43.1)

14,518

(52.8)

1,146

(4.2)

27,514

(89.9)

North Dakota

996

(78.1)

53

(4.2)

227

(17.8)

1,276

(98.9)

Ohio

15,683

(58.1)

10,647

(39.4)

679

(2.5)

27,009

(94.0)

Oklahoma

4,665

(72.6)

1,095

(17.0)

670

(10.4)

6,430

(100.0)

Oregon

8,830

(86.0)

568

(5.5)

874

(8.5)

10,272

(95.1)

Pennsylvania††

18,403

(53.0)

15,127

(43.6)

1,196

(3.4)

34,726

(97.3)

South Carolina

3,788

(55.3)

2,801

(40.9)

261

(3.8)

6,850

(99.1)

South Dakota

573

(75.8)

61

(8.1)

122

(16.1)

756

(98.3)

Tennessee

8,159

(48.2)

8,300

(49.0)

477

(2.8)

16,936

(96.9)

Virginia

13,414

(48.9)

11,726

(42.7)

2,302

(8.4)

27,442

(100.0)

West Virginia

1,511

(85.5)

228

(12.9)

29

(1.6)

1,768

(99.8)

Total

178,291

(52.4)

135,490

(39.8)

26,345

(7.7)

340,126

(95.7)

Abortion rate§§

8.1

27.8

19.4

12.1

Abortion ratio¶¶

127

388

258

183

* Data from 30 reporting areas; excludes 22 states (California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York City, New York State, Rhode Island, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming) that did not report, did not report by race, or did not meet reporting standards.

Percentages for the individual component categories might not add to 100 because of rounding.

§ Calculated as the number of abortions reported by known race, divided by the sum of abortions reported by known and unknown race.

Because reporting is not mandatory, information could not be obtained for all abortions performed in the District of Columbia.

** Data from hospitals and licensed ambulatory care facilities only; because reporting is not mandatory for private physicians and women's centers, information could not be obtained for all abortions performed in New Jersey.

†† Includes residents only.

§§ Number of abortions obtained by women in a given racial group per 1,000 women in that same group. For each state, abortions for women of unknown race were distributed according to the distribution of abortions among women of known race for that state.

¶¶ Number of abortions obtained by women in a given racial group per 1,000 live births to women in that same racial group. For each state, abortions for women of unknown race were distributed according to the distribution of abortions among women of known race for that state.


TABLE 14. Reported abortions, by known race of women who obtained an abortion and year — selected states,* United States, 2000–2009

Race

Year

% change

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2000 to 2004

2005 to 2009

2008 to 2009

2000 to 2009

% of abortions

White

54.1

53.7

53.9

54.2

54.2

53.6

53.4

53.2

52.0

51.2

0.2

-4.5

-1.5

-5.4

Black

38.7

38.2

38.3

38.2

38.1

38.4

38.7

38.7

40.3

41.2

-1.6

7.3

2.2

6.5

Other

7.2

8.0

7.7

7.6

7.7

8.0

7.9

8.1

7.7

7.6

6.9

-5.0

-1.3

5.6

Abortion rate

White

9.3

9.2

9.1

9.4

9.2

8.9

9.2

9.0

8.9

8.4

-1.1

-5.6

-5.6

-9.7

Black

31.6

30.7

30.2

30.4

29.5

28.8

29.5

28.6

30.1

29.0

-6.6

0.7

-3.7

-8.2

Other

26.6

28.1

25.6

25.1

24.3

24.4

23.8

23.8

23.0

21.0

-8.6

-13.9

-8.7

-21.1

Abortion ratio§

White

149

148

147

147

144

139

138

134

135

131

-3.4

-5.8

-3.0

-12.1

Black

445

449

453

451

429

413

401

385

404

405

-3.6

-1.9

0.2

-9.0

Other

395

428

385

366

343

342

329

310

298

282

-13.2

-17.5

-5.4

-28.6

Total (no.)

176,902

174,886

172,208

174,327

170,002

165,301

168,403

164,111

161,107

152,004

* Data from 23 reporting areas; by year, these reporting areas represent 49–71% of the abortions reported by race during 2000–2009. Excludes 29 areas (Alaska, Arizona, California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York City, New York State, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming) that did not report, did not report by race, or did not meet reporting standards for ≥1 year.

Number of abortions obtained by women in a given racial group per 1,000 women in that same racial group. For each state, abortions for women of unknown race were distributed according to the distribution of abortions among women of known race for that state.

§ Number of abortions obtained by women in a given racial group per 1,000 live births to women in that same racial group. For each state, abortions for women of unknown race were distributed according to the distribution of abortions among women of known race for that state.


TABLE 15. Reported abortions, by known ethnicity of women who obtained an abortion and reporting area of occurrence — selected states,* United States, 2009

State/Area

Hispanic

Non-Hispanic

Total abortions reported by known ethnicity

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

% of all reported abortions§

Alabama

428

(4.0)

10,401

(96.0)

10,829

(99.5)

Alaska

54

(3.2)

1,645

(96.8)

1,699

(87.7)

Arizona

3,593

(35.7)

6,474

(64.3)

10,067

(98.0)

Arkansas

274

(6.0)

4,303

(94.0)

4,577

(99.9)

Colorado

2,938

(25.8)

8,471

(74.2)

11,409

(98.4)

District of Columbia

323

(12.6)

2,232

(87.4)

2,555

(98.4)

Georgia

2,490

(7.8)

29,533

(92.2)

32,023

(97.3)

Hawaii

235

(7.2)

3,007

(92.8)

3,242

(97.0)

Idaho

231

(14.1)

1,406

(85.9)

1,637

(99.2)

Indiana

715

(7.1)

9,416

(92.9)

10,131

(96.0)

Kansas

887

(9.4)

8,511

(90.6)

9,398

(99.9)

Kentucky

101

(2.5)

4,019

(97.5)

4,120

(100.0)

Maine

69

(3.3)

2,045

(96.7)

2,114

(87.6)

Minnesota

711

(5.9)

11,385

(94.1)

12,096

(97.6)

Mississippi

31

(1.3)

2,407

(98.7)

2,438

(100.0)

Missouri

170

(2.5)

6,693

(97.5)

6,863

(99.7)

Montana

83

(4.1)

1,958

(95.9)

2,041

(91.8)

New Jersey**

6,261

(22.7)

21,356

(77.3)

27,617

(96.8)

New York††

32,657

(27.2)

87,339

(72.8)

119,996

(100.0)

New York City

28,364

(32.5)

58,909

(67.5)

87,273

(100.0)

New York State

4,293

(13.1)

28,430

(86.9)

32,723

(100.0)

North Dakota

52

(4.7)

1,056

(95.3)

1,108

(85.9)

Ohio

1,041

(3.7)

27,321

(96.3)

28,362

(98.8)

Oregon

1,248

(11.7)

9,449

(88.3)

10,697

(99.0)

South Carolina

394

(5.8)

6,351

(94.2)

6,745

(97.6)

South Dakota

37

(4.8)

732

(95.2)

769

(100.0)

Tennessee

656

(3.8)

16,539

(96.2)

17,195

(98.4)

Texas

29,576

(38.3)

47,576

(61.7)

77,152

(99.4)

Utah

797

(24.4)

2,475

(75.6)

3,272

(89.3)

Virginia

4,015

(14.6)

23,427

(85.4)

27,442

(100.0)

West Virginia

14

(0.8)

1,756

(99.2)

1,770

(99.9)

Wisconsin§§

809

(9.7)

7,490

(90.3)

8,299

(100.0)

Total

90,890

(19.9)

366,773

(80.1)

457,663

(98.7)

Abortion rate¶¶

18.8

13.3

14.1

Abortion ratio***

189

212

207

* Data from 31 reporting areas; excludes 21 areas (California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Illinois, Iowa, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Washington and Wyoming) that did not report, did not report by ethnicity, or did not meet reporting standards.

Percentages for the individual component categories might not add to 100 because of rounding.

§ Calculated as the number of abortions reported by known ethnicity divided by the sum of abortions reported by known and unknown ethnicity.

Because reporting is not mandatory, information could not be obtained for all abortions performed in the District of Columbia.

** Data from hospitals and licensed ambulatory care facilities only; because reporting is not mandatory for private physicians and women's centers, information could not be obtained for all abortions performed in New Jersey.

†† Non-Hispanic category includes abortions for women whose ethnicity was reported as unknown; previous evaluation has shown that most reports without ethnicity are for non-Hispanic women.

§§ Includes residents only.

¶¶ Number of abortions obtained by women in a given ethnic group per 1,000 women in that same group. For each state, abortions for women of unknown ethnicity were distributed according to the distribution of abortions among women of known ethnicity for that state.

*** Number of abortions obtained by women in a given ethnic group per 1,000 live births to women in that same ethnic group. For each state, abortions for women of unknown ethnicity were distributed according to the distribution of abortions among women of known ethnicity for that state.


TABLE 16. Reported abortions, by known ethnicity of women who obtained an abortion and year — selected states,* United States, 2000–2009

Ethnicity

Year

% change

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2000 to 2004

2005 to 2009

2008 to 2009

2000 to 2009

% of abortions

Hispanic

20.9

21.5

22.4

22.6

22.8

22.6

23.4

23.2

23.6

23.3

9.1

3.1

-1.3

11.5

Non-Hispanic

79.1

78.5

77.6

77.4

77.2

77.4

76.6

76.8

76.4

76.7

-2.4

-0.9

0.4

-3.0

Abortion rate

Hispanic

24.2

23.8

24.0

23.7

23.0

21.9

22.6

21.8

21.6

20.2

-5.0

-7.8

-6.5

-16.5

Non-Hispanic

15.6

15.5

15.4

15.3

15.0

14.9

15.2

14.9

14.8

14.3

-3.8

-4.0

-3.4

-8.3

Abortion ratio§

Hispanic

249

246

246

239

229

218

220

210

211

206

-8.0

-5.5

-2.4

-17.3

Non-Hispanic

196

195

193

188

183

181

177

171

171

170

-6.6

-6.1

-0.6

-13.3

Total (no.)

389,872

380,542

382,137

379,193

376,880

362,629

361,153

377,047

372,685

370,069

* Data from 16 reporting areas; by year, these reporting areas represent 58%–63% of the abortions reported by ethnicity during 2000–2009. Excludes 36 areas (Alaska, Arizona, California, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York State, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming) that did not report, did not report by ethnicity, or did not meet reporting standards for ≥1 year.

Number of abortions obtained by women in a given ethnic group per 1,000 women in that same ethnic group. For each state, abortions for women of unknown ethnicity were distributed according to the distribution of abortions among women of known ethnicity for that state.

§ Number of abortions obtained by women in a given ethnic group per 1,000 live births to women in that same ethnic group. For each state, abortions for women of unknown ethnicity were distributed according to the distribution of abortions among women of known ethnicity for that state.


TABLE 17. Reported abortions, by known marital status and reporting area of occurrence — selected states,* United States, 2009

State/Area

Marital status

Total abortions reported by known marital status

Married

Unmarried

No.

% of all reported abortions§

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

Alabama

1,189

(11.0)

9,664

(89.0)

10,853

(99.7)

Alaska

366

(19.2)

1,543

(80.8)

1,909

(98.5)

Arizona

1,485

(14.5)

8,786

(85.5)

10,271

(100.0)

Arkansas

649

(14.2)

3,927

(85.8)

4,576

(99.9)

Colorado

2,013

(17.5)

9,467

(82.5)

11,480

(99.0)

District of Columbia

244

(9.6)

2,308

(90.4)

2,552

(98.3)

Hawaii

601

(18.3)

2,689

(81.7)

3,290

(98.4)

Idaho

318

(19.3)

1,331

(80.7)

1,649

(99.9)

Illinois**

4,905

(12.3)

35,035

(87.7)

39,940

(96.7)

Indiana

1,676

(15.9)

8,844

(84.1)

10,520

(99.6)

Iowa

965

(16.6)

4,850

(83.4)

5,815

(99.9)

Kansas

1,454

(15.5)

7,948

(84.5)

9,402

(99.9)

Kentucky

519

(12.6)

3,601

(87.4)

4,120

(100.0)

Maine

331

(13.9)

2,051

(86.1)

2,382

(98.7)

Michigan

2,359

(10.6)

19,980

(89.4)

22,339

(99.9)

Minnesota

1,789

(14.7)

10,384

(85.3)

12,173

(98.3)

Mississippi

178

(7.3)

2,259

(92.7)

2,437

(100.0)

Missouri

1,082

(15.9)

5,722

(84.1)

6,804

(98.9)

Montana

378

(17.4)

1,792

(82.6)

2,170

(97.6)

New Jersey††

3,619

(12.8)

24,707

(87.2)

28,326

(99.3)

New Mexico

672

(13.7)

4,218

(86.3)

4,890

(97.4)

New York City

12,395

(14.5)

72,962

(85.5)

85,357

(97.8)

North Carolina

5,555

(18.9)

23,799

(81.1)

29,354

(95.9)

North Dakota

198

(15.4)

1,087

(84.6)

1,285

(99.6)

Ohio

3,771

(13.7)

23,779

(86.3)

27,550

(95.9)

Oklahoma

1,307

(20.3)

5,123

(79.7)

6,430

(100.0)

Oregon

1,990

(19.1)

8,438

(80.9)

10,428

(96.5)

Pennsylvania**

4,500

(12.6)

31,182

(87.4)

35,682

(100.0)

Rhode Island

701

(17.5)

3,310

(82.5)

4,011

(92.7)

South Carolina

983

(14.3)

5,886

(85.7)

6,869

(99.4)

South Dakota

125

(16.3)

644

(83.7)

769

(100.0)

Tennessee

2,311

(13.8)

14,462

(86.2)

16,773

(96.0)

Texas

13,332

(17.2)

64,160

(82.8)

77,492

(99.8)

Utah

859

(25.3)

2,531

(74.7)

3,390

(92.5)

Virginia

4,488

(17.9)

20,571

(82.1)

25,059

(91.3)

West Virginia

317

(17.9)

1,451

(82.1)

1,768

(99.8)

Wisconsin**

1,190

(14.3)

7,104

(85.7)

8,294

(99.9)

Total

80,814

(15.0)

457,595

(85.0)

538,409

(98.0)

* Data from 37 reporting areas; excludes 15 areas (California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New York State, Vermont, Washington, and Wyoming) that did not report, did not report by marital status, or did not meet reporting standards.

Percentages for the individual component categories might not add to 100 because of rounding.

§ Calculated as the number of abortions reported by known marital status divided by the sum of abortions reported by known and unknown marital status.

Because reporting is not mandatory, information could not be obtained for all abortions performed in the District of Columbia.

** Includes residents only.

†† Data from hospitals and licensed ambulatory care facilities only; because reporting is not mandatory for private physicians and women's centers, information could not be obtained for all abortions performed in New Jersey.


TABLE 18. Reported abortions, by known number of previous live births and reporting area of occurrence — selected states,* United States, 2009

State/Area

No. of previous live births

Total abortions reported by known no. of previous live births

0

1

2

3

≥4

No.

% of all reported abortions§

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

Alabama

4,259

(39.1)

3,231

(29.7)

2,140

(19.7)

834

(7.7)

417

(3.8)

10,881

(100.0)

Alaska

823

(42.7)

478

(24.8)

335

(17.4)

184

(9.5)

109

(5.7)

1,929

(99.5)

Arizona

4,487

(43.8)

2,339

(22.8)

1,886

(18.4)

938

(9.2)

601

(5.9)

10,251

(99.8)

Arkansas

1,690

(36.9)

1,311

(28.6)

992

(21.7)

387

(8.4)

200

(4.4)

4,580

(100.0)

Colorado

5,561

(49.4)

2,491

(22.1)

1,911

(17.0)

857

(7.6)

441

(3.9)

11,261

(97.1)

Hawaii

1,447

(50.7)

609

(21.3)

459

(16.1)

212

(7.4)

126

(4.4)

2,853

(85.4)

Idaho

759

(46.0)

371

(22.5)

306

(18.6)

139

(8.4)

74

(4.5)

1,649

(99.9)

Indiana

3,883

(36.8)

2,822

(26.8)

2,319

(22.0)

949

(9.0)

573

(5.4)

10,546

(99.9)

Iowa

2,527

(43.4)

1,399

(24.1)

1,120

(19.3)

501

(8.6)

270

(4.6)

5,817

(99.9)

Kansas

3,715

(39.5)

2,480

(26.4)

1,928

(20.5)

834

(8.9)

453

(4.8)

9,410

(100.0)

Kentucky

1,648

(40.0)

1,175

(28.5)

797

(19.3)

331

(8.0)

169

(4.1)

4,120

(100.0)

Louisiana

3,309

(42.7)

2,056

(26.5)

1,444

(18.6)

610

(7.9)

332

(4.3)

7,751

(94.9)

Maine

1,269

(52.6)

557

(23.1)

395

(16.4)

132

(5.5)

60

(2.5)

2,413

(100.0)

Michigan

8,953

(40.0)

5,938

(26.6)

4,309

(19.3)

1,966

(8.8)

1,191

(5.3)

22,357

(100.0)

Minnesota

5,208

(42.1)

3,007

(24.3)

2,420

(19.6)

1,034

(8.4)

709

(5.7)

12,378

(99.9)

Mississippi

760

(31.2)

814

(33.4)

547

(22.4)

209

(8.6)

107

(4.4)

2,437

(100.0)

Missouri

2,732

(39.7)

1,816

(26.4)

1,391

(20.2)

572

(8.3)

370

(5.4)

6,881

(100.0)

Montana

1,038

(46.7)

541

(24.3)

386

(17.4)

162

(7.3)

96

(4.3)

2,223

(100.0)

Nebraska

1,066

(41.8)

663

(26.0)

475

(18.6)

228

(8.9)

119

(4.7)

2,551

(100.0)

Nevada

4,015

(42.9)

2,260

(24.2)

1,723

(18.4)

816

(8.7)

536

(5.7)

9,350

(98.0)

New Jersey**

11,174

(39.6)

7,810

(27.7)

5,389

(19.1)

2,256

(8.0)

1,562

(5.5)

28,191

(98.8)

New York City

34,074

(40.3)

23,307

(27.5)

16,345

(19.3)

6,858

(8.1)

4,065

(4.8)

84,649

(97.0)

North Carolina

10,932

(40.3)

6,910

(25.5)

5,118

(18.9)

2,405

(8.9)

1,750

(6.5)

27,115

(88.6)

North Dakota

516

(40.0)

321

(24.9)

251

(19.5)

131

(10.2)

71

(5.5)

1,290

(100.0)

Ohio††

9,890

(35.7)

7,932

(28.6)

5,855

(21.1)

2,549

(9.2)

1484

(5.4)

27,710

(96.5)

Oklahoma

2,505

(39.0)

1,663

(25.9)

1,375

(21.4)

606

(9.4)

281

(4.4)

6,430

(100.0)

Oregon

5,109

(48.3)

2,428

(23.0)

1,854

(17.5)

760

(7.2)

422

(4.0)

10,573

(97.9)

Pennsylvania

15,161

(40.7)

10,085

(27.0)

7,116

(19.1)

3,137

(8.4)

1,785

(4.8)

37,284

(100.0)

South Carolina

3,013

(43.6)

1,923

(27.8)

1,249

(18.1)

510

(7.4)

216

(3.1)

6,911

(100.0)

South Dakota

325

(42.3)

192

(25.0)

151

(19.7)

63

(8.2)

37

(4.8)

768

(99.9)

Tennessee

5,756

(33.4)

4,787

(27.8)

3,646

(21.2)

1,802

(10.5)

1,235

(7.2)

17,226

(98.6)

Texas

29,006

(37.4)

20,784

(26.8)

16,608

(21.4)

7,277

(9.4)

3,882

(5.0)

77,557

(99.9)

Utah

1,516

(42.0)

835

(23.1)

698

(19.3)

349

(9.7)

210

(5.8)

3,608

(98.4)

Virginia

10,486

(38.8)

7,409

(27.4)

5,607

(20.8)

2,326

(8.6)

1,179

(4.4)

27,007

(98.4)

Washington

10,655

(47.2)

5,483

(24.3)

3,910

(17.3)

1,675

(7.4)

865

(3.8)

22,588

(99.6)

West Virginia

629

(35.5)

565

(31.9)

364

(20.5)

158

(8.9)

56

(3.2)

1,772

(100.0)

Total

209,896

(40.2)

138,792

(26.6)

102,819

(19.7)

44,757

(8.6)

26,053

(5.0)

522,317

(98.1)

* Data from 36 reporting areas; excludes 16 areas (California, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York State, Rhode Island, Vermont, Wisconsin, and Wyoming) that did not report, did not report by number of previous births, or did not meet reporting standards.

Percentages for the individual component categories might not add to 100 because of rounding.

§ Calculated as the number of abortions reported by known number of previous live births, divided by the sum of abortions reported by known and unknown number of previous live births.

Recorded as number of previous pregnancies carried to term.

** Data from hospitals and licensed ambulatory care facilities only; because reporting is not mandatory for private physicians and women's centers, information could not be obtained for all abortions performed in New Jersey.

†† Abortions reported for women with ≥2 previous live births have been distributed among 2, 3 and ≥4 previous births according to the distribution of known values for all other reporting areas.


TABLE 19. Reported abortions, by known number of previous induced abortions and reporting area of occurrence — selected states,* United States, 2009

State/Area

No. of previous induced abortions

Total abortions reported by known no. of previous induced abortions

0

1

2

≥3

No.

% of all reported abortions§

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

Alabama

6,978

(64.1)

2,725

(25.0)

846

(7.8)

332

(3.1)

10,881

(100.0)

Alaska

1,173

(61.6)

435

(22.9)

214

(11.2)

81

(4.3)

1,903

(98.2)

Arizona

6,023

(58.8)

2,824

(27.6)

1,001

(9.8)

397

(3.9)

10,245

(99.7)

Arkansas

2,919

(65.6)

980

(22.0)

383

(8.6)

166

(3.7)

4,448

(97.1)

Colorado

7,363

(64.6)

2,771

(24.3)

876

(7.7)

383

(3.4)

11,393

(98.2)

Idaho

1,174

(71.2)

347

(21.1)

89

(5.4)

38

(2.3)

1,648

(99.9)

Indiana

6,600

(62.6)

2,552

(24.2)

891

(8.4)

505

(4.8)

10,548

(99.9)

Iowa

3,768

(64.8)

1,434

(24.7)

403

(6.9)

206

(3.5)

5,811

(99.8)

Kansas

5,716

(60.7)

2,251

(23.9)

917

(9.7)

526

(5.6)

9,410

(100.0)

Kentucky

2,537

(61.6)

1,013

(24.6)

358

(8.7)

211

(5.1)

4,119

(100.0)

Louisiana

5,567

(69.8)

1,681

(21.1)

541

(6.8)

187

(2.3)

7,976

(97.7)

Maine

1,477

(62.1)

589

(24.7)

230

(9.7)

84

(3.5)

2,380

(98.6)

Michigan

11,538

(51.6)

5,806

(26.0)

2,914

(13.0)

2,099

(9.4)

22,357

(100.0)

Minnesota

7,351

(59.3)

2,890

(23.3)

1,198

(9.7)

949

(7.7)

12,388

(100.0)

Mississippi

1,499

(61.5)

663

(27.2)

202

(8.3)

73

(3.0)

2,437

(100.0)

Missouri

4,105

(59.7)

1,702

(24.7)

656

(9.5)

416

(6.0)

6,879

(100.0)

Montana

736

(33.1)

826

(37.2)

387

(17.4)

274

(12.3)

2,223

(100.0)

Nebraska

1,729

(67.8)

576

(22.6)

168

(6.6)

78

(3.1)

2,551

(100.0)

Nevada

5,030

(53.6)

2,542

(27.1)

1,092

(11.6)

722

(7.7)

9,386

(98.4)

New Jersey

18,356

(65.1)

4,984

(17.7)

2,633

(9.3)

2,218

(7.9)

28,191

(98.8)

New York

49,873

(44.4)

28,806

(25.6)

16,858

(15.0)

16,872

(15.0)

112,409

(93.7)

New York City

35,774

(42.4)

21,797

(25.8)

13,131

(15.6)

13,699

(16.2)

84,401

(96.7)

New York State

14,099

(50.3)

7,009

(25.0)

3,727

(13.3)

3,173

(11.3)

28,008

(85.6)

North Carolina

16,372

(60.7)

6,644

(24.6)

2,635

(9.8)

1,330

(4.9)

26,981

(88.2)

North Dakota

887

(68.8)

262

(20.3)

90

(7.0)

51

(4.0)

1,290

(100.0)

Ohio

14,027

(52.9)

7,279

(27.5)

3,147

(11.9)

2,050

(7.7)

26,503

(92.3)

Oklahoma

4,132

(64.3)

1,496

(23.3)

510

(7.9)

292

(4.5)

6,430

(100.0)

Oregon

6,180

(58.0)

2,557

(24.0)

1,059

(9.9)

855

(8.0)

10,651

(98.6)

Pennsylvania

20,263

(56.5)

9,401

(26.2)

4,401

(12.3)

1,829

(5.1)

35,894

(96.3)

Rhode Island

2,311

(54.1)

1,091

(25.5)

476

(11.1)

393

(9.2)

4,271

(98.7)

South Carolina

3,850

(55.7)

1,746

(25.3)

800

(11.6)

515

(7.5)

6,911

(100.0)

South Dakota

537

(69.8)

158

(20.5)

49

(6.4)

25

(3.3)

769

(100.0)

Tennessee

8,990

(52.2)

4,631

(26.9)

2,116

(12.3)

1,491

(8.7)

17,228

(98.6)

Texas

44,345

(57.2)

20,355

(26.3)

8,172

(10.5)

4,660

(6.0)

77,532

(99.9)

Utah

2,500

(69.8)

734

(20.5)

237

(6.6)

111

(3.1)

3,582

(97.7)

Virginia

14,597

(53.8)

7,399

(27.2)

3,184

(11.7)

1,977

(7.3)

27,157

(99.0)

Washington

12,445

(55.1)

5,637

(25.0)

2,573

(11.4)

1,915

(8.5)

22,570

(99.6)

West Virginia

983

(55.5)

467

(26.4)

198

(11.2)

124

(7.0)

1,772

(100.0)

Total

303,931

(55.3)

138,254

(25.2)

62,504

(11.4)

44,435

(8.1)

549,124

(97.0)

* Data from 37 reporting areas; excludes 15 areas (California, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Mexico, Vermont, Wisconsin, and Wyoming) that did not report, did not report by the number of previous induced abortions, or did not meet reporting standards.

Percentages for the individual component categories might not add to 100 because of rounding.

§ Calculated as the number of abortions reported by known number of previous induced abortions divided by the sum of abortions reported by known and unknown number of previous induced abortions.

Data from hospitals and licensed ambulatory care facilities only; because reporting is not mandatory for private physicians and women's centers, information could not be obtained for all abortions performed in New Jersey.


TABLE 20. Reported abortions, by known race, age group, and marital status of women who obtained an abortion — selected states, United States, 2009

Characteristic

White

Black

Other

Total

No.

(%)*

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

Age group (yrs)

<15

645

(0.4)

779

(0.7)

81

(0.3)

1,505

(0.5)

15–19

24,523

(15.7)

18,635

(16.2)

2,913

(11.7)

46,071

(15.6)

15

1,318

(0.8)

1,294

(1.1)

152

(0.6)

2,764

(0.9)

16

2,522

(1.6)

2,156

(1.9)

304

(1.2)

4,982

(1.7)

17

4,065

(2.6)

3,146

(2.7)

453

(1.8)

7,664

(2.6)

18

7,415

(4.7)

5,232

(4.5)

872

(3.5)

13,519

(4.6)

19

9,203

(5.9)

6,807

(5.9)

1,132

(4.6)

17,142

(5.8)

20–24

52,792

(33.8)

38,391

(33.3)

7,190

(28.9)

98,373

(33.2)

25–29

36,574

(23.4)

29,358

(25.5)

6,239

(25.1)

72,171

(24.4)

30–34

21,725

(13.9)

17,083

(14.8)

4,414

(17.8)

43,222

(14.6)

35–39

14,403

(9.2)

8,679

(7.5)

2,808

(11.3)

25,890

(8.7)

≥40

5,480

(3.5)

2,295

(2.0)

1,210

(4.9)

8,985

(3.0)

Marital status§

Married

24,518

(16.9)

8,255

(8.7)

6,536

(28.1)

39,309

(14.9)

Unmarried

120,957

(83.1)

86,382

(91.3)

16,716

(71.9)

224,055

(85.1)

* Percentages for the individual component categories might not add to 100 because of rounding.

Data from 28 reporting areas; excludes 24 areas (California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York City, New York State, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming) that did not report, did not report by race or age, or did not meet reporting standards.

§ Data from 27 reporting areas; excludes 25 areas (California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York City, New York State, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming) that did not report, did not report by race or marital status, or did not meet reporting standards.


TABLE 21. Reported abortions, by known race/ethnicity, age group, and marital status of women who obtained an abortion — selected states, United States, 2009

Characteristic

Non-Hispanic

Hispanic

Total

White

Black

Other

No.

(%)*

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

Age group (yrs)

<15

550

(0.3)

928

(0.6)

72

(0.3)

436

(0.5)

1,986

(0.5)

15–19

24,307

(15.1)

24,408

(16.0)

2,751

(10.1)

13,071

(14.6)

64,537

(15.0)

15

1,235

(0.8)

1,626

(1.1)

126

(0.5)

740

(0.8)

3,727

(0.9)

16

2,444

(1.5)

2,899

(1.9)

291

(1.1)

1,440

(1.6)

7,074

(1.6)

17

4,162

(2.6)

4,460

(2.9)

448

(1.6)

2,211

(2.5)

11,281

(2.6)

18

7,241

(4.5)

6,777

(4.4)

806

(3.0)

3,693

(4.1)

18,517

(4.3)

19

9,225

(5.7)

8,646

(5.7)

1,080

(4.0)

4,987

(5.6)

23,938

(5.6)

20–24

53,912

(33.6)

49,506

(32.4)

7,296

(26.9)

28,770

(32.2)

139,484

(32.4)

25–29

38,195

(23.8)

38,777

(25.4)

6,848

(25.2)

22,996

(25.7)

106,816

(24.8)

30–34

22,344

(13.9)

23,243

(15.2)

5,016

(18.5)

13,950

(15.6)

64,553

(15.0)

35–39

15,121

(9.4)

12,239

(8.0)

3,600

(13.3)

7,471

(8.4)

38,431

(8.9)

≥40

6,076

(3.8)

3,758

(2.5)

1,582

(5.8)

2,623

(2.9)

14,039

(3.3)

Marital status§

Married

22,917

(16.7)

11,751

(9.4)

8,544

(34.0)

13,148

(16.2)

56,360

(15.3)

Unmarried

114,448

(83.3)

113,700

(90.6)

16,590

(66.0)

68,053

(83.8)

312,791

(84.7)

* Percentages for the individual component categories might not add to 100 because of rounding.

Data from 28 reporting areas; excludes 24 areas (California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming) that did not report, did not report by race/ethnicity or age, or did not meet reporting standards.

§ Data from 27 reporting areas; excludes 25 areas (California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Illinois, Iowa, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York State, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming) that did not report, did not report by race/ethnicity or marital status, or did not meet reporting standards.


TABLE 22. Reported abortions, by weeks of gestation and age group, race, and race/ethnicity of women who obtained an abortion — selected states, United States, 2009

Characteristic

Weeks of gestation

≤8

9–13

14–15

16–17

18–20

≥21

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

Age group (yrs) *,†

<15

1,224

(46.5)

909

(34.5)

161

(6.1)

105

(4.0)

125

(4.7)

108

(4.1)

15–19

45,994

(54.3)

28,668

(33.9)

3,936

(4.7)

2,229

(2.6)

2,182

(2.6)

1,630

(1.9)

20–24

111,704

(62.1)

52,436

(29.2)

6,639

(3.7)

3,492

(1.9)

3,244

(1.8)

2,262

(1.3)

25–29

90,606

(66.8)

35,360

(26.1)

4,036

(3.0)

2,100

(1.5)

2,033

(1.5)

1,532

(1.1)

30–34

56,453

(68.9)

20,104

(24.6)

2,108

(2.6)

1,209

(1.5)

1,162

(1.4)

854

(1.0)

35–39

34,130

(69.9)

11,438

(23.4)

1,211

(2.5)

750

(1.5)

787

(1.6)

503

(1.0)

≥40

12,686

(71.2)

3,757

(21.1)

480

(2.7)

302

(1.7)

330

(1.9)

253

(1.4)

Total

352,797

(64.0)

152,672

(27.7)

18,571

(3.4)

10,187

(1.8)

9,863

(1.8)

7,142

(1.3)

Race*

White

106,978

(67.7)

40,774

(25.8)

4,160

(2.6)

2,480

(1.6)

2,142

(1.4)

1,385

(0.9)

Black

66,788

(56.3)

40,114

(33.8)

5,027

(4.2)

2,986

(2.5)

2,368

(2.0)

1,318

(1.1)

Other

17,077

(68.4)

5,817

(23.3)

822

(3.3)

480

(1.9)

495

(2.0)

267

(1.1)

Total

190,843

(63.3)

86,705

(28.8)

10,009

(3.3)

5,946

(2.0)

5,005

(1.7)

2,970

(1.0)

Race/Ethnicity*

Non-Hispanic

White

105,518

(66.5)

42,188

(26.6)

4,289

(2.7)

2,312

(1.5)

2,415

(1.5)

1,957

(1.2)

Black

88,540

(58.4)

48,288

(31.9)

5,878

(3.9)

3,305

(2.2)

3,226

(2.1)

2,342

(1.5)

Other

19,050

(70.8)

5,711

(21.2)

765

(2.8)

434

(1.6)

562

(2.1)

390

(1.4)

Hispanic

59,739

(67.3)

22,044

(24.8)

2,937

(3.3)

1,405

(1.6)

1,493

(1.7)

1,102

(1.2)

Total

272,847

(64.1)

118,231

(27.8)

13,869

(3.3)

7,456

(1.8)

7,696

(1.8)

5,791

(1.4)

* Row percentages might not add to 100 because of rounding.

Data from 38 reporting areas; excludes 14 reporting areas (California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Illinois, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts, Nebraska, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Wisconsin, and Wyoming) that did not report, did not report by age or gestational age, or did not meet reporting standards.

§ Data from 29 reporting areas; excludes 23 reporting areas (California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York City, New York State, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming) that did not report, did not report by race or gestational age, or did not meet reporting standards.

Data from 28 reporting areas; excludes 24 reporting areas (California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming) that did not report, did not report by race/ethnicity or gestational age, or did not meet reporting standards.


TABLE 23. Reported abortions obtained at ≤13 weeks, distribution by week at ≤13 weeks' gestation and by age group, race, and race/ethnicity of women who obtained an abortion — selected states, United States, 2009

Characteristic

Weeks of gestation

≤6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

Age group (yrs) *,†

<15

539

(25.3)

356

(16.7)

329

(15.4)

256

(12.0)

219

(10.3)

179

(8.4)

140

(6.6)

115

(5.4)

15–19

20,870

(28.0)

13,275

(17.8)

11,849

(15.9)

9,148

(12.3)

6,678

(8.9)

5,453

(7.3)

4,367

(5.8)

3,022

(4.0)

20–24

55,501

(33.8)

30,874

(18.8)

25,329

(15.4)

17,229

(10.5)

12,539

(7.6)

9,846

(6.0)

7,432

(4.5)

5,390

(3.3)

25–29

46,783

(37.1)

24,923

(19.8)

18,900

(15.0)

12,176

(9.7)

8,427

(6.7)

6,426

(5.1)

4,910

(3.9)

3,421

(2.7)

30–34

29,432

(38.4)

15,669

(20.5)

11,352

(14.8)

7,206

(9.4)

4,736

(6.2)

3,602

(4.7)

2,633

(3.4)

1,927

(2.5)

35–39

18,055

(39.6)

9,319

(20.5)

6,756

(14.8)

4,122

(9.0)

2,684

(5.9)

2,066

(4.5)

1,472

(3.2)

1,094

(2.4)

≥40

7,020

(42.7)

3,323

(20.2)

2,343

(14.2)

1,383

(8.4)

894

(5.4)

618

(3.8)

500

(3.0)

362

(2.2)

Total

178,200

(35.3)

97,739

(19.3)

76,858

(15.2)

51,520

(10.2)

36,177

(7.2)

28,190

(5.6)

21,454

(4.2)

15,331

(3.0)

Race*

White

54,896

(37.2)

29,794

(20.2)

22,288

(15.1)

13,901

(9.4)

9,575

(6.5)

7,610

(5.2)

5,610

(3.8)

4,078

(2.8)

Black

27,491

(25.7)

21,805

(20.4)

17,492

(16.4)

12,580

(11.8)

9,528

(8.9)

7,671

(7.2)

6,161

(5.8)

4,174

(3.9)

Other

8,998

(39.3)

4,768

(20.8)

3,311

(14.5)

2,025

(8.8)

1,269

(5.5)

977

(4.3)

735

(3.2)

811

(3.5)

Total

91,385

(32.9)

56,367

(20.3)

43,091

(15.5)

28,506

(10.3)

20,372

(7.3)

16,258

(5.9)

12,506

(4.5)

9,063

(3.3)

Race/Ethnicity*

Non-Hispanic

White

54,129

(36.6)

28,876

(19.5)

22,513

(15.2)

14,484

(9.8)

9,890

(6.7)

7,858

(5.3)

5,693

(3.9)

4,263

(2.9)

Black

39,848

(29.1)

26,822

(19.6)

21,870

(16.0)

15,768

(11.5)

11,495

(8.4)

9,225

(6.7)

7,245

(5.3)

4,555

(3.3)

Other

10,814

(43.7)

4,911

(19.8)

3,325

(13.4)

2,061

(8.3)

1,295

(5.2)

883

(3.6)

722

(2.9)

750

(3.0)

Hispanic

33,106

(40.5)

15,151

(18.5)

11,482

(14.0)

7,723

(9.4)

5,260

(6.4)

3,843

(4.7)

2,975

(3.6)

2,243

(2.7)

Total

137,897

(35.3)

75,760

(19.4)

59,190

(15.1)

40,036

(10.2)

27,940

(7.1)

21,809

(5.6)

16,635

(4.3)

11,811

(3.0)

* Row percentages might not add to 100 because of rounding.

Data from 38 reporting areas; excludes 14 reporting areas (California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Illinois, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts, Nebraska, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Wisconsin, and Wyoming) that did not report, did not report by age or gestational age, or did not meet reporting standards.

§ Data from 29 reporting areas; excludes 23 reporting areas (California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York City, New York State, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming) that did not report, did not report by race or gestational age, or did not meet reporting standards.

Data from 28 reporting areas; excludes 24 reporting areas (California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming) that did not report, did not report by race/ethnicity or gestational age, or did not meet reporting standards.


TABLE 24. Reported abortions, by known weeks of gestation and method type — selected states,* United States, 2009

Type of procedure

Weeks of gestation

Total

≤8

9–13

14–15

16–17

18–20

≥ 21

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

Curettage§

≤13 weeks' gestation

243,451

(74.5)

134,848

(97.1)

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

378,299

(74.4)

>13 weeks' gestation

NA

NA

NA

NA

16,751

(98.3)

9,181

(96.4)

8,789

(94.7)

6,303

(91.4)

41,024

(8.1)

Medical

≤8 weeks' gestation

82,255

(25.2)

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

82,255

(16.2)

>8 weeks' gestation

NA

NA

3,615

(2.6)

142

(0.8)

137

(1.4)

265

(2.9)

476

(6.9)

4,635

(0.9)

Intrauterine instillation

—**

17

(0.0)

28

(0.2)

24

(0.3)

56

(0.6)

59

(0.9)

184

(0.0)

Other

1,036

(0.3)

392

(0.3)

114

(0.7)

178

(1.9)

173

(1.9)

60

(0.9)

1,953

(0.4)

Total

326,742

(100.0)

138,872

(100.0)

17,035

(100.0)

9,520

(100.0)

9,283

(100.0)

6,898

(100.0)

508,350

(100.0)

Abbreviation: NA = not applicable.

* Data from 34 reporting areas; excludes 18 areas (Alabama, California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Vermont, Wisconsin, and Wyoming) that did not report, did not report by method type or gestational age, did not meet reporting standards, or did not have medical abortion as a specific category on their reporting form.

For each gestational age category, percentages of all method types might not add to 100 because of rounding.

§ Includes vacuum aspiration/suction curettage, sharp curettage, and dilation and evacuation procedures.

The administration of medication or medications to induce an abortion; at ≤8 weeks' gestation, typically involves the use of mifepristone and misoprostol; at >8 weeks' gestation, typically involves the use of vaginal prostaglandins.

** Intrauterine instillations reported at ≤12 weeks' gestation have not been included with known values.


TABLE 25. Number of deaths and case-fatality rates* for abortion-related deaths reported to CDC, by type of abortion — United States, 1973–2008

Year

Type of abortion

Total

Case-fatality rate per 100,000

Induced

Unknown**

Legal§

Illegal

1973–1978

1.78

1973

25

19

3

47

1974

26

6

1

33

1975

29

4

1

34

1976

11

2

1

14

1977

17

4

0

21

1978

9

7

0

16

1979–1983

0.78

1979

22

0

0

22

1980

9

1

2

12

1981

8

1

0

9

1982

11

1

0

12

1983

11

1

0

12

1984–1988

0.72

1984

12

0

0

12

1985

11

1

1

13

1986

11

0

2

13

1987

7

2

0

9

1988

16

0

0

16

1989–1993

0.62

1989

12

1

0

13

1990

9

0

0

9

1991

11

1

0

12

1992

10

0

0

10

1993

6

1

2

9

1994–1998

0.57

1994

10

2

0

12

1995

4

0

0

4

1996

9

0

0

9

1997

7

0

0

7

1998

9

0

0

9

1999–2003

0.64

1999

4

0

0

4

2000

11

0

0

11

2001

7

1

0

8

2002

10

0

0

10

2003

10

0

0

10

2004–2008

0.64

2004

7

1

0

8

2005

7

0

0

7

2006

7

0

0

7

2007

6

0

0

6

2008

12

0

0

12

Total

403

56

13