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About the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) Series

The Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR ) series is prepared by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Often called “the voice of CDC,” the MMWR  series is the agency’s primary vehicle for scientific publication of timely, reliable, authoritative, accurate, objective, and useful public health information and recommendations.

MMWR  readership predominantly consists of physicians, nurses, public health practitioners, epidemiologists and other scientists, researchers, educators, and laboratorians.

The data in the weekly MMWR  are provisional, based on weekly reports to CDC by state health departments. Inquiries regarding the MMWR  series, including material to be considered for publication, should be directed to:

MMWR  Series
Mailstop E-90
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Atlanta, GA 30333

or to

E-mail manuscripts submitted for publication consideration should be sent to

The MMWR  series of publications is identifiable by the following ISSN numbers:

Publication ISSN eISSN*
MMWR  Weekly 0149-2195 1545-861X
MMWR  Recommendations and Reports 1057-5987 1545-8601
MMWR  Surveillance Summaries 1546-0738 1545-8636
MMWR  Supplements 2380-8950 2380-8942

*Electronic version of the publication

All material in the MMWR  series is in the public domain and may be used and reprinted without special permission; citation as to source, however, is appreciated.