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Abortion Surveillance --- United States, 2005

Sonya B. Gamble, MS
Lilo T. Strauss, MA
Wilda Y. Parker
Douglas A. Cook, MBIS
Suzanne B. Zane, DVM
Saeed Hamdan, MD, PhD
Division of Reproductive Health
National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion

Abstract

Problem/Condition: CDC began abortion surveillance in 1969 to document the number and characteristics of women obtaining legal induced abortions.

Reporting Period Covered: This report summarizes and describes data voluntarily reported to CDC regarding legal induced abortions obtained in the United States in 2005.

Description of System: For each year since 1969, CDC has compiled abortion data by state or area of occurrence. Information is requested each year from all 50 states, New York City, and the District of Columbia. For 2005, data were received from 49 reporting areas: New York City, District of Columbia, and all states except California, Louisiana, and New Hampshire. For the purpose of trends analysis, data were evaluated from the 46 reporting areas that have been consistently reported since 1995.

Results: A total of 820,151 legal induced abortions were reported to CDC for 2005 from 49 reporting areas, the abortion ratio (number of abortions per 1,000 live births) was 233, and the abortion rate was 15 per 1,000 women aged 15--44 years. For the 46 reporting areas that have consistently reported since 1995, the abortion rate declined during 1995--2000 but has remained unchanged since 2000.

For 2005, the highest percentages of reported abortions were for women who were known to be unmarried (81%), white (53%), and aged <25 years (50%). Of all abortions for which gestational age was reported, 62% were performed at <8 weeks' gestation and 88% at <13 weeks. From 1992 (when detailed data regarding early abortions were first collected) through 2005, the percentage of abortions performed at <6 weeks' gestation has increased. A small percentage of abortions occurred at >15 weeks' gestation (3.7% at 16--20 weeks and 1.3% at >21 weeks). A total of 35 reporting areas submitted data stating that they performed and enumerated medical (nonsurgical) procedures, making up 9.9% of all known reported procedures from the 45 areas with adequate reporting on type of procedure. In 2004 (the most recent years for which data are available), seven women died as a result of complications from known legal induced abortion. One death was associated with known illegal abortion.

Interpretation: For the 46 reporting areas that have consistently reported since 1995, the number of abortions has steadily declined over the previous 10 years. The abortion rate declined from 1995 to 2000, but remained unchanged since 2000. In 2004, as in the previous years, deaths related to legal induced abortions occurred rarely.

Public Health Action: Abortion surveillance in the United States continues to provide the data necessary for examining trends in numbers and characteristics of women who obtain legal induced abortions and to increase understanding of this pregnancy outcome. Policymakers and program planners use these data to improve the health and well-being of women and evaluate efforts to prevent unintended pregnancies.

Introduction

CDC began conducting abortion surveillance in 1969 to document the number and characteristics of women obtaining legal induced abortions. This report is based on abortion data for 2005, provided voluntarily to CDC's National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Reproductive Health.

Methods

For 2005, CDC compiled data that were voluntarily provided from 49 reporting areas in the United States: 47 states (excluding California, New Hampshire, and Louisiana), the District of Columbia (DC), and New York City (NYC). Legal induced abortion was defined as a procedure, performed by a licensed physician or someone acting under the supervision of a licensed physician, that was intended to terminate a suspected or known intrauterine pregnancy and to produce a nonviable fetus at any gestational age (1,2). The total number of legal induced abortions was available from all reporting areas; however, not all of these areas collected data on some or all characteristics of women who obtained abortions, and the availability of such data varied by reporting area. Abortion data were compiled using suggested table shells that were sent to the reporting areas. Not all reporting areas used the suggested tables.

The findings in this report reflect characteristics of women only from reporting areas that submitted adequate data for the characteristics being examined. Among all areas that reported data on the age of women who obtained abortions, data were collected and reported adequately (i.e., categorized in accordance with surveillance variables and with <15% unknown values) by 48 reporting areas (46 states excluding FL, DC, and NYC), representing 88% of all reported procedures. Data on ethnicity were collected and reported adequately by only 30 reporting areas, representing 56% of all reported procedures. For the majority of state tables, the percentage data include a category for unknown values, and the percentage known to be in each category might be lower than the true percentage in that category because of missing information. However, for trend data, out-of-area residents, adolescent ages, and two-characteristics tables, percentages presented are based on known values only.

For the 49 reporting areas, data concerning the number of women obtaining legal induced abortions were provided by the central health agency.* These agencies provided data on numbers of abortions and characteristics of women obtaining abortions by the reporting area in which the abortion was performed (i.e., state of occurrence). For the majority of reporting areas, abortion totals also were available by the woman's state or area of residence. However, three states (Delaware, Maryland, and Wisconsin) reported characteristics only for residents who obtained abortions in the state but not for women from out-of-state. Two states (Florida and Kentucky) did not report abortion totals by resident status, and three states (Arizona, Iowa, and Massachusetts) provided only the total number of abortions for out-of-state residents without specifying individual states or areas of residence.

This report provides overall and state-specific abortion statistics. For all characteristics for which birth or population data were available, abortion ratios (number of abortions per 1,000 live births) or abortion rates (number of abortions per 1,000 women in a given age group) are provided. Beginning with 1996 data, abortion ratios were calculated by using the number of live births to residents of each area from birth data reported to CDC's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS); these numbers were previously received from state health departments. The population data used for calculating most recent abortion rates were obtained from the U.S. Census Bureau postcensual data (3).

Women aged 20--39 years who obtained legal induced abortions were categorized by 5-year age groups, adolescents aged 15--19 years were categorized by single years of age, and the relatively few abortions at <15 years or >40 years each had one group. Abortion numbers, ratios, and rates are presented by age group. Because 94% of abortions among adolescents aged <15 years occurred among those aged 13--14 years in 1988 (the latest year for which this information is known) (4), the population of adolescents aged 13--14 years was used as the denominator for calculating abortion rates for adolescents aged <15 years. Rates for women aged >40 years were based on the number of women aged 40--44 years. However, rates for all females who obtained abortions were based on the population of females aged 15--44 years.

Race was categorized by three groups: white, black, and all other races. Other races included Asian or Pacific Islander, American Indian, Alaska Native, and women classified as "other" race. Ethnicity was categorized as either Hispanic or non-Hispanic. As in previous reports, race and ethnicity were provided as separate variables, and abortions were not cross-classified by race and ethnicity. States were not requested to report data by ethnicity and race cross-classification for this year. Abortion numbers, ratios, and rates are presented by both race and ethnicity.

Despite efforts to collect and provide a cross-classification of race and ethnicity for the 2001 report in compliance with OMB Directive 15, which specifies federal standards for the collection of data on race and ethnicity (5), only 28 states (accounting for 39% of the total number of reported abortions) provided adequate data for use of the recommended race categories. Eleven states could not adequately break down the data by ethnicity. Moreover, three recommended racial categories (Asian, Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, and American Indian or Alaskan Native) had to be combined into one category of "other" to accommodate overlapping categories provided by multiple states. For these reasons, no additional information regarding race or ethnicity was obtained as a result of unavailable data. However, further efforts to collect data cross-classified by race and ethnicity will be attempted in future reports.

Marital status was reported as either married (including women who were married or separated) or unmarried (including those who were never married, widowed, or divorced). Abortion numbers and ratios are presented by marital status.

Gestational age (in weeks) at the time of abortion was categorized as <6, 7, 8 and <8, 9--10, 11--12, 13--15, 16--20, and >21. Weeks of gestation were estimated in 11 reporting areas as the time elapsed since the woman's most recent menstrual period. For 27 other states, gestational age was reported on the basis of the physician's estimate (data from the clinical examination, including ultrasound results). For the remaining six states, gestational age was derived from a combination of the physician's estimates and the time elapsed since the woman's most recent menstrual period. Of the 44 areas that reported adequate data on weeks of gestation at the time of abortion, 41 also reported abortions performed at <8 weeks' gestation separately for those performed at <6, 7, and 8 weeks' gestation. Abortion numbers are presented by gestational age.

The type of abortion procedure was categorized as curettage (including suction and/or sharp curettage) at any gestational age and reported separately for <12 weeks and >12 weeks, intrauterine instillation, medical (nonsurgical) abortion (methotrexate and misoprostol or mifepristone and misoprostol were reported for abortions performed at <8 weeks gestation; vaginal prostaglandins were primarily reported for abortions performed at later weeks of gestation), and procedures described as other (including hysterectomy and hysterotomy).

CDC has reported data on abortion-related deaths periodically since these deaths were first included in the Abortion Surveillance Report in 1972 (6,7). An abortion-related death was defined as a death resulting from a direct complication of an abortion, an indirect complication caused by the chain of events initiated by abortion, or aggravation of a preexisting condition by the physiologic or psychologic effects of the abortion (1,2). All deaths causally related to induced abortion were classified as induced abortion-related regardless of the duration of time between the abortion and the death.

Sources used to identify possible abortion-related deaths included national and state vital records, maternal mortality review committees, surveys, private citizens and groups, media reports, health-care providers, medical examiners' reports, public health agencies, and computerized searches of full-text newspaper/print media databases. For each death possibly related to an induced abortion or an abortion of unknown type, clinical records and autopsy reports were requested and reviewed by two clinically experienced medical epidemiologists to determine the cause of death and whether the death was abortion-related. Each abortion-related death was then categorized by abortion type as legal induced, illegal induced, spontaneous, or unknown type. Data on abortion-related deaths for 1972--2004 are provided in this report. The 2004 data have not been published previously and are the most recent data available. National case-fatality rates were calculated as the number of known legal induced abortion-related deaths per 100,000 reported legal induced abortions. Case-fatality rates for 1972--1997 are provided in this report. Case-fatality rates for 1998--2004 cannot be calculated because a substantial number of abortions occur in the three nonreporting states and, therefore, the total number of abortions (the denominator) is unknown.

Results

In 2005, for the 46 reporting areas that have consistently reported since 1995, a total of 809,881 legal induced abortions were reported to CDC. This is a decline of 1.2% from 819,353 legal induced abortions reported in 2004. A total of 820,151 legal induced abortions were reported to CDC by 49 reporting areas. This change represents a 2.3% decline from 2004, for which 49 areas reported 839,226 legal induced abortions (Tables 1 and 2). The only difference between these 2 years was that West Virginia did not report in 2004 and Louisiana did not report in 2005. Therefore, changes between these two years must be interpreted with that difference in mind. Overall, the annual number of legal induced abortions in the United States increased gradually from 1973 until it peaked in 1990, and it generally declined thereafter (Figure 1).

The national legal induced abortion ratio increased from 196 per 1,000 live births in 1973 (the first year that 52 areas reported) to 358 per 1,000 in 1979 and remained nearly stable through 1981 (Figure 1) (Table 2). The ratio peaked at 364 per 1,000 in 1984 and since then has demonstrated a generally steady decline. However in 1998, abortion data were not available for Alaska, California, New Hampshire, and Oklahoma. The result of this unavailable data caused a major decrease in the abortion ratio, from 306 to 264, with steady decreases in the years to follow. In 2005, the abortion ratio was 233 per 1,000 in 49 reporting areas and 236 for the same 46 reporting areas for which data were available since 1995 (Table 2).

The national legal induced abortion rate increased from 14 per 1,000 women aged 15--44 years in 1973 to 25 per 1,000 in 1980. The rate remained stable, at 23--24 per 1,000 during the 1980s and early 1990s and at 20--21 per 1,000 during 1994--1997. The abortion rate in 1998 experienced a significant loss of information from some reporting areas. The abortion rate changed from 20 in 1997 to 17 in 1998, with a modest decline in the following years for 49 reporting areas. The abortion rate in 1998 experienced a great change because of the unavailability of data from four states. In 2005, the abortion rate was 15 per 1,000 in 49 reporting areas.

The numbers, ratios, and rates of reported legal induced abortions are presented by area of residence and by area of occurrence (Table 3). In 2005, the highest number of reported legal induced abortions occurred in Florida (92,513), NYC (88,891), and Texas (77,108); the fewest occurred in Wyoming (14), South Dakota (805), and Idaho (1,099) (Table 3). The abortion ratios by state or area of occurrence ranged from 48 per 1,000 live births in Idaho to 756 per 1,000 in NYC. Among women aged 15--44 years, rates by occurrence ranged from four per 1,000 women in Idaho to 30 per 1,000 in New York State. These ratios and rates should be viewed with consideration of the sizable variation by state in the percentage of abortions obtained by out-of-state residents. In 2005, approximately 8% of reported abortions were obtained by out-of-state residents (range: from 0.3% [in Alaska] to 51% [in DC]) (Table 3). Data by state of residence are incomplete because three states (California, New Hampshire, and Louisiana) did not report any data on abortion, and six states (Alaska, Arizona, Florida, Iowa, Kentucky, and Massachusetts) did not provide data concerning the residence status of all women obtaining abortions in their state. Therefore, ratios and rates by state of residence should be viewed with caution because of the substantial variation in completeness of reporting of residence information.

Women known to be aged 20--24 years obtained 33% of all abortions for which age was adequately reported. Adolescents aged <15 years obtained <1.0% of all abortions in the 48 areas that reported age. Among the 48 reporting areas, age was not reported for 0.5% of patients; however, this percentage ranged from 0.0% (in 22 areas) to 4.1% (Arizona) (Table 4). Abortion ratios were highest for adolescents aged <15 years (764 per 1,000 live births) and lowest for women aged 30--34 years (140 per 1,000) (Figure 2) (Table 4). In contrast to abortion ratios, among females for whom age was reported, abortion rates were highest for women aged 20--24 years (29 per 1,000 women) and lowest for females at the extremes of reproductive age (1 per 1,000 adolescents aged <15 years and 3 per 1,000 women aged >40 years) (Table 4). Among women aged <20 years (46 reporting areas), the percentage of abortions obtained increased with age (Table 5); the abortion ratio, however, was highest for adolescents aged <15 years§ (776 per 1,000 live births) and lowest for women aged 19 years (316 per 1,000). Conversely, the rates of abortions were lowest (1 per 1,000) for adolescents aged <15 years and highest (26 per 1,000) for women aged 19 years (Table 5).

Abortion trends by age indicated that since 1973, abortion ratios have been higher for adolescents aged <15 years than for any other age group (Figure 3). For females aged <19 years and those aged >40 years, the abortion ratio generally increased from 1974 through the early 1980s and declined thereafter. The abortion ratio for women aged 20--34 years (those with the highest fertility rates) has declined slightly since the mid-1980s. The abortion ratio for women aged 35--39 years has declined gradually over time (Figure 3).

In 2005, for women from areas where weeks of gestation at the time of abortion were adequately reported (43 reporting areas), 61% of reported legal induced abortions were known to have been obtained at <8 weeks' gestation and 87% at <12 weeks (Table 6). Overall (40 reporting areas), 29% of abortions were known to have been performed at <6 weeks' gestation, 18% at 7 weeks, and 14% at 8 weeks (Table 7). Few reported abortions were known to have occurred after 15 weeks' gestation: 3.7% at 16--20 weeks and 1.3% at >21 weeks (Table 6).

For women whose type of procedure was adequately reported, 81% of abortions were known to have been performed by curettage (which includes dilatation and evacuation [D&E]) and 0.8% by intrauterine instillation (Table 8). Thirty-five reporting areas submitted information regarding performance of medical (nonsurgical) procedures, hereafter referred to as medical abortions. Known medical abortions made up approximately 10% of all procedures reported from the 45 areas with adequate reporting on type of procedure. Additionally, two areas that did not collect data separately for medical abortions on their abortion reporting form included medical abortions in the "other" category. For the 35 areas that reported medical abortions separately, 66,485 medical abortion procedures were performed in 2005. (Seven states reported that no medical abortions were performed in 2005 but did not specify whether such abortions were available.) For the 34 reporting areas that reported one or more medical abortion for both 2004 and 2005, the data reflected an increase of 1%, from 66,036 in 2004 to 66,391 in 2005 (8). The extent to which the 66,485 medical abortions reported to CDC for 2005 represents the use of this method in all reporting areas is unknown. Hysterectomy and hysterotomy were included in the "other" procedure category and were known to have been used rarely in all abortions.

In the 38 reporting areas for which race was provided, classified according to the same categories used in previous years, approximately 53% of women who obtained legal induced abortions were known to be white; 35%, black; and 8% other; for 4%, race was not known (Table 9). The abortion ratio for black women (467 per 1,000 live births) was 2.9 times the ratio for white women (158 per 1,000), and the ratio for women of the heterogeneous "other" race category (319 per 1,000) was 2.0 times the ratio for white women. The abortion rate for black women (28 per 1,000 women) was 3.1 times the rate for white women (nine per 1,000), whereas the abortion rate for women of other races (18 per 1,000 women) was 2.0 times the rate for white women.

Thirty reporting areas had separate and adequate data** on the ethnicity of women who obtained legal induced abortions (Table 10). The percentage of abortions known to have been obtained by Hispanic women in these reporting areas was 19% overall (range: from 0.5% [in Mississippi] to 52% [in New Mexico]). For Hispanic women in these reporting areas, the abortion ratio was 205 per 1,000 live births, and the abortion rate was 21 per 1,000 women. However, only 46% of Hispanic women in the United States lived in these reporting areas.

For women whose marital status was adequately reported (43 reporting areas), 81% of women who obtained abortions were known to be unmarried (Table 11). The abortion ratio for unmarried women (485 per 1,000 live births) was 8.4 times that for married women (58 per 1,000).

For women who obtained legal induced abortions and for whom data on previous live births were adequately reported (40 reporting areas), 40.4% were known to have had no previous live births, 26.2% one previous live birth, 31.9% two or more previous live births, and 1.4% unknown live births (Table 12). The abortion ratio was highest for women who had three previous live births (264 per 1,000 live births) and lowest for those who had one previous live birth (182 per 1,000).

For women who obtained an abortion and whose number of previous abortions were adequately reported (43 reporting areas), 54% were reported to have obtained an abortion for the first time, 25% were reported to have had one abortion, and 19% were reported to have had at least two previous abortions (Table 13).

For women whose age and race were known (38 reporting areas), the differences in age distributions of white and black women were relatively small. White women had a slightly higher percentage of abortions in the oldest (>35 years) age groups compared with black women (12.6% versus 9.9%, respectively), whereas women of other races who had abortions tended to be older (Table 14). For women whose marital status and race were both known (37 reporting areas), the percentage of reported abortions among black women who were unmarried was higher (89.0%) than that among white women (81.5%) or among women of other races (66.1%). Among older (age >35 years) women obtaining abortions whose age and ethnicity were known and reported adequately (30 reporting areas), the percentage of abortions obtained by non-Hispanic women (12.4%) exceeded that for Hispanic women (10.1%) (Table 15). Among women whose marital status and ethnicity were known and reported adequately (30 reporting areas), the percentage of reported abortions obtained by unmarried women was similar for non-Hispanic women than for Hispanic women (Table 15).

As in the past, for all abortions for which gestational age at the time of abortion was known and reported adequately (42 reporting areas), approximately 88.5% were obtained at <12 weeks' gestation (Table 16). The percentage of women who obtained an abortion at <8 weeks' gestation increased with age (Figure 4) (Table 16). This association was most pronounced for abortions obtained at <6 weeks' gestation (40 reporting areas) (Table 17). The percentage of women who obtained an abortion decreased with age for women who obtained an abortion at 9--10, 11--12, and 13--15 weeks' gestation, through age 30--34 years at 16--20 weeks' gestation, and through age 25--29 years at >21 weeks' gestation (Table 16). Among women with adequately reported race and weeks of gestation (35 reporting areas), white women and women of other races were more likely than black women to obtain abortions at <6 and 7 weeks' gestation. (Table 16 and 17). Among women with adequately reported known ethnicity and weeks of gestation (31 reporting areas), the difference in timing of their abortions between Hispanic and non-Hispanic women was minimal (<3.8%) at any gestational age (Tables 16 and 17).

For women whose type of procedure and weeks of gestation were known and adequately reported (42 reporting areas), approximately 87.7% of reported abortions obtained at <15 weeks' gestation were performed by using curettage (primarily suction procedures) (Table 18). Approximately 94% of the 58,146 reported medical abortions when gestational age is known were performed at <8 weeks' gestation, representing 15.1% of all abortions performed at <8 weeks' gestation. At >16 weeks' gestation, medical abortions (n = 847) made up 2.2% of all abortions. Medical abortions constituted 1.5% of procedures performed in the 9--15 weeks' gestation range. Intrauterine instillation involving use of saline or prostaglandin was used rarely (0.1% of all abortions), primarily at >16 weeks' gestation.

From the National Pregnancy Mortality Surveillance System, CDC identified 19 deaths for 2004 that were thought to be potentially related to abortion. These deaths were identified either by some indication of abortion on the death certificate, from health-care providers, or from information such as a news or public health report associated with the death. Investigation of the 2004 cases revealed that seven of the 19 deaths were related to legal induced abortion and one to illegal induced abortion (Table 19). One of the seven legal induced abortion-related deaths occurred following a medical (nonsurgical) abortion procedure. Of the 11 deaths that were determined not to be related to legal induced abortions, five deaths were attributed to spontaneous abortion, three deaths were attributed to stillbirths, and three deaths were found not to be abortion-related. Numbers of deaths were attributed to legal induced abortion were highest before the 1980s. Possible abortion-related deaths that occurred during 2005--2008 are currently being investigated.

Discussion

A total of 820,151 legal induced abortions were reported in the United States for 2005 from 49 areas, which reflects a decline of 2.3% from the number of legal induced abortions reported for 2004. A slight increase of 0.1% in the number of abortions occurred in 2002, followed by a slight decline in 2003--2005. This pattern also is observed when the same 46 reporting areas that reported for all years, 1998--2005, are compared with those that reported for 2001--2005 (Table 2). Before 1998, a substantial number of legal induced abortions were estimated to have been performed in California (e.g., >23% of the U.S. total in 1997) (9). The lack of data for California for 2004 largely explains the majority of the 28% decrease from the annual number of abortions reported for 1997 (9) and part of the decrease in the total ratio and rate.

Overall, abortion ratios and abortion rates have declined over time until 2000. However, during 2000--2005, the abortion rate has remained unchanged (Figure 1) (Table 2). The abortion ratio for 2005 (233 per 1,000 live births for 49 reporting areas) decreased from the previous year (238). The overall declines in the abortion ratio and rate over time might reflect multiple factors, including a decrease in the number of unintended pregnancies (10); a shift in the age distribution of women toward the older and less fertile ages (11); reduced or limited access to abortion services, including the passage of abortion laws that affect adolescents (e.g., parental consent or notification laws and mandatory waiting periods) (12--16); and changes in contraceptive practices, including increased use of contraceptives (e.g., condoms and, among young women, of long-acting hormonal contraceptive methods that were introduced in the early 1990s) (17--22).

In this report, the abortion rate for the United States was higher than recent rates reported for Canada and Western European countries and lower than rates reported for China, Cuba, the majority of Eastern European countries, and certain newly independent states of the former Soviet Union (23--25).

As in previous years, the abortion ratio in 2005 varied by age. Although the abortion ratio was highest for adolescents in 2005, since the mid-1980s, the ratio had gradually declined for those aged <15 and 15--19 years, through 2000, increased through 2003, again declined for 2004, and increased slightly in the <15 and 15--19 age categories for 2005 (Figure 3). Other studies also have indicated a decrease in birth rates for females aged 10--14 and 15--19 years during 1991--2005 and a decrease in adolescent pregnancy rates during 1990--2004 (26--34). However, abortion rates have not varied equally among women of all races and ethnicities. Abortion rates are declining more slowly among adolescents who are not enrolled in school (10,34).

The percentage distribution of abortions by known weeks of gestation has shifted slightly since the late 1970s. From 1992 (when detailed data on early abortions were first available) through 2002, data have indicated steady increases in procedures performed at <6 weeks' gestation, with a minimal decrease in 2003 but increase in 2004--2005. Decreases occurred in the percentage of abortions performed at 7--10 weeks. The increase in the percentage of abortions known to have been performed at <6 weeks' gestation might be related to an increase in the availability of early abortion services since 1992 and an increase in medical and surgical procedures that can be performed early in gestation (35,36). Abortions performed early in pregnancy are associated with lower risks for mortality and morbidity (37,38). The proportions of abortions performed later in pregnancy (>13 weeks) have varied minimally since 1992. The gestational age at which an abortion is obtained can be influenced by multiple factors in addition to those for which surveillance data are available (i.e., age, race, and ethnicity). These additional factors include level of education, availability and accessibility of abortion services, timing of confirmation of pregnancy, timing of personal decision-making, timing of prenatal diagnosis, level of fear of discovery of pregnancy, and denial of pregnancy (39--41).

Since the mid-1990s, two medical regimens (mifepristone and methotrexate, each used in conjunction with misoprostol) have been tested in clinical trials and used by clinical practitioners to perform early medical abortions (36,42). CDC surveillance data indicate that approximately 61% of all U.S. abortions are performed at <8 weeks' gestation, which is similar to the timing of the regimen used for both mifepristone and methotrexate (38,43). Mifepristone for medical abortion was approved in September 2000 by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for distribution and use in the United States. The FDA-approved protocol can be initiated at <49 days of gestation and requires three office visits by the patient: administration of oral mifepristone, followed 48 hours later by oral misoprostol in the health-care provider's office, and a follow-up visit in approximately 14 days. Clinical studies of alternative medical abortion regimens have been performed in multiple countries and are ongoing (44--52). Midtrimester nonsurgical abortion with mifepristone and misoprostol or misoprostol alone also have been shown to be clinically effective (53,54).

In 1997, the U.S. Induced Termination of Pregnancy (ITOP) standard report published by NCHS and used by providers for abortion reporting to state health departments was revised to include a category for "medical (nonsurgical)" procedures (55). Medical abortion procedures have been included in this report since then as a separate category. CDC will continue to monitor early medical procedures and to report on the number of these procedures (Table 8).

The percentage of abortions known to be performed by curettage increased from 88% in 1973 to >96% during 1980--2001 and then decreased to 87% in 2005 (Table 1), whereas the percentage of abortions performed by intrauterine instillation declined sharply, from 10% in 1973 to <1% since 1989. The increase in use of curettage at >13 weeks is likely attributable to the lower risk for complications associated with the procedure (56,57). The percentage of abortions performed by curettage at >13 weeks' gestation (D&E) increased from 31% in 1974 (the first year for which these data were available) to 96% in 2005, and the percentage of abortions performed by intrauterine instillation at >13 weeks' gestation decreased from 57% to 0.4%; the percentage of medical abortions increased from 1.0% in 2000 to 9.9% in 2005 (Table 18) (58,59).

The proportion differential of the abortion ratio for black women and that for white women increased from 2.0 in 1989 (the first year for which black and other races were reported separately) to 3.0 in 2005 (60). In addition, the abortion rate for black women has been approximately 3 times as high as that for white women (range: 2.6--3.1) since 1991 (the first year for which rates by race were published) (61). These rates by race are substantially lower than rates previously published by NCHS (33) and indicate that the reporting areas for the 2005 report might not be truly representative of the U.S. black female population of reproductive age. In considering abortion patterns among white and Hispanic women, Census Bureau estimates and birth certificate data play an important role because they indicate that a substantial majority of Hispanic women report themselves as white (3,26). Therefore, data for certain white women represent white women of Hispanic ethnicity.

In 2005, a total of 38 states, DC, and NYC reported Hispanic ethnicity of women who obtained abortions. Because of concerns regarding the completeness of such data (>15% unknown data) in certain states, in 2005, data from only 28 states, DC, and NYC were used to determine the number and percentage of abortions obtained by women of Hispanic ethnicity. These geographic areas represent approximately 45% of reproductive-age Hispanic women in the United States for 2005 and approximately 46% of U.S. Hispanic births (3,26). Thus, the number of Hispanic women who obtained abortions was underestimated, and the number, ratio, and rate of abortions for Hispanic women in this report are not generalizable to the overall Hispanic population in the United States. Moreover, the value of making comparisons between the Hispanic and non-Hispanic populations is questionable because each group is substantially diverse.

Abortion ratios for both Hispanic and non-Hispanic women have declined considerably since 1992 (31% and 27%, respectively). As in the past, the abortion rate for Hispanic women was higher (21 per 1,000 women) than the rate for non-Hispanic women (14 per 1,000). Race- and ethnicity-specific differences in legal induced abortion ratios and rates might reflect differences among populations in socioeconomic status, access to and use of family planning and contraceptive services, contraceptive use, and incidence of unintended pregnancies.

NCHS vital statistics reports indicate that fertility and live birth rates were substantially higher for Hispanic women as a whole than for non-Hispanic women for all age groups in 2005 (26). However, because fertility and live birth rates differ substantially among both the different Hispanic (i.e., Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, and other Hispanic) and non-Hispanic (white, black, and other) subpopulations, comparisons between Hispanic and non-Hispanic populations are of limited value (26). Available abortion surveillance data do not permit cross-classification of race by Hispanic ethnicity.

Compared with the early 1970s, the annual number of deaths associated with known legal induced abortion in the first half of this decade has decreased by nearly two thirds (Table 19). In 1972, a total of 24 women died from causes known to be associated with legal abortions, and 39 died as a result of known illegal abortions. No more than two illegal abortion deaths have occurred in any year since 1979. In 2004, seven women died from causes known to be associated with legal induced abortions, and one died as a result of known illegal induced abortion. National case-fatality rates for 1998--2004 cannot be calculated because a substantial number of abortions occur in nonreporting states (four states in 1998 and 1999 and three states in 2000--2004); therefore, the total number of abortions (the denominator) is unknown.

Of the seven legal induced abortion-related deaths identified in 2004, one occurred after a medical (nonsurgical) abortion procedure. This case has been described previously (62). This is the second year for which a maternal death related to a medical abortion procedure has been identified.

Limitations

These data are reported voluntarily and are subject to at least five limitations. First, abortion data are compiled and reported to CDC by the central health department in the reporting area in which the abortion was performed rather than the area in which the woman resided. This choice of area inflates the numbers, ratios, and rates of abortions for areas in which a high proportion of legal abortions are obtained by out-of-state residents and undercounts procedures for states with limited abortion services, more stringent legal requirements for obtaining an abortion, or convenient geographical proximity to another state. Second, four states (Alaska, California, New Hampshire, and Oklahoma) did not report abortion data for 1998--1999, three states (Alaska, California, and New Hampshire) did not report data for 2000--2002, three states (California, New Hampshire, and West Virginia) did not report data for 2003 and 2004, and three states (California, New Hampshire, and Louisiana) did not report data for 2005. Data for California and Oklahoma were estimated before 1998; however, data for nonreporting states have not been estimated since then. Third, data provided to state or area health departments by providers might be incomplete (63). Fourth, the overall number, ratio, and rate of abortions are conservative estimates; the total numbers of legal induced abortions provided by central health agencies and reported to CDC for 2005 were probably lower than the numbers actually performed. In addition, the abortion total for 2000 provided to CDC by central health agencies are 20% lower than that reported for 2000 (the most recent year for which data are available) for the same reporting areas by The Alan Guttmacher Institute, a private organization that contacts abortion providers directly (64). A previous report documented a discrepancy of approximately 12% (65); the reasons for this larger discrepancy are unclear. Finally, because not all states collected or reported data on all characteristics (e.g., age, race, and the number of weeks' gestation) of women obtaining a legal induced abortion in 2005, the numbers, rates, and ratios derived in this analysis might not be representative of all women who obtained abortions.

Public Health Actions

Despite these limitations, findings from ongoing national surveillance of legal induced abortion are useful for at least five purposes. First, public health agencies use data from abortion surveillance to identify characteristics of women who are at high risk for unintended pregnancy and use this information to develop interventions to prevent such pregnancies. Second, ongoing annual surveillance is used to monitor trends in the number, ratio, and rate of abortions in the United States. Third, statistics regarding the number of pregnancies ending in abortion are used in conjunction with birth data and fetal death computations to estimate pregnancy rates (e.g., pregnancy rates among adolescents) (27--31,33). Fourth, abortion and pregnancy rates can be used to evaluate the effectiveness of family planning programs and programs for preventing unintended pregnancy. Finally, ongoing surveillance provides data for assessing changes in clinical practice patterns related to abortion (e.g., longitudinal changes in the types of procedures and trends in weeks of gestation at the time of abortion).

The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) was enacted by Congress in 1996 to facilitate the electronic transfer of health data relating primarily to insurance coverage and transferability (66). HIPAA provisions mandate adoption of federal privacy protections for certain individually identifiable health information. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services issued the Privacy Rule that became effective on April 14, 2003. Because the Privacy Rule exempts protected health information required for public health purposes from privacy protections, covered entities may provide such information without a person's authorization to a public health authority (e.g., CDC) whose stated purpose is to prevent and control disease. Collection of surveillance data for this report is exempt from the Privacy Rule. However, the complexity of the rule might result in difficulties in its interpretation and, therefore, in collecting surveillance data on the part of certain contributing agencies (66).

Approximately one in five U.S. pregnancies have ended in abortion, according to the most recent estimates from NCHS (31). Inconsistent method use of oral contraceptive methods (75.9%) and condoms (49.3%) were the most common reasons that women became pregnant and obtained abortions (22). Unintended pregnancy is a pervasive public health problem for all population subgroups and women of reproductive age (10,61,67).

Although induced abortions usually are performed for women who have unintended pregnancies, which often occur despite the use of contraception, the approximately 4.6 million women who have had intercourse in the previous 3 months but were not using contraception might be the most at risk for unintended pregnancy (18). Thus, a reduction in the number of abortions will require adapting complex strategies aimed at reducing such pregnancies. Insurance coverage of reversible contraception (e.g., vasectomy and tubal ligation) has increased substantially since 1993 (68), although gaps in coverage remain substantial. Education regarding abstinence and contraceptive use, including emergency contraception, combined with access to and education regarding safe, effective contraception and family planning services, might help reduce the incidence of unintended pregnancy and, therefore, the number of legal induced abortions in the United States (69,70).

Acknowledgments

The authors thank Kristi Seed, Division of Reproductive Health, National Centerfor Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC, for her help with the tables.

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* Includes state, DC, and NYC health departments.

† Wyoming reported 12 abortions occurring in 2004. As a result of the small number and because computing abortion ratios and rates for such a limited number is not appropriate, Wyoming was not included in this sequence in the text.

§ Ratios for adolescents aged <15 years differ in Tables 4 and 5 because a different number of areas reported; Table 4 includes 48 reporting areas, and Table 5 includes 46.

¶ Medical (nonsurgical) abortion procedures involve the administration of a medication or medications to induce abortion.

** After exclusion of 12 areas in which ethnicity data were unknown for >15% of women who obtained an abortion.


Table 1

TABLE 1. Characteristics of women who obtained legal abortions — United States, 1973–2005
Characteristics
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
Reported no. of legal abortions*
615,831
763,476
854,853
988,267
1,079,430
1,157,776
1,251,921
1,297,606
1,300,760
1,303,980
1,268,987
Percent distribution§
Residence
In-state/area
74.8
86.6
89.2
90.0
90.0
89.3
90.0
92.6
92.5
92.9
93.3
Out-of-state/area
25.2
13.4
10.8
10.0
10.0
10.7
10.0
7.4
7.5
7.1
6.7
Age (yrs)
<19
32.7
32.6
33.1
32.1
30.8
30.0
30.0
29.2
28.0
27.1
27.1
20–24
32.0
31.8
31.9
33.3
34.5
35.0
35.4
35.5
35.3
35.1
34.7
>25
35.3
35.6
35.0
34.6
34.7
35.0
34.6
35.3
36.7
37.8
38.2
Race¶
White
72.5
69.7
67.8
66.6
66.4
67.0
68.9
69.9
69.9
68.5
67.6
Black
27.5
30.3
32.2
33.4
33.6
33.0
31.1
30.1
30.1
31.5
32.4
Other**
—††
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Ethnicity
Hispanic
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Non-Hispanic
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Marital status
Married
27.4
27.4
26.1
24.6
24.3
26.4
24.7
23.1
22.1
22.0
21.4
Unmarried
72.6
72.6
73.9
75.4
75.7
73.6
75.3
76.9
77.9
78.0
78.6
No. of live births§§
0
48.6
47.9
47.1
47.7
53.4
56.6
58.1
58.4
58.3
57.8
57.1
1
18.8
19.6
20.2
20.7
19.0
19.2
19.1
19.4
19.7
20.3
20.7
2
14.2
14.8
15.5
15.4
14.4
14.1
13.8
13.7
13.7
13.9
14.2
3
8.7
8.7
8.7
8.3
7.0
5.9
5.5
5.3
5.3
5.1
5.2
>4
9.7
9.0
8.5
7.9
6.2
4.2
3.5
3.2
3.0
2.9
2.8
Type of procedure
Curettage
88.4
89.7
91.0
92.8
93.7
94.6
95.0
95.5
96.1
96.5
96.8
Suction curettage
74.9
77.4
82.6
82.6
90.7
90.2
91.3
89.8
90.4
90.7
91.1
Sharp curettage
13.5
12.3
8.4
10.2
3.0
4.4
3.7
5.7
5.7
5.8
5.7
Intrauterine instillation
10.3
7.8
6.2
6.0
5.4
3.9
3.3
3.1
2.8
2.5
2.1
Hysterotomy/hysterectomy¶¶
0.7
0.6
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
Other¶¶
0.6
1.9
2.4
0.9
0.7
1.4
1.6
1.3
1.0
1.0
1.1
Weeks of gestation
<8
36.1
42.6
44.6
47.0
51.1
52.2
52.1
51.7
51.2
50.6
49.7
<6
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
7
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
8
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
9–10
29.4
28.7
28.4
28.1
27.2
26.9
26.9
26.2
26.8
26.7
26.8
11–12
17.9
15.4
14.9
14.4
13.1
12.3
12.5
12.2
12.1
12.4
12.8
13–15
6.9
5.5
5.0
4.5
3.4
4.0
4.2
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.8
16–20
8.0
6.6
6.1
5.1
4.3
3.7
3.4
3.9
3.7
3.9
3.9
>21
1.7
1.2
1.0
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
1.0
1.1
1.0
* See Table 2 for number of areas reporting each year.
† With two exceptions (i.e., Louisiana and West Virginia), no characteristics were available for the excluded states in years before 1998. Alaska data were available for 2004; Oklahoma for 2000–2003; West Virginia for 1995–2002; and Louisiana data not available for 2005.
§ Based on known values in data from all areas reporting a given characteristic with <15% unknowns. The number of areas adequately reporting a given characteristic varied. For 2005, the number of areas included for residence was 47; age, 48; race, 38; ethnicity, 30; marital status, 43; number of previous live births, 40; number of previous induced abortions, 42; type of procedure, 45; and weeks of gestation, 42. Early numbers might differ (by 0.1%) from numbers previously published because of adjusting percentages to total 100.0%.
¶ Black race reported as black and other races through 1984. For 1990–1997, one state included “other” races with blacks.
** Includes all other races.
†† Not available.
§§ For 1973–1977, data indicate number of living children.
¶¶ Hysterotomy and hysterectomy included in “other” beginning in 1984. “Other” also included procedures reported as “other” and medical (nonsurgical) procedures (see Table 8) beginning in 1996. For 2005, the number of medical (nonsurgical) procedures reported was 66,487.
*** Data for 36 of 39 areas reporting weeks of gestation.
††† Data for 38 of 41 areas reporting weeks of gestation.
§§§ Data for 38 of 40 areas reporting weeks of gestation.
¶¶¶ Data for 37 of 40 areas reporting weeks of gestation.
**** Data for 40 of 42 areas reporting weeks of gestation.
†††† Data for 42 of 44 areas reporting weeks of gestation.
§§§§ Data for 41 of 43 areas reporting weeks of gestation.
¶¶¶¶ Data for 41 of 44 areas reporting weeks of gestation.
***** Data for 39 of 40 areas reporting weeks of gestation.

TABLE 1. (Continued) Characteristics of women who obtained legal abortions — United States, 1973–2005
Characteristics
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
Reported no. of legal abortions*
1,333,521
1,328,570
1,328,112
1,353,671
1,371,285
1,396,658
1,429,247
1,388,937
1,359,146
1,330,414
1,267,415
Percent distribution§
Residence
In-state/area
92.0
92.4
92.4
91.7
91.4
91.0
91.8
91.7
92.1
91.4
91.5
Out-of-state/area
8.0
7.6
7.6
8.3
8.6
9.0
8.2
8.3
7.9
8.6
8.5
Age (yrs)
<19
26.4
26.3
25.3
25.8
25.3
24.2
22.4
21.0
20.1
20.0
20.2
20–24
35.3
34.7
34.0
33.4
32.8
32.6
33.2
34.4
34.5
34.4
33.5
>25
38.3
39.0
40.7
40.8
41.9
43.2
44.4
44.6
45.4
45.6
46.3
Race¶
White
67.4
66.7
67.0
66.4
64.4
64.2
64.8
63.9
61.6
60.9
60.6
Black
32.6
29.8
28.7
29.3
31.1
31.2
31.9
32.5
33.9
34.9
34.7
Other**
—††
3.5
4.3
4.3
4.5
4.6
3.3
3.6
4.5
4.2
4.7
Ethnicity
Hispanic
—
—
—
—
—
—
11.4
13.2
15.0
14.5
14.1
Non-Hispanic
—
—
—
—
—
—
88.6
86.8
85.0
85.5
85.9
Marital status
Married
20.5
19.3
20.2
20.8
20.3
20.1
21.7
21.4
20.8
20.4
19.9
Unmarried
79.5
80.7
79.8
79.2
79.7
79.9
78.3
78.6
79.2
79.6
80.1
No. of live births§§
0
57.0
56.3
55.1
53.6
52.4
52.2
49.1
47.8
45.9
46.5
46.2
1
20.9
21.6
22.1
22.8
23.4
23.6
24.4
25.3
25.9
25.8
25.9
2
14.4
14.5
14.9
15.5
16.0
15.9
17.0
17.5
18.0
17.8
17.8
3
5.1
5.1
5.3
5.5
5.6
5.7
6.1
6.4
6.7
6.6
6.7
>4
2.6
2.5
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
3.4
3.0
3.5
3.3
3.4
Type of procedure
Curettage
96.8
97.5
97.0
97.2
98.6
98.8
98.9
99.0
98.9
99.1
99.1
Suction curettage
93.1
94.6
94.5
93.4
95.1
97.1
97.2
96.5
95.7
95.5
96.5
Sharp curettage
3.7
2.9
2.5
3.8
3.5
1.7
1.7
2.5
3.2
3.6
2.6
Intrauterine instillation
1.9
1.7
1.4
1.3
1.1
0.9
0.8
0.6
0.7
0.6
0.5
Other¶¶
1.3
0.8
1.6
1.5
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.4
Weeks of gestation
<8
50.5
50.3
51.0
50.4
48.7
49.8
51.6
52.4
52.1
52.3
53.7
<6
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
14.3***
14.7†††
15.7§§§
7
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
15.6***¶¶¶
16.2†††
16.5§§§
8
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
22.2***
21.6†††
21.6§§§
9–10
26.4
26.6
25.8
26.0
26.4
25.8
25.3
25.1
24.2
24.4
23.5
11–12
12.6
12.5
12.2
12.4
12.7
12.6
11.7
11.5
12.1
11.6
10.9
13–15
5.8
5.9
6.1
6.2
6.6
6.6
6.4
6.1
6.0
6.3
6.3
16–20
3.9
3.9
4.1
4.2
4.5
4.2
4.0
3.8
4.2
4.1
4.3
>21
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
1.1
1.0
1.0
1.1
1.4
1.3
1.3
* See Table 2 for number of areas reporting each year.
† With two exceptions (i.e., Louisiana and West Virginia), no characteristics were available for the excluded states in years before 1998. Alaska data were available for 2004; Oklahoma for 2000–2003; West Virginia for 1995–2002; and Louisiana data not available for 2005.
§ Based on known values in data from all areas reporting a given characteristic with <15% unknowns. The number of areas adequately reporting a given characteristic varied. For 2005, the number of areas included for residence was 47; age, 48; race, 38; ethnicity, 30; marital status, 43; number of previous live births, 40; number of previous induced abortions, 42; type of procedure, 45; and weeks of gestation, 42. Early numbers might differ (by 0.1%) from numbers previously published because of adjusting percentages to total 100.0%.
¶ Black race reported as black and other races through 1984. For 1990–1997, one state included “other” races with blacks.
** Includes all other races.
†† Not available.
§§ For 1973–1977, data indicate number of living children.
¶¶ Hysterotomy and hysterectomy included in “other” beginning in 1984. “Other” also included procedures reported as “other” and medical (nonsurgical) procedures (see Table 8) beginning in 1996. For 2005, the number of medical (nonsurgical) procedures reported was 66,487.
*** Data for 36 of 39 areas reporting weeks of gestation.
††† Data for 38 of 41 areas reporting weeks of gestation.
§§§ Data for 38 of 40 areas reporting weeks of gestation.
¶¶¶ Data for 37 of 40 areas reporting weeks of gestation.
**** Data for 40 of 42 areas reporting weeks of gestation.
†††† Data for 42 of 44 areas reporting weeks of gestation.
§§§§ Data for 41 of 43 areas reporting weeks of gestation.
¶¶¶¶ Data for 41 of 44 areas reporting weeks of gestation.
***** Data for 39 of 40 areas reporting weeks of gestation.

TABLE 1. (Continued) Characteristics of women who obtained legal abortions — United States, 1973–2005
Characteristics
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
Reported no. of legal abortions*
1,210,883
1,225,937
1,186,039
884,273
861,789
857,475
853,485
854,122
848,163
839,226
820,151
Reported no. of legal abortions
excluding AK, CA, LA, NH, OK, WV†
905,577
932,079
897,363
881,535
859,291
847,744
844,115
845,573
839,713
830,577
809,881
Percent distribution§
Residence
In-state/area
91.5
91.7
91.8
91.4
91.2
91.3
91.3
91.2
91.5
92.1
91.7
Out-of-state/area
8.5
8.3
8.2
8.6
8.8
8.7
8.7
8.8
8.5
7.9
8.3
Age (yrs)
<19
20.1
20.3
20.1
19.8
19.2
18.8
18.1
17.5
17.4
17.4
17.1
20–24
32.5
31.8
31.7
31.8
32.2
32.8
33.4
33.4
33.5
32.8
32.8
>25
47.4
47.9
48.2
48.4
48.6
48.4
48.5
49.1
49.1
49.8
50.1
Race¶
White
59.6
59.1
58.4
58.7
56.2
56.6
55.4
55.5
55.0
54.1
55.1
Black
35.0
35.3
35.9
35.4
37.3
36.3
36.6
36.6
37.1
38.2
36.9
Other**
5.4
5.6
5.7
5.9
6.5
7.1
8.0
7.9
7.9
7.7
8.0
Ethnicity
Hispanic
15.1
15.7
15.6
17.1
17.3
17.2
17.1
18.2
18.1
21.5
20.3
Non-Hispanic
84.9
84.3
84.4
82.9
82.7
82.8
82.9
81.8
81.9
78.5
79.7
Marital status
Married
19.7
19.6
19.0
18.9
19.2
18.7
18.4
18.1
17.9
17.2
16.9
Unmarried
80.3
80.4
81.0
81.1
80.8
81.3
81.6
81.9
82.1
82.8
83.1
No. of live births§§
0
45.2
44.2
42.2
41.1
40.6
40.0
45.2
40.0
40.2
41.0
41.0
1
26.5
26.8
27.6
27.9
27.9
27.7
25.2
27.3
27.1
26.8
26.6
2
18.0
18.4
19.1
19.6
19.8
20.1
18.4
20.2
20.1
19.7
19.8
3
6.8
7.0
7.3
7.5
7.7
7.9
7.3
8.2
8.2
8.1
8.2
>4
3.5
3.6
3.8
3.9
4.0
4.3
3.9
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.4
Type of procedure
Curettage
98.9
98.8
98.3
98.3
98.2
97.9
95.5
92.4
90.0
88.6
87.1
Suction curettage
96.6
96.5
97.3
96.8
96.0
95.6
92.8
90.0
88.3
87.4
86.2
Sharp curettage
2.3
2.3
1.0
1.5
2.2
2.3
2.7
2.4
1.7
1.2
0.9
Intrauterine instillation
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
0.9
0.6
0.8
Other¶¶
0.6
0.8
1.3
1.4
1.6
1.7
3.9
6.8
9.1
10.8
12.1
Weeks of gestation
<8
54.0
54.6
55.4
55.7
57.6
58.1
59.1
60.5
60.5
61.4
62.1
<6
15.7†††
16.3§§§
17.6****
19.2††††
21.9§§§§
23.3§§§§
24.9****
27.1††††
26.9††††
28.1¶¶¶¶
29.6*****
7
17.1†††
17.4§§§
18.1****
17.8††††
17.6§§§§
17.8§§§§
17.9****
17.8††††
18.1††††
18.1¶¶¶¶
18.1*****
8
21.2†††
21.0§§§
19.6****
18.8††††
18.2§§§§
17.1§§§§
16.4****
15.6††††
15.5††††
15.2¶¶¶¶
14.6*****
9–10
23.1
22.6
22.0
21.5
20.2
19.8
19.0
18.4
18.0
17.6
17.1
11–12
10.9
11.0
10.7
10.9
10.2
10.2
10.0
9.6
9.7
9.3
9.3
13–15
6.3
6.0
6.2
6.4
6.2
6.2
6.2
6.0
6.2
6.3
6.3
16–20
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.1
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.1
4.2
4.0
3.8
>21
1.4
1.5
1.4
1.4
1.5
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
* See Table 2 for number of areas reporting each year.
† With two exceptions (i.e., Louisiana and West Virginia), no characteristics were available for the excluded states in years before 1998. Alaska data were available for 2004; Oklahoma for 2000–2003; West Virginia for 1995–2002; and Louisiana data not available for 2005.
§ Based on known values in data from all areas reporting a given characteristic with <15% unknowns. The number of areas adequately reporting a given characteristic varied. For 2005, the number of areas included for residence was 47; age, 48; race, 38; ethnicity, 30; marital status, 43; number of previous live births, 40; number of previous induced abortions, 42; type of procedure, 45; and weeks of gestation, 42. Early numbers might differ (by 0.1%) from numbers previously published because of adjusting percentages to total 100.0%.
¶ Black race reported as black and other races through 1984. For 1990–1997, one state included “other” races with blacks.
** Includes all other races.
†† Not available.
§§ For 1973–1977, data indicate number of living children.
¶¶ Hysterotomy and hysterectomy included in “other” beginning in 1984. “Other” also included procedures reported as “other” and medical (nonsurgical) procedures (see Table 8) beginning in 1996. For 2005, the number of medical (nonsurgical) procedures reported was 66,487.
*** Data for 36 of 39 areas reporting weeks of gestation.
††† Data for 38 of 41 areas reporting weeks of gestation.
§§§ Data for 38 of 40 areas reporting weeks of gestation.
¶¶¶ Data for 37 of 40 areas reporting weeks of gestation.
**** Data for 40 of 42 areas reporting weeks of gestation.
†††† Data for 42 of 44 areas reporting weeks of gestation.
§§§§ Data for 41 of 43 areas reporting weeks of gestation.
¶¶¶¶ Data for 41 of 44 areas reporting weeks of gestation.
***** Data for 39 of 40 areas reporting weeks of gestation.
Return to top.
Figure 1

FIGURE 1. Number, ratio,* and rate† of legal abortions performed, by year — United States, 1974–2005§
Return to top.
Table 2

TABLE 2. Number, ratio,* and rate† of legal abortions and source of reporting for all reporting areas and for the 46 areas that reported in 1998–2005, by year — United States, 1970–2005
Year
No. of legal abortions
Ratio*
Rate†
No. of areas reporting
Central health agency§
Hospitals/Facilities¶
All reporting areas
1970
193,491
52
5
8
7
1971
485,816
137
11
19
7
1972
586,760
180
13
21
8
1973
615,831
196
14
26
26
1974
763,476
242
17
37
15
1975
854,853
272
18
39
13
1976
988,267
312
21
41
11
1977
1,079,430
325
22
46
6
1978
1,157,776
347
23
48
4
1979
1,251,921
358
24
47
5
1980
1,297,606
359
25
47
5
1981
1,300,760
358
24
46
6
1982
1,303,980
354
24
46
6
1983
1,268,987
349
23
46
6
1984
1,333,521
364
24
44
8
1985
1,328,570
354
24
44
8
1986
1,328,112
354
23
43
9
1987
1,353,671
356
24
45
7
1988
1,371,285
352
24
45
7
1989
1,396,658
346
24
45
7
1990
1,429,247
344
24
46
6
1991
1,388,937
338
24
47
5
1992
1,359,146
334
23
47
5
1993
1,330,414
333
23
47
5
1994
1,267,415
321
21
47
5
1995
1,210,883
311
20
48
4
1996
1,225,937
315**
21
48
4
1997
1,186,039
306
20
48
4
1998††
884,273
264
17
48
0
1999††
861,789
256
17
48
0
2000§§
857,475
245
16
49
0
2001§§
853,485
246
16
49
0
2002§§
854,122
246
16
49
0
2003¶¶
848,163
241
16
49
0
2004¶¶
839,226
238
16
49
0
2005***
820,151
233
15
49
0
46 Reporting areas†††
1995
894,086
280
18
45
1
1996
920,214
288**
18
45
1
1997
885,624
277
18
44
2
1998
870,184
267
17
46
0
1999
847,283
258
17
46
0
2000
836,360
249
16
46
0
2001
833,183
250
16
46
0
2002
835,122
251
16
46
0
2003
829,071
258
16
46
0
2004
819,353
241
16
46
0
2005
809,881
236
16
46
0
* Number of abortions per 1,000 live births.
† Number of abortions per 1,000 women aged 15–44 years.
§ State health departments and the health departments of New York City and the District of Columbia.
¶ Hospitals or other medical facilities in state.
** Beginning in 1996, the ratio was based on births reported by the National Center for Health Statistics, CDC.
†† Without estimates for Alaska, California, New Hampshire, and Oklahoma, which did not report number of legal abortions for 1998–1999.
§§ Without estimates for Alaska, California, and New Hampshire, which did not report number of legal abortions for 1998–2002.
¶¶ Without estimates for California, New Hampshire, and West Virginia, which did not report number of legal abortions for 2003 and 2004.
*** Without estimates for California, New Hampshire, and Louisiana, which did not report for 2005.
††† Without estimates for Alaska, which did not report number of legal abortions for 1998–2002; for California and New Hampshire, which did not report for 1998–2004; for Oklahoma, which did not report for 1998–1999; for West Virginia, which did not report for 2003-2004; and for Louisiana, which did not report for 2005.
Return to top.
Figure 2

FIGURE 2. Abortion ratio,* by age group of women who obtained a legal abortion — selected states,† United States, 2005
Return to top.
Table 3

TABLE 3. Reported number,* ratio,† and rate§ of legal abortions, by residence and occurrence, and percentage of abortions obtained by out-of-state residents,¶ by state of occurrence — United States, 2005
State/Area
Residence
Occurrence
% of legal abortions obtained by out-of-state residents
No. of legal abortions
Ratio
Rate
No. of legal abortions
Ratio
Rate
Alabama
9,905
164
11
11,211
185
12
16.8
Alaska
2,207
211
15
1,955
187
14
0.3
Arizona**
10,786
112
9
10,723
111
9
3.1
Arkansas
4,862
124
9
4,695
120
8
13.5
California††
—§§
—
—
—
—
—
—
Colorado
10,636
154
11
11,682
169
12
9.7
Connecticut
12,501
300
17
12,110
290
17
3.1
Delaware¶¶
3,275
281
18
4,148
356
23
26.9
Dist. Of Columbia
2,181
274
15
2,518
316
17
50.7
Florida***
—
—
—
92,513
409
27
—
Georgia
28,440
200
14
31,680
223
16
11.6
Hawaii
3,538
197
14
3,548
198
14
0.5
Idaho
1,843
80
6
1,099
48
4
3.1
Illinois
39,317
220
15
43,409
242
16
7.9
Indiana
11,741
135
9
10,686
123
8
3.9
Iowa¶¶
5,672
144
10
5,881
150
10
11.3
Kansas
5,643
141
10
10,462
262
19
47.0
Kentucky
2,594
46
3
3,776
67
4
—
Louisiana††
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Maine
2,535
180
10
2,653
188
10
5.2
Maryland¶¶
10,875
145
9
10,797
144
9
14.7
Massachusetts**
23,219
302
17
23,268
303
17
4.3
Michigan
24,938
195
12
25,209
197
12
2.8
Minnesota
12,840
181
12
13,362
188
12
7.9
Mississippi
6,286
148
10
3,041
72
5
2.8
Missouri
13,968
178
12
7,977
101
7
8.2
Montana
2,021
174
11
2,155
186
12
8.1
Nebraska
2,810
107
8
3,173
121
9
14.7
Nevada
9,949
267
20
10,565
283
21
6.3
New Hampshire††
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
New Jersey†††
31,590
278
18
31,230
274
17
5.5
New Mexico
6,273
218
16
5,934
206
15
5.6
New York
118,861
482
29
124,849
507
30
—
City
82,925
706
—
88,891§§§
756
—
7.1¶¶¶
State
35,936****
279
—
35,958
279
—
6.8¶¶¶
North Carolina
27,521
224
15
32,335
263
18
16.9
North Dakota
882
105
7
1,231
147
10
36.8
Ohio
32,019
216
14
34,128
230
15
8.1
Oklahoma
7,018
135
10
6,641
128
9
4.0
Oregon
10,432
227
14
11,602
253
16
12.3
Pennsylvania
36,852
253
15
34,909
240
14
4.1
Rhode Island
4,035
318
18
5,091
401
22
23.0
South Carolina
12,278
213
14
6,716
116
8
3.9
South Dakota
916
80
6
805
70
5
18.3
Tennessee
13,850
169
11
16,178
198
13
21.3
Texas
74,569
193
15
77,108
200
15
3.5
Utah
3,445
67
6
3,556
69
6
7.8
Vermont
1,466
233
12
1,620
257
13
10.6
Virginia
27,576
264
17
26,309
252
16
4.7
Washington
24,242
293
18
24,108
292
18
5.0
West Virginia††
2,089
100
6
1,674
80
5
13.3
Wisconsin¶¶
10,798
152
10
9,817
138
9
2.6
Wyoming
904
125
9
14
2††††
0††††
0.0
Other residence§§§§
2,759
—
—
NA¶¶¶¶
NA
NA
NA
Total known
716,496
820,151
233
15
8.3

TABLE 3. (Continued) Reported number,* ratio,† and rate§ of legal abortions, by residence and occurrence, and percentage of abortions obtained by out-of-state residents,¶ by state of occurrence — United States, 2005
State/Area
Residence
Occurrence
% of legal abortions obtained by out-of-state residents
No. of legal abortions
Ratio
Rate
No. of legal abortions
Ratio
Rate
Unknown residence*****
6,901
Not reported by residence†††††
96,754
Total
820,151
233
15
* Abortion data reported by central health agencies.
† Number of abortions per 1,000 live births. Number of live births obtained. Source: Martin JA, Hamilton BE, Sutton PD,Ventura SJ, Menacker F, Kirmeyer S. Births: final data for 2004. Atlanta, GA: US Department of Health and Human Services, CDC, National Center for Health Statistics; 2006. (National Vital Statistics Reports; vol. 55, no. 1).
§ Number of abortions per 1,000 women aged 15–44 years. Source: US Bureau of the Census, Population Estimates Branch, state estimates by demographic characteristics, 6 race group. Released August 4, 2006. Available at http://www.census.gov/popest/states/ASRH/files/SC_EST2005_alldata6.txt.
¶ Based on number of abortions for which residence of women were known.
** Reported numbers of abortions for in-state residents without detailed information regarding out-of-state residents.
†† State did not report abortions.
§§ Not available.
¶¶ Reported for own residents only.
*** State reported abortions by occurrence only.
††† Numbers do not include private physicians’ procedures.
§§§ Reported by the New York City Department of Health.
¶¶¶ Percentage based on number of abortions reported as “out-of-reporting area.”
**** Abortions for women whose state of residence was listed as “New York.”
†††† Ratio and rate not provided because of small numbers.
§§§§ Women whose residence was listed as Canada, Mexico, or “other.”
¶¶¶¶ Not applicable.
***** Reported as unknown residence (6,901) or out-of-state residence, but not specified (2,759).
††††† Total for states that did not report abortions by residence.
Return to top.
Figure 3

FIGURE 3. Abortion ratio,* by age group† of women who obtained a legal abortion — selected areas,§ United States, 1973–2005
Return to top.
Table 4

TABLE 4. Reported legal abortions, by age group of women who obtained an abortion and state of occurrence — selected states,* United States, 2005
State/Area
Age group (yrs)
Total
<15
15–19
20–24
25–29
30–34
35–39
>40
Unknown
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)†
Alabama
97
(0.9)
1,992
(17.8)
3,917
(34.9)
2,575
(23.0)
1,577
(14.1)
788
(7.0)
260
(2.3)
5
(0.0)
11,211
(100.0)
Alaska
12
(0.6)
374
(19.1)
679
(34.7)
421
(21.5)
242
(12.4)
146
(7.5)
77
(3.9)
4
(0.2)
1,955
(100.0)
Arizona
55
(0.5)
1,868
(17.4)
3,582
(33.4)
2,267
(21.1)
1,372
(12.8)
822
(7.7)
317
(3.0)
440
(4.1)
10,723
(100.0)
Arkansas
45
(1.0)
740
(15.8)
1,588
(33.8)
1,070
(22.8)
727
(15.5)
395
(8.4)
129
(2.7)
1
(0.0)
4,695
(100.0)
Colorado
79
(0.7)
2,077
(17.8)
3,911
(33.5)
2,475
(21.2)
1,614
(13.8)
1,038
(8.9)
447
(3.8)
41
(0.4)
11,682
(100.0)
Connecticut
87
(0.7)
2,216
(18.3)
3,942
(32.6)
2,749
(22.7)
1,602
(13.2)
1,019
(8.4)
340
(2.8)
155
(1.3)
12,110
(100.0)
Delaware§
20
(0.7)
555
(18.3)
1,082
(35.7)
685
(22.6)
371
(12.2)
242
(8.0)
76
(2.5)
0
(0.0)
3,031
(100.0)
Dist. of Columbia
25
(1.0)
433
(17.2)
785
(31.2)
628
(24.9)
368
(14.6)
204
(8.1)
75
(3.0)
0
(0.0)
2,518
(100.0)
Georgia
246
(0.8)
4,656
(14.7)
10,048
(31.7)
7,927
(25.0)
5,103
(16.1)
2,796
(8.8)
904
(2.9)
0
(0.0)
31,680
(100.0)
Hawaii
19
(0.5)
678
(19.1)
1,173
(33.1)
771
(21.7)
472
(13.3)
303
(8.5)
127
(3.6)
5
(0.1)
3,548
(100.0)
Idaho§
6
(0.5)
208
(18.9)
330
(30.0)
267
(24.3)
138
(12.6)
107
(9.7)
43
(3.9)
0
(0.0)
1,099
(100.0)
Illinois§,¶
237
(0.6)
6,672
(17.5)
11,753
(30.8)
9,103
(23.9)
5,810
(15.2)
3,400
(8.9)
1,178
(3.1)
0
(0.0)
38,153
(100.0)
Indiana
41
(0.4)
1,716
(16.1)
3,676
(34.4)
2,476
(23.2)
1,519
(14.2)
844
(7.9)
297
(2.8)
117
(1.1)
10,686
(100.0)
Iowa
32
(0.5)
1,055
(17.9)
2,051
(34.9)
1,311
(22.3)
779
(13.2)
455
(7.7)
179
(3.0)
19
(0.3)
5,881
(100.0)
Kansas
56
(0.5)
1,771
(16.9)
3,614
(34.5)
2,457
(23.5)
1,419
(13.6)
842
(8.0)
303
(2.9)
0
(0.0)
10,462
(100.0)
Kentucky
23
(0.6)
543
(14.4)
1,276
(33.8)
863
(22.9)
554
(14.7)
363
(9.6)
124
(3.3)
30
(0.8)
3,776
(100.0)
Maine
12
(0.5)
510
(19.2)
863
(32.5)
569
(21.4)
329
(12.4)
201
(7.6)
91
(3.4)
78
(2.9)
2,653
(100.0)
Maryland§
43
(0.5)
1,276
(13.9)
2,900
(31.5)
2,370
(25.8)
1,455
(15.8)
877
(9.5)
277
(3.0)
0
(0.0)
9,198
(100.0)
Massachusetts
100
(0.4)
3,709
(15.9)
7,547
(32.4)
5,136
(22.1)
3,366
(14.5)
2,455
(10.6)
932
(4.0)
23
(0.1)
23,268
(100.0)
Michigan
175
(0.7)
4,497
(17.8)
8,259
(32.8)
5,676
(22.5)
3,697
(14.7)
2,174
(8.6)
712
(2.8)
19
(0.1)
25,209
(100.0)
Minnesota
50
(0.4)
1,975
(14.8)
4,569
(34.2)
3,198
(23.9)
1,905
(14.3)
1,229
(9.2)
436
(3.3)
0
(0.0)
13,362
(100.0)
Mississippi
35
(1.2)
469
(15.4)
1,144
(37.6)
760
(25.0)
397
(13.1)
162
(5.3)
70
(2.3)
4
(0.1)
3,041
(100.0)
Missouri
55
(0.7)
1,230
(15.4)
2,709
(34.0)
1,824
(22.9)
1,142
(14.3)
721
(9.0)
296
(3.7)
0
(0.0)
7,977
(100.0)
Montana
7
(0.3)
467
(21.7)
737
(34.2)
412
(19.1)
289
(13.4)
170
(7.9)
72
(3.3)
1
(0.0)
2,155
(100.0)
Nebraska
17
(0.5)
532
(16.8)
1,105
(34.8)
706
(22.3)
427
(13.5)
279
(8.8)
107
(3.4)
0
(0.0)
3,173
(100.0)
Nevada
36
(0.3)
1,696
(16.1)
3,155
(29.9)
2,349
(22.2)
1,545
(14.6)
998
(9.4)
365
(3.5)
421
(4.0)
10,565
(100.0)
New Jersey**
184
(0.6)
5,593
(17.9)
9,591
(30.7)
7,650
(24.5)
4,460
(14.3)
2,692
(8.8)
1,055
(3.4)
5
(0.0)
31,230
(100.0)
New Mexico
32
(0.5)
1,126
(19.0)
2,099
(35.4)
1,306
(22.0)
702
(11.8)
403
(6.8)
190
(3.2)
76
(1.3)
5,934
(100.0)
New York
751
(0.6)
22,012
(17.6)
37,806
(30.3)
29,031
(23.3)
18,601
(14.9)
11,741
(9.4)
4,497
(3.6)
410
(0.3)
124,849
(100.0)
City
524
(0.6)
14,838
(16.7)
25,905
(29.1)
21,483
(24.2)
14,036
(15.8)
8,594
(9.7)
3,156
(3.6)
355
(0.4)
88,891
(100.0)
State
227
(0.6)
7,174
(20.0)
11,901
(33.1)
7,548
(21.0)
4,565
(12.7)
3,147
(8.8)
1,341
(3.7)
55
(0.2)
35,958
(100.0)
North Carolina
235
(0.7)
4,815
(14.9)
10,533
(32.6)
7,595
(23.5)
4,678
(14.5)
2,496
(7.7)
834
(2.6)
1,149
(3.6)
32,335
(100.0)
North Dakota††
—
—
255
(20.7)
447
(36.3)
262
(21.3)
137
(11.1)
90
(7.3)
38
(3.1)
—
—
1,231
(100.0)
Ohio
240
(0.7)
5,817
(17.0)
11,502
(33.7)
7,968
(23.3)
4,687
(13.7)
2,708
(7.9)
947
(2.8)
259
(0.8)
34,128
(100.0)
Oklahoma
34
(0.5)
1,099
(16.5)
2,312
(34.8)
1,524
(22.9)
930
(14.0)
523
(7.9)
181
(2.7)
38
(0.6)
6,641
(100.0)
Oregon
48
(0.4)
1,899
(16.4)
3,759
(32.4)
2,672
(23.0)
1,686
(14.5)
1,061
(9.1)
449
(3.9)
28
(0.2)
11,602
(100.0)
Pennsylvania
226
(0.6)
5,760
(16.5)
11,714
(33.6)
7,903
(22.6)
5,028
(14.4)
3,105
(8.9)
1,172
(3.4)
1
(0.0)
34,909
(100.0)
Rhode Island
19
(0.4)
868
(17.0)
1,712
(33.6)
1,132
(22.2)
717
(14.1)
398
(7.8)
185
(3.6)
60
(1.2)
5,091
(100.0)
South Carolina
43
(0.6)
1,218
(18.1)
2,132
(31.7)
1,509
(22.5)
1,044
(15.5)
571
(8.5)
199
(3.0)
0
(0.0)
6,716
(100.0)
South Dakota††
—
—
135
(16.8)
281
(34.9)
179
(22.2)
116
(14.4)
68
(8.4)
25
(3.1)
—
—
805
(100.0)
Tennessee
126
(0.8)
2,495
(15.4)
5,548
(34.3)
3,918
(24.2)
2,381
(14.7)
1,284
(7.9)
373
(2.3)
53
(0.3)
16,178
(100.0)
Texas
208
(0.3)
9,911
(12.9)
26,264
(34.1)
19,654
(25.5)
11,790
(15.3)
6,720
(8.7)
2,558
(3.3)
3
(0.0)
77,108
(100.0)
Utah
14
(0.4)
569
(16.0)
1,139
(32.0)
842
(23.7)
495
(13.9)
332
(9.3)
103
(2.9)
62
(1.7)
3,556
(100.0)
Vermont
7
(0.4)
326
(20.1)
570
(35.2)
342
(21.1)
176
(10.9)
130
(8.0)
68
(4.2)
1
(0.1)
1,620
(100.0)
Virginia
118
(0.4)
3,938
(15.0)
8,980
(34.1)
6,198
(23.6)
3,767
(14.3)
2,283
(8.7)
875
(3.3)
150
(0.6)
26,309
(100.0)
Washington
132
(0.5)
4,404
(18.3)
8,055
(33.4)
5,294
(22.0)
3,277
(13.6)
2,106
(8.7)
833
(3.5)
7
(0.0)
24,108
(100.0)
West Virginia
5
(0.3)
303
(18.1)
567
(33.9)
413
(24.7)
233
(13.9)
114
(6.8)
37
(2.2)
2
(0.1)
1,674
(100.0)
Wisconsin§
53
(0.6)
1,673
(17.5)
3,341
(34.9)
2,083
(21.8)
1,309
(13.7)
791
(8.3)
316
(3.3)
0
(0.0)
9,566
(100.0)
Wyoming††
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
14
(100.0)
Total§§
4,085
(0.6)
118,131
(16.4)
234,747
(32.6)
168,520
(23.4)
104,433
(14.5)
62,646
(8.7)
23,169
(3.2)
3,667
(0.5)
719,415
(100.0)
Abortion ratio¶¶
764
358
283
187
140
168
278
219
Abortion rate***
1
14
29
22
13
8
3
14
* Data from 46 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City.
† Percentages might not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
§ Includes residents only.
¶ Number of procedures for the >45 years age group are included with those of the unknown age group because data were not available separately (data have been <0.2% in previous years). The category of >40 years, therefore, represents the 40–44 years group for Illinois.
** Numbers do not include private physicians’ procedures.
†† Cell details not displayed because of small numbers.
§§ Totals do not include small numbers.
¶¶ Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women in a given age group per 1,000 live births to women in the same age group for these states. For each state, data for women of unknown age were distributed according to the known age distribution for that state.
*** Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women in a given age group per 1,000 women in the same age group for these states. Women aged 13–14 years were used for the denominator for the <15 years age group, women aged 40–44 years were used for the denominator for the >40 years age group, and women aged 15–44 years were used for the denominator for the total rate. For each state, data for women of unknown age were distributed according to the known age distribution for that state.
Return to top.
Figure 4

FIGURE 4. Percentage* of women who obtained early† or late§ abortions, by age group — selected states,¶ United States, 2005
Return to top.
Table 5

TABLE 5. Reported legal abortions obtained by adolescents, by known age and state of occurrence — selected states,∗ United States, 2005
State/Area
Age (yrs)
Total
<15
15
16
17
18
19
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)†
Alabama
97
(4.6)
151
(7.2)
250
(12.0)
304
(14.6)
540
(25.8)
747
(35.8)
2,089
(100.0)
Alaska
12
(3.1)
17
(4.4)
33
(8.5)
78
(20.2)
116
(30.1)
130
(33.7)
386
(100.0)
Arizona
55
(2.9)
101
(5.3)
199
(10.3)
288
(15.0)
565
(29.4)
715
(37.2)
1,923
(100.0)
Arkansas
45
(5.7)
60
(7.6)
107
(13.6)
131
(16.7)
208
(26.5)
234
(29.8)
785
(100.0)
Colorado
79
(3.7)
136
(6.3)
200
(9.3)
371
(17.2)
639
(29.6)
731
(33.9)
2,156
(100.0)
Connecticut
87
(3.8)
138
(6.0)
260
(11.3)
511
(22.2)
613
(26.6)
694
(30.1)
2,303
(100.0)
Delaware§
20
(3.5)
31
(5.4)
75
(13.0)
109
(19.0)
148
(25.7)
192
(33.4)
575
(100.0)
Dist. of Columbia
25
(5.5)
36
(7.9)
63
(13.8)
96
(21.0)
95
(20.7)
143
(31.2)
458
(100.0)
Georgia
246
(5.0)
331
(6.8)
598
(12.2)
768
(15.7)
1,352
(27.6)
1,607
(32.8)
4,902
(100.0)
Hawaii
19
(2.7)
57
(8.2)
95
(13.6)
147
(21.1)
183
(26.3)
196
(28.1)
697
(100.0)
Idaho
6
(2.8)
17
(7.9)
23
(10.7)
33
(15.4)
68
(31.8)
67
(31.3)
214
(100.0)
Indiana
41
(2.3)
112
(6.4)
182
(10.4)
256
(14.6)
514
(29.3)
652
(37.1)
1,757
(100.0)
Iowa§
32
(2.9)
71
(6.5)
136
(12.5)
159
(14.6)
300
(27.6)
389
(35.8)
1,087
(100.0)
Kansas
56
(3.1)
120
(6.6)
228
(12.5)
291
(15.9)
499
(27.3)
633
(34.6)
1,827
(100.0)
Kentucky
23
(4.1)
65
(11.5)
66
(11.7)
87
(15.4)
143
(25.3)
182
(32.2)
566
(100.0)
Maine
12
(2.3)
26
(5.0)
47
(9.0)
115
(22.0)
141
(27.0)
181
(34.7)
522
(100.0)
Massachusetts
100
(2.6)
214
(5.6)
418
(11.0)
594
(15.6)
1,124
(29.5)
1,359
(35.7)
3,809
(100.0)
Michigan
175
(3.7)
290
(6.2)
504
(10.8)
789
(16.9)
1,358
(29.1)
1,556
(33.3)
4,672
(100.0)
Minnesota
50
(2.5)
110
(5.4)
213
(10.5)
309
(15.3)
586
(28.9)
757
(37.4)
2,025
(100.0)
Mississippi
35
(6.9)
26
(5.2)
40
(7.9)
73
(14.5)
141
(28.0)
189
(37.5)
504
(100.0)
Missouri
55
(4.3)
91
(7.1)
125
(9.7)
155
(12.1)
357
(27.8)
502
(39.1)
1,285
(100.0)
Montana
7
(1.5)
31
(6.5)
62
(13.1)
113
(23.8)
121
(25.5)
140
(29.5)
474
(100.0)
Nebraska
17
(3.1)
25
(4.6)
69
(12.6)
96
(17.5)
144
(26.2)
198
(36.1)
549
(100.0)
Nevada
36
(2.1)
106
(6.1)
207
(12.0)
315
(18.2)
489
(28.2)
579
(33.4)
1,732
(100.0)
New Jersey¶
184
(3.2)
406
(7.0)
723
(12.5)
1,184
(20.5)
1,530
(26.5)
1,750
(30.3)
5,777
(100.0)
New Mexico
32
(2.8)
82
(7.1)
141
(12.2)
233
(20.1)
316
(27.3)
354
(30.6)
1,158
(100.0)
New York
751
(3.3)
1,557
(6.8)
2,942
(12.9)
4,497
(19.8)
6,113
(26.9)
6,903
(30.3)
22,763
(100.0)
City
524
(3.4)
1,096
(7.1)
2,070
(13.5)
2,995
(19.5)
4,094
(26.7)
4,583
(29.8)
15,362
(100.0)
State
227
(3.1)
461
(6.2)
872
(11.8)
1,502
(20.3)
2,019
(27.3)
2,320
(31.3)
7,401
(100.0)
North Carolina
235
(4.7)
326
(6.5)
545
(10.8)
753
(14.9)
1,409
(27.9)
1,782
(35.3)
5,050
(100.0)
North Dakota**
—
—
—
—
28
(10.9)
42
(16.3)
80
(31.1)
97
(37.7)
257
(100.0)
Ohio
240
(4.0)
434
(7.2)
717
(11.8)
973
(16.1)
1,688
(27.9)
2,005
(33.1)
6,057
(100.0)
Oklahoma
34
(3.0)
73
(6.4)
126
(11.1)
188
(16.6)
332
(29.3)
380
(33.5)
1,133
(100.0)
Oregon
48
(2.5)
120
(6.2)
218
(11.2)
355
(18.2)
511
(26.2)
695
(35.7)
1,947
(100.0)
Pennsylvania
226
(3.8)
403
(6.7)
623
(10.4)
831
(13.9)
1,756
(29.3)
2,147
(35.9)
5,986
(100.0)
Rhode Island
19
(2.1)
50
(5.6)
75
(8.5)
141
(15.9)
268
(30.2)
334
(37.7)
887
(100.0)
South Carolina
43
(3.4)
86
(6.8)
131
(10.4)
290
(23.0)
329
(26.1)
382
(30.3)
1,261
(100.0)
South Dakota**
—
—
—
—
13
(9.6)
29
(21.3)
36
(26.5)
44
(32.4)
136
(100.0)
Tennessee
126
(4.8)
169
(6.4)
305
(11.6)
356
(13.6)
742
(28.3)
923
(35.2)
2,621
(100.0)
Texas
208
(2.1)
498
(4.9)
971
(9.6)
1,610
(15.9)
2,749
(27.2)
4,083
(40.3)
10,119
(100.0)
Utah
14
(2.4)
37
(6.3)
65
(11.1)
87
(14.9)
190
(32.6)
190
(32.6)
583
(100.0)
Vermont
7
(2.1)
20
(6.0)
26
(7.8)
62
(18.6)
86
(25.8)
132
(39.6)
333
(100.0)
Virginia
118
(2.9)
243
(6.0)
412
(10.2)
575
(14.2)
1,201
(29.6)
1,507
(37.2)
4,056
(100.0)
Washington
132
(2.9)
276
(6.1)
507
(11.2)
867
(19.1)
1,248
(27.5)
1,506
(33.2)
4,536
(100.0)
West Virginia
5
(1.6)
18
(5.8)
39
(12.7)
43
(14.0)
95
(30.8)
108
(35.1)
308
(100.0)
Wisconsin§
53
(3.1)
132
(7.6)
172
(10.0)
273
(15.8)
501
(29.0)
595
(34.5)
1,726
(100.0)
Wyoming**
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
2
(100.0)
Total††
3,805
(3.3)
7,292
(6.4)
12,979
(11.4)
19,577
(17.2)
31,624
(27.7)
38,690
(33.9)
113,993
(100.0)
Abortion ratio§§
776
546
433
360
367
316
366
Abortion rate¶¶
1
5
9
13
22
26
11
* Data from 44 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City.
† Percentages might not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
§ Includes residents only.
¶ Numbers do not include private physicians’ procedures.
** Cell details not displayed because of small numbers.
†† Totals do not include small numbers.
§§ Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women of a given age per 1,000 live births to women of the same age for these states. For each state, data for women whose age was unknown were distributed according to the known age distribution for that state.
¶¶ Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women of a given age per 1,000 women of the same age for these states. Women aged 13–14 years were used for the denominator for the <15 years age group. For each state, data for women whose age was unknown were distributed according to the known age distribution for that state.
Return to top.
Table 6

TABLE 6. Reported legal abortions, by weeks of gestation* and state of occurrence — selected states,† United States, 2005
State/Area
Week of gestation
Total
<8
9–10
11–12
13–15
16–20
>21
Unknown
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)§
Alabama¶
6,890
(61.5)
1,775
(15.8)
1,088
(9.7)
869
(7.8)
535
(4.8)
34
(0.3)
20
(0.2)
11,211
(100.0)
Alaska¶,**
1,112
(56.9)
467
(23.9)
278
(14.2)
73
(3.7)
8
(0.4)
—
—
—
—
1,955
(100.0)
Arizona¶
6,208
(57.9)
1,715
(16.0)
859
(8.0)
603
(5.6)
342
(3.2)
133
(1.2)
863
(8.0)
10,723
(100.0)
Arkansas††,**
2,698
(57.5)
767
(16.3)
443
(9.4)
390
(8.3)
395
(8.4)
—
—
—
—
4,695
(100.0)
Colorado¶
7,549
(64.6)
1,730
(14.8)
966
(8.3)
713
(6.1)
392
(3.4)
273
(2.3)
59
(0.5)
11,682
(100.0)
Connecticut¶
7,554§§
(62.4)
2,083§§
(17.2)
1,128§§
(9.3)
806
(6.7)
319
(2.6)
32
(0.3)
188
(1.6)
12,110
(100.0)
Delaware¶,¶¶
1,903
(62.8)
529
(17.5)
286
(9.4)
218
(7.2)
82
(2.7)
6
(0.2)
7
(0.2)
3,031
(100.0)
Dist. of Columbia
1,655
(65.7)
307
(12.2)
153
(6.1)
205
(8.1)
198
(7.9)
0
(0.0)
0
(0.0)
2,518
(100.0)
Georgia
17,284
(54.6)
6,277
(19.8)
3,351
(10.6)
2,028
(6.4)
1,646
(5.2)
1,094
(3.5)
0
(0.0)
31,680
(100.0)
Hawaii¶
1,872
(52.8)
746
(21.0)
420
(11.8)
237
(6.7)
225
(6.3)
16
(0.5)
32
(0.9)
3,548
(100.0)
Idaho¶
645
(58.7)
303
(27.6)
118
(10.7)
15
(1.4)
13
(1.2)
5
(0.5)
0
(0.0)
1,099
(100.0)
Indiana¶
6,499
(60.8)
2,150
(20.1)
1,203
(11.3)
238
(2.2)
118
(1.1)
0
(0.0)
478
(4.5)
10,686
(100.0)
Iowa¶¶
4,320
(73.5)
736
(12.5)
445
(7.6)
222
(3.8)
134
(2.3)
13
(0.2)
11
(0.2)
5,881
(100.0)
Kansas¶
6,541
(62.5)
1,548
(14.8)
836
(8.0)
626
(6.0)
452
(4.3)
459
(4.4)
0
(0.0)
10,462
(100.0)
Kentucky
2,127
(56.3)
613
(16.2)
415
(11.0)
263
(7.0)
232
(6.1)
54
(1.4)
72
(1.9)
3,776
(100.0)
Maine***
1,807
(68.1)
492
(18.5)
244
(9.2)
82
(3.1)
26
(1.0)
—
—
—
—
2,653
(100.0)
Michigan***
16,304
(64.7)
3,982
(15.8)
2,092
(8.3)
1,914
(7.6)
723
(2.9)
181
(0.7)
13
(0.1)
25,209
(100.0)
Minnesota¶
8,292
(62.1)
2,229
(16.7)
1,282
(9.6)
785
(5.9)
726
(5.4)
48
(0.4)
0
(0.0)
13,362
(100.0)
Missouri
4,853
(60.8)
1,533
(19.2)
882
(11.1)
392
(4.9)
249
(3.1)
34
(0.4)
34
(0.4)
7,977
(100.0)
Montana¶
1,155
(53.6)
414
(19.2)
267
(12.4)
171
(7.9)
125
(5.8)
22
(1.0)
1
(0.0)
2,155
(100.0)
New Jersey†††
18,423
(59.0)
4,772
(15.3)
1,902
(6.1)
3,049
(9.8)
2,234
(7.2)
850
(2.7)
0
(0.0)
31,230
(100.0)
New Mexico***
3,510
(59.2)
889
(15.0)
515
(8.7)
362
(6.1)
380
(6.4)
106
(1.8)
172
(2.9)
5,934
(100.0)
New York
69,690
(55.8)
22,061
(17.7)
11,267
(9.0)
7,267
(5.8)
5,956
(4.8)
2,956
(2.4)
5,652
(4.5)
124,849
(100.0)
City¶
56,296
(63.3)
13,520
(15.2)
6,634
(7.5)
4,727
(5.3)
4,695
(5.3)
2,221
(2.5)
798
(0.9)
88,891
(100.0)
State
13,394
(37.2)
8,541
(23.8)
4,633
(12.9)
2,540
(7.1)
1,261
(3.5)
735
(2.0)
4,854
(13.5)
35,958
(100.0)
North Carolina¶,**
17,452
(54.0)
4,453
(13.8)
2,498
(7.7)
2,189
(6.8)
—
—
—
—
4,772
(14.8)
32,335
(100.0)
North Dakota¶
710
(57.7)
253
(20.6)
172
(14.0)
89
(7.2)
7
(0.6)
0
(0.0)
0
(0.0)
1,231
(100.0)
Ohio¶
19,549
(57.3)
6,097
(17.9)
3,450
(10.1)
2,484
(7.3)
1,738
(5.1)
577
(1.7)
233
(0.7)
34,128
(100.0)
Oklahoma¶
4,273
(64.3)
1,137
(17.1)
613
(9.2)
390
(5.9)
220
(3.3)
8
(0.1)
0
(0.0)
6,641
(100.0)
Oregon¶
7,505
(64.7)
1,630
(14.0)
1,016
(8.8)
617
(5.3)
561
(4.8)
227
(2.0)
46
(0.4)
11,602
(100.0)
Pennsylvania
20,478
(58.7)
6,796
(19.5)
3,633
(10.4)
2,508
(7.2)
1,302
(3.7)
192
(0.6)
0
(0.0)
34,909
(100.0)
Rhode Island¶
3,510
(68.9)
693
(13.6)
375
(7.4)
325
(6.4)
139
(2.7)
11
(0.2)
38
(0.7)
5,091
(100.0)
South Carolina
4,933
(73.5)
1,033
(15.4)
643
(9.6)
74
(1.1)
15
(0.2)
17
(0.3)
1
(0.0)
6,716
(100.0)
South Dakota¶,**
443
(55.0)
215
(26.7)
102
(12.7)
32
(4.0)
—
—
10
(1.2)
—
—
805
(100.0)
Tennessee¶
10,356
(64.0)
2,916
(18.0)
2,141
(13.2)
534
(3.3)
55
(0.3)
11
(0.1)
165
(1.0)
16,178
(100.0)
Texas¶
54,367
(70.5)
10,974
(14.2)
5,676
(7.4)
4,826
(6.3)
865
(1.1)
395
(0.5)
5
(0.0)
77,108
(100.0)
Utah¶
2,227
(62.6)
522
(14.7)
268
(7.5)
254
(7.1)
175
(4.9)
7
(0.2)
103
(2.9)
3,556
(100.0)
Vermont**
1,120
(69.1)
287
(17.7)
124
(7.7)
75
(4.6)
12
(0.7)
—
—
—
—
1,620
(100.0)
Virginia¶
17,615
(67.0)
4,789
(18.2)
2,704
(10.3)
729
(2.8)
288
(1.1)
58
(0.2)
126
(0.5)
26,309
(100.0)
Washington¶
14,869
(61.7)
4,004
(16.6)
2,185
(9.1)
1,398
(5.8)
1,161
(4.8)
444
(1.8)
47
(0.2)
24,108
(100.0)
West Virginia
976
(58.3)
328
(19.6)
214
(12.8)
113
(6.8)
36
(2.2)
6
(0.4)
1
(0.1)
1,674
(100.0)
Wisconsin††,¶¶
5,185
(54.2)
1,779
(18.6)
1,139
(11.9)
767
(8.0)
493
(5.2)
203
(2.1)
0
(0.0)
9,566
(100.0)
Wyoming**,††
6
(42.9)
6
(42.9)
—
—
0
(0.0)
0
(0.0)
0
(0.0)
—
—
14
(100.0)
Total§§§
384,465
(60.8)
106,030
(16.8)
57,393
(9.1)
38,932
(6.2)
22,577
(3.7)
8,482
(1.3)
13,139
(2.1)
632,017
(100.0)
* Data for legal abortions obtained at <8 weeks of gestation are presented in Table 7 by <6, 7, and 8 weeks of gestation.
† Data from 40 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City; excludes three states (Mississippi, Nebraska, and Nevada) in which gestational age was reported as unknown for >15% of women.
§ Percentages might not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
¶ Weeks of gestation based on physicians’ estimates.
** Cell details not displayed because of small numbers.
†† Weeks of gestation based on physicians’ estimates only if date of last menstrual period was unknown.
§§ Numbers obtained at <12 weeks of gestation were redistributed.
¶¶ Includes residents only.
*** Weeks of gestation based on date of last menstrual period only if physicians’ estimates were unknown.
††† Numbers do not include private physicians’ procedures.
§§§ Totals do not include small numbers.
Return to top.
Table 7

TABLE 7. Reported legal abortions obtained at <8 weeks of gestation, by known weeks of gestation and state of occurrence — selected states,* United States, 2005
State/Area
Weeks of gestation
Total obtained at <8 weeks of gestation
<6
7
8
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)†
Alabama§
3,473
(31.0)
1,902
(17.0)
1,515
(13.5)
6,890
(61.5)
Alaska
388
(19.8)
351
(18.0)
373
(19.1)
1,112
(56.9)
Arizona§
2,462
(23.0)
2,088
(19.5)
1,658
(15.5)
6,208
(57.9)
Arkansas¶
1,473
(31.4)
645
(13.7)
580
(12.4)
2,698
(57.5)
Colorado§
3,851
(33.0)
2,011
(17.2)
1,687
(14.4)
7,549
(64.6)
Delaware§,**
882
(29.1)
533
(17.6)
488
(16.1)
1,903
(62.8)
District of Columbia
920
(36.5)
452
(18.0)
283
(11.2)
1,655
(65.7)
Georgia
6,567
(20.7)
5,881
(18.6)
4,836
(15.3)
17,284
(54.6)
Hawaii§
621
(17.5)
667
(18.8)
584
(16.5)
1,872
(52.8)
Idaho§
167
(15.2)
202
(18.4)
276
(25.1)
645
(58.7)
Indiana§
3,038
(28.4)
1,785
(16.7)
1,676
(15.7)
6,499
(60.8)
Iowa**
2,667
(45.3)
1,006
(17.1)
647
(11.0)
4,320
(73.5)
Kansas§
3,491
(33.4)
1,752
(16.7)
1,298
(12.4)
6,541
(62.5)
Kentucky
887
(23.5)
765
(20.3)
475
(12.6)
2,127
(56.3)
Maine††
883
(33.3)
507
(19.1)
417
(15.7)
1,807
(68.1)
Michigan
7,562
(30.0)
4,753
(18.9)
3,989
(15.8)
16,304
(64.7)
Minnesota§
3,734
(27.9)
2,633
(19.7)
1,925
(14.4)
8,292
(62.1)
Missouri
2,202
(27.6)
1,547
(19.4)
1,104
(13.8)
4,853
(60.8)
Montana§
505
(23.4)
337
(15.6)
313
(14.5)
1,155
(53.6)
New Jersey§§
8,273
(26.5)
5,699
(18.2)
4,451
(14.3)
18,423
(59.0)
New Mexico††
1,865
(31.4)
873
(14.7)
772
(13.0)
3,510
(59.2)
New York
31,414
(25.2)
20,594
(16.5)
17,682
(14.2)
69,690
(55.8)
City§
28,772
(32.4)
15,400
(17.3)
12,124
(13.6)
56,296
(63.3)
State
2,642
(7.3)
5,194
(14.4)
5,558
(15.5)
13,394
(37.2)
North Carolina§
7,410
(22.9)
5,723
(17.7)
4,319
(13.4)
17,452
(54.0)
North Dakota§
184
(14.9)
281
(22.8)
245
(19.9)
710
(57.7)
Ohio§
8,958
(26.2)
5,816
(17.0)
4,775
(14.0)
19,549
(57.3)
Oklahoma§
2,093
(31.5)
1,289
(19.4)
891
(13.4)
4,273
(64.3)
Oregon§
4,197
(36.2)
1,902
(16.4)
1,406
(12.1)
7,505
(64.7)
Pennsylvania
8,274
(23.7)
6,357
(18.2)
5,847
(16.7)
20,478
(58.7)
Rhode Island§
1,910
(37.5)
931
(18.3)
669
(13.1)
3,510
(68.9)
South Carolina
2,818
(42.0)
1,116
(16.6)
999
(14.9)
4,933
(73.5)
South Dakota§
72
(8.9)
175
(21.7)
196
(24.3)
443
(55.0)
Tennessee§
4,731
(29.2)
3,526
(21.8)
2,099
(13.0)
10,356
(64.0)
Texas§
32,007
(41.5)
12,578
(16.3)
9,782
(12.7)
54,367
(70.5)
Utah§
867
(24.4)
747
(21.0)
613
(17.2)
2,227
(62.6)
Vermont
523
(32.3)
336
(20.7)
261
(16.1)
1,120
(69.1)
Virginia§
8,137
(30.9)
5,234
(19.9)
4,244
(16.1)
17,615
(67.0)
Washington§
6,742
(28.0)
4,668
(19.4)
3,459
(14.3)
14,869
(61.7)
West Virginia
346
(20.7)
332
(19.8)
298
(17.8)
976
(58.3)
Wyoming¶,¶¶
—
—
—
—
—
—
6
(42.9)
Total***
176,594
(28.9)
107,994
(17.7)
87,132
(14.3)
371,726
(60.9)
* Data from 38 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City; excludes three states (Mississippi, Nebraska, and Nevada) in which gestational age was reported as unknown for >15% of women and two states (Connecticut and Wisconsin) that were included in Table 6 but did not provide component weeks of gestation for abortions obtained at <8 weeks.
† Percentages might not add to total percentage obtained at <8 weeks because of rounding.
§ Weeks of gestation based on physicians’ estimates.
¶ Weeks of gestation based on physicians’ estimates only if date of last menstrual period was unknown.
** Includes residents only.
†† Weeks of gestation based on date of last menstrual period only if physicians’ estimates were unknown.
§§ Numbers do not include private physicians’ procedures.
¶¶ Cell details not displayed because of small numbers.
*** Totals do not include small numbers.
Return to top.
Table 8

TABLE 8. Reported legal abortions, by type of procedure and state of occurrence — selected states,* United States, 2005
State/Area
Procedure
Total
Curettage
<12 Weeks
Curettage
>12 Weeks
All Curettage†
Intrauterine instillation
Medical
Other§
Unknown
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)¶
Alabama
8,022
(71.6)
1,390
(12.4)
9,423
(84.1)
11
(0.1)
**
(0.0)
1,744††
(15.3)
33
(0.3)
11,211
(100.0)
Alaska
933
(47.7)
50
(2.6)
993
(50.8)
0
(0.0)
451
(23.1)
497
(25.4)
14
(0.7)
1,955
(100.0)
Arizona§§
5,090
(47.5)
871
(8.1)
6,546
(61.0)
—
—
3,095
(28.9)
1,081
(10.1)
—
—
10,723
(100.0)
Arkansas§§
3,903
(83.1)
781
(16.6)
4,684
(99.8)
0
(0.0)
9
(0.2)
—
—
—
—
4,695
(100.0)
Colorado§§
7,227
(61.9)
1,055
(9.0)
8,327
(71.3)
—
—
2,506
(21.5)
847
(7.3)
—
—
11,682
(100.0)
Connecticut§§
—¶¶
(0.0)
—¶¶
(0.0)
10,794
(89.1)
0
(0.0)
1,311
(10.8)
—
—
—
—
12,110
(100.0)
Delaware§§,***
2,229
(73.5)
303
(10.0)
2,534
(83.6)
—
—
485
(16.0)
—
—
8
(0.3)
3,031
(100.0)
Dist. of Columbia
—¶¶
(0.0)
—¶¶
(0.0)
2,072
(82.3)
0
(0.0)
443
(17.6)
0
(0.0)
0
(0.0)
2,518
(100.0)
Georgia
25,795
(81.4)
4,658
(14.7)
30,453
(96.1)
13
(0.0)
**
(0.0)
136††
(0.4)
1,078
(3.4)
31,680
(100.0)
Hawaii§§
3,022
(85.2)
469
(13.2)
3,523
(99.3)
—
—
†††
-
13
(0.4)
—
—
3,548
(100.0)
Idaho§§
956
(87.0)
18
(1.6)
974
(88.6)
—
—
117
(10.6)
—
—
0
(0.0)
1,099
(100.0)
Indiana
8,897
(83.3)
350
(3.3)
9,537
(89.2)
0
(0.0)
878
(8.2)
142
(1.3)
126
(1.2)
10,686
(100.0)
Iowa
3,536
(60.1)
148
(2.5)
3,687
(62.7)
0
(0.0)
1,856
(31.6)
242
(4.1)
96
(1.6)
5,881
(100.0)
Kansas§§
7,972
(76.2)
1,117
(10.7)
9,089
(86.9)
—
—
954
(9.1)
415
(4.0)
—
—
10,462
(100.0)
Maine
2,094
(78.9)
85
(3.2)
2,180
(82.2)
0
(0.0)
469
(17.7)
0
(0.0)
4
(0.2)
2,653
(100.0)
Maryland***
—¶¶
(0.0)
—¶¶
(0.0)
8,091
(88.0)
470
(5.1)
0
(0.0)
637
(6.9)
0
(0.0)
9,198
(100.0)
Massachusetts§§
—¶¶
(0.0)
—¶¶
(0.0)
14,689
(63.1)
4,023
(17.3)
4,552
(19.6)
—
—
—
—
23,268
(100.0)
Michigan
19,606
(77.8)
2,733
(10.8)
22,339
(88.6)
14
(0.1)
2,814
(11.2)
14
(0.1)
17
(0.1)
25,209
(100.0)
Minnesota
10,547
(78.9)
1,528
(11.4)
12,075
(90.4)
8
(0.1)
1,262
(9.4)
16
(0.1)
1
(0.0)
13,362
(100.0)
Mississippi
2,304
(75.8)
205
(6.7)
3,041
(100.0)
0
(0.0)
0
(0.0)
0
(0.0)
0
(0.0)
3,041
(100.0)
Missouri§§
5,921
(74.2)
655
(8.2)
6,602
(82.8)
0
(0.0)
1,367
(17.1)
—
—
—
—
7,977
(100.0)
Montana
1,687
(78.3)
317
(14.7)
2,005
(93.0)
0
(0.0)
0
(0.0)
150
(7.0)
0
(0.0)
2,155
(100.0)
Nebraska
459
(14.5)
31
(1.0)
3,130
(98.6)
0
(0.0)
43
(1.4)
0
(0.0)
0
(0.0)
3,173
(100.0)
Nevada§§
7,634
(72.3)
874
(8.3)
10,313
(97.6)
—
—
0
(0.0)
—
—
251
(2.4)
10,565
(100.0)
New Jersey§§§
24,363
(78.0)
6,088
(19.5)
30,451
(97.5)
10
(0.0)
748
(2.4)
21
(0.1)
0
(0.0)
31,230
(100.0)
New Mexico§§
4,148
(69.9)
819
(13.8)
5,069
(85.4)
—
—
585
(9.9)
—
—
279
(4.7)
5,934
(100.0)
New York
92,939
(74.1)
15,789
(12.6)
112,798
(89.9)
79
(0.0)
11,744
(9.4)
399
(0.3)
418
(0.3)
125,438¶¶¶
(100.0)
City
69,395
(78.1)
11,401
(12.8)
81,401
(91.6)
24
(0.0)
6,971
(7.8)
77
(0.1)
418
(0.5)
88,891
(100.0)
State
23,544
(64.4)
4,388
(12.0)
31,397
(85.9)
55
(0.1)
4,773
(13.1)
322
(0.9)
0
(0.0)
36,547¶¶¶
(100.0)
North Carolina
21,080
(65.2)
3,006
(9.3)
27,340
(84.6)
167
(0.5)
17
(0.1)
4,811
(14.9)
0
(0.0)
32,335
(100.0)
North Dakota
1,135
(92.2)
96
(7.8)
1,231
(100.0)
0
(0.0)
0
(0.0)
0
(0.0)
0
(0.0)
1,231
(100.0)
Ohio
23,469
(68.5)
4,682
(13.7)
28,317
(82.6)
299
(0.9)
4,700
(13.7)
694
(2.0)
271
(0.8)
34,281¶¶¶
(100.0)
Oklahoma
4,813
(72.5)
617
(9.3)
6,047
(91.1)
0
(0.0)
1,033
(15.6)
177
(2.7)
1
(0.0)
6,641
(100.0)
Oregon§§
7,770
(67.0)
1,371
(11.8)
10,512
(90.6)
—
—
2,422
(20.9)
15
(0.1)
—
—
11,602
(100.0)
Pennsylvania
26,911
(77.1)
3,928
(11.3)
30,839
(88.3)
18
(0.1)
4,031
(11.5)
21
(0.1)
0
(0.0)
34,909
(100.0)
Rhode Island§§
4,249
(83.5)
454
(8.9)
4,725
(92.8)
—
—
330
(6.5)
—
—
33
(0.6)
5,091
(100.0)
South Carolina§§
4,918
(73.2)
79
(1.2)
4,997
(74.4)
7
(0.1)
—
—
1,699
(25.3)
—
—
6,716
(100.0)
South Dakota
699
(86.8)
33
(4.1)
732
(90.9)
0
(0.0)
73
(9.1)
0
(0.0)
0
(0.0)
805
(100.0)
Tennessee§§
13,404
(82.9)
562
(3.5)
14,091
(87.1)
—
—
0
(0.0)
—
—
2,055
(12.7)
16,178
(100.0)
Texas
59,793
(77.5)
5,933
(7.7)
65,729
(85.2)
24
(0.0)
11,306
(14.7)
49
(0.1)
0
(0.0)
77,108
(100.0)
Utah
2,127
(59.8)
424
(11.9)
2,608
(73.3)
0
(0.0)
948
(26.7)
0
(0.0)
0
(0.0)
3,556
(100.0)
Vermont§§
1,136
(70.1)
76
(4.7)
1,212
(74.8)
0
(0.0)
406
(25.1)
—
—
—
—
1,620
(100.0)
Virginia
23,597
(89.7)
994
(3.8)
24,705
(93.9)
5
(0.0)
1,465
(5.6)
79
(0.3)
55
(0.2)
26,309
(100.0)
Washington
17,126
(71.0)
2,930
(12.2)
20,093
(83.3)
26
(0.1)
3,969
(16.5)
17
(0.1)
3
(0.0)
24,108
(100.0)
West Virginia
1,434
(85.7)
138
(8.2)
1,573
(94.0)
0
(0.0)
96
(5.7)
0
(0.0)
5
(0.3)
1,674
(100.0)
Wyoming
14
(100.0)
0
(0.0)
14
(100.0)
0
(0.0)
0
(0.0)
0
(0.0)
0
(0.0)
14
(100.0)
Total****
462,959
(68.8)
65,657
(9.8)
544,634
(81.0)
5,174
(0.8)
66,485
(9.9)
13,916
(2.1)
5,031
(0.7)
668,662
(100.0)
* Data from 43 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City.
† Includes abortions of unknown gestational age. Therefore, the first two columns might not add to the third.
§ Includes hysterotomy/hysterectomy and procedures reported as “other.”
¶ Percentages might not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
** Medical procedures included with “other.”
†† Includes medical (nonsurgical) procedures; no separate numbers provided.
§§ Cell details not displayed because of small numbers.
¶¶ Not available.
*** Includes residents only.
††† Recording area does not collect medical abortions as a separate category on abortion reporting form; whether any medical procedures are included in the “other” category is unknown.
§§§ Numbers do not include private physicians’ procedures.
¶¶¶ Does not add to total abortions reported because of some reported combination procedures.
**** Totals do not include small numbers.
Return to top.
Table 9

TABLE 9. Reported legal abortions, by race of women who obtained an abortion and state of occurrence — selected states,* United States, 2005
State/Area
Race
Total
White
Black
Other
Unknown
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)†
Alabama
4,788
(42.7)
6,127
(54.7)
238
(2.1)
58
(0.5)
11,211
(100.0)
Alaska
1,162
(59.4)
131
(6.7)
592
(30.3)
70
(3.6)
1,955
(100.0)
Arkansas
2,837
(60.4)
1,493
(31.8)
326
(6.9)
39
(0.8)
4,695
(100.0)
Colorado
8,383
(71.8)
771
(6.6)
1,529
(13.1)
999
(8.6)
11,682
(100.0)
Delaware§
1,630
(53.8)
1,274
(42.0)
127
(4.2)
0
(0.0)
3,031
(100.0)
District of Columbia
512
(20.3)
1,243
(49.4)
741
(29.4)
22
(0.9)
2,518
(100.0)
Georgia
11,853
(37.4)
18,325
(57.8)
1,502
(4.7)
0
(0.0)
31,680
(100.0)
Hawaii
906
(25.5)
101
(2.8)
2,275
(64.1)
266
(7.5)
3,548
(100.0)
Idaho
1,018
(92.6)
16
(1.5)
55
(5.0)
10
(0.9)
1,099
(100.0)
Indiana
6,898
(64.6)
3,084
(28.9)
326
(3.1)
378
(3.5)
10,686
(100.0)
Iowa§
4,684
(79.6)
540
(9.2)
564
(9.6)
93
(1.6)
5,881
(100.0)
Kansas
6,974
(66.7)
2,336
(22.3)
1,120
(10.7)
32
(0.3)
10,462
(100.0)
Kentucky
2,602
(68.9)
733
(19.4)
285
(7.5)
156
(4.1)
3,776
(100.0)
Maine
2,277
(85.8)
61
(2.3)
259
(9.8)
56
(2.1)
2,653
(100.0)
Maryland§
2,108
(22.9)
6,019
(65.4)
976
(10.6)
95
(1.0)
9,198
(100.0)
Massachusetts
11,619
(49.9)
4,491
(19.3)
4,948
(21.3)
2,210
(9.5)
23,268
(100.0)
Michigan
14,088
(55.9)
9,336
(37.0)
991
(3.9)
794
(3.1)
25,209
(100.0)
Minnesota
8,529
(63.8)
2,831
(21.2)
1,683
(12.6)
319
(2.4)
13,362
(100.0)
Mississippi
672
(22.1)
2,348
(77.2)
8
(0.3)
13
(0.4)
3,041
(100.0)
Missouri
4,492
(56.3)
3,091
(38.7)
371
(4.7)
23
(0.3)
7,977
(100.0)
Montana
1,764
(81.9)
17
(0.8)
280
(13.0)
94
(4.4)
2,155
(100.0)
New Jersey¶
9,861
(31.6)
13,979
(44.8)
7,216
(23.1)
174
(0.6)
31,230
(100.0)
New York City
34,701
(39.0)
41,953
(47.2)
5,083
(5.7)
7,154
(8.0)
88,891
(100.0)
North Carolina
13,426
(41.5)
14,304
(44.2)
1,495
(4.6)
3,110
(9.6)
32,335
(100.0)
North Dakota
990
(80.4)
31
(2.5)
202
(16.4)
8
(0.6)
1,231
(100.0)
Ohio
19,673
(57.6)
12,070
(35.4)
799
(2.3)
1,586
(4.6)
34,128
(100.0)
Oklahoma
4,781
(72.0)
1,277
(19.2)
583
(8.8)
0
(0.0)
6,641
(100.0)
Oregon
9,677
(83.4)
707
(6.1)
1,090
(9.4)
128
(1.1)
11,602
(100.0)
Pennsylvania
19,837
(56.8)
13,260
(38.0)
1,791
(5.1)
21
(0.1)
34,909
(100.0)
Rhode Island
3,313
(65.1)
776
(15.2)
348
(6.8)
654
(12.8)
5,091
(100.0)
South Carolina
3,965
(59.0)
2,560
(38.1)
188
(2.8)
3
(0.0)
6,716
(100.0)
South Dakota
640
(79.5)
46
(5.7)
118
(14.7)
1
(0.1)
805
(100.0)
Tennessee
8,289
(51.2)
7,269
(44.9)
407
(2.5)
213
(1.3)
16,178
(100.0)
Texas
54,643
(70.9)
17,955
(23.3)
3,391
(4.4)
1,119
(1.5)
77,108
(100.0)
Vermont
1,543
(95.2)
28
(1.7)
49
(3.0)
0
(0.0)
1,620
(100.0)
Virginia
11,398
(43.3)
10,940
(41.6)
2,251
(8.6)
1,720
(6.5)
26,309
(100.0)
West Virginia
1,454
(86.9)
183
(10.9)
28
(1.7)
9
(0.5)
1,674
(100.0)
Wisconsin§
6,615
(69.2)
2,285
(23.9)
0**
(0.0)††
666§§
(7.0)§§
9,566
(100.0)
Total
304,602
(53.0)
203,991
(35.5)
44,235
(7.7)
22,293
(3.9)
575,121
(100.0)
Abortion ratio¶¶
158
467
319
220
Abortion rate***
9
28
18
13
* Data from 36 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City; excludes eight states (Arizona, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, New York Upstate, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming) in which race was reported as unknown for >15% of women.
† Percentages might not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
§ Includes residents only.
¶ Numbers do not include private physicians’ procedures.
** “Other” included with “unknown.”
†† Not applicable.
§§ Includes “other.”
¶¶ Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women of a given race per 1,000 live births to women of the same race for these states. For each state, data for women of unknown race were distributed according to the known racial distribution for that state.
*** Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women of a given race per 1,000 women aged 15–44 years of the same race for these states. For each state, data for women of unknown race were distributed according to the known racial distribution for that state. New York City data were excluded
because separate population data were not readily available for New York City.
Return to top.
Table 10

TABLE 10. Reported legal abortions, by ethnicity of women who obtained an abortion and state of occurrence — selected states,* United States, 2005
State/Area
Ethnicity
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic
Unknown
Total
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)†
Alabama
309
(2.8)
10,866
(96.9)
36
(0.3)
11,211
(100.0)
Arizona
4,097
(38.2)
6,014
(56.1)
612
(5.7)
10,723
(100.0)
Arkansas
199
(4.2)
4,474
(95.3)
22
(0.5)
4,695
(100.0)
Colorado
2,457
(21.0)
7,660
(65.6)
1,565
(13.4)
11,682
(100.0)
Delaware§
277
(9.1)
2,711
(89.4)
43
(1.4)
3,031
(100.0)
Dist. of Columbia
359
(14.3)
2,143
(85.1)
16
(0.6)
2,518
(100.0)
Hawaii
221
(6.2)
3,077
(86.7)
250
(7.0)
3,548
(100.0)
Idaho
133
(12.1)
959
(87.3)
7
(0.6)
1,099
(100.0)
Indiana
745
(7.0)
8,532
(79.8)
1,409
(13.2)
10,686
(100.0)
Kansas
1,049
(10.0)
9,193
(87.9)
220
(2.1)
10,462
(100.0)
Maine
53
(2.0)
2,246
(84.7)
354
(13.3)
2,653
(100.0)
Minnesota
747
(5.6)
12,498
(93.5)
117
(0.9)
13,362
(100.0)
Mississippi
16
(0.5)
3,020
(99.3)
5
(0.2)
3,041
(100.0)
Missouri
187
(2.3)
7,764
(97.3)
26
(0.3)
7,977
(100.0)
New Jersey¶
7,436
(23.8)
23,401
(74.9)
393
(1.3)
31,230
(100.0)
New Mexico
3,114
(52.5)
2,235
(37.7)
585
(9.9)
5,934
(100.0)
New York
31,727
(25.4)
81,092
(65.0)
12,030
(9.6)
124,849
(100.0)
City
27,210
(30.6)
54,926
(61.8)
6,755
(7.6)
88,891
(100.0)
State
4,517
(12.6)
26,166
(72.8)
5,275
(14.7)
35,958
(100.0)
Ohio
1,118
(3.3)
32,618
(95.6)
392
(1.1)
34,128
(100.0)
Oregon
1,291
(11.1)
10,288
(88.7)
23
(0.2)
11,602
(100.0)
Pennsylvania
2,218
(6.4)
32,677
(93.6)
14
(0.0)
34,909
(100.0)
South Carolina
317
(4.7)
6,397
(95.3)
2
(0.0)
6,716
(100.0)
South Dakota
44
(5.5)
761
(94.5)
0
(0.0)
805
(100.0)
Tennessee
728
(4.5)
15,153
(93.7)
297
(1.8)
16,178
(100.0)
Texas
28,006
(36.3)
47,983
(62.2)
1,119
(1.5)
77,108
(100.0)
Utah
702
(19.7)
2,550
(71.7)
304
(8.5)
3,556
(100.0)
Vermont
28
(1.7)
1,587
(98.0)
5
(0.3)
1,620
(100.0)
West Virginia
10
(0.6)
1,659
(99.1)
5
(0.3)
1,674
(100.0)
Wisconsin§
868
(9.1)
8,698
(90.9)
0
(0.0)
9,566
(100.0)
Wyoming∗∗
—
—
11
(78.6)
—
—
14
(100.0)
Total††
88,456
(19.4)
348,267
(76.3)
19,851
(4.3)
456,577
(100.0)
Abortion ratio§§
205
223
219
Abortion rate¶¶
21
14
15
* Data from 28 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City; excludes 12 states (Alaska, Georgia, Massachusetts, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, Virginia, and Washington) in which ethnicity was reported as unknown for >15% of women.
† Percentages might not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
§ Includes residents only.
¶ Numbers do not include private physicians’ procedures.
** Cell details not displayed because of small numbers.
†† Totals do not include small numbers.
§§ Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women of a given ethnicity per 1,000 live births to women of the same ethnicity for these states. For each state, data for women of unknown ethnicity were distributed according to the known ethnicity distribution for that state.
¶¶ Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women of a given ethnicity per 1,000 women aged 15–44 years of the same ethnicity for these states. For each state, data for women of unknown ethnicity were distributed according to the known ethnicity distribution for that state.
Return to top.
Table 11

TABLE 11. Reported legal abortions, by marital status of women who obtained an abortion and state of occurrence — selected states,* United States, 2005
State/Area
Marital status
Married†
Unmarried§
Unknown
Total
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)¶
Alabama
1,429
(12.7)
9,670
(86.3)
112
(1.0)
11,211
(100.0)
Alaska
341
(17.4)
1,571
(80.4)
43
(2.2)
1,955
(100.0)
Arizona
1,904
(17.8)
8,819
(82.2)
0
(0.0)
10,723
(100.0)
Colorado
2,154
(18.4)
8,928
(76.4)
600
(5.1)
11,682
(100.0)
Delaware**
379
(12.5)
2,652
(87.5)
0
(0.0)
3,031
(100.0)
Dist. of Columbia
189
(7.5)
2,309
(91.7)
20
(0.8)
2,518
(100.0)
Georgia
5,647
(17.8)
24,488
(77.3)
1,545
(4.9)
31,680
(100.0)
Hawaii
566
(16.0)
2,962
(83.5)
20
(0.6)
3,548
(100.0)
Idaho
219
(19.9)
878
(79.9)
2
(0.2)
1,099
(100.0)
Illinois**
6,341
(16.5)
31,342
(81.6)
726
(1.9)
38,409
(100.0)
Indiana
1,687
(15.8)
8,766
(82.0)
233
(2.2)
10,686
(100.0)
Iowa
1,121
(19.1)
4,731
(80.4)
29
(0.5)
5,881
(100.0)
Kansas
1,904
(18.2)
8,543
(81.7)
15
(0.1)
10,462
(100.0)
Kentucky
577
(15.3)
3,199
(84.7)
0
(0.0)
3,776
(100.0)
Maine
446
(16.8)
2,095
(79.0)
112
(4.2)
2,653
(100.0)
Maryland**
1,795
(19.5)
7,137
(77.6)
266
(2.9)
9,198
(100.0)
Massachusetts
3,350
(14.4)
18,892
(81.2)
1,026
(4.4)
23,268
(100.0)
Michigan
3,335
(13.2)
21,764
(86.3)
110
(0.4)
25,209
(100.0)
Minnesota
2,219
(16.6)
10,995
(82.3)
148
(1.1)
13,362
(100.0)
Mississippi
267
(8.8)
2,771
(91.1)
3
(0.1)
3,041
(100.0)
Missouri
1,443
(18.1)
6,413
(80.4)
121
(1.5)
7,977
(100.0)
Montana
357
(16.6)
1,585
(73.5)
213
(9.9)
2,155
(100.0)
Nevada
2,099
(19.9)
7,734
(73.2)
732
(6.9)
10,565
(100.0)
New Jersey††
4,369
(14.0)
26,758
(85.7)
103
(0.3)
31,230
(100.0)
New Mexico
843
(14.2)
4,961
(83.6)
130
(2.2)
5,934
(100.0)
New York City
12,722
(14.3)
73,793
(83.0)
2,376
(2.7)
88,891
(100.0)
North Carolina
6,592
(20.4)
24,261
(75.0)
1,482
(4.6)
32,335
(100.0)
North Dakota
203
(16.5)
1,024
(83.2)
4
(0.3)
1,231
(100.0)
Ohio
5,279
(15.5)
27,963
(81.9)
886
(2.6)
34,128
(100.0)
Oklahoma
1,383
(20.8)
5,258
(79.2)
0
(0.0)
6,641
(100.0)
Oregon
2,362
(20.4)
8,993
(77.5)
247
(2.1)
11,602
(100.0)
Pennsylvania
5,246
(15.0)
29,660
(85.0)
3
(0.0)
34,909
(100.0)
Rhode Island
863
(17.0)
4,025
(79.1)
203
(4.0)
5,091
(100.0)
South Carolina
1,116
(16.6)
5,593
(83.3)
7
(0.1)
6,716
(100.0)
South Dakota
177
(22.0)
628
(78.0)
0
(0.0)
805
(100.0)
Tennessee
2,749
(17.0)
13,121
(81.1)
308
(1.9)
16,178
(100.0)
Texas
14,472
(18.8)
61,573
(79.9)
1,063
(1.4)
77,108
(100.0)
Utah
825
(23.2)
2,418
(68.0)
313
(8.8)
3,556
(100.0)
Vermont
288
(17.8)
1,313
(81.0)
19
(1.2)
1,620
(100.0)
Virginia
4,599
(17.5)
18,909
(71.9)
2,801
(10.6)
26,309
(100.0)
West Virginia
314
(18.8)
1,327
(79.3)
33
(2.0)
1,674
(100.0)
Wisconsin**
1,339
(14.0)
8,176
(85.5)
51
(0.5)
9,566
(100.0)
Wyoming
0
(0.0)
14
(100.0)
0
(0.0)
14
(100.0)
Total
105,510
(16.5)
518,012
(81.0)
16,105
(2.5)
639,627
(100.0)
Abortion ratio§§
58
485
215
* Data from 41 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City; excludes two states (Arkansas and Nebraska) in which marital status was reported as unknown for >15% of women.
† Includes married and separated.
§ Includes never married, divorced, and widowed.
¶ Percentages might not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
** Includes residents only.
†† Numbers do not include private physicians’ procedures.
§§ Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women of a given marital status per 1,000 live births to women of the same marital status for these states. For each state, data for women of unknown marital status were distributed according to the known marital status distribution for that state.
Return to top.
Table 12

TABLE 12. Reported legal abortions, by number of previous live births and state of occurrence — selected states,* United States, 2005
State
No. of previous live births
0
1
2
3
>4
Unknown
Total
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)†
Alabama
4,447
(39.7)
3,368
(30.0)
2,256
(20.1)
772
(6.9)
353
(3.1)
15
(0.1)
11,211
(100.0)
Alaska
814
(41.6)
490
(25.1)
348
(17.8)
169
(8.6)
123
(6.3)
11
(0.6)
1,955
(100.0)
Arizona
4,724
(44.1)
2,550
(23.8)
1,922
(17.9)
949
(8.9)
556
(5.2)
22
(0.2)
10,723
(100.0)
Arkansas
1,809
(38.5)
1,379
(29.4)
992
(21.1)
356
(7.6)
159
(3.4)
0
(0.0)
4,695
(100.0)
Colorado
5,814
(49.8)
2,477
(21.2)
1,966
(16.8)
778
(6.7)
412
(3.5)
235
(2.0)
11,682
(100.0)
Delaware§
1,203
(39.7)
843
(27.8)
559
(18.4)
276
(9.1)
145
(4.8)
5
(0.2)
3,031
(100.0)
Georgia
11,877
(37.5)
8,564
(27.0)
6,651
(21.0)
2,709
(8.6)
1,429
(4.5)
450
(1.4)
31,680
(100.0)
Hawaii
1,651
(46.5)
792
(22.3)
614
(17.3)
269
(7.6)
176
(5.0)
46
(1.3)
3,548
(100.0)
Idaho
520
(47.3)
235
(21.4)
224
(20.4)
83
(7.6)
32
(2.9)
5
(0.5)
1,099
(100.0)
Indiana
3,437
(32.2)
2,621
(24.5)
2,109
(19.7)
866
(8.1)
533
(5.0)
1,120
(10.5)
10,686
(100.0)
Iowa§
2,617
(44.5)
1,410
(24.0)
1,118
(19.0)
475
(8.1)
247
(4.2)
14
(0.2)
5,881
(100.0)
Kansas
4,301
(41.1)
2,717
(26.0)
2,090
(20.0)
915
(8.7)
439
(4.2)
0
(0.0)
10,462
(100.0)
Maine
1,400
(52.8)
639
(24.1)
400
(15.1)
152
(5.7)
62
(2.3)
0
(0.0)
2,653
(100.0)
Maryland§,¶
3,293
(35.8)
2,736
(29.7)
1,998
(21.7)
819
(8.9)
352
(3.8)
0
(0.0)
9 198
(100.0)
Michigan
10,182
(40.4)
6,525
(25.9)
5,204
(20.6)
2,111
(8.4)
1,186
(4.7)
1
(0.0)
25,209
(100.0)
Minnesota
5,663
(42.4)
3,196
(23.9)
2,585
(19.3)
1,169
(8.7)
735
(5.5)
14
(0.1)
13,362
(100.0)
Mississippi
964
(31.7)
1,036
(34.1)
670
(22.0)
250
(8.2)
120
(3.9)
1
(0.0)
3,041
(100.0)
Missouri
3,125
(39.2)
2,175
(27.3)
1,618
(20.3)
673
(8.4)
386
(4.8)
0
(0.0)
7,977
(100.0)
Montana
1,076
(49.9)
501
(23.2)
357
(16.6)
158
(7.3)
61
(2.8)
2
(0.1)
2,155
(100.0)
Nebraska
1,268
(40.0)
846
(26.7)
645
(20.3)
272
(8.6)
142
(4.5)
0
(0.0)
3,173
(100.0)
Nevada
4,336
(41.0)
2,496
(23.6)
1,935
(18.3)
884
(8.4)
514
(4.9)
400
(3.8)
10,565
(100.0)
New Jersey**
12,995
(41.6)
8,272
(26.5)
5,932
(19.0)
2,479
(7.9)
1,509
(4.8)
43
(0.1)
31,230
(100.0)
New York
54,079
(43.3)
31,517
(25.2)
22,631
(18.1)
9,830
(7.9)
5,865
(4.7)
927
(0.7)
124,849
(100.0)
City
35,584
(40.0)
24,046
(27.1)
17,013
(19.1)
7,166
(8.1)
4,155
(4.7)
927
(1.0)
88,891
(100.0)
State
18,495
(51.4)
7,471
(20.8)
5,618
(15.6)
2,664
(7.4)
1,710
(4.8)
0
(0.0)
35,958
(100.0)
North Dakota
544
(44.2)
301
(24.5)
216
(17.5)
110
(8.9)
60
(4.9)
0
(0.0)
1,231
(100.0)
Ohio
9,415
(27.6)
9,505
(27.9)
6,964
(20.4)
2,784
(8.2)
1,515
(4.4)
3,945
(11.6)
34,128
(100.0)
Oklahoma¶
2,514
(37.9)
1,835
(27.6)
1,451
(21.8)
580
(8.7)
261
(3.9)
0
(0.0)
6,641
(100.0)
Oregon
5,268
(45.4)
2,798
(24.1)
2,225
(19.2)
840
(7.2)
460
(4.0)
11
(0.1)
11,602
(100.0)
Pennsylvania
14,362
(41.1)
9,321
(26.7)
6,901
(19.8)
2,825
(8.1)
1,490
(4.3)
10
(0.0)
34,909
(100.0)
Rhode Island¶
2,144
(42.1)
1,352
(26.6)
894
(17.6)
403
(7.9)
178
(3.5)
120
(2.4)
5,091
(100.0)
South Carolina
2,944
(43.8)
1,914
(28.5)
1,209
(18.0)
460
(6.8)
185
(2.8)
4
(0.1)
6,716
(100.0)
South Dakota¶
346
(43.0)
183
(22.7)
163
(20.2)
87
(10.8)
26
(3.2)
0
(0.0)
805
(100.0)
Tennessee
5,713
(35.3)
4,734
(29.3)
3,457
(21.4)
1,325
(8.2)
756
(4.7)
193
(1.2)
16,178
(100.0)
Texas
29,876
(38.7)
21,184
(27.5)
16,083
(20.9)
6,709
(8.7)
3,185
(4.1)
71
(0.1)
77,108
(100.0)
Utah
1,459
(41.0)
801
(22.5)
727
(20.4)
315
(8.9)
190
(5.3)
64
(1.8)
3,556
(100.0)
Vermont
864
(53.3)
360
(22.2)
281
(17.3)
77
(4.8)
37
(2.3)
1
(0.1)
1,620
(100.0)
Virginia
10,491
(39.9)
7,230
(27.5)
5,340
(20.3)
2,009
(7.6)
943
(3.6)
296
(1.1)
26,309
(100.0)
Washington
11,141
(46.2)
5,856
(24.3)
4,476
(18.6)
1,766
(7.3)
854
(3.5)
15
(0.1)
24,108
(100.0)
West Virginia
619
(37.0)
550
(32.9)
331
(19.8)
128
(7.6)
46
(2.7)
0
(0.0)
1,674
(100.0)
Wyoming††
10
(71.4)
—
—
—
—
—
—
0
(0.0)
0
(0.0)
14
(100.0)
Total§§
239,305
(40.4)
155,309
(26.2)
115,542
(19.5)
47,832
(8.1)
25,722
(4.3)
8,041
(1.4)
591,755
(100.0)
Abortion ratio¶¶
226
182
254
264
219
219
* Data from 39 states and New York City; excludes three states (Massachusetts, New Mexico, and North Carolina) in which the number of previous live births were reported as unknown for >15% of women.
† Percentages might not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
§ Includes residents only.
¶ Indicates number of living children.
** Numbers do not include private physicians’ procedures.
†† Cell detail not displayed because of small numbers.
§§ Totals do not include small numbers.
¶¶ Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women with a given number of previous live births per 1,000 live births to women with the same number of previous live births for these states. For each state, data for women whose number of previous live births were unknown were distributed according
to the known number of previous live births for that state.
Return to top.
Table 13

TABLE 13. Reported legal abortions, by number of previous legal induced abortions and state of occurrence — selected states,* United States, 2005
State
No. of previous induced abortions
Total
0
1
2
>3
Unknown
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)†
Alabama
7,413
(66.1)
2,642
(23.6)
806
(7.2)
334
(3.0)
16
(0.1)
11,211
(100.0)
Alaska
1,281
(65.5)
431
(22.0)
126
(6.4)
85
(4.3)
32
(1.6)
1,955
(100.0)
Arizona
6,665
(62.2)
2,823
(26.3)
865
(8.1)
349
(3.3)
21
(0.2)
10,723
(100.0)
Arkansas
2,932
(62.4)
1,014
(21.6)
461
(9.8)
286
(6.1)
2
(0.0)
4,695
(100.0)
Colorado
7,394
(63.3)
2,884
(24.7)
809
(6.9)
370
(3.2)
225
(1.9)
11,682
(100.0)
Delaware§
1,938
(63.9)
638
(21.0)
297
(9.8)
153
(5.0)
5
(0.2)
3,031
(100.0)
Georgia
18,363
(58.0)
7,993
(25.2)
2,868
(9.1)
1,470
(4.6)
986
(3.1)
31,680
(100.0)
Hawaii
2,002
(56.4)
845
(23.8)
293
(8.3)
213
(6.0)
195
(5.5)
3,548
(100.0)
Idaho
856
(77.9)
177
(16.1)
46
(4.2)
15
(1.4)
5
(0.5)
1,099
(100.0)
Indiana
5,732
(53.6)
2,654
(24.8)
925
(8.7)
407
(3.8)
968
(9.1)
10,686
(100.0)
Iowa§
3,759
(63.9)
1,457
(24.8)
450
(7.7)
202
(3.4)
13
(0.2)
5,881
(100.0)
Kansas
6,437
(61.5)
2,556
(24.4)
955
(9.1)
514
(4.9)
0
(0.0)
10,462
(100.0)
Kentucky
2,105
(55.7)
971
(25.7)
378
(10.0)
322
(8.5)
0
(0.0)
3,776
(100.0)
Maine
1,764
(66.5)
621
(23.4)
186
(7.0)
82
(3.1)
0
(0.0)
2,653
(100.0)
Maryland§
2,281
(24.8)
3,066
(33.3)
2,067
(22.5)
1,003
(10.9)
781
(8.5)
9,198
(100.0)
Massachusetts
11,191
(48.1)
5,907
(25.4)
2,907
(12.5)
2,132
(9.2)
1,131
(4.9)
23,268
(100.0)
Michigan
12,879
(51.1)
6,607
(26.2)
3,185
(12.6)
2,537
(10.1)
1
(0.0)
25,209
(100.0)
Minnesota
7,766
(58.1)
3,277
(24.5)
1,353
(10.1)
965
(7.2)
1
(0.0)
13,362
(100.0)
Mississippi
1,951
(64.2)
800
(26.3)
233
(7.7)
57
(1.9)
0
(0.0)
3,041
(100.0)
Missouri
4,509
(56.5)
2,062
(25.8)
901
(11.3)
504
(6.3)
1
(0.0)
7,977
(100.0)
Montana
1,132
(52.5)
604
(28.0)
248
(11.5)
169
(7.8)
2
(0.1)
2,155
(100.0)
Nebraska
2,019
(63.6)
754
(23.8)
219
(6.9)
181
(5.7)
0
(0.0)
3,173
(100.0)
Nevada
5,576
(52.8)
2,807
(26.6)
1,163
(11.0)
783
(7.4)
236
(2.2)
10,565
(100.0)
New Jersey¶
20,177
(64.6)
5,757
(18.4)
2,949
(9.4)
2,298
(7.4)
49
(0.2)
31,230
(100.0)
New York
56,704
(45.4)
30,121
(24.1)
16,659
(13.3)
15,667
(12.5)
5,698
(4.6)
124,849
(100.0)
City
39,275
(44.2)
22,567
(25.4)
13,060
(14.7)
12,742
(14.3)
1,247
(1.4)
88,891
(100.0)
State
17,429
(48.5)
7,554
(21.0)
3,599
(10.0)
2,925
(8.1)
4,451
(12.4)
35,958
(100.0)
North Carolina
16,025
(49.6)
7,383
(22.8)
2,710
(8.4)
1,374
(4.2)
4,843
(15.0)
32,335
(100.0)
North Dakota
835
(67.8)
271
(22.0)
82
(6.7)
43
(3.5)
0
(0.0)
1,231
(100.0)
Oklahoma
4,300
(64.7)
1,606
(24.2)
494
(7.4)
241
(3.6)
0
(0.0)
6,641
(100.0)
Oregon
6,439
(55.5)
2,909
(25.1)
1,242
(10.7)
996
(8.6)
16
(0.1)
11,602
(100.0)
Pennsylvania
19,244
(55.1)
9,091
(26.0)
3,911
(11.2)
2,653
(7.6)
10
(0.0)
34,909
(100.0)
Rhode Island
2,623
(51.5)
1,394
(27.4)
589
(11.6)
359
(7.1)
126
(2.5)
5,091
(100.0)
South Carolina
4,231
(63.0)
1,661
(24.7)
531
(7.9)
293
(4.4)
0
(0.0)
6,716
(100.0)
South Dakota
559
(69.4)
176
(21.9)
52
(6.5)
18
(2.2)
0
(0.0)
805
(100.0)
Tennessee
5,713
(35.3)
4,734
(29.3)
3,457
(21.4)
2,081
(12.9)
193
(1.2)
16,178
(100.0)
Texas
43,544
(56.5)
21,266
(27.6)
8,015
(10.4)
4,246
(5.5)
37
(0.0)
77,108
(100.0)
Utah
2,308
(64.9)
809
(22.8)
249
(7.0)
190
(5.3)
0
(0.0)
3,556
(100.0)
Vermont
962
(59.4)
397
(24.5)
185
(11.4)
76
(4.7)
0
(0.0)
1,620
(100.0)
Virginia
14,436
(54.9)
7,345
(27.9)
2,856
(10.9)
1,496
(5.7)
176
(0.7)
26,309
(100.0)
Washington
12,694
(52.7)
6,336
(26.3)
2,805
(11.6)
2,231
(9.3)
42
(0.2)
24,108
(100.0)
West Virginia
1,142
(68.2)
370
(22.1)
110
(6.6)
52
(3.1)
0
(0.0)
1,674
(100.0)
Wyoming**
12
(85.7)
—
—
0
(0.0)
0
(0.0)
—
—
14
(100.0)
Total††
329,893
(53.5)
155,216
(25.2)
68,637
(11.1)
47,447
(7.7)
15,811
(2.6)
617,006
(100.0)
* Data from 41 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City; excludes two states (New Mexico and Ohio) in which number of previous induced abortions
were reported as unknown for >15% of women.
† Percentages might not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
§ Includes residents only.
¶ Numbers do not include private physicians’ procedures.
** Cell detail not displayed because of small numbers.
†† Totals do not include small numbers.
Return to top.
Table 14

TABLE 14. Reported legal abortions, by known race, age group, and marital status of women who obtained an abortion — selected states,* United States, 2005
Characteristic
Race
Total
White
Black
Other
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
Age group (yrs)
<15
1,258
(0.4)
1,561
(0.8)
134
(0.3)
2,953
(0.6)
15–19
47,797
(16.4)
31,701
(16.1)
5,013
(13.1)
84,511
(16.0)
20–24
98,832
(33.9)
63,788
(32.3)
10,959
(28.5)
173,579
(32.9)
25–29
66,074
(22.7)
50,528
(25.6)
9,237
(24.1)
125,839
(23.9)
30–34
40,895
(14.0)
30,314
(15.4)
6,795
(17.7)
78,004
(14.8)
35–39
26,290
(9.0)
14,972
(7.6)
4,449
(11.6)
45,711
(8.7)
>40
10,312
(3.5)
4,608
(2.3)
1,812
(4.7)
16,732
(3.2)
Total*
291,458
(100.0)
197,472
(100.0)
38,399
(100.0)
527,329
(100.0)
Marital status
Married
52,441
(18.5)
20,526
(11.0)
12,381
(33.9)
85,348
(16.9)
Unmarried
230,529
(81.5)
165,968
(89.0)
24,139
(66.1)
420,636
(83.1)
Total†
282,970
(100.0)
186,494
(100.0)
36,520
(100.0)
505,984
(100.0)
* Data from 36 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City; excludes eight states (Arizona, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, New York Upstate, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming) in which race was reported as unknown for >15% of women. Percentages might not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
† Data from 35 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City; excludes seven states (Arizona, Arkansas, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming) in which race or marital status was reported as unknown for >15% of women.
Return to top.
Table 15

TABLE 15. Reported legal abortions, by known ethnicity, age group, and marital status of women who obtained an abortion —
selected states, United States, 2005
Characteristic
Ethnicity
Total
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
Age groups (yrs)
<15
431
(0.5)
1,937
(0.6)
2,368
(0.5)
15–19
13,840
(15.8)
57,103
(16.5)
70,943
(16.4)
20–24
29,634
(33.8)
112,734
(32.7)
142,368
(32.9)
25–29
22,189
(25.3)
80,209
(23.2)
102,398
(23.7)
30–34
12,736
(14.5)
50,224
(14.6)
62,960
(14.5)
35–39
6,624
(7.6)
30,979
(9.0)
37,603
(8.7)
≥40
2,281
(2.6)
11,914
(3.5)
14,195
(3.3)
Total*
87,735
(100.0)
345,100
(100.0)
432,835
(100.0)
Marital status
Married
14,468
(17.6)
50,529
(16.2)
64,997
(16.5)
Unmarried
67,561
(82.4)
260,759
(83.8)
328,320
(83.5)
Total†
82,029
(100.0)
311,288
(100.0)
393,317
(100.0)
* Data from 28 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City; excludes 12 states (Alaska, Georgia, Massachusetts, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, Virginia, and Washington) in which ethnicity was reported as unknown for >15% of women.
† Data from 28 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City; excludes 12 states (Alaska, Arkansas, Georgia, Massachusetts, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, and Virginia) in which ethnicity or marital status was reported as unknown for >15% of women.
Return to top.
Table 16

TABLE 16. Reported legal abortions, by known weeks of gestation, age group, race, and ethnicity of women who obtained an abortion — selected states, United States, 2005
Characteristic
Weeks of gestation
Total
<8
9–10
11–12
13–15
16–20
>21
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)*
Age group (yrs)
<15
1,366
(39.9)
706
(20.6)
448
(13.1)
397
(11.6)
322
(9.4)
187
(5.5)
3,426
(100.0)
15–19
51,670
(52.2)
19,496
(19.7)
11,712
(11.8)
8,506
(8.6)
5,420
(5.5)
2,217
(2.2)
99,021
(100.0)
20–24
120,240
(60.6)
35,121
(17.7)
19,734
(9.9)
13,254
(6.7)
7,477
(3.8)
2,564
(1.3)
198,390
(100.0)
25–29
92,458
(65.2)
23,485
(16.6)
12,121
(8.5)
7,769
(5.5)
4,428
(3.1)
1,540
(1.1)
141,801
(100.0)
30–34
59,285
(67.6)
13,627
(15.5)
6,708
(7.7)
4,404
(5.0)
2,647
(3.0)
1,010
(1.2)
87,681
(100.0)
35–39
35,278
(67.8)
7,966
(15.3)
3,766
(7.2)
2,507
(4.8)
1,872
(3.6)
679
(1.3)
52,068
(100.0)
>40
13,312
(68.7)
2,810
(14.5)
1,355
(7.0)
914
(4.7)
748
(3.9)
248
(1.3)
19,387
(100.0)
Total†
373,609
(62.1)
103,211
(17.2)
55,844
(9.3)
37,751
(6.3)
22,914
(3.8)
8,445
(1.4)
601,774
(100.0)
Race
White
186,265
(66.5)
43,578
(15.5)
22,990
(8.2)
15,426
(5.5)
8,864
(3.2)
3,165
(1.1)
280,288
(100.0)
Black
107,121
(58.1)
34,400
(18.7)
19,377
(10.5)
13,336
(7.2)
7,802
(4.2)
2,408
(1.3)
184,444
(100.0)
Other
25,191
(67.7)
5,311
(14.3)
2,587
(6.9)
2,089
(5.6)
1,549
(4.2)
498
(1.3)
37,225
(100.0)
Total§
318,577
(63.5)
83,289
(16.6)
44,954
(9.0)
30,851
(6.1)
18,215
(3.6)
6,071
(1.2)
501,957
(100.0)
Ethnicity
Hispanic
55,297
(64.2)
13,761
(16.0)
6,983
(8.1)
5,798
(6.7)
3,217
(3.7)
1,126
(1.3)
86,182
(100.0)
Non-Hispanic
205,265
(62.1)
57,103
(17.3)
30,843
(9.3)
20,429
(6.2)
12,625
(3.8)
4,423
(1.3)
330,688
(100.0)
Total¶
260,562
(62.5)
70,864
(17.0)
37,826
(9.1)
26,227
(6.3)
15,842
(3.8)
5,549
(1.3)
416,870
(100.0)
* Percentages might not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
† Data from 40 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City; excludes three states (Mississippi, Nebraska, and Nevada) in which weeks of gestation was reported as unknown for >15% of women.
§ Data from 33 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City; excludes nine states (Arizona, Mississippi, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, New York Upstate, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming) in which race or weeks of gestation was reported as unknown for >15% of women.
¶ Data from 27 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City; excludes 12 states (Alaska, Georgia, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, Virginia, and Washington) in which ethnicity or weeks of gestation was reported as unknown for >15% of women.
Return to top.
Table 17

TABLE 17. Reported legal abortions obtained at <8 weeks of gestation, by known weeks of gestation, age group, race, and
ethnicity of women who obtained an abortion — selected states, United States, 2005
Characteristic
Weeks of gestation
Total
<6
7
8
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)*
Age group (yrs)
<15
510
(15.1)
419
(12.4)
424
(12.6)
1,353
(40.1)
15–19
21,774
(22.4)
15,172
(15.6)
13,961
(14.3)
50,907
(52.3)
20–24
55,599
(28.5)
34,407
(17.6)
28,486
(14.6)
118,492
(60.7)
25–29
44,317
(31.7)
26,419
(18.9)
20,536
(14.7)
91,272
(65.3)
30–34
28,537
(33.0)
17,101
(19.8)
12,851
(14.9)
58,489
(67.7)
35–39
17,184
(33.5)
10,047
(19.6)
7,551
(14.7)
34,782
(67.8)
>40
6,910
(36.2)
3,563
(18.7)
2,656
(13.9)
13,129
(68.8)
Total†
174,831
(29.5)
107,128
(18.1)
86,465
(14.6)
368,424
(62.2)
Race
White
96,052
(34.3)
50,847
(18.1)
39,366
(14.0)
186,265
(66.5)
Black
46,358
(25.1)
32,983
(17.9)
27,780
(15.1)
107,121
(58.1)
Other
13,195
(35.4)
6,983
(18.8)
5,013
(13.5)
25,191
(67.7)
Total§
155,605
(31.0)
90,813
(18.1)
72,159
(14.4)
318,577
(63.5)
Ethnicity
Hispanic
28,746
(33.4)
14,750
(17.1)
11,801
(13.7)
55,297
(64.2)
Non-Hispanic
98,036
(29.6)
58,955
(17.8)
48,274
(14.6)
205,265
(62.1)
Total¶
126,782
(30.4)
73,705
(17.7)
60,075
(14.4)
260,562
(62.5)
* Percentages were calculated using total number of abortions obtained at all known weeks of gestation. Percentages might not add to the percentage obtained at <8 weeks of gestation because fewer states are included in certain variables. Also, percentages might not add to the total percentage because of rounding.
† Data from 38 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City; excludes three states (Mississippi, Nebraska, and Nevada) in which weeks of gestation was reported as unknown for >15% of women.
§ Data from 33 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City; excludes nine states (Arizona, Mississippi, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, New York Upstate, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming) in which race or weeks of gestation was reported as unknown for >15% of women.
¶ Data from 29 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City; excludes 12 states (Alaska, Georgia, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, Virginia, and Washington) in which ethnicity or weeks of gestation was reported as unknown for >15% of women.
Return to top.
Table 18

TABLE 18. Reported legal abortions, by known weeks of gestation and types of procedures — selected states,* United States, 2005
Type of procedure
Weeks of gestation
Total
<8
9–10
11–12
13–15
16–20
>21
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
No.
(%)
Curettage (suction or sharp)†
300,255
(82.4)
98,492
(97.3)
53,815
(98.7)
36,385
(98.6)
21,211
(95.4)
6,951
(85.1)
517,109
(88.0)
Intrauterine instillation
212
(0.1)
92
(0.1)
46
(0.1)
50
(0.1)
137
(0.7)
91
(1.1)
628
(0.1)
Medical§
54,872
(15.1)
2,016
(2.0)
262
(0.5)
149
(0.4)
460
(2.1)
387
(4.7)
58,146
(9.9)
Other¶
9,251
(2.5)
601
(0.6)
374
(0.7)
321
(0.9)
434
(2.0)
743
(9.1)
11,724
(2.0)
Total
364,590
(100.0)
101,201
(100.0)
54,497
(100.0)
36,905
(100.0)
22,242
(100.0)
8,172
(100.0)
587,607
(100.0)
* Data from 40 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City; excludes three states (Mississippi, Nebraska, and Nevada) in which gestational age was reported as unknown for >15% of women.
† Includes dilatation and evacuation.
§ Medical (nonsurgical) procedures differed by weeks of gestation (i.e., methotrexate and misoprostol or mifepristone and misoprostol were reported for abortions performed at <8 weeks gestation; vaginal prostaglandins were primarily reported for abortions performed at later weeks of gestation).
¶ Includes hysterotomy/hysterectomy and procedures reported as “other.”
Return to top.
Table 19

TABLE 19. Number of deaths and case-fatality rates* for abortion-related deaths reported to CDC, by type of abortion — United States, 1972–2004†
Year
Type of abortion
Total
Case-fatality rate*
Induced
Unknown§
Legal
Illegal
1972
24
39
2
65
4.1
1973
25
19
3
47
4.1
1974
26
6
1
33
3.4
1975
29
4
1
34
3.4
1976
11
2
1
14
1.1
1977
17
4
0
21
1.6
1978
9
7
0
16
0.8
1979
22
0
0
22
1.8
1980
9
1
2
12
0.7
1981
8
1
0
9
0.6
1982
11
1
0
12
0.8
1983
11
1
0
12
0.9
1984
12
0
0
12
0.9
1985
11
1
1
13
0.8
1986
11
0
2
13
0.8
1987
7
2
0
9
0.5
1988
16
0
0
16
1.2
1989
12
1
0
13
0.9
1990
9
0
0
9
0.6
1991
11
1
0
12
0.8
1992
10
0
0
10
0.7
1993
6
1
2
9
0.5
1994
10
2
0
12
0.8
1995
4
0
0
4
0.3
1996
9
0
0
9
0.7
1997
7
0
0
7
0.6
1998
10
0
0
10
—¶
1999
4
0
0
4
—¶
2000
11
0
0
11
—¶
2001
6
1
0
7
—¶
2002
9
0
0
9
—¶
2003
10
0
0
10
—¶
2004
7
1
0
8
—¶
Total
393
95
15
504
1.1∗∗
* Legal induced abortion-related deaths per 100,000 reported legal induced abortions for the United States.
† Certain numbers might differ from those in previously published reports because additional information has been supplied to CDC.
§ Unknown whether induced or spontaneous abortions.
¶ Case-fatality rates for 1998–2004 cannot be calculated because a substantial number of abortions occurred in the nonreporting states/areas, and the total number of abortions (the denominator) is unknown.
** Case-fatality rate computed for 1972–1997 only.
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