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Older Adults: What Challenges Might Older Adults Have?

  1. Cognitive Challenges
    Aging results in normal changes in cognition. Three specific changes occur: reduced processing speed, greater tendency to be distracted, and reduced capacity to process and remember new information (working memory).

  2. Visual Challenges
    Many older adults have problems with vision. About 2/3 of adults with vision problems are older than 65.

  3. Hearing Challenges
    Hearing loss is common in older adults, affecting 1 in 3 people older than 60 and half of those older than 85.

The Basics

The following sections address health conditions that can impact older adults' health literacy. Effective strategies are provided for you to consider when working with older adults.


For more information on healthy aging and these topics, see CDC's Healthy Aging Program

For more information on cognitive challenges and solutions, see NIH National Institute on Aging

For more information on visual challenges and solutions, see NIH National Eye Institute

For more information on hearing challenges and solutions, see NIH National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

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