Reported Cases of HPS
HPS in the United States
Through January 6, 2016, a total of 690 cases of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome have been reported in the United States. Of these, 659 cases occurred from 1993-onward, following the initial identification of HPS, whereas 31 cases were retrospectively identified. Thirty-six percent of all reported cases have resulted in death.
Of persons ill with HPS, 63% have been male, 37% female.
The mean age of confirmed case patients is 38 years (range: 5 to 84 years).
HPS can strike anyone; however, Whites currently account for 78% of all cases. American Indians account for about 18% of cases, African Americans for 1% of cases, and Asians for 1% of cases. Of cases with known ethnicity, 19% of HPS cases have been reported among Hispanics (ethnicity considered separately from race).
Cases have been reported in 35 states (see map). More than 96% of reported cases have occurred in states west of the Mississippi River.
HPS outside of the United States
Outside of North America, numerous individual cases and small clusters of HPS cases have been reported in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Paraguay, Panama and Uruguay and Venezuela. Large outbreaks have been rare and have usually been associated with human disturbance and land-use changes or with unusual environmental events such as increased rainfall or periodic bamboo flowering.
Get email updates
To receive email updates about this page, enter your email address: