Antiviral Emergency Use Authorization (EUA)
Guidance on the Use of Influenza Antiviral Agents
The information on this page should be considered current for the 2014-2015 influenza season for clinical practice regarding the use of influenza antiviral medications. Also see the current summary of recommendations available at Influenza Antiviral Medications: Summary for Clinicians and a list of related references at Antiviral Guide References.
This page contains excerpts from Antiviral Agents for the Treatment and Chemoprophylaxis of Influenza - Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). PDF Version [1 MB, 28 pages]
Previously, the neuraminidase inhibitors oseltamivir and zanamivir were the only recommended influenza antiviral drugs. On December 19, 2014 the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved Rapivab® (peramivir) to treat influenza infection in adults. The antiviral content on the CDC website is in the process of being updated to reflect that change.
Licensed vaccines and drugs, or approved therapeutics and medical devices treat, prevent, or mitigate disease. If an emerging public health threat is identified for which no licensed or approved product exists, the Project BioShield Act of 2004 authorizes the FDA Commissioner to issue an EUA so appropriate countermeasures (e.g., distribution of unlicensed antiviral medications) can be taken quickly to protect the safety of the U.S. population. Specifically, these countermeasures can facilitate the diagnosis, treatment, or prevention of serious or life-threatening diseases, or for conditions caused by chemical, biologic, or radiologic agents for which no adequate, approved, or available alternatives exist. CDC in conjunction with NIH provides expert consultation to the FDA Commissioner regarding the appropriateness of EUA requests and supports the distribution of products stored in the Strategic National Stockpile (SNS) formulary . EUAs in effect during the 2009 H1N1 pandemic have expired because there is no longer a declared emergency.
- Page last reviewed: December 1, 2014
- Page last updated: January 9, 2015
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