Alcohol-Related Public Health Objectives and Guidelines
Healthy People 2020
Healthy People 2020 highlights the major health priorities for our nation and serves as a guide to increase the quality and years of healthy living and to eliminate health disparities. One specific goal is to reduce substance abuse to protect the health, safety, and quality of life for all, especially children. This goal includes several objectives such as reducing alcohol-related motor vehicle crash deaths and injuries, reducing cirrhosis deaths, reducing binge drinking, and increasing treatment for substance abuse.
Chronic Disease Indicators
The Chronic Disease Indicators is a comprehensive set of 97 public health measures intended to increase the quality and availability of surveillance data on chronic disease and health risk behaviors at the state and federal levels. Public health professionals can use these indicators to improve surveillance and help develop effective intervention programs. There are seven alcohol indicators: two for youth consumption, three for adult consumption, one for women in childbearing age, and one for mortality.
Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010 [967 KB]
Released January 2011, the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010 reports that excessive alcohol consumption has no benefits, and if people do choose to drink, they should do so in moderation – up to 1 drink per day for a woman and up to 2 drinks per day for men.
National Prevention Strategy
Unveiled on June 16, 2011, the National Prevention Strategy (NPS) aims to guide the United States in the most effective and achievable means for improving health and well-being. Called for by the Affordable Care Act, the NPS prioritizes prevention by integrating recommendations and actions across multiple settings to improve health for all people where they live, work, play, and learn. The NPS identifies the Prevention of Drug Abuse and Excessive Alcohol Use as one of seven prevention priorities.
Specific recommendations for the prevention of excessive alcohol use include:
- Support state, tribal, local, and territorial implementation and enforcement of alcohol control policies.
- Create environments that empower young people not to drink or use other drugs.
- Identify alcohol and other drug abuse disorders early and provide brief intervention, referral and treatment.
The NPS also goes on further to recommend the implementation of evidence-based population-level interventions, particularly those that are recommended by the Guide to Community Preventive Services for preventing excessive alcohol use and related harms.