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Sexual Violence: Data Sources

CDC Data Sources

  • National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS)
    CDC’s Injury Center, in collaboration with the National Institutes of Justice and the Department of Defense, developed this telephone survey to collect ongoing population-based surveillance data and generate accurate and reliable prevalence estimates of intimate partner violence, sexual violence, and stalking victimization. NISVS collects information on these types of violence at both the state and national level, including data on characteristics of the victimization, demographic information on victims and perpetrators, impacts of the violence, age at first experience of these types of violence, and health outcomes associated with the violence.
  • Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System
    CDC’s Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System monitors health risk behaviors that contribute to the leading causes of death and disability, including lifetime sexual violence victimization (ongoing) and 12 month physical and sexual dating violence victimization (beginning in 2013) of young people in the United States.
  • National Violent Death Reporting System
    CDC has funded the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) in 40 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico, to gather, share, and link state-level data on violent deaths. NVDRS provides CDC and states with a more complete understanding of violent deaths. This enables policy makers and community leaders to make informed decisions about violence prevention programs, including those that address sexual violence and intimate partner violence.
  • Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS)
    CDC’s interactive, online database that provides fatal and nonfatal injury, violent death, and cost of injury data.
  • National Electronic Injury Surveillance System-All Injury Program (NEISS-AIP)
    NEISS-AIP provides nationally representative data about all types and causes of nonfatal injuries treated in U.S. hospital emergency departments. CDC uses NEISS-AIP data to generate national estimates of nonfatal injuries, including those related to sexual violence.
  • Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)
    The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) is the world’s largest on-going telephone health survey system, tracking health conditions and risk behaviors in the United States yearly since 1984. For three years (2005, 2006, and 2007), CDC funded an optional module to the ongoing BRFSS on sexual violence victimization.
  • National Violence Against Women Survey (NVAWS)[298KB, 71Pages, Print Only]
    The National Institute of Justice (NIJ) is the research, development, and evaluation agency of the U.S. Department of Justice. In the 1990’s (1995-1996), to further the understanding of violence against women, the NIJ and CDC’s Injury Center jointly sponsored the National Violence Against Women Survey. The National Violence Against Women Survey is available from https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/183781.pdf [298KB, 71Pages, Print Only].

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Other Federal Data Sources

  • Federal Bureau of Investigation Uniform Crime Reports
    Since the 1930s, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) has been collecting data on crime in the United States. Each year, the FBI Uniform Crime Reporting Program publishes a summary of Crime in the United States, Hate Crime Statistics, special studies, reports, and monographs.
  • National Crime Victimization Survey
    National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) is the primary source of information on criminal victimization in the United States. Each year, data are obtained from a nationally representative sample of 77,200 households comprising nearly 134,000 persons on the frequency, characteristics, and consequences of criminal victimization in the United States. The survey enables the Bureau of Justice Statistics to estimate the likelihood of victimization by rape, sexual assault, robbery, assault, theft, household burglary, and motor vehicle theft.

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Non-Federal Data Sources

  • National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health
    The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) explores the causes of health-related behaviors of adolescents in grades 7 through 12 (during the 1994-95 school year) and their outcomes followed into young adulthood. Four waves of data have been collected, most recently in 2008 when the sample was 24-32 years old. A fifth follow up wave is being conducted as the cohort moves through their fourth decade of life. The study provides an ongoing, real time life view, examining how social contexts (families, friends, peers, schools, neighborhoods, and communities) influence health and risk behaviors.

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Additional Resources

Journal Articles

  • Basile KC, Breiding MJ, Smith SG. The association of disability status and recent sexual violence victimization among a national sample of women and men. Am J Public Health. 2016; 106(5): 928-933.
  • Breiding, M.J., Basile, K.C., Klevens, J., & Smith, S.G. Association between food and housing insecurity and intimate partner and sexual violence victimization. American Journal of Preventive Medicine; published online May 10, 2017.
  • Black MC, Basile, KC, Breiding MJ, Ryan GW. Prevalence of sexual violence against women in 23 states and two U.S. territories, BRFSS 2005. Violence Against Women. 2014; 20 (5): 485–499.
  • Peterson C, DeGue S, Florence C, Lokey CN. Lifetime Economic Burden of Rape among U.S. Adults. Am J Prev Med. 2017.
  • Smith SG, Basile KC, Karch D. Sexual homicide and sexual violence-associated homicide: Findings from the National Violent Death Reporting System. Homicide Studies 2011; 15(2): 132-53.
  • Ybarra ML, Mitchell KJ. Prevalence rates of male and female sexual violence perpetrators in a national sample of adolescents. JAMA Pediatr. 2013;167(12):1125-1134.

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