The PRAMS questionnaire has two parts. There are core questions that are asked by all sites. The core portion of the questionnaire includes questions about the following:
- Attitudes and feelings about the most recent pregnancy
- Preconception care
- Content of prenatal care
- Medicaid and WIC participation
- Cigarette smoking and alcohol use
- Health insurance coverage
- Physical abuse
- Infant health care
- Contraceptive use
The remaining questions on the questionnaire are chosen from a pretested list of standard questions developed by CDC or developed by sites on their own. As a result, each site’s PRAMS questionnaire is unique.
Because PRAMS employs a mixed-mode methodology, two types of questionnaires are available. The self-administered questionnaire is used with the mailing packets, and an interviewer-administered questionnaire is used with the telephone phase. The interviewer-administered questionnaire contains the same questions that are on the self-administered questionnaire; however, some questions have been formatted differently to facilitate the different mode of administration. The PRAMS questionnaire is available in English and in Spanish; those sites with a large Hispanic population may choose to use the Spanish questionnaire.
The PRAMS questionnaire is revised periodically. With each revision or new phase of the questionnaire, some of the questions change. Although most indicators can be compared across phases, it is often easiest to analyze data within a single phase. The years of available data covered by the different phases are listed below:
Phase 8 (2016-2019)
Between Questionnaire Phases, short question supplements may be developed to append to the end of the regular PRAMS survey in interested sites. Supplements are used for a short period of time for rapid data collection on topics of emerging concern.
- COVID-19 Vaccine, 2021 pdf icon[PDF – 53 KB]
- COVID-19 experiences, 2020 pdf icon[PDF – 117 KB]
- Disability, 2019-2020 pdf icon[PDF – 32 KB]
- Prescription Opioid use, 2019 pdf icon[PDF – 84 KB]
- Marijuana & prescription drug use, 2017 pdf icon[PDF – 63 KB]
- Zika, 2016 – 2017
- History of Breast & Ovarian Cancer, 2016-2020 pdf icon[PDF – 64 KB]
- E-cigarette use, 2015 pdf icon[PDF – 60 KB]
- H1N1 Influenza & Seasonal Flu, 2009 pdf icon[PDF – 66 KB]
The documents below are core & standard question lists and topic reference documents for previous questionnaire phases.
Phase 7 (2012-2015)
- Phase 7 English Core Questions pdf icon[PDF–421 KB]
- Phase 7 English Standard Questions pdf icon[PDF–586 KB]
- Phase 7 English Topic Reference pdf icon[PDF–838 KB]
- Phase 7 Spanish Core Questions pdf icon[PDF–273 KB]
- Phase 7 Spanish Standard Questions pdf icon[PDF–635 KB]
Phase 6 (2009-2011)
- Phase 6 English Core Questions (2009) pdf icon[PDF–107 KB]
- Phase 6 English Standard Questions pdf icon[PDF–278 KB]
- Phase 6 English Topic Reference pdf icon[PDF–755 KB]
- Phase 6 Spanish Core Questions pdf icon[PDF–110 KB]
- Phase 6 Spanish Standard Questions pdf icon[PDF–357 KB]
Phase 5 (2004-2008)
The original PRAMS questionnaire was developed in 1987. An extensive list of topics was identified and researched for the questionnaire. Participating sites used this questionnaire (Phase 1) from fall 1988 through 1989. After an evaluation of the Phase 1 questionnaire, CDC and the participating PRAMS sites developed the Phase 2 questionnaire and put it in the field in 1990. Although the questionnaire maintained its original structure, selected questions were revised, some were deleted, and new questions were added. In 1994, CDC again collaborated with the participating PRAMS sites to develop a Phase 3 questionnaire. This revision was more extensive than the prior revisions.
Beginning with the Phase 3 questionnaire, CDC coordinated the development and testing of a number of standard questions with significant input from sites and other researchers. Standard questions cover core topics in more depth or cover other topics that are not on the core but are of interest across multiple sites. The Standard questions allow for data collection using uniform indicators on optional topics. There are currently over 200 standard questions developed by CDC that sites can choose to include on their surveys. Site-developed questions are specific to the sites that created them, and cover topics for which there are no core or standard questions.
Sites implemented the fourth revision of the questionnaire with January 2000 births. The Phase 4 revision introduced a new format to the questionnaire changing it from a single column, to a two-column layout with shading to help differentiate the questions from each other. In April 2004, sites implemented the fifth phase of the questionnaire. The sixth phase was implemented in 2009, the seventh version in 2012, and the eighth version in 2016.
- Phase 1 Pilot: 1988 – 1989
- Phase 2: 1990 – 1995
- Phase 3: 1996 – 1999
- Phase 4: 2000 – 2003
- Phase 5: 2004 – 2008
- Phase 6: 2009 – 2011
- Phase 7: 2012 – 2015
- Phase 8: 2016 –present