Whooping Cough is Deadly for Babies
Whooping cough is a very contagious disease that can be deadly for babies. It is spread from person to person, usually by coughing or sneezing while in close contact with others.
We used to think of whooping cough as a disease of the past, but it's making a comeback. Learn why reported cases of whooping cough are increasing.
Since 2010, we see between 10,000 and 50,000 cases of whooping cough each year in the United States. In fact, there are cases reported in every state. 2012 was a record year with more than 48,000 cases, the most cases that we have seen in the past 60 years. Most of the deaths each year are in babies younger than 3 months of age. Since 2010, up to 20 babies die from it each year in the United States.
Even though it seems like these are a lot of cases, we no longer have the 200,000 cases per year like we did before whooping cough vaccines were available.
In the first 6 months of life, babies are at high risk for complications from whooping cough — even if they are healthy — because their immune systems are still developing. In fact, babies younger than 2 months of age only have the antibodies they get from their mother to help protect them. It is important for you to get the whooping cough vaccine during each pregnancy so high levels of protective antibodies are transferred to each of your babies.
Whooping cough can cause serious and sometimes life-threatening complications in babies, especially within the first 6 months of life. It is important to know that many babies with whooping cough don't cough at all. Instead it causes them to stop breathing and turn blue. About half of babies who get whooping cough end up in the hospital. The younger the baby is when she gets whooping cough, the more likely it is that she will need to be treated in the hospital. Of those babies who are hospitalized with whooping cough, about 1 out of 4 will get pneumonia and 1 or 2 out of 100 will die. Other complications include violent, uncontrolled shaking, life-threatening pauses in breathing, and brain disease.
View photos of a baby being treated for whooping cough.
Adolescents and adults can also have complications from whooping cough. They are usually less serious in this age group, especially in those who have been vaccinated against whooping cough. Common complications in adolescents and adults are often caused by the cough itself, including loss of bladder control, fainting, and rib fractures.
View videos of a child and an adult with whooping cough.
Whooping cough is generally treated with antibiotics (medications that help treat diseases caused by bacteria). Learn why early treatment is so important and get tips for caring for your baby.
Your doctor or local health department may recommend preventive antibiotics to close contacts of a whooping cough patient, including all household members. This might prevent or reduce the chance of getting whooping cough.
- Page last reviewed: January 27, 2015
- Page last updated: October 4, 2016
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