Carbon Disulfide

Overview

CAS No. 75-15-0

Carbon disulfide (CS2) is a colorless liquid with an ether-like odor. Exposure can cause dizziness, poor sleep, headache, anxiety, anorexia, weight loss, and vision changes. It can harm the eyes, kidneys, blood, heart, liver, nerves, and skin. Workers may be harmed by carbon disulfide. The level of exposure depends upon the dose, duration, and work being done.

Carbon disulfide is used in many industries. It’s used to make rubber, viscose rayon, cellophane, and carbon tetrachloride. Some examples of workers at risk of being exposed to carbon disulfide include the following:

  • Factory workers who work where rubber is made or processed
  • Workers involved in cellophane production
  • Employees who work in factories where rayon fabric is made
  • Employees involved in the production of carbon tetrachloride

NIOSH recommends that employers use Hierarchy of Controls to prevent injuries. If you work in an industry that uses carbon disulfide, please read chemical labels and the accompanying Safety Data Sheets for hazard information. Visit NIOSH’s page on Managing Chemical Safety in the Workplace to learn more about controlling chemical workplace exposures.

The following resources provide information about occupational exposure to carbon disulfide. A useful search term for carbon disulfide includes “carbon bisulfide,” “carbon sulfide,” and “carbon disulphide.”

NIOSH Chemical Resources

Logo of NIOSH Pocket Guide

The NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards (NPG) helps workers, employers, and occupational health professionals recognize and control workplace chemical hazards.

Logo of Manual of Analytical Methods.

The NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods (NMAM) is a collection of methods for sampling and analysis of contaminants in workplace air, and in the blood and urine of workers who are occupationally exposed.

Logo of Health Hazard Evaluations consisting of three letters: HHE

The Health Hazard Evaluation Program (HHE) conducts onsite investigations of possible worker exposure to chemicals. Search the HHE database for more information on cobalt.

Related NIOSH Resources

Selected Publications

Related Resources

International Resources

Page last reviewed: November 2, 2018