MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY AT WORK
In 2010, NIOSH launched the Center for Motor Vehicle Safety (CMVS) to address crashes, the leading cause of work-related deaths in the United States.1 The CMVS conducts research and develops strategies to prevent work-related motor vehicle crashes and resulting injuries.
NIOSH is the only part of the U.S. federal government whose mission includes preventing crashes and resulting injuries for all workers, not just a specific worker group. View our fact sheet to learn more.
1) Strengthen understanding of how risk factors contribute to work-related motor vehicle crashes and injuries, and communicate this information to employers, workers, and others.
2) Develop and evaluate the effectiveness of engineering and technology-based interventions to prevent work-related motor vehicle crashes and injuries, and advance adoption of these interventions.
3) Evaluate the effectiveness of motor vehicle safety management programs and practices and promote their adoption.
CMVS Strategic Plan, 2020-2029
The NIOSH Center for Motor Vehicle Safety published a strategic plan for 2020-2029. The plan identifies needed research for four priority industry sectors. For a quick overview of strategies and industry sectors, download the highlights.
Burden: Millions of workers drive or ride in a motor vehicle as part of their jobs. Work-related motor vehicle crashes affect workers in all industries and occupations, whether they drive heavy trucks, emergency vehicles, pickup trucks, or cars, and whether driving is a primary or occasional part of the job. Work-related crashes take a heavy toll on workers, their families, and employers:
- In 2017, motor vehicle crashes made up 35% of all work-related injury deaths in the United States, and were the first or second leading cause of death in every major industry group1
- 45% of the crash-related deaths in 2017 involved workers employed as motor vehicle operators, with the remaining 55% employed in a range of other occupations2
- In 2013 alone, motor vehicle crashes at work cost U.S. employers $25 billion – $65,000 per nonfatal injury and $671,000 per death3
Need: NIOSH is the only part of the U.S. federal government whose mission includes preventing crashes and resulting injuries for all worker populations, not just a specific worker group. Our research and outreach focuses on truck drivers; workers in other high-risk jobs such as emergency responders, oil and gas workers, and taxi drivers; and drivers of light vehicles, for whom driving may not be the primary job duty. Our research emphasizes development and evaluation of safety interventions that are both effective and practical in preventing work-related motor vehicle crashes.
Impact: Through collaborations with partners across all sectors – industry, labor, professional and trade associations, non-profits, government agencies, and academia – NIOSH has a strong understanding of the individual, organizational, and environmental factors that contribute to work-related crashes. Our research is published in scientific journals and presented at scientific and industry conferences. To promote the adoption of our research results in the workplace, we contribute to consensus standards widely used by employers and industry to guide vehicle design and testing and motor vehicle safety management. We also communicate crash-prevention information directly to workers and employers through user-friendly webpages, social media (e.g., @NIOSH_MVSafety), animated images (GIFs), the eNewsletter Behind the Wheel at Work, and many other publications.
- BLS . Table A-2. Fatal occupational injuries resulting from transportation incidents and homicides, all United States, 2017excel iconexternal icon. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics
- BLS . Table A-6. Fatal occupational injuries resulting from transportation incidents and homicides by occupation, all United States, 2017excel iconexternal icon. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics
- NETS (Network of Employers for Traffic Safety) . Cost of motor vehicle crashes to employers – 2015pdf iconexternal icon. Vienna, VA: Network of Employers for Traffic Safety
1Bureau of Labor Statistics . Table A-2. Transportation incidents and homicides by detailed event or exposure, 2003-2017.
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