MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY AT WORK

From Our State Partners and Grantees

FMCSA Level 3 Driver Inspection TrainingExternal
Kentucky Injury Prevention and Research Center
This training details the steps involved in a Level 3 Driver Inspection. This inspection is often carried out by an official at roadside and consists of an examination of the driver’s license, medical certification waiver (if applicable), driver’s record of duty status, hours of service, seat belt, vehicle inspection report, and HM requirements.

Trucking Crash Prevention ToolkitExternal
Kentucky FACE

The influence of daily sleep patterns of commercial truck drivers on driving performance. 
Accident Analysis & Prevention: June 2016 / 91: 55-63

NIOSH national survey of long-haul truck drivers: injury and safety
Accident Analysis & Prevention: December 2015 / 85: 66-72

Factors associated with truck crashes in a large cross section of commercial motor vehicle drivers
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: October 2015 / 57(10): 1098-1106

Commercial Driver Medical Examinations: Prevalence of Obesity, Comorbidities, and Certification Outcomes
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: June 2015 / 57(6): 659-665

Two Industrial Cohorts: Baseline Characteristics and Factors Associated With Obesity
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: May 2015 / 57(5): 562-570

Hazard Alert: Semi Drivers Killed Due to Rear End CollisionsCdc-pdfExternal
Kentucky FACE: December 2014 / 12(3)

Work related injuries in Washington State’s Trucking Industry, by industry sector and occupation
Accident Analysis & Prevention: April 2014 / 65: 63-71

Motor vehicle injuries among semi-truck drivers and sleeper berth passengers
Journal of Safety Research: February 2013 / 44(Special Issue):51-55
This study aimed to determine semi truck driver and sleeper berth passenger injury risk in a moving semi truck collision using a matched-pair cohort study. It found that Nonuse of occupant safety restraints by either drivers or sleeper berth passengers significantly increased the odds of an injury in a moving semi truck collision.

Crash and Burn? Vehicle, collision, and driver factors that influence motor vehicle collision fires
Accident Analysis & Prevention: July 2012 / 47: 140–145
This study used data from Kentucky State Police records. It found that large trucks were at higher risk for a collision involving a fire than passenger vehicles and pickup trucks.

The effects of semi truck driver age, and gender, and the presence of passengers on collisions with other vehicles
Traffic Injury Prevention: May 2009 / 10(3):266-272
This study analyzed Kentucky’s electronic crash database from 2000-2006. It found that solo semi-truck drivers aged 65 and over were at highest risk for at-fault crashes with other vehicles. The presence of passengers in the semi-truck had a protective effect for semi-truck drivers aged 65 and older.

Consensus criteria for screening commercial drivers for obstructive sleep apnea: evidence of efficacy
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: March 2008 / 50(3):324-329

The DOT medical examination: a guide to commercial drivers’ medical certification
The DOT Medical Examination: A Guide to Commercial Drivers’ Medical Certification, 4th edition.
This guideline provides guidance on the medical qualification determination of a commercial driver. It includes information on FMCSA’s Medical Review Board and recent recommendations from Medical Expert Panels on cardiovascular disease and Schedule 2 medications.

Sleepiness/fatigue and distraction/inattention as factors for fatal versus nonfatal commercial motor vehicle driver injuries
Accident Analysis and Prevention: September 2009 / 37(5):862-869
Based on the findings of this study, the authors made recommendations for decreasing the chance that a commercial vehicle collision will be fatal. The recommendations included primary safety belt law enactment and enforcement for all states, education for commercial vehicle driver education addressing fatigue and distraction, and policy changes such as decreased hours of service and rest breaks.

Through the Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) Program, NIOSH conducts on-site investigations of occupational fatalities, including those related to motor vehicles, and supports similar efforts by State partners. NIOSH also investigates vehicle-related fatalities of fire fighters through the Fire Fighter Fatality Investigation and Prevention Program. The case summaries from FACE reports can be used by employers in safety meetings and “toolbox talks.”

Page last reviewed: January 26, 2018