From Our State Partners and Grantees

Association between commercial vehicle driver at-fault crashes involving sleepiness/fatigue and proximity to rest areas and truck stops
Accident Analysis & Prevention: May 2019 / 126:3-9

Fatigue in long-haul truck drivers: a concept analysis
Workplace Health and Safety: February 2019 / 67(2):68-77

A policy analysis of mandatory obstructive sleep apnea screening in the trucking industry
Workplace Health and Safety: July 2018 / 66(7):348-355

A pilot study of sleep, work practices, visual processing speed, and 5-year motor vehicle crash risk among truck drivers
Workplace Health and Safety: December 2017 / 65(12):572-579

Work-related injury factors and safety climate perception in truck drivers
American Journal of Industrial Medicine: August 2017 / 60(8):711-723

Commercial motor vehicle driving performance: an examination of attentional resources and control using a driving simulator
Journal of Experimental Psychology (Applied): June 2017 / 23(2):191-203

Multiple conditions increase preventable crash risks among truck drivers in a cohort study
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: February 2017 / 59(2):205-211

The association between cardiovascular disease risk factors and motor vehicle crashes among professional truck drivers
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: August 2016 / 58(8):828-832

Hazard Alert: Semi Drivers Killed Due to Rear End Collisionspdf iconexternal icon

Tool-box talk for commercial drivers: Driver fatigue — Kentuckypdf iconexternal icon

FMCSA Level 3 Driver Inspection Trainingexternal icon
Kentucky Injury Prevention and Research Center
This training details the steps involved in a Level 3 Driver Inspection. This inspection is often carried out by an official at roadside and consists of an examination of the driver’s license, medical certification waiver (if applicable), driver’s record of duty status, hours of service, seat belt, vehicle inspection report, and HM requirements.

Trucking Crash Prevention Toolkitexternal icon
Kentucky FACE

Factors associated with truck crashes in a large cross section of commercial motor vehicle drivers
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: October 2015 / 57(10): 1098-1106

Safety climate and the distracted driving experiences of truck drivers
American Journal of Industrial Medicine: July 2015 / 58(7):746-755

Commercial Driver Medical Examinations: Prevalence of Obesity, Comorbidities, and Certification Outcomes
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: June 2015 / 57(6): 659-665

Two Industrial Cohorts: Baseline Characteristics and Factors Associated With Obesity
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: May 2015 / 57(5): 562-570

Understanding commercial truck drivers’ decision-making process concerning distracted driving
Accident Analysis & Prevention: March 2015 / 78:20-28

Hazard Alert: Semi Drivers Killed Due to Rear End Collisionspdf iconexternal icon
Kentucky FACE: December 2014 / 12(3)

Work related injuries in Washington State’s Trucking Industry, by industry sector and occupation
Accident Analysis & Prevention: April 2014 / 65: 63-71

A mediation model linking dispatcher leadership and work ownership with safety climate as predictors of truck driver safety performance
Accident Analysis & Prevention: January 2014 / 62:17-25

Hits and misses: screening commercial drivers for obstructive sleep apnea using guidelines recommended by a joint task force
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: September 2013 / 55(9): 1035-1040

Motor vehicle injuries among semi-truck drivers and sleeper berth passengers
Journal of Safety Research: February 2013 / 44(Special Issue):51-55
This study aimed to determine semi truck driver and sleeper berth passenger injury risk in a moving semi truck collision using a matched-pair cohort study. It found that Nonuse of occupant safety restraints by either drivers or sleeper berth passengers significantly increased the odds of an injury in a moving semi truck collision.

Does the rubber meet the road? Addressing sleep apnea in commercial truck drivers
Sleep: November 2012 / 35(11): 1443-1444

Crash and Burn? Vehicle, collision, and driver factors that influence motor vehicle collision fires
Accident Analysis & Prevention: July 2012 / 47: 140–145
This study used data from Kentucky State Police records. It found that large trucks were at higher risk for a collision involving a fire than passenger vehicles and pickup trucks.

The effects of semi truck driver age, and gender, and the presence of passengers on collisions with other vehicles
Traffic Injury Prevention: May 2009 / 10(3):266-272
This study analyzed Kentucky’s electronic crash database from 2000-2006. It found that solo semi-truck drivers aged 65 and over were at highest risk for at-fault crashes with other vehicles. The presence of passengers in the semi-truck had a protective effect for semi-truck drivers aged 65 and older.

Consensus criteria for screening commercial drivers for obstructive sleep apnea: evidence of efficacy
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: March 2008 / 50(3):324-329

The DOT medical examination: a guide to commercial drivers’ medical certification
The DOT Medical Examination: A Guide to Commercial Drivers’ Medical Certification, 4th edition.
This guideline provides guidance on the medical qualification determination of a commercial driver. It includes information on FMCSA’s Medical Review Board and recent recommendations from Medical Expert Panels on cardiovascular disease and Schedule 2 medications.

Sleepiness/fatigue and distraction/inattention as factors for fatal versus nonfatal commercial motor vehicle driver injuries
Accident Analysis and Prevention: September 2009 / 37(5):862-869
Based on the findings of this study, the authors made recommendations for decreasing the chance that a commercial vehicle collision will be fatal. The recommendations included primary safety belt law enactment and enforcement for all states, education for commercial vehicle driver education addressing fatigue and distraction, and policy changes such as decreased hours of service and rest breaks.

The effect of poor sleep and occupational demands on driving safety in medical residents
Traffic Injury Prevention: December 2018 / 19(Suppl 2):S137-S140

Cross-sectional analysis of sleep-promoting and wake-promoting drug use on health, fatigue-related error, and near-crashes in police officers
BMJ Open: September 2018 / 8(9):e022041

High risk of near-crash driving events following night-shift work
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA: Jan 2016 / 113(1):176-181

Fact sheet on work-related motor vehicles crashes in construction occupations — Washingtonpdf iconexternal icon
En españolpdf iconexternal icon

KY FACE Worker Safety Toolkit – Tow Truck

Through the Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) Program, NIOSH conducts on-site investigations of occupational fatalities, including those related to motor vehicles, and supports similar efforts by State partners. NIOSH also investigates vehicle-related fatalities of fire fighters through the Fire Fighter Fatality Investigation and Prevention Program. The case summaries from FACE reports can be used by employers in safety meetings and “toolbox talks.”

Page last reviewed: September 30, 2019