Mining Publication: Temperature Rise Within a Mobile Refuge Alternative (RA) - Experimental Investigation and Model Validation

Original creation date: June 2017

Peer Reviewed Journal Article - June 2017

NIOSHTIC2 Number: 20049118

J Thermal Sci Eng Appl 2017 Jun; 9(2):021003

Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) regulations require underground coal mines to install refuge alternatives (RAs). In the event of a disaster, RAs must be able to provide a breathable air environment for 96 hours. The interior environment of an occupied RA, however, may become hot and humid during the 96 hours due to miners' metabolic heat and carbon dioxide scrubbing system heat. The internal heat and humidity may result in miners suffering heat stress or even death. To investigate heat and humidity buildup with an occupied RA, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) conducted testing on a training 10-person, tent-type RA in its Safety Research Coal Mine (SRCM) in a test area that was isolated from the mine ventilation system. The test results showed that the average measured air temperature within the RA increased by 11.4 degrees C (20.5 degrees F) and the relative humidity approached 90% RH. The test results were used to benchmark a thermal simulation model of the tested RA. The validated thermal simulation model predicted the average air temperature inside the RA at the end of 96 hours to within 0.6 degrees C (1.1 degrees F) of the measured average air temperature.

Authors: L Yan, DS Yantek, M Klein, P Bissert, RJ Matetic

Cover image for Temperature Rise within a Mobile Refuge Alternative (RA) - Experimental Investigation and Model Validation
Peer Reviewed Journal Article - June 2017

NIOSHTIC2 Number: 20049118

J Thermal Sci Eng Appl 2017 Jun; 9(2):021003


Page last reviewed: 6/1/2017 Page last updated: 6/1/2017