Mining Publication: Underground Mine Refuge Alternatives: A Look at Food, Water and Sanitation Requirements

Original creation date: September 2015

Authors: AG Mayton, J Heberger

Non-Peer Reviewed Journal Article - September 2015

NIOSHTIC2 Number: 20046916

Coal Age 2015 Sep; 120(9):40-43

Underground coal mine explosions, such as the January 2006 Sago mine disaster, have dramatically demonstrated the need to provide mine refuge alternatives for miners who are unable to exit the mine and are forced to take refuge during mine disasters or emergencies. The Mine Improvement and New Emergency Response (MINERS) Act of 2006 requires that underground coal operators include refuge alternatives (RAs) in their Emergency Response Plans. Miners presently use three types of refuge alternatives: mobile steel, mobile inflatable tent and built-in-place (BIP). Considering the importance of equipping RAs well for emergencies, this article reviews the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) regulations for food, water and waste disposal/sanitation in RAs. Information received from RA manufacturers is presented on food, water, and sanitation products and methods provided in their RAs. Issues that may arise from using these products are also discussed, along with possible solutions.

Cover image for Underground Mine Refuge Alternatives
Non-Peer Reviewed Journal Article - September 2015

NIOSHTIC2 Number: 20046916

Coal Age 2015 Sep; 120(9):40-43


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