Mining Publication: Underground Mine Refuge Alternatives: A Look at Food, Water and Sanitation Requirements
Original creation date: September 2015
Authors: AG Mayton, J Heberger
Underground coal mine explosions, such as the January 2006 Sago mine disaster, have dramatically demonstrated the need to provide mine refuge alternatives for miners who are unable to exit the mine and are forced to take refuge during mine disasters or emergencies. The Mine Improvement and New Emergency Response (MINERS) Act of 2006 requires that underground coal operators include refuge alternatives (RAs) in their Emergency Response Plans. Miners presently use three types of refuge alternatives: mobile steel, mobile inflatable tent and built-in-place (BIP). Considering the importance of equipping RAs well for emergencies, this article reviews the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) regulations for food, water and waste disposal/sanitation in RAs. Information received from RA manufacturers is presented on food, water, and sanitation products and methods provided in their RAs. Issues that may arise from using these products are also discussed, along with possible solutions.
- Emergency Escape and Refuge Alternatives
- Emergency Management
- Emergency Response Planning for Small Mines: Who Needs It?
- A Human Component to Consider in Your Emergency Management Plans: The Critical Incident Stress Factor
- A Missing Component in Your Emergency Management Plans: The Critical Incident Stress Factor
- NIOSH Docket Number 125: Refuge Alternative Research
- An Oral History Analysis of Mine Emergency Response
- Refuge Alternatives in Underground Coal Mines
- Research Report on Refuge Alternatives for Underground Coal Mines
- When Do You Take Refuge? Decisionmaking During Mine Emergency Escape