Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health Concentrations (IDLH)
CAS number: 88–89–1
NIOSH REL: 0.1 mg/m3 TWA, 0.3 mg/m3 STEL [skin]
Current OSHA PEL: 0.1 mg/m3 TWA [skin]
1989 OSHA PEL: Same as current PEL
1993-1994 ACGIH TLV: 0.1 mg/m3 TWA
Description of substance: Yellow, odorless solid.
LEL :. . Unknown
Original (SCP) IDLH: 100 mg/m3
Basis for original (SCP) IDLH: Because no data on acute inhalation toxicity are available on which to base an IDLH for picric acid, the chosen IDLH has been estimated from data concerning the oral toxicity. According to ACGIH , the ingestion of 1 or 2 grams of picric acid in man causes severe poisoning.
Short-term exposure guidelines: None developed
ACUTE TOXICITY DATA:
Lethal dose data:
|Species||Reference||Route||LD50 (mg/kg)||LDLo (mg/kg)||Adjusted LD||Derived value|
|G. pig||Flury & Zernik 1935||oral||—–||100||700 mg/m3||70 mg/m3|
|Cat||Flury & Zernik 1935||oral||—–||250||1,750 mg/m3||175 mg/m3|
|Rabbit||von Ottingen 1941||oral||—–||120||940 mg/m3||84 mg/m3|
Human data: The ingestion of 1 to 2 grams of picric acid has been reported to cause severe poisoning [ACGIH 1991]. [Note: An oral dose of 1 to 2 grams is equivalent to a worker being exposed to 660 to 1,330 mg/m3 for 30 minutes, assuming a breathing rate of 50 liters per minute and 100% absorption.]
|Revised IDLH: 75 mg/m3Basis for revised IDLH: No inhalation toxicity data are available on which to base an IDLH for picric acid. Therefore, the revised IDLH for picric acid is 75 mg/m3 based on acute oral toxicity data in humans [ACGIH 1991] and animals [Flury and Zernik 1935; von Ottingen 1941].|
1. ACGIH . Picric acid. In: Documentation of the threshold limit values for substances in workroom air. 3rd ed. Cincinnati, OH: American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, pp. 212-213.
2. ACGIH . Picric acid. In: Documentation of the threshold limit values and biological exposure indices. 6th ed. Cincinnati, OH: American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, pp. 1271-1273.
3. Flury F, Zernik F . Zusammenstellung der toxischen und letalen dosen für die gebräuchlichsten gifte und versuchstiere. Abder Hand Biol Arbeitsmethod 4:1289-1422 (in German).
4. von Ottingen WF . The aromatic amino and nitro compounds, their toxicity and potential dangers. A review of the literature. Public Health Bulletin 271:151.
- Page last reviewed: December 4, 2014
- Page last updated: December 4, 2014
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