Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health
REACH is a national program administered by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to reduce racial and ethnic health disparities.
Through REACH, recipients plan and carry out local, culturally appropriate programs to address a wide range of health issues among African Americans, American Indians, Hispanics/Latinos, Asian Americans, Alaska Natives, and Pacific Islanders.
Why is ending health gaps important?
A core principle of public health is that every person should be able to reach his or her full health potential. CDC seeks to remove barriers to health caused by race or ethnicity, education, income, location, or other social factors.
Health gaps remain widespread among racial and ethnic minority groups.
- In 2015-2016, Hispanic (47.0%) and non-Hispanic black (46.8%) adults had a higher prevalence of obesity than non-Hispanic white adults (37.9%).
- In 2011-2014, the prevalence of diabetes Cdc-pdf[PDF-176KB] was 18.0% in non-Hispanic black adults, 16.8% in Hispanic adults, and 9.6% in non-Hispanic white adults.
How are REACH projects funded?
REACH gives funds to state and local health departments, tribes, universities, and community-based organizations. Recipients use these funds to build strong partnerships to guide and support the program’s work. Along with funding, CDC provides expert support to REACH recipients.
CDC funds 31 recipients to reduce health disparities among racial and ethnic populations with the highest burden of chronic disease (i.e., hypertension, heart disease, Type 2 diabetes, and obesity) through culturally tailored interventions to address preventable risk behaviors (i.e., tobacco use, poor nutrition, and physical inactivity).
Racial and ethnic health gaps are complex. They are affected by factors related to individuals, communities, society, culture, and the environment. To address these factors, REACH partners bring together members of the community to plan and carry out many different strategies to address many different health issues and provide impact to local communities.
Since 1999, REACH recipients have used community-based, participatory approaches to identify, develop, and disseminate effective strategies for addressing health disparities.