Articles about Child Development

Key Findings

Parenting Groups – Do They Change How Mothers Think About Parenting?
Read about mothers who participated in the Legacy for Children™ parenting group program, and how it affected their views on parenting.

Treatment of Disruptive Behavior Problems – What Works?
Learn about current evidence on the most effective treatments for behavior problems in children

Factors Associated with Mental, Behavioral, and Developmental Disorders in Early Childhood.
Learn about family, community and health-care factors related to children’s mental, behavioral or developmental disorder

Reassessing the approach of the Learn the Signs. Act Early. campaign.
Learn about parents’ responses to the Learn the Signs. Act Early materials

Featured Articles

Supporting Parents To Help Children Thrive
Learn how CDC helps parents get the support and information they need.

Developmental Milestones Matter!
Learn about the CDC Milestone Tracker.

Improving Children’s Behavioral Health
Learn what CDC is doing about gaps in behavioral treatment for children.

Parenting Matters
Parents are among the most important people in the lives of young children.

Helping Children Thrive in Rural Communities
Information on children with mental, behavioral, and developmental disorders in rural and urban areas.

Scientific Articles

* These CDC scientific articles are listed in order of date published

Boy sitting on the top of stacked books

Psychometric Assessment of Pilot Language and Communication Items on the 2018 and 2019 National Survey of Children’s Health
Academic Pediatrics, 2021, Dec 27;S1876-2859
Helena J. Hutchins, Lara R. Robinson, Sana N. Charania, Reem A. Ghandour, Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, Jennifer Zubler
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Short Sleep Duration Among Infants, Children, and Adolescents Aged 4 Months–17 Years — United States, 2016–2018
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) 2021; 70(38)
Anne G. Wheaton  & Angelika H. Claussen
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Behavioral and Socioemotional Outcomes of the Legacy for Children Randomized Control Trial to Promote Healthy Development of Children Living in Poverty, 4 to 6 Years Postintervention.
Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 2022 Jan 1;43(1):e39-e47
Caroline M. Barry, Lara R. Robinson, Jennifer W. Kaminski, Melissa L. Danielson, Corey L. Jones, Delia L. Lang
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Healthy and Ready to Learn: Prevalence and Correlates of School Readiness among US Preschoolers
Academic Pediatrics. 2021;21(5): 818-829.
Reem M. Ghandour, Ashley H. Hirai, Kristin A. Moore, Lara R. Robinson, Jennifer W. Kaminski, Kelly Murphy, Michael C. Lu, Michael D. Kogan
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Home Quality and Child Health: Analysis of the Survey of Income and Program Participation
Journal of Child Health Care. 2021, 25(4): 603–615.
Samantha Boch, Deena Chisolm, Jennifer W. Kaminski, Kelly Kelleher
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Factors Associated with Self-regulation in a Nationally Representative Sample of Children Ages 3–5 Years: United States, 2016
Maternal and Child Health Journal, 2021, 25, 27–37.
Angelika H. Claussen, Lara R. Robinson, Jennifer W. Kaminski, Sana Charania, Joseph R. Holbrook, Marvin So, Reem Ghandour, Camille Smith, Ashley Satterfield-Nash, Georgina Peacock & Coleen Boyle
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Parent Engagement in An Original and Culturally Adapted Evidence-based Parenting Program Legacy for Children™.
Infant Mental Health Journal, 2020 41(3):356-377.
Marvin So, Ana L. Almeida Rojo, Lara R. Robinson, Sophie A. Hartwig, Akilah R. Heggs Lee, Lana O. Beasley, Jane F. Silovsky, Amanda Sheffield Morris, Kelly Stiller Titchener, Martha I. Zapata.
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Trends over Time and Jurisdiction Variability in Supplemental Security Income and State Supplementary Payment Programs for Children with Disabilities
Journal of Public Health Management & Practice. 2020; 26(Suppl 2 ADVANCING LEGAL EPIDEMIOLOGY): S45–S53.
Lara R. Robinson, Russell F. McCord, Lindsay K. Cloud, Jennifer W. Kaminski, Amy Cook, Jessica Amoroso, Maya Hazarika Watts, Kim Kotzky, Caroline M. Barry, Rebecca Johnson, Kelly J. Kelleher.
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Prevalence and Trends of Developmental Disabilities among Children in the US: 2009–2017.
Pediatrics, 2019; 144(4):e20190811
Benjamin Zablotsky, Lindsey I. Black, Matthew J. Maenner, Laura A. Schieve, Melissa L. Danielson, Rebecca H. Bitsko, Stephen J. Blumberg, Michael D. Kogan, Coleen A. Boyle
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The Legacy for ChildrenTM Randomized Control Trial: Effects on Cognition Through Third Grade for Young Children Experiencing Poverty.
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. 2019; 40(4): 275–284.
Ruth Perou, Lara R. Robinson, Melissa L. Danielson, Angelika H. Claussen, Susanna N. Visser, Keith G. Scott, “Leila Beckwith, Lynne F. Katz, D. Camille Smith.
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Health Care, Family, and Community Factors Associated with Mental, Behavioral, and Developmental Disorders and Poverty among Children Aged 2–8 years — United States, 2016.
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) 2018;67(5):1377-1383.
Robyn A. Cree, Rebecca H. Bitsko, Lara R. Robinson, Joseph R. Holbrook, Melissa L. Danielson, Camille Smith, Jennifer W. Kaminski, Mary Kay Kenney, Georgina Peacock.
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Effects of Prenatal Marijuana Exposure on Neuropsychological Outcomes in Children Aged 1-11 Years: A Systematic Review.
Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, 2018; 32(6), 512-532.
Saida R. Sharapova,  Elyse Phillips, Karen Sirocco, Jennifer W. Kaminski, Rebecca T. Leeb, Italia Rolle.
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Prevalence of Parent-Reported Traumatic Brain Injury in Children and Associated Health Conditions.
JAMA Pediatrics. Published online September 24, 2018;172(11):1078-1086.
Juliet Haarbauer-Krupa, Akilah Heggs Lee, Rebecca H. Bitsko, Xinjian Zhang, Marcie-jo Kresnow-Sedacca.
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Maternal Perceptions of Parenting Following an Evidence-based Parenting Program: A Qualitative Study of Legacy for Children™
Sophie A. Hartwig, Lara R. Robinson, Dawn L. Comeau, Angelika H. Claussen, and Ruth Perou.
Infant Mental Health Journal, 2017, 38(4), 499-513.
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Differences in Health Care, Family, and Community Factors Associated with Mental, Behavioral, and Developmental Disorders Among Children Aged 2–8 Years in Rural and Urban Areas — United States, 2011–2012
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) Surveillance Summaries 2017; 66(No. SS-8):1–11.
Lara R. Robinson, Joseph R. Holbrook, Rebecca H. Bitsko, Sophie A. Hartwig, Jennifer W. Kaminski, Reem M. Ghandour, Georgina Peacock, Akilah Heggs, Coleen A. Boyle.
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Targeting Parenting in Early Childhood: A Public Health Approach to Improve Outcomes for Children Living in Poverty
Child Development. 2017, 88(2), 388–39.
Amanda Sheffield Morris, Lara R. Robinson, Jennifer Hays-Grudo, Angelika H. Claussen, Sophie A. Hartwig, Amy E. Treat.
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A Qualitative Study of Cultural Congruency of Legacy for Children™ for Spanish-speaking Mothers.
Children and Youth Services Review. 2017, 8(79):299-308.
Lana O. Beasley, Jane F. Silovsky, Hannah C. Espeleta, Lara R. Robinson, Sophie A. Hartwig, Amanda Sheffield Morris, Irma Esparza
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Interpreting the Prevalence of Mental Disorders in Children: Tribulation and Triangulation
Health Promotion Practice 2017, 18(1): 5-7.
Joseph R. Holbrook, Rebecca H. Bitsko, Melissa L. Danielson, Susanna N. Visser.
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Health-care, Family, and Community Factors associated with Mental, Behavioral, and Developmental Disorders in Early Childhood – United States, 2011-2012.
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) 2016 Mar 11 ; 65(9);221–226
Rebecca H. Bitsko, Joseph R. Holbrook,  Jennifer W. Kaminski,  Lara R. Robinson, Reem M. Ghandour, Camille Smith, Georgina Peacock.
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Mental Health Surveillance Among Children, United States 2005–2011
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) 2013;62(Suppl; May 16, 2013):1-35.
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Behavioral and Socioemotional Outcomes through Age 5 of the Legacy for Children™ Public Health Approach to Improving Developmental Outcomes among Children Born into Poverty
American Journal of Public Health, 2013;103:1058–1066.
Jennifer W. Kaminski, Ruth Perou, Susanna N. Visser, Keith G. Scott, Leila H. Beckwith, Judy Howard, D. Camille Smith, Melissa L. Danielson.
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