Articles about Child Development

Key Findings

Parenting Groups – Do They Change How Mothers Think About Parenting?
Read about mothers who participated in the Legacy for Children™ parenting group program, and how it affected their views on parenting.
(Published: July 14, 2017)

Treatment of Disruptive Behavior Problems – What Works?
Learn about current evidence on the most effective treatments for behavior problems in children
(Published: May 1, 2017)

Factors Associated with Mental, Behavioral, and Developmental Disorders in Early Childhood.
Learn about family, community and health-care factors related to children’s mental, behavioral or developmental disorder
(Published: March 10, 2016)

Reassessing the approach of the Learn the Signs. Act Early. campaign.
Learn about parents’ responses to the Learn the Signs. Act Early materials
(Published: November 18, 2015)

Screening for Developmental Delays Among Young Children
Only 1 in 5 parents say their child received a developmental screen
(Published September 10, 2014)

Behavioral and Socioemotional Outcomes Through Age 5 of the Legacy for Children™ Parenting Program
Learn how the Legacy program affected children
(Published: April 18, 2013)

Featured Articles

Developmental Milestones Matter!
Learn about the CDC Milestone Tracker.
(Published: October 22, 2018)

Improving Children’s Behavioral Health
Learn what CDC is doing about gaps in behavioral treatment for children.
(Published: May 7, 2018)

Supporting Behavioral Health
Learn what CDC doing to support behavioral health services for children who need them.
(Published: May 3, 2018)

Parenting Matters
Parents are among the most important people in the lives of young children.
(Published: February 20, 2018)

Children’s Mental Health Report
Learn about the CDC report that describes federal activities that track U.S. children’s mental disorders.
(Published: February 27, 2018)

Helping Children Thrive in Rural Communities
Information on children with mental, behavioral, and developmental disorders in rural and urban areas.
(Published: March 16, 2017)

Scientific Articles

* These CDC scientific articles are listed in order of date published

Boy sitting on the top of stacked books

Prevalence and Trends of Developmental Disabilities among Children in the US: 2009–2017.
Pediatrics, 2019; 144(4):e20190811
Benjamin Zablotsky, Lindsey I. Black, Matthew J. Maenner, Laura A. Schieve, Melissa L. Danielson, Rebecca H. Bitsko, Stephen J. Blumberg, Michael D. Kogan, Coleen A. Boyle
[Read key findings] [Read articleexternal icon]

 

The Legacy for ChildrenTM Randomized Control Trial: Effects on Cognition Through Third Grade for Young Children Experiencing Poverty.
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. 2019; 40(4): 275–284.
Ruth Perou, Lara R. Robinson, Melissa L. Danielson, Angelika H. Claussen, Susanna N. Visser, Keith G. Scott, “Leila Beckwith, Lynne F. Katz, D. Camille Smith.
[Watch videoexternal icon] [Read summaryexternal icon]

 

Health Care, Family, and Community Factors Associated with Mental, Behavioral, and Developmental Disorders and Poverty among Children Aged 2–8 years — United States, 2016.
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) 2018;67(5):1377-1383.
Robyn A. Cree, Rebecca H. Bitsko, Lara R. Robinson, Joseph R. Holbrook, Melissa L. Danielson, Camille Smith, Jennifer W. Kaminski, Mary Kay Kenney, Georgina Peacock.
[Read article]

 

Effects of Prenatal Marijuana Exposure on Neuropsychological Outcomes in Children Aged 1-11 Years: A Systematic Review.
Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology. Published online October 18, 2018.
Saida R. Sharapova,  Elyse Phillips, Karen Sirocco, Jennifer W. Kaminski, Rebecca T. Leeb, Italia Rolle.
[Read summaryexternal icon]

 

Prevalence of Parent-Reported Traumatic Brain Injury in Children and Associated Health Conditions.
JAMA Pediatrics. Published online September 24, 2018.
Juliet Haarbauer-Krupa, Akilah Heggs Lee, Rebecca H. Bitsko, Xinjian Zhang, Marcie-jo Kresnow-Sedacca.
[Read summaryexternal icon]

 

Maternal Perceptions of Parenting Following an Evidence-based Parenting Program: A Qualitative Study of Legacy for Children™
Sophie A. Hartwig, Lara R. Robinson, Dawn L. Comeau, Angelika H. Claussen, and Ruth Perou.
Infant Mental Health Journal, 2017, 38(4), 499-513.
[Read articleexternal icon]

 

Differences in Health Care, Family, and Community Factors Associated with Mental, Behavioral, and Developmental Disorders Among Children Aged 2–8 Years in Rural and Urban Areas — United States, 2011–2012
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) Surveillance Summaries 2017; 66(No. SS-8):1–11.
Lara R. Robinson, Joseph R. Holbrook, Rebecca H. Bitsko, Sophie A. Hartwig, Jennifer W. Kaminski, Reem M. Ghandour, Georgina Peacock, Akilah Heggs, Coleen A. Boyle.
[Read article] [Read Key Findings]

 

Targeting Parenting in Early Childhood: A Public Health Approach to Improve Outcomes for Children Living in Poverty
Child Development. 2017, 88(2), 388–39.
Amanda Sheffield Morris, Lara R. Robinson, Jennifer Hays-Grudo, Angelika H. Claussen, Sophie A. Hartwig, Amy E. Treat.
[Read summaryexternal icon]

A qualitative study of cultural congruency of Legacy for Children™ for Spanish-speaking mothers.
Children and Youth Services Review. 2017, 8(79):299-308.
Lana O. Beasley, Jane F. Silovsky, Hannah C. Espeleta, Lara R. Robinson, Sophie A. Hartwig, Amanda Sheffield Morris, Irma Esparza
[Read summaryexternal icon]

Interpreting the Prevalence of Mental Disorders in Children: Tribulation and Triangulation
Health Promotion Practice 2017, 18(1): 5-7.
Joseph R. Holbrook, Rebecca H. Bitsko, Melissa L. Danielson, Susanna N. Visser.
[Read articleexternal icon]

 

Health-care, Family, and Community Factors associated with Mental, Behavioral, and Developmental Disorders in Early Childhood – United States, 2011-2012.
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) 2016 Mar 11 ; 65(9);221–226
Rebecca H. Bitsko, Joseph R. Holbrook,  Jennifer W. Kaminski,  Lara R. Robinson, Reem M. Ghandour, Camille Smith, Georgina Peacock.
[Read article] [Read Key Findings]

 

Cost-effectiveness of Legacy for ChildrenTM for Reducing Behavioral Problems and Risk for ADHD among Children Living in Poverty
Journal of Child and Adolescent Behavior, 2015, 3:5
Phaedra S. Corso, Susanna N. Visser, Justin B. Ingels, Ruth Perou.
[Read article pdf icon[422 KB / 2 pages]external icon]

 

The Legacy for Children™ Parenting Model, Partnering to Translate Research to Practice for Children in Poverty
TBM 2014;4:232–233
Lara R. Robinson, Ruth Perou, Rebecca T. Leeb.
[Read article pdf icon[103 KB / 2 pages]external icon]

 

Components Associated With Home Visiting Program Outcomes: A Meta-analysis
Pediatrics Vol. 132 No. Supplement 2 November 1, 2013
Jill H. Filene, Jennifer W. Kaminski, Linda Anne Valle, Patrice Cachat.
[Read articleexternal icon]

 

Mental Health Surveillance Among Children, United States 2005–2011
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) 2013;62(Suppl; May 16, 2013):1-35.
CDC
[Read article] [Read summary]

 

Behavioral and Socioemotional Outcomes through Age 5 of the Legacy for Children™ Public Health Approach to Improving Developmental Outcomes among Children Born into Poverty
American Journal of Public Health, 2013;103:1058–1066.
Jennifer W. Kaminski, Ruth Perou, Susanna N. Visser, Keith G. Scott, Leila H. Beckwith, Judy Howard, D. Camille Smith, Melissa L. Danielson.
[Read Key Findings]

 

Legacy for Children™: A Pair of Randomized Controlled Trials of a Public Health Model to Improve Developmental Outcomes among Children in Poverty
BMC Public Health 2012, 12:691
Ruth Perou, Marc N. Elliott, Susanna N. Visser, Angelika H. Claussen, Keith G. Scott, Leila H. Beckwith, Judy Howard, Lynne F. Katz, D. Camille Smith.
[Read article pdf icon[1.60 MB / 23 pages]external icon]

 

Does Childhood Disability Increase Risk for Child Abuse and Neglect?
Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 2012;5(1):4-31.
Rebecca T. Leeb, Rebecca H. Bitsko, Melissa T. Merrick, Brian S. Armour.
[Read summaryexternal icon]