Burmese Refugee Health Profile
Refugees from Myanmar are housed in camps in Thailand or urban settlements in Malaysia. Refugee camps in Thailand are located along Thailand’s border with Myanmar, while refugees in Malaysia reside mostly in Kuala Lumpur (Figure 2). The majority of refugees from Myanmar are from the various minority ethnic groups within the country, such as the Chin, Kachin, Karen, Mon, Rakhine, Shan, and Wa.
Refugees from Myanmar began resettling into the United States in large numbers around 2008. From 2008-2014, approximately 109,000 Burmese refugees arrived in the United States from camps and urban settings in Thailand and Malaysia (Figure 3). Burmese refugees were mostly resettled from refugee camps in Thailand in the past, but are now increasingly being resettled from urban settings in Malaysia. Burmese refugees have also been resettled from countries other than Malaysia and Thailand.
Figure 3: Burmese refugee arrivals to the United States from Malaysia and Thailand, 2008-2014 (N=109,033)
From 2008-2014, more than 117,000 Burmese refugees were resettled in the United States. The majority of Burmese refugees were resettled from Thailand and Malaysia, with smaller numbers from other countries of asylum. Burmese refugees have been resettled to multiple different states in the United States, with the majority resettled to 10 specific states (Figure 4).
|Top 10 States *||Number||Percent (%)|
* The remaining 40,067 refugees resettled to 39 other states. Source: WRAPS
Refugees from Burma who are resettled into the United States are predominantly between the ages of 15-44 years (Figure 5)