School Health Services
School health services staff can help all students with preventive care such as flu shots and vision and hearing screening, as well as acute and emergency care. Qualified professionals such as school nurses, nurse practitioners, dentists, health educators, physicians, physician assistants and allied health personnel provide these services.
For students with chronic health conditions, school nurses and other health care providers play a large role in the daily management of their conditions. School health services staff also are responsible for coordinating care by communicating with the student’s family and health care providers so that they can stay healthy and ready to learn.
School health services is part of the Whole School, Whole Community, Whole Child model (WSCC) which promotes a collaborative approach designed to improve learning and health in our nation’s schools. Another component of the WSCC model, Counseling, Psychological and Social Services, is often an area that overlaps with school health services, because students may be referred by a school nurse or school-based health centerExternal for additional care to address these needs.
Figure 1 shows how school health services uses various methods to support students.
- Chronic Health Conditions in School Settings Cdc-ppt[PPT – 5 MB] Cdc-pdf[PDF – 2 MB]
- CDC Podcast on School Health Services
- Research Brief: Addressing the Needs of Students with Chronic Health Conditions: Strategies for SchoolsCdc-pdf [PDF – 269KB]
- Research Brief: Chronic Health Conditions and Academic AchievementCdc-pdf [PDF – 288KB]
- Fact Sheet: Health Insurance for Children: How Schools Can HelpCdc-pdf [PDF – 1MB]
- Fact Sheet: Managing Chronic Health Conditions in Schools: The Role of the School NurseCdc-pdf [PDF – 650KB]
- Whole School, Whole Community, Whole Child (WSCC) OverviewCdc-pdf [PDF – 224 KB]
- NASN Position Statement: The Complimentary Roles of the School Nurse and School Based Health Centers. 2015 External
- AAP Policy Statement: Patient- and Family-Centered Care Coordination: A Framework for Integrating Care for Children and Youth Across Multiple SystemsCdc-pdfExternal [PDF – 1.2MB]
- American Academy of Pediatrics, National Center for Medical Home Implementation: Care Coordination Resources (includes curriculum for school nurses), 2016 External
- Health services Assessment Tool for Schools (HATS)
- School Health Profiles
- Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS)