Promoting Lifestyle Change and Disease Management Programs
People who are at high risk of developing a chronic disease or who already have a chronic disease can participate in CDC-approved programs that help them reduce their risk or keep their disease under control. Participants in these programs can learn and practice healthy behaviors with guidance and coaching from trained leaders.
CDC’s National Diabetes Prevention Program (National DPP), for example, is a public-private partnership working to build a nationwide system to deliver an affordable, evidence-based lifestyle change program proven to prevent or delay type 2 diabetes. Participants in the lifestyle change program learn to make healthy food choices, be more physically active, and find ways to cope with problems and stress. These lifestyle changes can cut their risk of developing type 2 diabetes by as much as 58% (71% for those over 60). The program is delivered in person, online, by distance learning, and through a combination of these formats.
People with chronic diseases can also take part in self-management education (SME) programs to learn how to take care of themselves and reduce symptoms. They may learn how to get more physical activity and eat healthy, how to take medicine and work with their doctor, and how to deal with fatigue and stress.
CDC promotes SME programs for arthritis, asthma, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), diabetes, epilepsy, and heart disease.