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Vaccine Safety Datalink (VSD) Project Publications

Averhoff F, Zucker J, Vellozzi C, Redd S, Woodfill C, Waterman S, Baggs J, Weinberg M, Rodriquez,Lainz A, Carrion V, Goto C, Reef SE. Adequacy of surveillance to detect endemic rubella transmission in the United States. Clin Infect Dis 43 Suppl 3: S151,S157, 2006.  

Baggs J, Gee J, Lewis E, Fowler G, Benson P, Lieu T, Naleway A, Klein NP, Baxter R, Belongia E, Glanz J, Hambidge SJ, Jacobsen SJ, Jackson L, Nordin J, Weintraub E. The Vaccine Safety Datalink: a model for monitoring immunization safety. Pediatrics 127 Suppl 1: S45,S53, 2011.

Barile JP, Kuperminc GP, Weintraub ES, Mink JW, Thompson WW. Thimerosal Exposure in Early Life and Neuropsychological Outcomes 7,10 Years Later. J Pediatr Psychol 2011.  (Abstract only)

Barlow WE, Davis RL, Glasser JW, Rhodes PH, Thompson RS, Mullooly JP, Black SB, Shinefield HR, Ward JI, Marcy SM, DeStefano F, Chen RT, Immanuel V, Pearson JA, Vadheim CM, Rebolledo V, Christakis D, Benson PJ, Lewis N. The risk of seizures after receipt of whole,cell pertussis or measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine. N Engl J Med 345: 656,61, 2001.

Batra JS, Eriksen EM, Zangwill KM, Lee M, Marcy SM, Ward JI. Evaluation of vaccine coverage for low birth weight infants during the first year of life in a large managed care population. Pediatrics 123: 951,8, 2009.  

Belay ED, Holman RC, Clarke MJ, DeStefano F, Shahriari A, Davis RL, Rhodes PH, Thompson RS, Black SB, Shinefield HR, Marcy SM, Ward JI, Mullooly JP, Chen RT, Schonberger LB. The incidence of Kawasaki syndrome in West Coast health maintenance organizations. Pediatr Infect Dis J 19: 828,32, 2000.  (Abstract only)

Belongia EA, Irving SA, Shui IM, Kulldorff M, Lewis E, Yin R, Lieu TA, Weintraub E, Yih WK, Li R, Baggs J. Real,time surveillance to assess risk of intussusception and other 29: 1,5, 2010.  (abstract only)

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Belongia EA, Naleway A, Kieke B, Qutaishat S, Casey C, Shay DK, Chen RT. Validation of a screening instrument to identify persons for exclusion from smallpox vaccination. Clin Infect Dis 40: 620,3, 2005.

Benson PJ, Jackson LA, Rees TG, Dunn JB. Changes in DT vaccine frequency and indications for use following introduction of DTaP vaccine. Hum Vaccin 4: 2008.

Bohlke K, Davis RL, DeStefano F, Marcy SM, Braun MM, Thompson RS. Epidemiology of anaphylaxis among children and adolescents enrolled in a health maintenance organization. J Allergy Clin Immunol 113: 536,42, 2004.

Bohlke K, Davis RL, Marcy SM, Braun MM, DeStefano F, Black SB, Mullooly JP, Thompson RS. Risk of anaphylaxis after vaccination of children and adolescents. Pediatrics 112: 815,20, 2003.

Chang EJ, Zangwill KM, Lee H, Ward JI. Lack of association between rotavirus infection and intussusception: implications for use of attenuated rotavirus vaccines. Pediatr Infect Dis J 21: 97,102, 2002.  (Abstract only)

Chen RT, DeStefano F, Davis RL, Jackson LA, Thompson RS, Mullooly JP, Black SB, Shinefield HR, Vadheim CM, Ward JI, Marcy SM. The Vaccine Safety Datalink: immunization research in health maintenance organizations in the USA. Bull World Health Organ 78: 186,94, 2000.

Davis RL, Bohlke K. Measles vaccination and inflammatory bowel disease: controversy laid to rest? Drug Saf 24: 939,46, 2001.  (Abstract only)

Davis RL, Kolczak M, Lewis E, Nordin J, Goodman M, Shay DK, Platt R, Black S, Shinefield H, Chen RT. Active surveillance of vaccine safety: a system to detect early signs of adverse events. Epidemiology 16: 336,41, 2005.

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Davis RL, Kramarz P, Bohlke K, Benson P, Thompson RS, Mullooly J, Black S, Shinefield H, Lewis E, Ward J, Marcy SM, Eriksen E, DeStefano F, Chen R. Measles,mumps,rubella and other measles,containing vaccines do not increase the risk for inflammatory bowel disease: a case,control study from the Vaccine Safety Datalink project. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 155: 354,9, 2001.  http://archpedi.ama,

Davis RL, Lieu TA, Mell LK, Capra AM, Zavitkovsky A, Quesenberry CP, Jr., Black SB, Shinefield HR, Thompson RS, Rodewald LE. Impact of the change in polio vaccination schedule on immunization coverage rates: a study in two large health maintenance organizations. Pediatrics 107: 671,6, 2001  (Abstract only)

DeStefano F, Gu D, Kramarz P, Truman BI, Iademarco MF, Mullooly JP, Jackson LA, Davis RL, Black SB, Shinefield HR, Marcy SM, Ward JI, Chen RT. Childhood vaccinations and risk of asthma. Pediatr Infect Dis J 21: 498,504, 2002.  (abstract only)

DeStefano F, Mullooly JP, Okoro CA, Chen RT, Marcy SM, Ward JI, Vadheim CM, Black SB, Shinefield HR, Davis RL, Bohlke K. Childhood vaccinations, vaccination timing, and risk of type 1 diabetes mellitus. Pediatrics 108: E112, 2001.

DeStefano F, Verstraeten T, Chen RT. Hepatitis B vaccine and risk of multiple sclerosis. Expert Rev Vaccines 1: 461,6, 2002.  (Abstract only)

DeStefano F, Verstraeten T, Jackson LA, Okoro CA, Benson P, Black SB, Shinefield HR, Mullooly JP, Likosky W, Chen RT. Vaccinations and risk of central nervous system demyelinating diseases in adults. Arch Neurol 60: 504,9, 2003. http://archneur.ama,

DeStefano F, Weintraub ES, Chen RT. Recombinant hepatitis B vaccine and the risk of multiple sclerosis: a prospective study. Neurology 64: 1317, 2005.  (Abstract only)

DeStefano F. Opportunities for Population,Based Clinical Research Using Data from Managed Care Organizations. In: Davis JR, ed. Managed Care Systems and Emerging Infections. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, p. 16,18, 2000.  

DeStefano F. The Vaccine Safety Datalink project. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 10: 403,6, 2001.  (Abstract only)

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Donahue JG, Kieke BA, Yih WK, Berger NR, McCauley JS, Baggs J, Zangwill KM, Baxter R, Eriksen EM, Glanz JM, Hambidge SJ, Klein NP, Lewis EM, Marcy SM, Naleway AL, Nordin JD, Ray P, Belongia EA. Varicella vaccination and ischemic stroke in children: is there an association? Pediatrics 123: e228,e234, 2009.

Eriksen EM, Perlman JA, Miller A, Marcy SM, Lee H, Vadheim C, Zangwill KM, Chen RT, DeStefano F, Lewis E, Black S, Shinefield H, Ward JI. Lack of association between hepatitis B birth immunization and neonatal death: a population,based study from the vaccine safety datalink project. Pediatr Infect Dis J 23: 656,62, 2004.  (abstract only)

France EK, Glanz J, Xu S, Hambidge S, Yamasaki K, Black SB, Marcy M, Mullooly JP, Jackson LA, Nordin J, Belongia EA, Hohman K, Chen RT, Davis R. Risk of immune thrombocytopenic purpura after measles,mumps,rubella immunization in children. Pediatrics 121: e687,e692, 2008.

France EK, Glanz JM, Xu S, Davis RL, Black SB, Shinefield HR, Zangwill KM, Marcy SM, Mullooly JP, Jackson LA, Chen R. Safety of the trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine among children: a population,based study. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 158: 1031,6, 2004. http://archpedi.ama,

France EK, Smith,Ray R, McClure D, Hambidge S, Xu S, Yamasaki K, Shay D, Weintraub E, Fry AM, Black SB, Shinefield HR, Mullooly JP, Jackson LA. Impact of maternal influenza vaccination during pregnancy on the incidence of acute respiratory illness visits among infants. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 160: 1277,83, 2006. http://archpedi.ama,

Glanz J, France E, Xu S, Hayes T, Hambidge S. A population,based, multisite cohort study of the predictors of chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura in children. Pediatrics 121: e506,e512, 2008.

Glanz JM, McClure DL, Xu S, Hambidge SJ, Lee M, Kolczak MS, Kleinman K, Mullooly JP, France EK. Four different study designs to evaluate vaccine safety were equally validated with contrasting limitations. J Clin Epidemiol 59: 808,18, 2006.

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Glanz JM, Newcomer SR, Hambidge SJ, Daley MF, Narwaney KJ, Xu S, Lee GM, Baggs J, Klein NP, Nordin JD, Naleway AL, Belongia EA, Weintraub ES. Safety of trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine in children aged 24 to 59 months in the vaccine safety datalink. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 165: 749,55, 2011.  http://archpedi.ama,

Gonzalez IM, Averhoff FM, Massoudi MS, Yusuf H, DeStefano F, Kramarz P, Maher JE, Mullooly JP, Chun C, Davis RL, Black SB, Shinefield HR. Hepatitis B vaccination among adolescents in 3 large health maintenance organizations. Pediatrics 110: 929,34, 2002.

Goodman MJ, Nordin JD, Belongia EA, Mullooly JP, Baggs J. Henoch,Schonlein Purpura and Polysaccharide Meningococcal Vaccine. Pediatrics 2010.

Greene SK, Kulldorff M, Lewis EM, Li R, Yin R, Weintraub ES, Fireman BH, Lieu TA, Nordin JD, Glanz JM, Baxter R, Jacobsen SJ, Broder KR, Lee GM. Near real,time surveillance for influenza vaccine safety: proof,of,concept in the Vaccine Safety Datalink Project. Am J Epidemiol 171: 177,88, 2010.


Greene SK, Kulldorff M, Yin R, Yih WK, Lieu TA, Weintraub ES, Lee GM. Near real,time vaccine safety surveillance with partially accrued data. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 2011.

Greene SK, Rett M, Weintraub ES, Li L, Yin R, Amato AA, Ho DT, Sheikh SI, Fireman BH,Daley MF, Belongia EA, Jacobsen SJ, Baxter R, Lieu TA, Kulldorff M, Vellozzi C, Lee GM. Risk of Confirmed Guillain,Barre Syndrome Following Receipt of Monovalent Inactivated Influenza A (H1N1) and Seasonal Influenza Vaccines in the Vaccine Safety Datalink Project, 2009,2010. Am J Epidemiol 2012.

Greene SK, Shi P, Dutta,Linn MM, Shoup JA, Hinrichsen VL, Ray P, Nordin JD, Kuckler L, Weintraub ES, Yih WK. Accuracy of data on influenza vaccination status at four Vaccine Safety Datalink sites. Am J Prev Med 37: 552,5, 2009.

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Haber P, Patel M, Izurieta HS, Baggs J, Gargiullo P, Weintraub E, Cortese M, Braun MM, Belongia EA, Miller E, Ball R, Iskander J, Parashar UD. Postlicensure monitoring of intussusception after RotaTeq vaccination in the United States, February 1, 2006, to September 25, 2007. Pediatrics 121: 1206,12, 2008.

Hambidge SJ, Glanz JM, France EK, McClure D, Xu S, Yamasaki K, Jackson L, Mullooly JP, Zangwill KM, Marcy SM, Black SB, Lewis EM, Shinefield HR, Belongia E, Nordin J, Chen RT, Shay DK, Davis RL, DeStefano F. Safety of trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine in children 6 to 23 months old. JAMA 296: 1990,7, 2006. http://jama.ama,

Hambidge SJ, Ross C, Glanz J, McClure D, Daley MF, Xu S, Shoup JA, Narwaney K, Baggs J, Weintraub E. Trivalent Inactivated Influenza Vaccine Is Not Associated With Sickle Cell Crises in Children. Pediatrics 129: e54,e59, 2012.

Hambidge SJ, Ross C, McClure D, Glanz J. Trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine is not associated with sickle cell hospitalizations in adults from a large cohort. Vaccine 29:8179,81, 2011.

Harris K, Baggs J, Davis RL, Black S, Jackson LA, Mullooly JP, Chapman LE. Influenza vaccination coverage among adult solid organ transplant recipients at three health maintenance organizations, 1995,2005. Vaccine 27: 2335,41, 2009.

Hazlehurst B, Mullooly J, Naleway A, Crane B. Detecting possible vaccination reactions in clinical notes. AMIA Annu Symp Proc 306,10, 2005.

Hinrichsen VL, Kruskal B, O'Brien MA, Lieu TA, Platt R. Using electronic medical records to enhance detection and reporting of vaccine adverse events. J Am Med Inform Assoc 14: 731,5, 2007.

Huang WT, Gargiullo PM, Broder KR, Weintraub ES, Iskander JK, Klein NP, Baggs JM Lack of Association Between Acellular Pertussis Vaccine and Seizures in EarlyChildhood. Pediatrics 2010.

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Izurieta HS, Thompson WW, Kramarz P, Shay DK, Davis RL, DeStefano F, Black S, Shinefield H, Fukuda K. Influenza and the rates of hospitalization for respiratory disease among infants and young children. N Engl J Med 342: 232,9, 2000.

Jackson LA, Austin G, Chen RT, Stout R, DeStefano F, Gorse GJ, Newman FK, Yu O, Weniger BG. Safety and immunogenicity of varying dosages of trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine administered by needle,free jet injectors. Vaccine 19: 4703,9, 2001.

Jackson LA, Baxter R, Naleway AL, Belongia EA, Baggs J. Patterns of pneumococcal vaccination and revaccination in elderly and non,elderly adults: a Vaccine Safety Datalink study. BMC Infect Dis 9: 37, 2009.,2334/9/37

Jackson LA, Nelson JC, Whitney CG, Neuzil KM, Benson P, Malais D, Baggs J, Mullooly J, Black S, Shay DK. Assessment of the safety of a third dose of pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine in the Vaccine Safety Datalink population. Vaccine 24: 151,6, 2006.

Jackson LA, Neuzil KM, Baggs J, Davis RL, Black S, Yamasaki KM, Belongia E, Zangwill KM, Mullooly J, Nordin J, Marcy SM, DeStefano F. Compliance with the recommendations for 2 doses of trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine in children less than 9 years of age receiving influenza vaccine for the first time: a Vaccine Safety Datalink study. Pediatrics 118: 2032,7, 2006.

Jackson LA, Neuzil KM, Nahm MH, Whitney CG, Yu O, Nelson JC, Starkovich PT, Dunstan M, Carste B, Shay DK, Baggs J, Carlone GM. Immunogenicity of varying dosages of 7,valent pneumococcal polysaccharide,protein conjugate vaccine in seniors previously vaccinated with 23,valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine. Vaccine 25: 4029,37, 2007.  (Abstract only)

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Jackson LA, Neuzil KM, Whitney CG, Starkovich P, Dunstan M, Yu O, Nelson JC, Feikin DR, Shay DK, Baggs J, Carste B, Nahm MH, Carlone G. Safety of varying dosages of 7,valent pneumococcal protein conjugate vaccine in seniors previously vaccinated with 23,valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine. Vaccine 23: 3697,703, 2005. (Abstract only)

Jackson LA, Neuzil KM, Yu O, Benson P, Barlow WE, Adams AL, Hanson CA, Mahoney LD, Shay DK, Thompson WW. Effectiveness of pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine in older adults. N Engl J Med 348: 1747,55, 2003.

Jackson LA, Peterson D, Dunn J, Hambidge SJ, Dunstan M, Starkovich P, Yu O, Benoit J, Dominguez,Islas CP, Carste B, Benson P, Nelson JC. A randomized placebo,controlled trial of acetaminophen for prevention of post,vaccination Fever in infants. PLoS One 6: e20102, 2011.

Jackson LA, Yu O, Belongia EA, Hambidge SJ, Nelson J, Baxter R, Naleway A, Gay C, Nordin J, Baggs J, Iskander J. Frequency of medically attended adverse events following tetanus and diphtheria toxoid vaccine in adolescents and young adults: a Vaccine Safety Datalink study. BMC Infect Dis 9: 165, 2009.,2334/9/165

Jackson LA, Yu O, Heckbert SR, Psaty BM, Malais D, Barlow WE, Thompson WW. Influenza vaccination is not associated with a reduction in the risk of recurrent coronary events. Am J Epidemiol 156: 634,40, 2002.

Jackson LA, Yu O, Nelson J, Belongia EA, Hambidge SJ, Baxter R, Naleway A, Nordin J, Baggs J, Iskander J. Risk of medically attended local reactions following diphtheria toxoid containing vaccines in adolescents and young adults: a Vaccine Safety Datalink study. Vaccine 27: 4912,6, 2009.

Jackson LA, Yu O, Nelson JC, Dominguez C, Peterson D, Baxter R, Hambidge SJ, Naleway AL, Belongia EA, Nordin JD, Baggs J. Injection Site and Risk of Medically Attended Local Reactions to Acellular Pertussis Vaccine. Pediatrics 127: e581,e587, 2011.

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Jackson ML, Nelson JC, Chen RT, Davis RL, Jackson LA. Vaccines and changes in coagulation parameters in adults on chronic warfarin therapy: a cohort study. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 16: 790,6, 2007.

Klein NP, Fireman B, Yih WK, Lewis E, Kulldorff M, Ray P, Baxter R, Hambidge S, Nordin J, Naleway A, Belongia EA, Lieu T, Baggs J, Weintraub E.Measles,mumps,rubella,varicella combination vaccine and the risk of febrile seizures. Pediatrics 126: e1,e8, 2010.

Klein NP, Lewis E, Baxter R, Weintraub E, Glanz J, Naleway A, Jackson LA, Nordin J, Lieu T, Belongia EA, Fireman B. Measles,Containing Vaccines and Febrile Seizures in Children Age 4 to 6 Years. Pediatrics 2012.

Klein NP, Massolo ML, Greene J, Dekker CL, Black S, Escobar GJ. Risk factors for developing apnea after immunization in the neonatal intensive care unit. Pediatrics 121: 463,9, 2008.

Kramarz P, DeStefano F, Gargiullo PM, Chen RT, Lieu TA, Davis RL, Mullooly JP, Black SB, Shinefield HR, Bohlke K, Ward JI, Marcy SM. Does influenza vaccination prevent asthma exacerbations in children? J Pediatr 138: 306,10, 2001.  (Abstract only)

Kramarz P, DeStefano F, Gargiullo PM, Davis RL, Chen RT, Mullooly JP, Black SB, Bohlke K, Ward JI, Marcy MS, Okoro CA. Influenza vaccination in children with asthma in health maintenance organizations. Vaccine Safety Datalink Team. Vaccine 18:2288,94, 2000.

Kramarz P, DeStefano F, Gargiullo PM, Davis RL, Chen RT, Mullooly JP, Black SB, Shinefield HR, Bohlke K, Ward JI, Marcy MS. Does influenza vaccination exacerbate asthma? Analysis of a large cohort of children with asthma. Vaccine Safety Datalink Team. Arch Fam Med 9: 617,23, 2000. http://archfami.ama,

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Kramarz P, France EK, DeStefano F, Black SB, Shinefield H, Ward JI, Chang EJ, Chen RT, Shatin D, Hill J, Lieu T, Ogren JM. Population,based study of rotavirus vaccination and intussusception. Pediatr Infect Dis J 20: 410,6, 2001.,3476(01)57150,4  

Kuppermann M, Nease RF, Jr., Ackerson LM, Black SB, Shinefield HR, Lieu TA.Parents' preferences for outcomes associated with childhood vaccinations. Pediatr Infect Dis J 19: 129,33, 2000.  (Abstract only)

Lee GM, Greene SK, Weintraub ES, Baggs J, Kulldorff M, Fireman BH, Baxter R, Jacobsen SJ, Irving S, Daley MF, Yin R, Naleway A, Nordin JD, Li L, McCarthy N, Vellozzi C, DeStefano F, Lieu TA. H1N1 and Seasonal Influenza Vaccine Safety in the Vaccine Safety Datalink Project. Am J Prev Med 41: 121,8, 2011.

Lewis E, Shinefield HR, Woodruff BA, Black SB, DeStefano F, Chen RT, Ensor R. Safety of neonatal hepatitis B vaccine administration. Pediatr Infect Dis J 20: 1049,54, 2001.  (Abstract only)

Li L, Kulldorff M. A conditional maximized sequential probability ratio test for pharmacovigilance. Stat Med 29: 284,95, 2010.  (Abstract only)

Lieu TA, Black SB, Ray GT, Martin KE, Shinefield HR, Weniger BG. The hidden costs of infant vaccination. Vaccine 19: 33,41, 2000.

Lieu TA, Davis RL, Capra AM, Mell LK, Quesenberry CP, Martin KE, Zavitkovsky A, Black SB, Shinefield HR, Thompson RS, Rodewald LE. Variation in clinician recommendations for multiple injections during adoption of inactivated polio vaccine. Pediatrics 107: E49, 2001.

Lieu TA, Kulldorff M, Davis RL, Lewis EM, Weintraub E, Yih K, Yin R, Brown JS, Platt R. Real,time vaccine safety surveillance for the early detection of adverse events. MedCare 45: S89,S95, 2007.  (Abstract Only)

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Lin ND, Kleinman K, Chan KA, Soumerai S, Mehta J, Mullooly JP, Shay DK, Kolczak M, Lieu TA. Multiple vaccinations and the risk of medically attended fever. Vaccine 28:4169,74, 2010.

Lin ND, Kleinman K, Chan KA, Yu XJ, France EK, Wei F, Mullooly JP, Black S, Shay DK, Kolczak M, Lieu TA. Variation in hepatitis B immunization coverage rates associated with provider practices after the temporary suspension of the birth dose. BMC Pediatr 6: 31, 2006.,2431/6/31

Lin ND, Kleinman K, Chan KA, Yu XJ, France EK, Xu S, Wei F, Mullooly J, Santoli J, Lieu TA. Impact of the introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine on immunization coverage among infants. BMC Pediatr 5: 43, 2005.,2431/5/43

Lorick SA, Fishbein D, Weintraub E, Wortley PM, Lee GM, Zhou F, Davis R. Uptake of meningococcal conjugate vaccine among adolescents in large managed care organizations, United States, 2005: Demand, supply and seasonality. BMC Infect Dis 9: 175, 2009.,2334/9/175

Maher JE, Mullooly JP, Drew L, DeStefano F. Infant vaccinations and childhood asthma among full,term infants. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 13: 1,9, 2004.  (Abstract only)

McCarthy NL, Gee J, Weintraub E, Donahue JG, Nordin JD, Daley MF, Naleway A, Henninger M, Baxter R, Crane B, Aukes L, Wagner N, Fisher S, Jacobsen SJ, Sy L, Baggs J. Monitoring vaccine safety using the Vaccine Safety Datalink: Utilizing immunization registries for pandemic influenza. Vaccine 2011.

McClure DL, Glanz JM, Xu S, Hambidge SJ, Mullooly JP, Baggs J. Comparison of epidemiologic methods for active surveillance of vaccine safety. Vaccine 26: 3341,5, 2008.    (Abstract only)

McClure DL, Xu S, Weintraub E, Glanz JM. An efficient statistical algorithm for a temporal scan statistic applied to vaccine safety analyses. Vaccine 2012.

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Mell LK, Davis RL, Mullooly JP, Black SB, Shinefield HR, Zangwill KM, Ward JI, Marcy SM, Chen RT. Polio extraimmunization in children younger than 2 years after changes in immunization recommendations. Pediatrics 111: 296,301, 2003.

Mell LK, Ogren DS, Davis RL, Mullooly JP, Black SB, Shinefield HR, Zangwill KM, Ward JI, Marcy SM, Chen RT. Compliance with national immunization guidelines for children younger than 2 years, 1996,1999. Pediatrics 115: 461,7, 2005.

Mullooly J, Drew L, DeStefano F, Maher J, Bohlke K, Immanuel V, Black S, Lewis E, Ray P, Vadheim C, Lugg M, Chen R. Quality assessments of HMO diagnosis databases used to monitor childhood vaccine safety. Methods Inf Med 43: 163,70, 2004.  (Abstract Only)

Mullooly JP, Bridges CB, Thompson WW, Chen J, Weintraub E, Jackson LA, Black S, Shay DK. Influenza, and RSV,associated hospitalizations among adults. Vaccine 25: 846,55, 2007.

Mullooly JP, Donahue JG, DeStefano F, Baggs J, Eriksen E. Predictive value of ICD,9,CM codes used in vaccine safety research. Methods Inf Med 47: 328,35, 2008.  (abstract only)

Mullooly JP, Pearson J, Drew L, Schuler R, Maher J, Gargiullo P, DeStefano F, Chen R. Wheezing lower respiratory disease and vaccination of full,term infants. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 11: 21,30, 2002.  (abstract only)

Mullooly JP, Riedlinger K, Chun C, Weinmann S, Houston H. Incidence of herpes zoster, 1997,2002. Epidemiol Infect 133: 245,53, 2005.

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Mullooly JP, Schuler R, Barrett M, Maher JE. Vaccines, antibiotics, and atopy. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 16: 275,88, 2007.  (Abstract only)

Mullooly JP, Schuler R, Mesa J, Drew L, DeStefano F. Wheezing lower respiratory disease and vaccination of premature infants. Vaccine 29: 7611,7, 2011.  (Abstract only)

Naleway AL, Belongia EA, Donahue JG, Kieke BA, Glanz JM. Risk of immune hemolytic anemia in children following immunization. Vaccine 27: 7394,7, 2009.

Naleway AL, Belongia EA, Greenlee RT, Kieke BA, Jr., Chen RT, Shay DK. Eczematous skin disease and recall of past diagnoses: implications for smallpox vaccination. Ann Intern Med 139: 1,7, 2003.

Nelson JC, Bittner RC, Bounds L, Zhao S, Baggs J, Donahue JG, Hambidge SJ, Jacobsen SJ, Klein NP, Naleway AL, Zangwill KM, Jackson LA. Compliance with multiple,dose vaccine schedules among older children, adolescents, and adults: results from a vaccine safety datalink study. Am J Public Health 99 Suppl 2: S389,S397, 2009.,2003&

Neuzil KM, Jackson LA, Nelson J, Klimov A, Cox N, Bridges CB, Dunn J, DeStefano F, Shay D. Immunogenicity and reactogenicity of 1 versus 2 doses of trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine in vaccine,naive 5,8,year,old children. J Infect Dis 194: 1032,9, 2006.

O'Brien MA, Uyeki TM, Shay DK, Thompson WW, Kleinman K, McAdam A, Yu XJ, Platt R, Lieu TA. Incidence of outpatient visits and hospitalizations related to influenza in infants and young children. Pediatrics 113: 585,93, 2004.

Patel MM, Haber P, Baggs J, Zuber P, Bines JE, Parashar UD. Intussusception and rotavirus vaccination: a review of the available evidence. Expert Rev Vaccines 8:1555,64, 2009.  (Abstract only)

Price CS, Thompson WW, Goodson B, Weintraub ES, Croen LA, Hinrichsen VL, Marcy M, Robertson A, Eriksen E, Lewis E, Bernal P, Shay D, Davis RL, DeStefano F. Prenatal and Infant Exposure to Thimerosal From Vaccines and Immunoglobulins and Risk of Autism. Pediatrics 2010.

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Prosser LA, Bridges CB, Uyeki TM, Hinrichsen VL, Meltzer MI, Molinari NA, Schwartz B, Thompson WW, Fukuda K, Lieu TA. Health benefits, risks, and cost,effectiveness of influenza vaccination of children. Emerg Infect Dis 12: 1548,58, 2006.,1015_article.htm

Prosser LA, Bridges CB, Uyeki TM, Rego VH, Ray GT, Meltzer MI, Schwartz B, Thompson WW, Fukuda K, Lieu TA. Values for preventing influenza,related morbidity and vaccine adverse events in children. Health Qual Life Outcomes 3: 18, 2005.

Rapid assessment of influenza vaccination coverage among HMO members—northern California influenza seasons, 2001,02 through 2004,05. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 54: 676,8, 2005.

Ray P, Black S, Shinefield H, Dillon A, Carpenter D, Lewis E, Ross P, Chen RT, Klein NP, Baxter R. Risk of rheumatoid arthritis following vaccination with tetanus, influenza and hepatitis B vaccines among persons 15,59 years of age. Vaccine 29: 6592,7, 2011.

Ray P, Hayward J, Michelson D, Lewis E, Schwalbe J, Black S, Shinefield H, Marcy M, Huff K, Ward J, Mullooly J, Chen R, Davis R. Encephalopathy after whole,cell pertussis or measles vaccination: lack of evidence for a causal association in a retrospective case,control study. Pediatr Infect Dis J 25: 768,73, 2006.  (Abstract only)

Rotavirus vaccination coverage and adherence to the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP),recommended vaccination schedule,,United States, February 2006,May 2007. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 57: 398,401, 2008.

Rowhani,Rahbar A, Klein NP, Lewis N, Fireman B, Ray P, Rasgon B, Black S, Klein JO, Baxter R. Immunization and Bell's Palsy in Children: A Case,Centered Analysis. Am J Epidemiol 2012.

Shui IM, Baggs J, Patel M, Parashar UD, Rett M, Belongia EA, Hambidge SJ, Glanz JM, Klein NP, Weintraub E. Risk of intussusception following administration of a pentavalent rotavirus vaccine in US infants. JAMA 307: 598,604, 2012.

Shui IM, Shi P, Dutta,Linn MM, Weintraub ES, Hambidge SJ, Nordin JD, Lieu TA Predictive value of seizure ICD,9 codes for vaccine safety research. Vaccine 27: 5307,12, 2009.

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Spector L, Groves F, DeStefano F, Liff J, Klein M, Mullooly J, Black S, Shinefield H, Ward J, Marcy M. Medically recorded allergies and the risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. Eur J Cancer 40: 579,84, 2004.

Sy LS, Liu IL, Solano Z, Cheetham TC, Lugg MM, Greene SK, Weintraub ES, Jacobsen SJ. Accuracy of influenza vaccination status in a computer,based immunization tracking system of a managed care organization. Vaccine 2010.  (Abstract only)

Tate JE, Curns AT, Cortese MM, Weintraub ES, Hambidge S, Zangwill KM, Patel MM, Baggs JM, Parashar UD. Burden of acute gastroenteritis hospitalizations and emergency department visits in US children that is potentially preventable by rotavirus vaccination: a probe study using the now,withdrawn rotashield vaccine. Pediatrics 123: 744,9, 2009.

Thompson WW, Price C, Goodson B, Shay DK, Benson P, Hinrichsen VL, Lewis E, Eriksen E, Ray P, Marcy SM, Dunn J, Jackson LA, Lieu TA, Black S, Stewart G, Weintraub ES, Davis RL, DeStefano F. Early thimerosal exposure and neuropsychological outcomes at 7 to 10 years. N Engl J Med 357: 1281,92, 2007.

Tse A, Tseng HF, Greene SK, Vellozzi C, Lee GM. Signal identification and evaluation for risk of febrile seizures in children following trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine in the Vaccine Safety Datalink Project, 2010,2011. Vaccine 30: 2024,31, 2012.

Tseng HF, Liu A, Sy L, Marcy SM, Fireman B, Weintraub E, Baggs J, Weinmann S, Baxter R, Nordin J, Daley MF, Jackson L, Jacobsen SJ. Safety of Zoster Vaccine in Adults from a Large Managed Care Cohort: A Vaccine Safety Datalink Study. J Intern Med 2011.,2796.2011.02474.x/full

Update: Guillain,Barre syndrome among recipients of Menactra meningococcal conjugate vaccine,,United States, October 2005,February 2006. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 55: 364,6, 2006.

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Verstraeten T, Davis RL, DeStefano F, Lieu TA, Rhodes PH, Black SB, Shinefield H, Chen RT. Safety of thimerosal,containing vaccines: a two,phased study of computerized health maintenance organization databases. Pediatrics 112: 1039,48, 2003.

Verstraeten T, DeStefano F, Chen RT, Miller E. Vaccine safety surveillance using large linked databases: opportunities, hazards and proposed guidelines. Expert Rev Vaccines 2: 21,9, 2003.  (Abstract only)

Verstraeten T, Jumaan AO, Mullooly JP, Seward JF, Izurieta HS, DeStefano F, Black SB, Chen RT. A retrospective cohort study of the association of varicella vaccine failure with asthma, steroid use, age at vaccination, and measles,mumps,rubella vaccination. Pediatrics 112: e98,103, 2003.

Wei F, Mullooly JP, Goodman M, McCarty MC, Hanson AM, Crane B, Nordin JD. Identification and characteristics of vaccine refusers. BMC Pediatr 9: 18, 2009.

Weinmann S, Chun C, Mullooly JP, Riedlinger K, Houston H, Loparev VN, Schmid DS, Seward JF. Laboratory diagnosis and characteristics of breakthrough varicella in children. J Infect Dis 197 Suppl 2: S132,S138, 2008.

Xu S, Paul Gargiullo JMDMSHJG. Fitting Parametric and Semi,parametric Conditional Poisson Regression Models with Cox's Partial Likelihood in Self,controlled Case Series and Matched Cohort Studies. Journal of Data Science 8: 349,60, 2010. www.jds,,590.pdf

Xu S, Zhang L, Nelson JC, Zeng C, Mullooly J, McClure D, Glanz J. Identifying optimal risk windows for self,controlled case series studies of vaccine safety. Stat Med 2010.  (Abstract only)

Yih WK, Kulldorff M, Fireman BH, Shui IM, Lewis EM, Klein NP, Baggs J, Weintraub ES, Belongia EA, Naleway A, Gee J, Platt R, Lieu TA. Active surveillance for adverse events: the experience of the Vaccine Safety Datalink project. Pediatrics 127 Suppl 1: S54,S64,2011.

Yih WK, Lieu TA, Rego VH, O'Brien MA, Shay DK, Yokoe DS, Platt R. Attitudes of healthcare workers in U.S. hospitals regarding smallpox vaccination. BMC Public Health 3: 20, 2003.

Yih WK, Nordin JD, Kulldorff M, Lewis E, Lieu TA, Shi P, Weintraub ES. An assessment of the safety of adolescent and adult tetanus,diphtheria,acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine, using active surveillance for adverse events in the Vaccine Safety Datalink. Vaccine 27: 4257,62, 2009.

Yu O, Bohlke K, Hanson CA, Delaney K, Rees TG, Zavitkovsky A, Ray P, Mullooly J, Black SB, Benson P, Thompson WW, Davis RL, Jackson LA. Hepatitis B vaccine and risk of autoimmune thyroid disease: a Vaccine Safety Datalink study. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 16: 736,45, 2007.

Zangwill KM, Yeh SH, Wong EJ, Marcy SM, Eriksen E, Huff KR, Lee M, Lewis EM, Black SB, Ward JI. Paralytic syndromes in children: epidemiology and relationship to vaccination. Pediatr Neurol 42: 206,12, 2010.  (Abstract only)


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