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Monitoring health problems after vaccination is essential to ensure vaccines are held to the highest standard of safety. Years of testing are required by law before a vaccine can be licensed. Once licensed and in use, vaccines are continuously monitored for safety and efficacy.



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Scientific Articles

Davis RL, Kolczak M, Lewis E, Nordin J, Goodman M, Shay DK, Platt R, Black S, Shinefield H, Chen RT. Active surveillance of vaccine safety: a system to detect early signs of adverse events. Epidemiology 2005;16(3): 336–341.

Chen RT, DeStefano F, Davis RL, Jackson LA, Thompson RS, Mullooly JP, Black SB, Shinefield HR, Vadheim CM, Ward JI, Marcy SM. The Vaccine Safety Datalink: immunization research in health maintenance organizations in the USA. [PDF--312.49 KB] Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2000;78(2):186–194.

Iskander J, Pool V, Zhou W, English-Bullard R; The VAERS Team. Data mining in the US using the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System. Drug Safety 2006;29(5):375–384.

Lieu TA, Black SB, Ray P, Chellino M, Shinefield HR, Adler NE. Risk factors for delayed immunization among children in an HMO. American Journal of Public Health 1994;84(10):1621–1625.

Varricchio F, Iskander J, Destefano F, Ball R, Pless R, Braun MM, Chen RT. Understanding vaccine safety information from the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 2004;23(4):287-294.

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