Whooping Cough is Deadly for Babies
Whooping cough is a very contagious disease that can be deadly for babies. It is spread from person to person, usually by coughing or sneezing while in close contact with others.
Your baby could be at risk for getting whooping cough
Data from 2012 report that the United States saw the most cases of whooping cough since 1955, with more than 48,000 cases and 20 deaths. Of those reported cases, 3,774 were in babies younger than 6 months of age and most of the deaths were in babies younger than 3 months of age. Even though it seems like these are a lot of cases, we no longer have the 200,000 cases per year like we did before whooping cough vaccines were available.
Even healthy babies get whooping cough
In the first 6 months of life, babies are at high risk for complications from whooping cough — even if they are healthy — because their immune systems are still developing. In fact, babies younger than 2 months of age only have the antibodies they get from their mother to help protect them. It is important for you to get a whooping cough vaccine during each pregnancy so high levels of protective antibodies are transferred to each of your babies.
Whooping cough can be serious for you, your baby, and your family
Whooping cough can cause serious and sometimes life-threatening complications in babies, especially within the first 6 months of life. About half of babies who get whooping cough end up in the hospital. The younger the baby is when he gets whooping cough, the more likely it is that he will need to be treated in the hospital. Of those babies who are hospitalized with whooping cough, about 1 out of 4 will get pneumonia and 1 or 2 out of 100 will die. Other complications include violent, uncontrolled shaking, life-threatening pauses in breathing, and brain disease.
View photos of a baby being treated for whooping cough.
Adolescents and adults can also have complications from whooping cough. They are usually less serious in this age group, especially in those who have gotten a whooping cough vaccine. Common complications in adolescents and adults are often caused by the cough itself, including loss of bladder control, fainting, and rib fractures.
View videos of a child and an adult with whooping cough.
Antibiotics are used to treat whooping cough
Whooping cough is generally treated with antibiotics (medications that help prevent diseases caused by bacteria). Learn why early treatment is so important and get tips for caring for your baby.
Your doctor or local health department may recommend preventive antibiotics to close contacts of a whooping cough patient, including all household members. This might prevent or reduce the chance of getting whooping cough.
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