Skip directly to local search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options
CDC Home

Whooping Cough is Deadly for Babies

small premature baby lies in an incubator a grown hand reaches in grasping the foot in caring manner.

Whooping cough is a very contagious disease that can be deadly for babies. It is spread from person to person, usually by coughing or sneezing while in close contact with others.

Your baby could be at risk for getting whooping cough

We used to think of whooping cough as a disease of the past, but it's making a comeback. Learn why reported cases of whooping cough are increasing.

Since 2010, we see between 10,000 and 50,000 cases of whooping cough each year in the United States. In fact, there are cases reported in every state. 2012 was a record year with more than 48,000 cases, the most cases that we have seen in the past 60 years. Most of the deaths each year are in babies younger than 3 months of age. Since 2010, about 10 to 20 babies die from it each year in the United States.

Even though it seems like these are a lot of cases, we no longer have the 200,000 cases per year like we did before whooping cough vaccines were available.

Even healthy babies get whooping cough

In the first 6 months of life, babies are at high risk for complications from whooping cough — even if they are healthy — because their immune systems are still developing. In fact, babies younger than 2 months of age only have the antibodies they get from their mother to help protect them. It is important for you to get a whooping cough vaccine during each pregnancy so high levels of protective antibodies are transferred to each of your babies.

Whooping cough can be serious for you, your baby, and your family

Whooping cough can cause serious and sometimes life-threatening complications in babies, especially within the first 6 months of life. It is important to know that many babies with whooping cough don't cough at all. Instead it causes them to stop breathing and turn blue. About half of babies who get whooping cough end up in the hospital. The younger the baby is when she gets whooping cough, the more likely it is that she will need to be treated in the hospital. Of those babies who are hospitalized with whooping cough, about 1 out of 4 will get pneumonia and 1 or 2 out of 100 will die. Other complications include violent, uncontrolled shaking, life-threatening pauses in breathing, and brain disease.

View photos of a baby being treated for whooping cough.

Adolescents and adults can also have complications from whooping cough. They are usually less serious in this age group, especially in those who have gotten a whooping cough vaccine. Common complications in adolescents and adults are often caused by the cough itself, including loss of bladder control, fainting, and rib fractures.

View videos of a child and an adult with whooping cough.

Antibiotics are used to treat whooping cough

Whooping cough is generally treated with antibiotics (medications that help prevent diseases caused by bacteria). Learn why early treatment is so important and get tips for caring for your baby.

Your doctor or local health department may recommend preventive antibiotics to close contacts of a whooping cough patient, including all household members. This might prevent or reduce the chance of getting whooping cough.

Top of Page

 

Images and logos on this website which are trademarked/copyrighted or used with permission of the trademark/copyright or logo holder are not in the public domain. These images and logos have been licensed for or used with permission in the materials provided on this website. The materials in the form presented on this website may be used without seeking further permission. Any other use of trademarked/copyrighted images or logos requires permission from the trademark/copyright holder...more

External Web Site Policy This graphic notice means that you are leaving an HHS Web site. For more information, please see the Exit Notification and Disclaimer policy.

 

Protect Your Baby from Whooping Cough.
Contact Us:
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    1600 Clifton Rd
    Atlanta, GA 30333
  • 800-CDC-INFO
    (800-232-4636)
    TTY: (888) 232-6348
    Contact CDC-INFO
USA.gov: The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Rd. Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC–INFO
A-Z Index
  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D
  5. E
  6. F
  7. G
  8. H
  9. I
  10. J
  11. K
  12. L
  13. M
  14. N
  15. O
  16. P
  17. Q
  18. R
  19. S
  20. T
  21. U
  22. V
  23. W
  24. X
  25. Y
  26. Z
  27. #