All Adults Need Immunization
Who Should NOT be Vaccinated
Some adults with specific health conditions should not get certain vaccines or should wait to get them. Talk with your doctor to make sure you get the vaccines that are recommended for you. Read more about who should not get each vaccine.
Immunizations are not just for children. Protection from childhood vaccines can wear off over time. And as you get older, you may also be at risk for new and different diseases. Regardless of age, all adults need immunizations to help them stay healthy.
The specific vaccines you need as an adult are determined by factors such as your age, lifestyle, high-risk conditions, locations of travel, and previous vaccinations. Throughout your adult life, you need immunizations to get and maintain protection against:
- Seasonal flu (influenza)
All adults need a flu vaccine every year. Flu vaccine is especially important for people with chronic health conditions, pregnant women, and older adults.
- Whooping cough (Pertussis)
All adults need a one-time dose of Tdap vaccine. Adults can get Tdap no matter when they got their last tetanus vaccine (Td). Pregnant women should get Tdap to protect themselves and their newborn babies from whooping cough.
Adults 60 years of age and older need one dose of shingles (zoster) vaccine unless they have a weakened immune system.
- Pneumococcal disease
Adults over 65 years old need one dose of pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine. Adults younger than 65 years who have certain chronic health conditions like heart disease, diabetes, lung disease, or who smoke should also get pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine. Adults with weakened immune system, HIV, or asplenia should get both types of pneumococcal vaccine.
- Hepatitis B
Adults who are at risk for hepatitis B infection and adults who have chronic health conditions like diabetes, renal disease, chronic liver disease, or HIV infection should get three doses of HepB vaccine.
Other vaccinations you may need include those that protect against human papillomavirus (which can cause certain cancers), Tetanus (lockjaw) meningococcal disease, hepatitis A, chickenpox (varicella), and measles, mumps and rubella.
CDC Vaccine Related Features
- Are You at High Risk for Serious Illness from Flu? If you are at high risk, flu vaccination is especially important to decrease your risk of severe flu illness. Get your flu vaccine today.
- Pneumonia Can Be Prevented - Vaccines Can Help Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs that is usually caused by bacteria or viruses. Globally, pneumonia causes more deaths than any other infectious disease. It can often be prevented and can usually be treated.
- Pertussis (Whooping Cough) – What You Need To Know Pertussis (whooping cough) is very contagious and can cause serious illness―especially in infants too young to be fully vaccinated. Pertussis vaccines are recommended for children, teens, and adults, including pregnant women.
- Tetanus: Make Sure You and Your Child Are Fully Immunized Playing outdoors can mean getting cuts that may become infected with bacteria commonly found in soil, including the ones that cause tetanus. Tetanus vaccine can help prevent tetanus disease, commonly known as "lockjaw."
- Protect Yourself against Shingles: Get Vaccinated Almost 1 out of 3 people in America will develop shingles during their lifetime. Your risk increases as you get older. People 60 years of age or older should get vaccinated against this painful disease.
- Hepatitis Awareness Take CDC’s new online Hepatitis Risk Assessment. Answer a few questions and then you will receive personalized viral hepatitis testing and vaccination recommendations.
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