All Adults Need Immunization
Who Should NOT Be Vaccinated
Some adults with specific health conditions should not get certain vaccines or should wait to get them. Talk with your doctor to make sure you get the vaccines that are recommended for you. Read more about who should not get each vaccine.
Immunizations are not just for children. Protection from childhood vaccines can wear off over time. And as you get older, you may also be at risk for vaccine-preventable diseases due to your job, hobbies, travel, or chronic health condition. Regardless of age, all adults need immunizations to help them prevent getting and spreading serious diseases that could result in poor health, missed work, medical bills, and not being able to care for family.
The specific vaccines you need as an adult are determined by factors such as your age, lifestyle, high-risk conditions, locations of travel, and previous vaccinations. Throughout your adult life, you need immunizations to get and maintain protection against:
- Seasonal flu (influenza)
All adults need a flu vaccine every year. Flu vaccine is especially important for people with chronic health conditions, pregnant women, and older adults.
- Tetanus (lockjaw)
All adults need a tetanus vaccine every 10 years.
- Whooping cough (Pertussis)
All adults need a one-time dose of Tdap vaccine. Adults can get Tdap no matter when they got their last tetanus vaccine (Td). Pregnant women should get Tdap to protect themselves and their newborn babies from whooping cough.
Adults 60 years and older need one dose of shingles (zoster) vaccine unless they have a weakened immune system.
- Pneumococcal disease
Adults over 65 years old need one dose of pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine. Adults younger than 65 years who have certain chronic health conditions like heart disease, diabetes, lung disease, or who smoke should also get pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine. Adults with weakened immune system, HIV, or asplenia should get both types of pneumococcal vaccine.
- Hepatitis B
Adults who are at risk for hepatitis B infection and adults who have chronic health conditions like diabetes, renal disease, chronic liver disease, or HIV infection should get three doses of HepB vaccine.
Other vaccinations you may need include those that protect against human papillomavirus (which can cause certain cancers), meningococcal disease, hepatitis A, chickenpox (varicella), and measles, mumps and rubella.
CDC Vaccine Related Features
- Vaccines Help Protect Travelers of All Ages Travel within the United States or to other countries can be an opportunity to volunteer, work, or relax, but it can also put you or your family at risk for serious diseases. Make sure you and your loved ones are protected with vaccines against serious diseases.
- Are You at High Risk for Serious Illness from Flu? If you are at high risk, flu vaccination is especially important to decrease your risk of severe flu illness. Get your flu vaccine today.
- Pneumonia Can Be Prevented - Vaccines Can Help Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs that is usually caused by bacteria or viruses. Globally, pneumonia causes more deaths than any other infectious disease. It can often be prevented and can usually be treated.
- Pertussis (Whooping Cough) - What You Need To Know Pertussis (whooping cough) is very contagious and can cause serious illness—especially in infants too young to be fully vaccinated. Pertussis vaccines are recommended for children, teens, and adults, including pregnant women.
- Tetanus: Make Sure You and Your Child Are Fully Immunized Playing outdoors can mean getting cuts that may become infected with bacteria commonly found in soil, including the ones that cause tetanus. Tetanus vaccine can help prevent tetanus disease, commonly known as "lockjaw."
- Protect Yourself against Shingles: Get Vaccinated Almost 1 out of 3 people in America will develop shingles during their lifetime. Your risk increases as you get older. People 60 years of age or older should get vaccinated against this painful disease.
- Hepatitis Awareness Take CDC’s new online Hepatitis Risk Assessment. Answer a few questions and then you will receive personalized viral hepatitis testing and vaccination recommendations.
Images and logos on this website which are trademarked/copyrighted or used with permission of the trademark/copyright or logo holder are not in the public domain. These images and logos have been licensed for or used with permission in the materials provided on this website. The materials in the form presented on this website may be used without seeking further permission. Any other use of trademarked/copyrighted images or logos requires permission from the trademark/copyright holder...more
This graphic notice means that you are leaving an HHS Web site. For more information, please see the Exit Notification and Disclaimer policy.